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Che Courts and the Bar 

Until the early thirties the local judiciary consisted of justices of 
the peace. The pioneer John Kinzie was recommended for justice 
of the peace in June, 1821, when Chicago was a part of Pike county; 
also in 1823, when Chicago was in Fulton county, and was recommis- 
sioned in July, 1825, after the organization of Peoria county, in 
which Chicago was included. Other justices were : 

Alexander Wolcott and Jean Baptiste Beaubien. appointed Sep- 
tember, 1825. 

John L. Bogardus, appointed January, 1826. 

John S. C. Hogan, elected (by new law of 1826) July, 1830. 

Stephen Forbes, elected November, 1830. 

At the organization of Cook county in 183 1 there were four jus- 
tices, commissioned, in May, 183 1, one of them being Archibald Cly- 
bourne, who lived on a farm now within the city limits. Russell E. 
Heacock became a justice in September, 1831, Isaac Harmon was 
elected in June, 1832, and in July, 1834, a large majority of the voters 
gave the honor of this office to John Dean Caton. Until after the 
organization of Cook county the only recorded business before the 
justices was marriages. 

The territory of Cook county, as formed in 1831, was made a 

part of the fifth judicial circuit, which then comprised all the coun- 

„ ties of northern Illinois, fifteen in number (since di- 


^ vided into more than twice that number). Richard 

Court. . ' 

M. Young, one of the earliest lawyers and judges of 

Illinois, was appointed judge of this district. The records of his 

court in Cook county, if there were any, have been destroyed, and it 

is on traditional authority stated that he held court in Fort Dearborn 

in 1 83 1 and 1832. The late Thomas Hoyne, who did not become 

Vol. II— 1 


a resident of Chicago till the fall of 1837, stated that Judge Young 
held court in September, 1833, and in May, 1834. It is probable 
that the first case of record was tried at the latter date. 

By act of January 17, 1835, Cook county became part of the 
newly created sixth circuit (embracing nine counties, or about a third 
of the state). Thomas Ford, who had been state's attorney in the 
fifth circuit, was appointed judge of the district. The terms in Cook 
county in 1835 were held by Sidney Breese and Stephen T. Logan 
respectively, Judge Ford presiding here at the two sessions of 1836. 
The First Presbyterian church (north of the present Sherman House, 
and fronting on Clark street) was the court house during these two 
years, and in that pioneer religious edifice several hundred cases were 
tried, including the second murder trial in Chicago and the famous 
Beaubien land case. 

The seventh judicial circuit was created by act of February 4, 
1837, embracing the counties of Cook, Will, McHenry, Kane, La- 
Salle and Iroquois. The judge of this circuit, until November 20, 
1840, was John Pearson, who has been described as "a poor lawyer 
and an industrious office-seeker." His selection was very distasteful 
to most of the Chicago attorneys, and it was only by great forbear- 
ance on their part that an open rupture was prevented. At least one 
effort was made to impeach this judge, and in several instances the 
unpleasant relations between judge and bar were brought to the at- 
tention of the supreme court. A man of strong prejudices, obstinate, 
sometimes petty in his ways, and differing in politics with the major- 
ity of the lawyers practicing before him, he never succeeded in im- 
pressing the bar with his uprightness as a judge and the complete 
integrity of his purpose. 

Within the term of Judge Pearson belongs the history of the first 
municipal court. This was a court of concurrent jurisdiction with 
the circuit court within the limits of the city, and it did much to 
relieve the overcrowded docket of the latter court. The provisions 
for the establishment of this court are contained in the first city char- 
ter, and Thomas Ford, who had recently resigned as judge of the 
sixth circuit, was appointed by the legislature as its first judge. Its 
sessions, fixed to begin every other month, were practically contin- 
uous during the existence of the court. The court's principal activity 
was in the trial of debtor cases growing out of the business depres- 


sion following 1837, and it was largely due to the convenience of 
the court as a medium of justice between debtor and creditor and its 
ready despatch of judicial business that an opposition to the court 
arose, which resulted in the legislature abolishing the court, February 
15, 1839. Its records were transferred to the circuit court. 

The next judge of the seventh circuit, who began the spring term 
at Chicago in April, 1841, was Judge T. W. Smith, who found over 
a thousand cases awaiting trial. By an act of the legislature in Feb- 
ruary, 1 84 1, the nine circuit judges of the state had been legislated 
out of office, and the supreme court increased to nine members, who 
in addition to their duties as judges of the supreme court, held the 
respective circuit courts, the supreme court Jiaving two terms each 
year. This arrangement continued until the adoption of the con- 
stitution of 1848. Judge Smith was popular with the Chicago bar, 
and much esteemed for his high order of talent and legal attainments. 
He resigned December 26, 1842. At the spring term of the latter 
year a severe illness prevented him from presiding in Cook county, 
and in his stead Stephen A. Douglas was assigned to this court for 
a special term beginning July 18, 1842, this being the only time Mr. 
Douglas served Chicago as judge. 

Judge Smith's successor in the seventh circuit was Richard M. 
Young, who had been commissioned a justice of the supreme court, 
January 14, 1843. This pioneer judge continued to hold court perio- 
dically in Cook county until his resignation in January, 1847, '^vhen 
he was succeeded by Jesse B. Thomas, Jr., who was judge until the 
new order of things instituted by the constitution of 1848. 

In the meantime the judicial business of this county had been 
steadily increasing, and the court was unable in three sessions of the 
circuit court each year, as provided by act of 1843, to properly dispose 
of the cases ready for hearing. Therefore, in February, 1845, the 

legislature established "a Cook County Court" of 
„ record, with jurisdiction concurrent with the circuit 

courts, to hold four terms each year. Hugh T. 
Dickey, who was the first judge of this court and held the 
first term of this court in May, 1845, 1^^*^ h^ow a member of 
the Chicago bar since 1838, and by his ability as a lawyer and his 
dignified, impartial conduct on the bench at once brought this court 
into favor with the bar and the public. 


By the constitution of 1S48 the circuit courts were re-established. 
Nine circuits were created, each of which elected a judge for six 
years. According to power conferred by the constitution, the general 
assembly increased the number of circuits until, before the constitu- 
tion of 1848 was replaced by that of 1870, there were thirty circuits. 
By the new constitution the supreme court consisted of three judges, 
each elected for a term of nine years. 

The new constitution provided that the jurisdiction of the county 
court should extend "to all probate and such other jurisdiction as the 
general assembly may confer in civil cases, and such criminal cases as 
may be prescribed by law." punishable by fine not exceeding one hun- 
dred dollars. It was also provided that the county judge, who was to 
be elected for four years, with such justices of the peace as were 
designated by law, should hold court for the transaction of county 
business, thus replacing the county commissioners court and judge 
of probate of the previous constitution. 

The schedule of the constitution continued the existence of the 
Cook county court as already established. Hugh T. Dickey resigned 
as judge, and was elected judge for the newly created seventh judicial 
circuit. His successor in the county court was Giles Spring. In 
order to distinguish the original Cook county court, established in 
1845, from the new county court (whose duties were largely admin- 
istrative and probate), the legislature (act of November 5, 1849) 
changed the title to "Cook County Court of Common Pleas," and 
it was given equal jurisdiction with the Cook county circuit court. 
Already the dockets of the two courts were crowded beyond the 
capacity of the two judges. 

The superior court of Cook county, which now has twelve judges, 
originated in the old Cook County Court of 1845, which later took 

the additional name "of Common Pleas." In Feb- 


P ruary, 1859, the legislature amended the original act 

so that the court known as the Cook County Court 
of Common Pleas was continued with all its powers, jurisdiction and 
authority, and with the additional jurisdiction conferred by the act. 
It was to be composed of three justices, and thereafter known as the 
"Superior Court of Chicago." John M. Wilson, judge at the time of 
the passage of this act, was continued a member of the court, and as 
his associates Grant Goodrich and Van Hollis Higgins were elected 


in February, 1859. The superior court of Chicago became, by the 
constitution of 1870, the Superior Court of Cook County. 

From 1853 until the adoption of the constitution of 1870 the 
recorder's court of Chicago was in existence. It was estabhshed by act 
of February 12, 1853, ^^ "^^^ inferior court of civil and criminal 
jurisdiction" (concurrent within said city with the circuit court in 
all criminal cases, except treason and murder, and having jurisdiction 
of civil cases where the amount in controversy did not exceed one 
hundred dollars). Robert S. Wilson was the first judge, and the 
first clerk was Philip A. Hoyne, brother of Thomas Hoyne. 

The first circuit judge to hold court in Chicago, following the 
organization of Cook county in 183 1. was Richard M. Young, who 

had been commissioned judge of the fifth circuit, 
^ * comprising all the state north of the Illinois river, in 

January, 1829. From his residence at Quincy he 
had to ride over all northern Illinois, as far as Chicago, to attend the 
different courts. It is said that he held a court session in Fort Dear- 
born in 1 83 1 and the following year in the house of James Kinzie. 
though there is no record of the proceedings. In 1835 his circuit 
was limited so as to place Cook county in the sixth circuit, but as an 
associate justice of the supreme court (1843-1847) he frequently 
held court in Chicago. He was United States senator from Illinois 
1837 to 1843. The close of his life was disastrously clouded by in- 

The court sessions held by Judge Young in the first years of Chi- 
cago's history were events of great importance not only to those 
especially interested in the proceedings of the court, but to the citi- 
zens in general. "When circuit court was in session," said Thomas 
Hoyne in speaking of the "Lawyer as a Pioneer," "probably every 
member of the bar was in attendance. There were no district tele- 
graphs nor telephones, and during the term time the lawyers kept 
no oflice hours. Besides, the entire number was only twenty-seven 

From 1855 until his death in May, 1863, the judge of the seventh 

judicial circuit, comprising Cook and Lake counties, was George 

Manierre. As a historic figure in the public life of 

,, the city and state during the middle period of the 

Manierre. , ^ , , , , , 

last century he has been honored as a statesman. 


journalist, lawyer and jurist. Originally a Democrat, he was chair- 
man of the committee on resolutions in the famous Aurora conven- 
tion of September, 1854, presented the party platform and suggested 
the name "Republican" for the new party. In Chicago affairs, he 
is to be remembered for the part he took in the establishment of 
Lincoln Park, as a member of the first board of regents of the old 
Chicago University in 1859, one of the creators of the Law Institute 
and Library, a founder of the Chicago Historical Society, and a de- 
voted friend of public education, in token of which a school on the 
north side bears his name. At one time he was editor of the Chicago 
Democrat. He was born in Connecticut, began studying law in 
New York City, came to Chicago in 1835, was admitted to the bar in 
1839, and from that time until his death was constantly in some 
'official service. As city attorney during the early forties, he prepared 
a digest of the original charter and municipal ordinances which was 
the standard of authority until 1853. 

At the time of the adoption of the constitution of 1870 the state 
courts of record in Chicago were ( i ) the circuit court, over which 
one judge presided, that judge being, in 1870, Erastus S. Williams; 
(2) the superior court of Chicago, over which three judges presided, 
each of the judges usually holding a branch of the court; (3) the 
recorder's court; and (4) the county court of Cook county, which 
then had probate jurisdiction. Judge Williams sat in Lake county as 
the judge of the circuit court until after 1870, the counties of Lake and 
Cook constituting the judicial circuit for which he was judge, prior 
to the adoption of the constitution of 1870. In addition there were 
the federal courts. 

In 1870 Cook county was constituted one judicial circuit, and the 
Cook county circuit court was given five judges, one of whom was 
the judge of the recorder's court. Judge Williams, who presided over 
the court before the change, William K. McAllister, former judge of 
the recorder's court, and William W. Farwell, Henry Booth and 
John G. Rogers, elected as additional , judges, were the first set of 
judges of the circuit court as constituted in 1870. 

The recorder's court was continued under a new name, the "crim- 
inal court of Cook county," one of the judges from the circuit or 
superior courts being assigned to it. 

From five judges in 1870 the circuit court now has fourteen 


judges, the increase having been authorized by the legislature in ac- 
cordance with the increase of population in the county. 

The constitution having authorized the establishment of appellate 
courts, the legislature in 1877 created four such courts for as many 
districts in the state. Cook county was made- one district. The 
judges of such court were to be three circuit judges, assigned by the 
supreme court for the term of three years. The judges first assigned 
to the appellate court in Cook county, for the September term of 
1877, were W. W. Heaton, George W. Pleasants and Theodore D. 
Murphy. The volume of business coming within the jurisdiction of 
the appellate court increased until a branch court was established in 
Cook county. 

One of the strongest political figures in Illinois during the middle 
period of the last century was Ebenezer Peck. A natural leader of 

men, and at the same time an able and industrious 
p lawyer, it is natural that his name should as it does 

often appear in the history of his times. To the legal 
profession of the present day lie is probably most widely known as 
the reporter of the supreme court who first gave to these the name 
"Illinois Reports," and who edited the volumes from eleven to thirty. 
From 1863 to 1875 ^^ was one of the judges of the court of claims at 
Washington. He came to Chicago in 1835, having been born in 
Maine and having risen to prominence in law and politics in Mon- 
treal. He and J. D. Caton have always been regarded as the principal 
authors of the first charter of the city of Chicago. For some years 
he was in politics a Democrat, but was one of the founders of the 
Republican party in Illinois and one of its most influential leaders, 
as well as a close friend and admirer of Lincoln. 

It is noticeable that the early lawyers of Chicago, with very few 

exceptions, came from New York and the New England states. The 

_. ^ state of Kentucky, however, produced Buckner S. 

BUCKNER S. ,,. . r -1 11- e 

^ Morns, a conspicuous figure in the early history of 

the bar. He was somewhat peculiar in character, an 
impetuous, kind-hearted, upright man, who believed in the justice of 
slavery. Largely on the ground of his outspoken sympathy with those 
struggling to maintain the existence of the conditions amid which 
he was reared, he was arrested during the war and tried by 
a court martial for plotting to free rebel prisoners. He was 


acquitted, there being no evidence of his having done anything 
but speak intemperately and hastily of the war to maintain the 
Union. Thereafter he retired from active practice and died in 1879. 
He was connected with pubHc affairs in various capacities. He began 
practice at Chicago in 1835, and in 1838 was elected mayor of the 
city. Some of his partners in practice were J. Y. Scammon, Grant 
Goodrich, and John J. Brown. In 1853 he succeeded Hugh T. Dickey 
as judge of the circuit court of Cook county, serving out an unexpired 
term. As a jurist no man was more ready to acknowledge a misap- 
prehension of the law or misunderstanding of the facts. 

Peace! troubled soul, 

The waves that rose so high 

And shook the solid earth 

Are BOW at rest, 

While they who rode upon the stormy sea 

Clasp hands on fields 'er which they fought. 

The first lawyer that came to Chicago to reside, though not to 
engage in regular practice, was Charles Jouett, who was sent here as 
Indian agent in 1805. (This is on the authority of the late Judge 
Elliott Anthony.) He was born in Virginia in 1772, studied law at 
Charlottesville, Virginia, and was appointed by Thomas Jefferson - 
Indian agent at Detroit in 1802. In 1805 he was appointed Indian 
agent at Chicago, and on October 26, 1805, assumed charge, by direc- 
tion of the government, of the Sacs, Foxes and Pottawattomies. He 
was again appointed Indian agent at Chicago by President Madison 
in 181 5, and moved here with his family in that year. 

It is said that Giles Spring was the first lawyer to make a living 
by his profession in Chicago. He arrived in the village in 1833 a few 

days before John Dean Caton, and from that time 
^^ until his death in May, 1851, was one of the best 

known members of the bar. He was judge of the 
Cook county court of common pleas at the time of his death. Of 
him Judge Goodrich said : "Spring was a phenomenon, a natural 
born lawyer. His education was quite limited, and he paid little re- 
spect to rule of grammar, yet could present cases to court and jury 
with clearness and force seldom equaled. He seemed sometimes to 
have an intuitive knowledge of the law and mastery of its profound- 


est and most subtle principles. His brain worked with the rapidity of 
lightning and the force of an engine." Giles Spring was born in 
Massachusetts in 1807, when a young man moved to the "Western 
Reserve," studied law at Ashtabula with the notable men, Ben F. 
Wade and Joshua R. Giddings, and was admitted to the Ohio bar. 
He and J. D. Caton were usually ranged on opposite sides of the im- 
portant cases before the early courts. "The only rivalry between us," 
wrote Judge Caton, "was as to who could most zealously serve his 
client, with the greatest courtesy and kindness to each other." A 
man of lovable disposition, confirmed in the high regard of the com- 
munity both by character and ability, he was unfortunately a victim 
of drink, and his premature death was attributed to this influence. 

Living near Fort Dearborn in 1828, on the south branch of the 
river at a place called "Heacock's Point," was Russell E. Heacock. 

Born in Litchfield, Connecticut, in 1780, a carpenter 

l-« TTCCTI^T T \~i 

■ by trade, he studied law in St. Louis in 1806, and 
Heacock. ,., ■ . ,. , , , . . , 

like other pioneers, discovered the need of varied ac- 
tivities while a resident of Chicago during the twenties and early thir- 
ties. In 183 1 he was licensed to keep a tavern, and in the same year 
was made a justice of the peace. In 1835 his law ofiice was in a 
building at the corner of Lake and Franklin. Historical testimony 
afiirms that he was a man of remarkable independence in thought and 
action. For example, he was the only one of the thirteen residents of 
Chicago to vote against the incorporation of the village. The late 
James B. Bradwell said of him : "As a public speaker pleasing, in- 
structive and often eloquent; his outspokenness, his fine conversa- 
tional powers, his generosity and frankness of character, and his in- 
exhaustible fund of narrative and anecdote made him most compan- 
able." He helped organize Cook county and brought the first suits 
in its circuit courts. During the canal agitation, he advocated the 
"shallow cut" instead of the "deep cut," and when the state became 
bankrupt the canal was constructed according to his original ideas, 
though they had been the object of much ridicule and he was called 
"Shallow Cut" Heacock. He died in 1849, having been a paralytic 
since 1843. Concerning his log cabin residence. Judge Anthony says 
it was situated "about three quarters of a mile southeast of the lock 
at Bridgeport and about one mile south of Hardscrabble." 


"The judicial annals of our state," declares Judge Anthony, in 
estimating the achievements of John Dean Caton, "are his monu- 
ment." Judge Caton survived all his earliest Chi- 
-' " cago contemporaries, and though he had long before 

retired from active practice, he was at the time of 
his death in 1895 regarded as the ablest and most revered representa- 
tive of the old Cook county bar. Of Irish stock and a colonial Vir- 
ginia family that settled in New York after the Revolution, he was 
born in Orange county. New York, March 19, 181 2. As a boy he 
was a support to his widowed mother, and the hardships of his youth- 
ful experiences on a farm caused him shuddering recollections all his 
life. He learned harness making, but the trade was distasteful, and 
he then became a wagoner and peddler. At the age of seventeen he 
began attendance at an academy, studying law also, and supported 
himself by teaching and farming. He had learned the rudiments of 
the law when he came west in 1833, and in the fall of that year, when 
he took the admission examination before Judge Lockwood, the latter 
concluded the test by saying, "Young man, I shall give you a license; 
but you have a great deal to learn to make you a good lawyer. If 
you work hard you will attain it" — which he did by becoming asso- 
ciate justice of the state supreme court within nine years. He lived 
on a farm for several years, and soon after resuming practice in 1842 
was appointed to the supreme court as successor of Governor-elect 
Ford. He was one of the first judges under the new system by which 
each of the nine supreme justices presided over one of the Illinois 
circuits. By the constitution of 1848 it was provided that the su- 
preme court should consist of three judges elected by the people, with- 
out circuit duties. Judge Caton was re-elected to its bench, 
and honored that high office until his resignation in 1864, having 
been chief justice of that court during the last seven years. He was 
active in constructing and largely responsible for the successful com- 
pletion of the telegraph lines comprised under the old Illinois and 
Mississippi Telegraph Company, and which were afterward leased 
to the Western Union. Judge Caton was a student of many branches 
of learning, and during his later years traveled extensively. 

"He was a man who had great strength of character, and was 
characterized by sound judgment and most excellent common sense. 


He was not what would be called a skilled pleader and an adroit prac- 
titioner, but his plain and rugged manner of presenting every ques- 
tion to a jury was something which was highly commended by the 
old pioneers and commanded their admiration. He was honest and 
fair, and despised anything that smacked of trickery." Judge Caton, 
it is claimed, brought the first suit in the circuit court at Chicago, 
and tried the first jury cases in Cook, Will and Kane counties. His 
was the first law office in Chicago, and Giles 'Spring, his forensic op- 
ponent, had desk room in the same office. The office was a back room 
and attic in Dr. Temple's building on Lake street. It fell to the lot 
of Judge Caton, shortly after his elevation to the supreme bench, to 
preside at the historic trial of the People vs. Lovejoy in Bureau 
county, and in instructing the jury he voiced emphatically the princi- 
ple that "if a man voluntarily brings his slave into a free state the 
slave becomes free." 

In the celebrated Lovejoy case in which Judge Caton was presid- 
ing judge, mentioned above, Lovejoy's lawyer was James H. Collins. 

who had been a practicing lawyer in New York be- 
•^„ ' fore coming to Illinois, and in whose office young 

Caton had studied while gaining the rudiments. On 
moving west in 1833 he had farmed for a while in Kendall county, 
and in 1834 became Caton's partner in Chicago and was later asso- 
ciated with Justin Butterfield. Collins, according to the testimony of 
one of his contemporaries, "was indefatigable, dogmatic, never giv- 
ing up, and if the court decided one point against him he was ready 
with another, and if that was overmled, still others." He became 
noted for his skill as a special pleader and for the great care which 
he bestowed upon the preparation of all cases. It is said that he was 
at much at home on the chancery side as on the common-law side of 
the court. Possessed of an iron will, he became a strong and ad- 
vancing force as one of the earliest and most determined of the aboli- 
tionists, and was well fitted to play the part he did in the Lovejoy 
case. He died at Ottawa in 1854. 

Mr. Collins originated the famous litigation against the Illinois 
Central Railroad for its absorption of the lake front. The "made 
land" south of the government pier had been purchased by the rail- 
road company, and to utilize this its tracks had been constructed along 


the edge of the lake, back of Mr. ColHns' dwelHng. Before Judge 
Skinner, March 28, 1853, Mr. ColHns presented an application for 
an injunction to prohibit the use of these tracks, claiming that his 
frontage upon the lake gave him an ownership to the middle of the 
lake. The railroad finally settled his claim by a cash payment, and 
also disposed of similar claims of several other owners of land upon 
the lake front. 

Associated with James H. Collins from 1835 to 1843 was Justin 
Butterfield, a lawyer of national reputation, whose connection not 

only with the bar but the civic interests of Chicago 
-r^ ^ was of enduring importance. He was one of the 

trustees of Rush Medical College at its incorpora- 
tion in 1837; drew up the canal bill of 1842, as a result of which suffi- 
cient money was advanced by the bondholders to complete the canal ; 
as a Whig he was appointed by President Taylor commissioner of 
the general land office as against Abraham Lincoln, who was his 
competitor for the place and who had the endorsement of the Illinois 
delegation. Butterfield obtained the office through the superior in- 
fluence of Daniel Webster. Webster was the ideal and model for 
Butterfield, and the latter carried his admiration so far as to imitate 
the great statesman in dress and methods of practice. Mr. Butter- 
field had a sharp, decisive and incisive way of presenting a case that 
never failed to arrest attention. He "was strong, logical, full of 
vigor and resources," is Isaac N. Arnold's tribute; "wielding the 
weapons of sarcasm and irony with crushing power, and was espe- 
cially effective in invective. Great as he was before the supreme court 
and everywhere on questions of law, he lacked the tact and skill to be 
equally successful before a jury." His logic and resourceful knowl- 
edge of law were such that he never resorted to superficial ridicule 
and abuse to gain his points, and yet many anecdotes are told of a 
certain grim humor that often adorned his argument. ' 

It is said that Mr. Butterfield came west when too old to conform 
readily to the ways of the new country, and did not mix so well with 
western people as some of the younger lawyers. He was college bred 
and a New Englander, born at Keene, New Hampshire, in 1790. 
Largely by his own efforts he obtained an education, entering Wil- 
liams College in 1807, and in 18 12 was admitted to the bar. He prac- 


ticed for some time in western New York, and for twelve years was 
one of the leaders of the bar at New Orleans. He died in Octo- 
ber, 1855. 

The first clerk of the city of Chicago was Isaac N. Arnold, who 
at the time of his election, in March, 1837, was a young lawyer who 

had arrived in Chicago the previous fall and had 
. * earned his first fees by drawing up real estate and 

general contracts. He soon resigned the cit}^ clerk- 
ship, and, associated with Mahlon D. Ogden, rapidly acquired a fore- 
most position among the Chicago bar. 'Tn that persuasive style of 
address which tells most effectually on the average juror he had no 
superior." He was connected with many important cases, being the 
principal attorney in the case carried to the United States supreme 
court in 1843, when that court, by Chief Justice Taney, held unconsti- 
tutional the statute of Illinois providing that unless the prop- 
erty of a judgment debtor should realize two thirds of its 
appraised value it should not be sold under execution. Per- 
haps the greatest service he rendered in the public affairs of 
his state was his persistent defense of the public credit dur- 
ing a time when many men favored the repudiation of debts 
incurred by the state under the sanction of a reckless legisla- 
ture. Mr. Arnold had a long and active public career, both in state 
and national affairs. He was elected to Congress in i860 and served 
till near the close of the war. His active hostility to slavery had 
brought him into prominence in connection with many movements 
before the war. A friend and admirer of Lincoln, and a close stu- 
dent of his life and work, he devoted himself, immediately on his re- 
tirement from Congress, to the task of writing a life of Lincoln, 
which work is one of the authoritative histories of the war president. 
Mr. Arnold, with the exception of a brief season after the fire, when 
he was compelled to resume active practice, during the closing years 
of his life devoted himself to literary labors, enjoying the esteem and 
respect of all classes until his death, April 24, 1884. He was born 
November 30, 181 3, in Otsego county. New York, supported himself 
by teaching and other work while gaining an education, was admitted 
to the bar in his native county in 1835, and died at Chicago April 24, 
1884. At all times in all places he was a gentleman. 


The judge of the Cook county court of common pleas from 1851 
to 1853, as successor of Giles Spring, was Mark Skinner, a jurist of 

first rank, closely identified with the interests of Chi- 
cago in many ways. He was one of those early en- 
Skinner. *,.,,;. . , . , , 

trusted with the financial management of the educa- 
tional affairs of the city, and his work in connection with education 
was so important that the name of Mark Skinner has a permanent 
place in the history of Chicago. He was a leader in public as well 
as philanthropic movements of many kinds. A native of Vermont, 
the son of a lawyer, he obtained an excellent education, completing 
his legal training in the Yale Law School. He came to Chicago in 
July, 1836, and thenceforth until his death in 1887 was pre-eminently 
a man of affairs. He was at one time the law partner of Thomas 
Hoyne. In the later years of his career he devoted his time largely 
to management as a representative of invested capital and financial 

The successor of Mark Skinner as judge of the Cook county court 
of common pleas, in 1853, was John M. Wilson, who has been char- 
acterized as "one of the most remarkable jurists, in 
•^ ■ some respects, that ever held a judicial position in 

the courts of this county." "All the evolutions of 
his mind appeared to run in regular and systematic sequence, so 
that it would not be a difficult task to take any of his published or 
manuscript opinions and put it into a series of formal syllogisms by. 
merely supplying suppressed premises." Six of his published opinions 
were adopted by the supreme court of the state. He later became 
impoverished by unfortunate investments, and died in 1884 uni- 
versally esteemed. 

Nathaniel Pope, who held the office of federal district judge from 
the time the federal district court was established in Illinois in 1819 

until his death in 1850, was the first judge to hold 
„ a federal court in Chicago, which was in 1837, over 

Meeker's store, on Lake street, between Clark and 
Dearborn. The federal courts have been held at various locations 
since then; at one time in what was known as the Saloon building, 
southeast corner of Clark and Lake streets ; after the fire, in Congress 
Hall, corner of Michigan and Congress, then in the Republic Life 


building, and finally in the government building on Dearborn and 

Monroe streets. 

Thomas Drummond succeeded Nathaniel Pope in 1850 as federal 

district judge, and continued in the office until his appointment as 

federal circuit judge in 1869. For a long period the 

_ district iudq-e acted as circuit judge of the federal 

Drummond. ;:.,., . , o , tt ^ • 

court. Ihe judge of the beventh U. S. circuit, of 

which Chicago and Cook county were a part, from 1837 until his 
death in 1861 was John McLean, associate justice of the United 
States supreme court and one of the eminent American jurists. David 
Davis was the next justice of the supreme court to hold circuit court 
in Chicago (in July, 1863). In 1869 Congress changed the system 
of circuit courts and instead of a member of the supreme court being 
assigned to each circuit, a separate judge was provided for each of 
the nine circuits. Thomas Drummond, who had been identified with 
the practice of law in Illinois since 1835, ^'^^ had been a resident of 
Chicago since 1854, and who was United States district judge, was 
appointed judge of the seventh circuit in 1869, and held the office 
until his resignation in July, 1884. He died in 1890, at Wheaton, 
aged eighty years. Judge Drummond has been characterized as one 
of the most industrious, painstaking and laborious judges who ever 
sat on the bench. He was a federal judge for over thirty years. 
During his entire service the bar and the public had the utmost confi- 
dence in his perfect integrity. The only elective political office he 
ever held was as a member of the state legislature for one term. The 
successor of Drummond as circuit judge was Walter Q. Gresham. 

On the elevation of Judge Drummond to the circuit bench, Henry 
W. Blodgett was appointed his successor in the district court. Though 

a resident of Waukegan, Judge Blodgett was so 

-n ' closely identified with Chicago and Cook county that 

Blodgett. ,.,. ,, ,•• , ,• 

his history belongs to this city as much as to his 

home town. He began studying law in Chicago in 1842. He was a 
member of the state legislature during the fifties, and later became an 
active promoter of the Chicago & Northwestern Railroad lines along 
the lake shore, and a prominent railroad attorney. At the organiza- 
tion of the United States circuit court of appeals for the seventh cir- 
cuit, in June, 1891, he was chosen as the third judge of the court. 


In 1892 he resigned to serve as one of the government's counsel be- 
fore the Behring Sea tribunal of arbitration. 

Peter S. Grosscup succeeded Judge Blodgett as judge of the 
Northern Illinois district, and served until 1899, when he became 
judge of the circuit court of appeals for the seventh circuit. In 1905 
he was elevated to the office of judge of the United States circuit 
court for the seventh circuit, the office he still holds. C. C. Kohlsaat 
was judge of the United States court for the Northern Illinois dis- 
trict from 1899 to March, 1905, and since then has also been a mem- 
ber of the federal circuit court for the seventh circuit. The judges 
of the federal district court since March, 1905, have been Solomon 
H. Bethea and Kenesaw M. Landis. 

From June, 1879, until his death on Christmas day, 1905, Mur- 
ray Floyd Tuley was a judge of the Cook county circuit court. He 

was one of the venerated members of the bench and 
„ ■ ■ bar, and the length of his public services, his prestige 

as a judge, and his thoroughly lovable character, 
connect his name with the best traditions of the Chicago judiciary. 
His fame is not based on celebrated cases, but grew out of the long 
judicial service in which his character and methods became positive 
features of Chicago courts. His judicial work was principally in 
Chancery, a branch of the law for which he was eminently fitted and 
in which he acquired a national reputation. 

It is said that Judge Tuley never permitted a good cause to be 
lost because it was inadequately represented. His reply to the law- 
yers who objected when he assisted a poorly equipped adversary de- 
serves quotation : "You fellows seem to think that it is a judge's duty 
to sit to determine which of the lawyers trying a case is the better 
lawyer; I can decide that in most cases without hearing from you. I 
sit to get at the rights of the parties, not to determine which has the 
better lawyer." He insisted, however, that he had trained himself in 
this regard, so that the fact of his being compelled, in order to see 
justice done, to come to the aid of incompetent counsel did not affect 
his judicial impartiality in arriving at his conclusion. 

In a sense, Judge Tuley continued the legal career of one of the 
first lawyers Chicago had. Born at Louisville, Kentucky, March 4, 
1827, at five years of age he lost his father, and his mother subse- 
quently married Richard J. Hamilton. The latter, a Kentnckian by 


birth, had come to Chicago in 1831, having been appointed, in that 
year, by the legislature, the first probate judge of Cook county. Mr. 
Hamilton was present at the organization of the county in March, 
183 1, was afterwards clerk of the circuit court of Cook county, and 
is said to have held more offices with less personal gain than any 
other citizen of his time. In 1856 he was candidate for the office of 
lieutenant governor, the only office, it is said, for which he was de- 

The marriage of Mrs. Tuley and Colonel Hamilton took place in 
1843, when Murray F. Tuley was sixteen years old. He had at- 
tended the Louisville public schools, and on moving to Chicago read 
law in his step-father's office, and was admitted to the bar in Chi- 
cago in 1847. He was at that time thought to have a tendency to- 
ward the dreaded scourge, consumption, and, instead of engaging 
in practice as a lawyer, enlisted for service in the war with Mexico, 
and became First Lieutenant of a company of an Illinois regiment. 
Arriving at Santa Fe after hostilities were over, he opened a law 
office there, and was one of the first, if not the first person, born in 
the United States, to practice law in the territory. While he had con- 
siderable difficulty in applying his knowledge of the common law to 
the Mexican Code, and even more trouble in obtaining a paying pat- 
ronage, as an attorney in a murder trial, he acquired a reputation 
which brought his services into demand. His health was improved 
by the climate of the Rio Grande valley, and when he left New Mex- 
ico he had won the victory over disease which enabled him to con- 
tinue a life of great labor and usefulness until he was nearly eighty 
years of age. He served as attorney general of New Mexico for a 
time, and in 1854 returned to Chicago. Thereafter among his part- 
ners in practice were Joseph E. Gary, Israel N. Stiles and Joseph 

Judge Tuley was corporation counsel of Chicago from 1869 to 
1873. His services in this connection were of great importance, hav- 
ing as he did, to deal with many new questions that arose after the 
great fire of 1871. He drew the act constituting the new charter 
of the city, which continued in force until the recent amendment to 
the constitution. 

Judge Tuley had the temperament of a philosopher, the courage 
of a soldier, the fidelity of friendship, perfect integrity and great in- 

Vol. II— 2 


tellectual ability. No greater lawyer has ever held court and admin- 
istered justice in the state of Illinois. 

Judge Joseph E. Gary was born in Potsdam, New York, in 1821, 
read law in St. Louis, and being there, in 1844, admitted to the bar, 

began practice at Springfield, Missouri, in the spring 
-p; „ of that year. Springfield was then the principal town 

in southeastern Missouri, and because of this and the 
location of the United States land office there, presented a field as 
promising to a young lawyer as any in the state. The termination of 
the war with Mexico and the discovery of gold in California turned 
the attention of many to the newly acquired territories, and our em- 
bryonic jurist, having gathered together his few earthly possessions, 
by the long important and .ever romantic Santa Fe trail, went to per- 
haps the oldest of tilled American lands, which we call New Mexico. 
There he met Murray F. Tuley, and they, destined to become promi- 
nent figures and distinguished jurists in the great city of the lakes, 
practiced law in the land of the herder, the trader, the teamster, the 
ranchman and the bolero. 

Judge Gary used to tell how before a territorial court he defended 
a Mexican accused of murder. There had been a killing, the evi- 
dence against his client was strong and he was convicted. Our 
future jurist at once prayed an appeal to the supreme court of the dis- 
trict and asked for time in which to present a bill of exception. These 
requests were promptly granted, which done, the judge quietly re- 
marked, "Mr. Gary, the supreme court sits in October; there will be 
no stay of proceedings, and your client will be hung in September." 
All of which took place as the judge said it would. Law business was 
not very brisk and a good opportunity to earn subsistence happening, 
our hardy and vigorous son of New York assisted in driving a herd 
of sheep to the Pacific coast. Arrived at San Diego, he waited until 
a north-bound steamer came along, and on this sailed to San Fran- 
cisco. What a place was San Francisco in the later forties and the 
early fifties of the past century! Glittering bars, music halls and 
gambling hells lined the streets, along which, beneath huge som- 
breros, strode miners, unshaven and unshorn, seeking to stretch to 
the utmost the leash which had so long held them in sunken pits, out 
of which they dug the yellow gold. Revelry — No ! develry is a more 
descriptive word — ran rampant. But what has this to do with a 


biographical notice of Judge Gary? Nothing — save that he was the 
manner of man who saw, studied and kept away, finding occupation 
and entertainment in the study and practice of law. For a time he 
practiced law in the Emporium of the Pacific; but ever in the rest 
of eve there came to his soul a glimpse of the vale in which he was 
born, a sound of the water that fell at the mill and sight of fields laden 
with corn, of maidens that in boyhood he knew, and old folk that 
might be passing away, and he longed to look on that which had 
been, and see if he could be a boy again. 

So this San Francisco lawyer returned to Potsdam, to Chicago, 
and went to Berlin, Wisconsin, whither fate led him to his marriage 
with Miss Elizabeth Swetting on the 28th day of November, 1855. 

Mr. Gary was elected judge of the Superior Court of Cook Coun- 
ty in 1863, and thereafter continued under successive elections a 
judge of said court until his death in November, 1906, having under 
force of many elections by the people, held the office of judge of a 
court of superior and general jurisdiction for a longer period than 
any other person so chosen in the United States, if not in the world. 

He had a vigorous mind that seemed never to need rest or to be 
dull. His memory was phenomenal. He knew, not dimly or hazily, 
but with substantial accuracy, what the supreme and appellate courts 
had held upon every question presented to them; and he knew also 
where to find the decision he wished to call attention to. In his 
judicial ofiice he was utterly indifferent to the applause of the multi- 
tude, the blandishments of power, as well as the bitterness of those 
who took offence at his conduct. He was devoted to his family, 
loved his friends and hated no one. He brought sunshine into every 
room he entered and carried good cheer wherever he went. He was 
a delightful working companion; fought fairly and good naturedly 
for his view and helped those who differed with him to find authori- 
ties for the conclusions they held. He recognized that the funda- 
mental distinction between free government and despotism is that 
the former is a government by law and the latter by men ; that in a 
free government all, high and low, poor and rich, are not only equal 
before the law, but it is to be equally and impartially administered to 
all, and that the downfall of liberty begins with a denial of the pro- 
tection of the law to a despised or feeble few. For more than forty 
years he sat as a judge, ever endeavoring, not to win favor, fame. 


applause or renown, but, to apply the law to the facts presented to 
him. The judgments he rendered were not of his choosing; they 
were such as in his view the law pronounced. As a judge he en- 
deavored, not to make, but to declare and apply the law. He under- 
stood that in free governments, the function of executive and judicial 
departments is to act under, be servient to, apply and obey the law; 
that in this blessed land, law reigns and rules over all. He had an 
infinite fund of humor and told a joke upon himself or his best friends 
with equal zest. 

Death came to him not with the rude alarm of a hostile foe. He 
sank to rest, dropped into the infinite as the tired infant falls asleep 
in its mother's arms. For him the shades of eve had come. His 
work here done, his earthly day ended, the uplifting arms of the 
Eternal bore him away. 

Alas for London and Paris, Berlin and Vienna, which, having 

been great cities so long that the memory of man runneth not to the 

contrary, cannot remember the simple ways of 

^ their village ancestors. Fortunate Chicag-o, that, 

Court. . , ^ , , . , & ' - 

m the years the psalmist accords to man. has 

outgrown its judicial clothing half a dozen times and congratulates 
itself upon the advance that has been made in the machinery for 
the administration of justice. No court was held in Chicago save 
by justices of the peace until 1833 or May, 1834. John Kinzie was 
recommended by the commissioners' court of Pike county for justice 
of the peace in 1821, and again recommended in 1823 by the commis- 
sioners' court of Fulton county. Austin Crocker and another were in 
1825 confirmed as justices of the peace for Peoria county, in which 
Chicago then was. Then came an advance ; the people were permitted 
to rule, came into their own, and by a law of December 30, 1826, 
justices of the peace were thereafter elected by the people for the 
term of four years. The constitution of 1848 provided that there 
should be elected, in each county and such districts as the general 
assembly might direct by the qualified electors, a competent number 
of justices of the peace. Chicago thereunder elected justices of the 
peace for more than twenty years. The constitution of 1870, hailed 
throughout the United States as an advance in governmental meth- 
ods, provided that all justices of the peace in the city of Chicago 
should be appointed by the governor, by and with the advice and con- 


sent of the senate (but only upon the recommendation of a majority 
of the judges of the circuit, superior and county courts) and for such 
districts as might be provided by law! By act of the legislature, in 
force March 29, 1871, the judges of the circuit, superior and county 
courts of Cook county were directed to, before the first day of April, 
1875, and every four years thereafter, recommend to the governor 
seven persons for justices of the peace in South Chicago, seven for 
West Chicago and five for North Chicago. 

By act in force July i, 1872, it was provided that in each of the 
towns in which is contained any part of the city of Chicago, there 
should be elected one constable for every ten thousand inhabitants. 
The change from the election of justices of the peace in a city con- 
taining half a million of people, to recommendation by judges of the 
courts of record and thereon appointment by the governor by and with 
the consent of the senate, proved favorable to the administration of 
justice and during the thirty years in which this system was in ex- 
istence there was little general complaint of the conduct of the justices 
in the discharge of the duties of their office. The judges adopted the 
practice of not recommending any person for justice of the peace 
unless he had been by the supreme court of the state admitted to 
practice law before it and other state courts. 

For a great city, the system by which the justices and constables 
received compensation was bad. None of the justices or constables 
was paid a salary. The earnings of each depended upon the judicial 
or executive work he did. A justice before whom many mere and 
undisputed collection cases were brought, might make in a day a 
handsome sum. Justices, favored by the police, and before whom 
persons arrested were taken, often obtained a good deal by the mere 
examination of sureties and approval of bonds offered by parties giv- 
ing bail. The police in taking parties whom they knew or believed 
to be professional criminals, or guilty of some great crime, often, 
being uncertain just what the evidence will show, preferred several 
charges; the justice might require bail to be given upon each offence 
charged, and would, if the same were given, be entitled to a fee upon 
each bond. Nevertheless, it is but just to the persons who served as 
justices of the peace during this thirty years, to say that there was 
little general complaint of their conduct as judicial officers. Neither 
a defeated lawyer or litigant is filled with a sense of the learning and 


judgment of a tribunal that decides against him; the supreme court 
of the United States is rebuked and reproached as are all judicial 
tribunals. The system under which justices and constables received 
no compensation save through fees and personally paid room rent and 
all other expenses of their offices was bad, the method unsuited to a 
great city and the law under which the justices acted inadequate to 
the needs of the community or adapted to the conditions presented in 
Chicago. The municipal court act greatly enlarged the powers for- 
merly possessed by the justices and is incomparably better fitted to 
the needs of Chicago than was the statute under which the justices 
acted. The justices could not provide for uniform rules of procedure, 
as there was no way of enforcing conformance thereto if they had 
been made. The municipal court act provides for uniform rules and 
adherence thereto. The judges are under no suspicion of shaping 
their action with a view to obtaining business or revenue. The courts 
are held at well known places, easily reached and found. The court 
surroundings are such as to elicit respect and inspire confidence. The 
humblest, the most wretched and the poorest are likely to be' im- 
pressed by the surroundings with the feeling that their grievances, 
troubles and offenses, if such there are, will be seriously considered 
and judged in accordance with a rule, which, however much they may 
disapprove of, they feel is applied to all, and one to which they may 
at any time appeal. In the administration of justice it is not only 
necessary to be firm, patient and considerate, but to appear to be so. 

The subject of the proper attitude of the state toward "neglected 
and delinquent children," is one to which the increased attention given 

in recent years resulted in this state in a statute 
-* which went into force July i, 1899, under a title 

popularly known as the Juvenile Court Law. The 
leading features of the original law may be stated to be as follows : 
It contains a comprehensive definition of neglected, dependent and 
delinquent children; confers on the circuit and county courts original 
jurisdiction concerning such children; provides that in counties hav- 
ing over 500,000 population the judges of the circuit court shall 
designate one of their number to hear cases coming under the law; 
provides that children's cases coming before a justice of the peace 
or police magistrate shall be immediately transferred to the judge so 
designated; provides for a simple mode of procedure by petition and 


otherwise; and provides for the care of neglected, dependent and de- 
linquent children while their cases are pending in court and after- 
ward. It prohibits the commitment of children under twelve years 
of age to a common jail or police station; recognizes all approved 
child-saving societies and institutions, and gives validity to their con- 
tracts in reference to surrendering and adopting children ; and pro- 
vides for a system of supervision by the state board of charities over 
children placed in homes throughout the state. The last section reads 
as follows : "This act shall be liberally construed, to the end that 
its purpose may be carried out, to-wit: That the care, custody and 
discipline of a child shall approximate as nearly as may be that which 
should be given by its parents, and in all cases where it can properly 
be done the child be placed in an approved family home and become 
a member of the family by legal adoption or otherwise." 

The founding of the juvenile court as one of the beneficent insti- 
tutions of Chicago has beein regarded with general satisfaction by 
members of the bar and people interested in the welfare of children. 
The juvenile court, practically, had its origin as a distinctive institu- 
tion in Chicago, and its founders deserve recognition among those 
who strive to help, to give opportunity to each, to let none fall by the 
wayside for lack of guidance. 

The separation of children from adults in court had made some 
progress in other states before the comprehensive law just consid- 
ered was passed by Illinois. Massachusetts, in 1863, enacted a law 
separating the child in court charged with an offense from an adult. 
New York, in 1877, moved by the Society for the Prevention of 
Cruelty to Children in New York City, passed the .first concise law 
to effect this object, and followed this up by progressive laws that 
finally involved almost a complete separation of children from the 
environment and procedure that characterized the trial and commit- 
ment of adults. In other states the movement had made progress, 
but Illinois was especially backward in this matter, and it was not 
until 1898 when the charitable people of the city and state were 
aroused to action. The practical origin of the movement was in the 
State Board of Charities, where several members, notably Tvlr. Eph- 
raim Banning, frequently conferred on the subject of the care of 
delinquent children. Finally Mr. Banning was requested to present 
the matter to the Chicago Bar Association, through whose agency 


some effective and definite scheme might be set in operation. In 
answer to the resolutions presented to the bar association at its an- 
nual meeting of October 22, 1898, a committee was appointed to 
investigate the conditions complained of and to recommend legisla- 
tion for the cure of existing evils. This committee consisted of five 
notable men in the history of Chicago's charitable and civic progress 
— Ephraim Banning, Harvey B. Hurd (deceased), Edwin Burritt 
Smith (deceased), John W. Ela (deceased), and Merritt Starr. 
This was the first concisive action taken by any person or association 
inaugurating the movement which resulted in the juvenile court. The 
committee appointed by the bar association held several meetings 
and the members, especially Mr. Banning and Judge Hurd, gave 
unremitting attention to the drawing up of a bill which might be 
presented to the legislature providing for a court procedure for chil- 
dren. In the meantime the agitation was continued in other chan- 
nels and the State Conference of Charities, at Kankakee, held No- 
vember, 1898, took up the question as a part of its program and 
several bills were made for a system of laws that would entirely sepa- 
rate the children from the adults. One of the meetings which were 
held during the preliminary work of promoting this legislation, was 
in Judge Hurd's office on December 10, 1898. At this meeting there 
were present some of the men and women whose names are especially 
worthy of recognition in this movement — Harvey B. Hurd, Lucy A. 
Flower, Julia C. Lathrop, all of the State Board of Charities; Presi- 
dent T. D. Hurley, of the Visitation and Aid Society; Hastings H. 
Hart, president of the State Home and Aid Society; State Repre- 
sentative John C. Newcomer; Superintendent A. G. Lane, of the 
public schools ; County Jailer John L. Whitman, and Frank G. Soule. 
It was from the suggestions offered at this and similar meetings 
calling for a discussion of the subject that Judge Hurd was enabled 
to make the first draft of a bill. This bill was then submitted to the 
members of the societies and the individuals who were interested in 
the movement and when the bill was finally completed it contained a 
total of twenty-one sections. It was decided to announce it as a bar 
association measure, the opinion being held that under such auspices 
the legislature would be more likely to regard it favorably than if it 
appeared as a bill prepared by some charitable organization. After 
the bill had been chosen it was presented in the house of representa- 



\ v\t. 

, aR . \ 

£^0T^ ' 





tives February 7th, 1899. by John C. Newcomer and was introduced 
in the senate by Senator Case February 15th. Both bills were re- 
ferred to the committee on judiciary. In the house the bill, after 
being amended in some minor particulars, passed by yea and nay 
vote of 121 to o on April 14th, and the bill passed the senate the 
same day. The Juvenile Court Law became effective on July i, 1899, 
and the first judge assigned to the new court and who for a long time 
continued to preside over the bench was Richard S. Tuthill. 

Honorable Richard S. Tuthill, for more than twenty years one 

of the judges of the circuit court of Cook county, was born November 

^ ^ 10, 1841, at Tuthill's Prairie, Jackson county, Illi- 

RiCHARD S. . TT- T-. •. . • 1 1.T 

™ nois. His Puritan ancestors emigrated to New 

lUTHILL. _ , , . , ^ ^ 

England prior to the year 1640. In 1829 his 
father moved from Vermont to southern Illinois, where he estab- 
lished a school of high reputation. By virtue of the law of inher- 
itance. Judge Tuthill became a soldier, a lawyer and a jurist. His 
fathers did valiant service in the war of the Revolution and that of 
/1812. His great uncle, Major General Samuel Strong, commanded 
the twenty-five hundred Vermont volunteers who participated on Sep- 
tember 9, 18 14, in the memorable battle of Plattsburg, a contest on 
lake and land which, in its effect, was the most decisive victory of 
the war, putting to an end, as it did, all hope of a successful invasion 
of the states from Canada. 

Our future jurist had no sooner received, in 1863, from Middle- 
bury College, his degree of A. B. than he was on his way to Vicks- 
burg, where his brother, Lieut. John L. Tuthill, was then command- 
ing the war vessel known as the "Queen of the West," and where 
his father's friend for many years, General John A. Logan, was com- 
manding a division. The general gave him a position as a volunteer 
citizen scout in a company attached to his headquarters, a place full 
of adventure, excitement and danger, and shortly afterwards secured 
for him a commission in Company H, of the First Michigan Light 
Artillery (known also as De Golyer's Battery), a company then 
and thereafter known as one of the most efficient batteries in the 
western army, and of which General Frank P. Blair, commanding 
the Seventeenth Army Corps during the Atlanta campaign, Septem- 
ber 4, 1864, in a special report concerning the battle of Lovejoy Sta- 
tion, said : 


"I desire to call attention particularly to the part taken by H Com- 
pany, First "Michigan Artillery, in this action. This battery has been 
conspicuous in its efficiency and the gallantry of its officers and men 
in every engagement of this campaign in which it has participated." 

At the conclusion of the war, Lieutenant Tuthill renewed his study 
of the law which he had begun a number of years before, and having 
been, in 1866, admitted to the bar, was, in 1867, elected state's attor- 
ney of the Nashville (Tennessee) circuit. Early in 1873 he came 
to Chicago, where he has since lived. From 1875 ^o 1879 he was city 
attorney of Chicago, and in 1884 was appointed by President Arthur 
United States district attorney for the northern district of Illinois, 
with headquarters at Chicago. In 1887 he was elected judge of the 
circuit court of Cook county, which position he has since filled, hav- 
ing been five times chosen to that high office. 

While a student in college, Judge Tuthill became engaged to 
Miss Jane Frances Smith of Vergennes,' Vermont, to whom he was 
married in 1868. She died at Nashville, December 22, 1872, leaving 
a daughter. He was married a second time January 2, 1877, to Miss 
Harriet McKey, daughter of Mr. Edward McKey, a leading dry 
goods merchant of Janesville, Wisconsin. His daughter, Eliza 
Strong, by his first wife, married Mr. Frank D. Ketcham, now of 
New York City. Judge and Mrs. Tuthill have now living five daugh- 
ters, Zoe Gertrude, married to J. M. Fiske, Jr., of Milwaukee; Mary 
Elizabeth, married to Alfred Borden, of New York City; Lilian Mc- 
Key, Genevieve Harmon, Harriet McKey, and one son, Richard 
S., Jr. ■ 

Judge Tuthill, yet in the prime of life, is active in every move- 
ment which has for its object the general welfare of the city in which 
he lives, and is closely identified with charitable organizations seeking 
to promote the moral and mental training of poor and destitute chil- 
dren. His religious affiliations are with the Episcopal church. He 
is a member of the Grand Army of the Republic, the Military Order 
of the Loyal Legion, of which he was commander in 1893, the Grand 
Army Hall and Memorial Association, the Church, Union League, 
Illinois, Lincoln, Hamilton and other clubs, as well as with the Irv- 
ing Literary Society. He is a hard worker, a diligent student and 
an able and forceful speaker. 

The judicial office is ordinarily not fruitful of events long re- 


membered or upon which historians are hkely to dwell. Indeed, it 
may be said that, as a rule, the less conspicuous is the work of the 
judge and the more transient the comment which his judicial acts 
produce, the better it is for the land in which he serves. Judges are 
not ordained to make, but to administer the law. Nevertheless, it 
is the case that in the discharge of judicial duties imposed by law 
upon him, Judge Tuthill has become known and honored not only 
throughout the United States, but in the greater part of Europe. In 
1899 what is now known as the juvenile court of Illinois was created 
by act of the legislature, and by the unanimous vote of his associates 
upon the bench. Judge Tuthill was selected to preside over that court. 
As afterwards proved, a better choice could not have been made. 

Patient, considerate, ready to listen to all that the humblest had 
to say, broad minded and sympathetic, he took up the work as a 
labor of love. The report of inspectors and policemen, the plaint of 
fathers and mothers, the appeal of the poor and the outcast, the 
little child and the hardened hoodlum were heard by him with that 
tender consideration and intelligent regard to the welfare of com- 
munity, parent, friend and child, which only a man of his great 
learning, wide experience and profound knowledge of human nature 
could give. 

The juvenile court was, from the outset, under his administra- 
tion a triumphant success, vindicating the faith of its projectors and 
realizing the hopes of the humane men and women who had called 
it into being. An incident worthy to be remembered in this con- 
nection was the raising of $100,000 with which a spacious farm of 
nearly a thousand acres was bought and presented to the state as 
a site for the St. Charles School for Boys, near St. Charles, in Kane 
county. On this site have been erected appropriate and beautiful 
buildings. Here the delinquent boys of Illinois are receiving, instead 
of punishment too often tending to make criminals, a kindly parental 
care which develops character and tends toward the making of good 
citizens. This much-needed and admirable institution will serve to 
perpetuate the memory of the work done by Richard S. Tuthill for the 
youth of our country. 

Judge Tuthill became in universal demand as a writer, speaker 
and councilor for those who wished to establish a tribunal wherein 
could be judicially determined what had best be done for neglected. 


dependent and delinquent children ; and to his efforts, his zeal and 
experience more than to any other person is due the painstaking, in- 
telligent, humane and tender care which juvenile courts now exercise 
concerning the multitude of juvenile waifs living, growing and dying' 
about us. Of him most truly is it said "J^'^stum virum fortiter in re." 

The Cook county probate court dates from 1877, when it was 
established under the law granting such a court to counties with 
more than 70,000 population. The first judge of the probate court 
was Joshua C. Knickerbocker. Thoroughly versed in the primary 
duties of his position, he also did much to uphold the power and 
scope of the court during the first years when the existence and 
rights of the court were in dispute. 

In 1878 Judge Knickerbocker received a law student in his ofifice 

at Chicago. This aspirant for the legal profession was at that time 

and had been since 1874, principal of the high school 

^ ■ at Palatine, in Cook county. Previous to that he 

Cutting. ,,, . ,. , ^, t^., 

had been assistant editor on the Cedar Rapids 

(Iowa) Times, having begun that work shortly after finishing his 
education in a high school and at Willamette University in Salem, 
Oregon. He continued two years as a student with Judge Knicker- 
bocker, whom he regards as one of his ablest advisers and guides of 
his early years, and in 1880 was admitted to the bar. 

As a lawyer Mr. Cutting soon made a record that fulfilled the 
anticipations of his friends, who had regarded his success as high 
school principal and newspaper man as a guarantee that he would 
achieve something worthy in the law. His early practice was prob- 
ably as varied in the civil law as that of any lawyer in the city. He 
was retained in many important suits, involving many diverse cases 
of law. He represented the town of Cicero in its long course of liti- 
gation with the municipality of Chicago. From 1887 to 1890 he was 
master of chancery for the Cook county circuit court. In 1890 C. C. 
Kohlsaat was elected judge of the probate court for Cook county. 
By re-election he held this office until he was elevated to the federal- 
bench in 1899. To fill Judge Kohlsaat's unexpired term Mr. Cut- 
ting, whose unqualified success as a lawyer and recognized prominence 
as a citizen recommended him for the place, was appointed, and at 
the regular election in 1902 he was retained in of^ce by a popular 
majority. In 1906 his plurality was nearly sixty thousand, the larg- 








est of any of the Republican candidates of that year. Judge Cut- 
ting's thorough integrity has never been questioned, but all who have 
become familiar v^ith his record as probate judge have had occasion to 
remark and admire his positive impartiality. His mental poise is 
perfect, and though his attitude while on the bench is judicially strict, 
approaching almost to sternness, among friends he displays a per- 
sonality of rare charm and versatility. In January, 1907, the Union 
League Club elected him president, and he is well known for his ac- 
tivity in various other organizations. He belongs to the Chicago Bar 
Association and the Law Club, and is a prominent Mason ; has 
membership in the Hamilton, City, The Oaks (Austin), Twentieth 
Century and Westward Ho Golf clubs. During his residence' at Pala- 
tine, Cook county, he was a member of the board of education, and 
has been a member of the Cook county board of education nine years, 
serving as its president at this time and having held the same position 
once before. 

In all his career of varied activities Judge Cutting has succeeded 
along the direct line of his purposes, and has impressed his influence 
on numerous positions and endeavors. Of a worthy New England 
family, he is a son of Charles A. and Laura E. Cutting, and was born 
at Highgate Springs, Vermont, March i, 1854. Most of his boy- 
hood was passed in the far west, where he obtained his literary edu- 
cation. The degree of LL. D. of the University of Michigan was con- 
ferred on Judge Cutting June 20, 1907. Since entering practice in 
1880 he has been a member of the following law firms: Tagert and 
Cutting; Williamson and Cutting; Cutting and Austin; Cutting, Aus- 
tin and Higgins ; Cutting, Austin and Castle ; Cutting and Castle, and 
Cutting, Castle and Williams. Judge Cutting married, in 1886, An- 
nie E. Lytle. They have one son, Robert M. 

Thomas Hoyne. the elder, gave his strength, mind, heart and soul 
to the upbuilding of Chicago from the period of his early manhood 

until he was so suddenly snatched away in a vigor- 
-rr ous old agc. He was one of the fathers of the city, 

who assisted in laying its material foundation broad 
and deep, and at the same time gave his best efforts toward the es- 
tablishment of an honest public administration. His nature was both 
practical and ideal, and founded upon a fine enthusiasm based upon 
common sense. It was such men as he that Chicago needed in the 


early times, and to them, more than to all else, must be credited the 
remarkable impetus which the city acquired even in the pioneer per- 
iod, and fortunately has never lost. 

The parents of Thomas Hoyne were Patrick and Eleanor M. 
Hoyne, who were obliged to leave Ireland about 1815 because of 
the husband's pronounced political views regarding the British gov- 
ernment and his unvarnished presentation of them. The refugees 
found an asylum in the city of New York, where their son, Thomas, 
was born on the nth of February, 1817. He obtained his early edu- 
cation at the Catholic school attached to St. Peter's church, and 
while quite young was apprenticed to a manufacturer. This latter 
fact proved fortunate, as the boy was left an orphan at an early age 
and thrown entirely upon his own resources for a livelihood. Rather 
spurred than disheartened by such adversity, the youth not only 
faithfully performed his work as an apprentice, but joined the Liter- 
ary Association, which included in its membership such men as Hor- 
ace Greeley, George Manierre and Charles P. Daly. Illustrative of 
his attractive personality, even at this early period of his life, is the 
fact that, notwithstanding his firm faith in Catholicism, which was a 
tradition of his family as far as it could be traced, his stanchest 
friend, adviser and assistant at this time was Rev. Dr. Archibald 
Maclay, a Baptist minister, who loved and treated him as a son. It 
was amid such surroundings and in such a school that Thomas Hoyne 
acquired the rudiments of that art which, combined with his perfect 

■ sincerity and manliness, made him in later years one of the most 
charming speakers and most telling orators who ever did honor to 
Chicago. As an apprentice he also attended two night schools, in one 
of which he made a special study of English grammar and elocution, 
and in the other gave particular attention to Greek and Latin. When 
he was eighteen years of age young Hoyne became a clerk in a large 
jobbing house in order to earn money to continue his education, and 
in 1836 began the study of the law in the office of Hon. John Brin- 

» kerhoff. 

The reports of his fellow debater and old friend, George Ma- 
nierre, who had been a resident of Chicago for two years, were of 
such an encouraging nature that Mr. Hoyne decided to join him in 
the raw young city of the sloughs and plains. Late in the year 1837 
he started for the west, at Detroit boarding the brig "John H. Kin- 


zie" for Chicago. Two weeks of a tempestuous voyage brought him 
to the Lake House dock, he crossed the muddy Chicago river by way 
of the Dearborn street bridge (raised by chains and a crank), and 
soon was in the large upper room of the wooden court house in ear- 
nest consultation with Mr. Manierre, who was clerk of the circuit 
court, and found a way to have Mr. Hoyne assist him at ten dollars 
per week. They both continued active participation in literary mat- 
ters, through the local society, and Mr. Hoyne devoted his "spare 
hours" to the study of Latin and French. In the autumn of 1838 he 
took charge of a public school on West Lake street, when he first 
met John Wentworth, as school inspector, but soon afterward en- 
tered the law office of J. Young Scammon as a student. Both of 
these men, so many years bitter personal enemies, continued during 
his lifetime the warm friend of Mr. Hoyne; this faculty he possessed, 
in a remarkable degree, of cementing and holding the friendship of 
the most diverse characters. 

Mr. Hoyne was admitted to the bar in the fall of 1839, and from 
that time until his death, except during the two years spent at Ga- 
lena, he practiced his profession in Chicago, making a. brilliant record 
at the Cook county bar and often appearing before the supreme court 
of Illinois and the United States supreme court. He early associated 
himself with Benjamin F. Ayer, and in January, 1864, Oliver H. 
Horton entered the partnership, of which Thomas M. Hoyne, the 
son, became a member in 1867, the style of the firm being thus 
changed to Hoyne, Horton and Hoyne. The firm remained un- 
changed until the death of its senior member. 

Soon after coming to Chicago, Thomas Hoyne became acquaint- 
ed with Dr. John T. Temple, an early practitioner and an enterpris- 
ing and public-spirited man. At that time he was well known as the 
proprietor of the Temple building, but in later years as the father- 
in-law of Mr. Hoyne, whose daughter. Miss Leonora M. Temple, 
became Mrs. Hoyne. The marriage occurred September 17, 1840, 
and soon afterward, on account of the stringency of the times in 
Chicago, Mr. Hoyne took his young bride to Galena, Illinois, as busi- 
ness in the lead-mine district was still flourishing. While there, his 
son, Thomas M. Hoyne was born, but after two years in that re- 
gion the family returned to Chicago and made the city thereafter 
their permanent home. 


After his return from Galena, Mr. Hoyne was elected probate 
justice of the peace, and held that office until it was abolished in 1848 
and succeeded by the county judgeship. Although a firm Democrat, 
he became a Free Soiler. In 1848 he was a presidential elector, and 
stumped the northern half of Illinois in support of Van Buren and 
Adams. In 1853 he received from President Pierce the appointment 
of United States district attorney for Illinois, which greatly benefited, 
him professionally. He supported Judge Douglas on the Kansas- 
Nebraska bill, and as a Democratic orator of established reputation 
actively participated in the presidential campaign of 1856. In April, 
1859, he entered upon his duties as United States marshal, and in 
i860 superintended the census for the northern district of Illinois. 
No man in the west was more patriotic and broadly useful during the 
Civil war, than Thomas Hoyne. He was a very active member of the 
Union Defense Committee, and with tongue and pen, to the utmost 
limit of his powers, assisted in the preservation of the cause. He 
was nominated by acclamation for Congress in the Chicago district 
in 1870, but declined to run. Two years later he was a presidential 
elector on the ticket which had put forward Horace Greeley, the 
friend of his youth, to lead the Liberal Democracy. 

In the early seventies Mr. Ployne commenced a vigorous agitation 
to further the purification of local politics, and in the spring of 1876 
led the reform movement as a candidate for mayor on the Citizens 
ticket. He was elected by a majority of thirty-three thousand, the 
largest at that time ever given a municipal chief magistrate in Chi- 
cago. Mayor Colvin contested the election, and the circuit court 
sustained the regular Democratic candidate. Although it was be- 
lieved that he might have appealed to the supreme court with every 
prospect of success, Mr. Hoyne considered the outcome so unjust that 
he never after would consent to be considered a candidate for office. 
As a private citizen, however, he was Chicago's devoted friend, and 
his support was always proffered for any measure which he believed 
to be for her advancement. 

In 1859 Mr. Hoyne assisted to found a chair of international and 
constitutional law in the University of Chicago, of which he was for 
years the friend and adviser, and which, in 1862, conferred upon him 
the degree of LL. D. He also secured the great Lalande telescope and 
was the chief promoter and first secretary of the Chicago Astronomi- 

f 1 



^J? CH^ JK^ , aCi^ 


cal Society. He was a life member of the Mechanics' Institute, the 
Academy of Sciences and the Chicago Historical Society, and by con- 
tributions and other active work, furthered their best interests. In 
June, 1873, when the University of Chicago and the Northwestern 
University formed the Union College of Law, Mr. Hoyne was chair- 
man of the board of trustees in behalf of the Chicago University for 
1873-74, and in 1877 was chosen president of the joint board of 
management, holding that position at the time of his death. 

He was also one of the most active in founding and fostering 
the free public library, of which he wrote a most interesting historical 
sketch in 1877. Of his other writings, of particular interest to pio- 
neers of Chicago, may be mentioned "The Lawyer as a Pioneer," 
covering the period of the Illinois and Chicago bar from 1837 to 
1840, which were the years of his introduction to the community in 
which he afterward became so commanding a figure. 

In the midst of many and absorbing activities, Mr. Hoyne was 
still a vigorous man of his sixty-six years. But in the summer of 
1883, he decided to take an eastern tour of rest and recreation, plan- 
ning to descend the St. Lawrence and pass on to the refreshing beau- 
ties of the White Mountains. But on the evening of July 27th, three 
days after he left Chicago, he was killed in a railway collision at 
Charlton, Orleans county, New York, and his body was brought 
back for burial in the mourning city of his adoption. His funeral 
services at St. Mary's church were attended by the lowly who loved 
him, by his professional brethren of the bench and bar, by city and 
county officials, and by representatives of civic and educational organi- 
zations. One of the founders of a great city had passed away, and 
the city did him the honor which was his due. 

In the person of Thomas M. Hoyne, who has practiced so long 

and so ably at the Chicago bar, is linked the Chicago of the past and 

the present. Although born in Galena, Illinois, 

while his pioneer father, Thomas Hoyne, was tem- 
HOYNE. .,.,.., . . -^ . , , 

porarily residrig m the mmmg town to avoid the 

nard times then so prevalent in Chicago, Thomas M. was brought 
back to this city while still an iiifant, and thereafter both father and 
son were parts of its progressive life. 

In these later years Thomas M. Hoyne has continued the sub- 
stantial work begun by his father in the conduct of a leading law 

Vol. II— 3 


firm, which, although engaged in professional business of a general 
nature, has been led by the logic of events which follow in the wake 
of a rapidly-developing city to give much of its attention to commer- 
cial and real estate transactions; and there is no agency which is 
more powerful to conserve the substantial growth of such a city than 
such an ably-conducted firm as that of Hoyne, O'Connor and Irwin, 
of which Thomas M. Hoyne is now the senior member. After the 
death of Thomas Hoyne, in 1883, the firm became Horton and Hoyne 
and so continued untly 1887, when Oliver H. Horton was elevated 
to the bench. The firm of Hoyne, Follansbee and O'Connor then 
came into existence, and in 1899 Thomas M. Hoyne, Maclay Hoyne 
(his son), John O'Connor and Harry D. Irwin organized the co- 
partnership of Hoyne, O'Connor and Hoyne, which continued until 
January i, 1907, when Maclay Hoyne withdrew. Since that date 
the style of the firm has been Hoyne, O'Connor and Irwin. 

Thomas M. Hoyne obtained his early education in the public 
schools of Chicago and at a German school on the north side. As 
he was born July 17, 1843, he was nineteen years of age when he 
graduated from the old Chicago high school. He made his first 
practical start in life as a draughtsman for a New York concern en- 
gaged in the manufacture of engines and machinery, at a salary of 
$2.50 per week; but within a year he returned to Chicago and grad- 
uated from the law school of the old University of Chicago in 1866. 
In the following year he commenced his long legal career in Chicago. 
For forty years he had his office at No. 88 LaSalle street, removing 
in 1907 to the Stock Exchange building. 

Under the act of 1901 Mr. Hoyne became a candidate for one of 
the three additional circuit judges of Cook county, but although he 
received a large plurality vote, the supreme court declared the law 
unconstitutional. In 1904 he was again nominated for judge of the 
superior court, but was defeated. These were Mr. Hoyne's sole 
movements toward public preferment, but while he has never been 
prominent in politics he has always taken the interest of a typical 
American in public affairs. He was one of the founders of the old 
Chicago Democratic club, which in 1881 was succeed by the Iroquois 
club. Of the latter he was president in 1897, and still retains in it 
an active membership. He has long been an honored member of the 
Illinois State and the Chicago Bar associations, the Chicago Law 


Institute and the Law Club, having also served as president of the 
last-named organization. He was twice president of the Northwest- 
ern Law School Alumni Association, and outside of his success as 
a practitioner, is recognized as a large figure in the fraternal and 
educational circles of the profession. 

In 1871, Thomas M. Hoyne was married to Jeanie T. Maclay, 
daughter of Moses B. Maclay, a well-known New York lawyer, and 
the warm relations of friendship inaugurated with the family when 
the elder Hoyne was a youth were thus cemented into a closer union 
by this happy matrimonial alliance of the son. The son of Mr. and 
Mrs. Thomas M. Hoyne, Maclay Hoyne, also tends further to per- 
petuate the gratitude which the elder Lloyne warmly cherished 
throughout life for the many kindnesses which he had received from 
the Maclay family. 

Judge Arba N. Waterman, author of the Historical Review of 
Chicago and general editor of th'ese volumes, has been a resident 

of Chicago since 1866. Born at Greensboro, Ver- 

,,, ' " mont, February t;, 18^6, a son of Loring F. and 

Waterman. ^, .^^ \ \ht ^ 1 • j 1 ■ 1 

Mary ( Stevens ) Waterman, he received his educa- 
tion in the schools of his native state. The degree of A. B. was 
granted him by Norwich University, and the University of Vermont 
has given him the degree of LL. D. He studied law in the Albany 
Law School, which at the time occupied a pre-eminent position among 
the law schools of America. In the Civil war he was lieutenant 
colonel of the One Hundredth Illinois Volunteers ; at the battle 
of Chickamauga, his horse was killed under him, and he was 
afterward wounded. After the war he began practice in Chi- 
cago. The Chicago bar at that time was distinguished for the versatile 
ability and brilliant character of its members. Judge Manierre, Cory- 
don Beckwith, Samuel Fuller, Alfred W. Arrington, Joseph E. Gary, 
John M. Wilson, Francis H. Kales, Erastus S. Williams, Thomas 
Hoyne, B. T. Ayer, and many others, long since gone, were then 
leaders in affairs as well as in the courts and bar. 

In 1887 Mr. Waterman was elected a judge of the circuit court of 
Cook County, and was later assigned as judge of the appellate court 
of the first district. After sixteen years' service on the bench, Judge 
Waterman resumed practice in 1903, and is now a member of the 
firm of Waterman, Thurman and Ross. Judge Waterman is active 
in Grand Army affairs, is a member of Grant Post No. 28, of the 
Loyal Legion, and was president of the Grand Army Hall and 


Memorial Association 1901-02. He is a member of the board of 

trustees of the Chicago PubHc Library. His club connections are 

with the Hamilton, Chicago Literary and Irving. Judge Waterman 

was married in Chicago, December 16, 1862, to Aliss Eloise Hall. 

The death of Ezra Butler McCagg in the summer of 1908 served 

to remind the present generation, for a second time in this year, of 

the passing from life of men who were intimately 

,^ „ ■ identified with the affairs of the older Chicasro. 
McCagg. ^^ . , . ,,,,,, 

• None of the promment names of the bar before the 

war now represent living and active men. Mr. McCagg, who was 
in his eighty-third year -when he died, had associations with all the 
famous men of the city and state. Born and educated for his pro- 
fession in New York, he came west in 1846 and joined J. Young 
Scammon, with whom he had a partnership for a number of years. 
His public services had a wide scope, though he was never to a con- 
siderable extent identified with practical politics. During the war he 
was president of the Northwestern Sanitary Commission. The crea- 
tion of Lincoln Park was due in part to him, as he was the first 
president of the park board of trustees. At different times he was 
connected, as trustee, with the Illinois Eastern Hospital for the In- 
sane, with the University of Chicago, with the Chicago Academy of 
Sciences and the Chicago Astronomical Society. The Chicago His- 
torical Society recalls his services as an active member and contrib- 
utor to its early growth. Outside of his profession, his interests were 
literary, he had a splendid private library, though many of his most 
valued possessions were destroyed in the fire of 1871, and he was a 
writer in the field of general literature and political economy. 

Judge James B. Bradwell was one of the venerable and truly ven- 
erated fathers of the Chicago bar and of the city itself. Judge Brad- 

well was a practical man of affairs, skillful, far- 

j! ' seeing and reformatory. He was an originator of 

Bradwell. ^. . ^, -^ . . , , , 

actualities as well as an originator of good and 

new movements. 

Born April 16, 1828, James B. Bradwell was a native of Lough-, 
borough, England, his parents being Thomas and Elizabeth (Gut- 
ridge) Bradwell. Sixteen months after his birth the family crossed 
the ocean to America and first located in Utica, New York, where 
they remained until 1833, when they came west by wagon and boat 


to Jacksonville, Illinois. There they remained until May, 1834, when 
they boarded a prairie schooner drawn by a span of horses and a yoke 
of oxen and covered the two hundred and fifty miles to Wheeling, 
that state, in twenty-one days. ' Arriving at their destination, they 
located upon a farm and here the boy mowed the rank prairie grass, 
cradled grain, split rails, broke the tough sod, and pluckily did the 
other stern duties required of a sturdy pioneer's son. His life de- 
veloped a muscular body and a strong, practical mind, and a stern 
realization of the fact that progress even in the land of broad oppor- 
tunities, meant hard work and unceasing vigilance in the perception 
and seizing of the chances for personal advancement. 

Neither was the boy slow to perceive that a good education se- 
cured a continuous advantage in favor of those who not only pos- 
sessed it but used it. His first instruction was received in a small coun- 
try log house near Wheeling, now in Cook county, and later he at- 
tended Wilson's academy, Chicago, in which Judge Lorenzo Sawyer 
was an instructor. Still later he attended Knox College, Galesburg, 
Illinois, while pursuing his course there sustaining himself by work- 
ing in a wagon and plow shop, sawing wood and welcoming any 
other manual labor which would assist him in the realization of his 
ambition to "work himself through college." Eventually he accom- 
plished his purpose, and, among the greatest of his drawbacks was 
not the lack of work, but the fact that he was obliged to take much of 
his pay in store orders, many of which he was forced to discount 
heavily for cash. This experience made so strong an impression on 
him that he has ever since maintained with remarkable vigor that the 
laborer is not only worthy of his hire, but should receive one hundred 
cents on the dollar for his services. 

After finishing his education the judge began the study of law, 
and during this preparatory period of his life his ingenuity and de- 
termination were again put to a severe and triumphant test. While 
plowing through his law books he worked at various trades as a jour- 
neyman, displaying much skill and exhibiting a high degree of invent- 
ive genius. So apt was he in all branches of mechanics, it is stated, 
that, if necessary, he could earn his living in any one of seventeen 
trades. Much of his work was conducted in Chicago, and it is said 
that he invented a half-tone process which produced the first cut of 
that kind ever made in the city. He was an expert photographer and 


continuously maintained his interest in that mechanical art, his stand- 
ing among the representatives of today being recognized by his se- 
lection as chairman of the committee of World's Congress Auxiliary 
on Congress of Photographers. 

In 1852 Judge Bradwell was admitted to the practice of his pro- 
fession, and the same year married Miss Myra Colby, famous after- 
ward as Myra Bradwell, the founder of the Chicago Legal News, the 
first paper of its kind in the west and the first to be edited by a woman 
in the world. Her career, both as editor and lawyer, was not to be 
inaugurated until many years after their marriage. After their union 
they removed to Memphis, Tennessee, where the two conducted the 
largest select school in that city for about two years. They then re- 
turned to Chicago, where Mr. Bradwell commenced the permanent 
practice of the law, and the development of a judicial and public ca- 
reer of broad usefulness. From 1854 until the first year of the Civil 
war he steadily advanced in his profession, and became prominent in 
local politics because of his eloquence as a speaker and his high social 
and conversational powers. 

In 1 86 1 Judge Bradwell entered the field of politics in earnest 
and was elected county judge by a large majority, his term being for 
four years. He was re-elected in 1865, and effected several important 
reforms in court procedure. As a judge of this court he so distin- 
guished himself by the fairness of his opinions, the courtesy of his 
manner and the improvements in procedure, which facilitated the dis- 
patch of business, that his services are yet recalled with pleasure and 
admiration by the older members of the bar. In 1873 he was sent to 
the lower house of the legislature and was re-elected in 1875, distin- 
guishing himself as a speaker and an advocate of much-needed laws 
and reform.s. Among other measures he introduced and secured the 
passage of the bill making women eligible to school offices, and 
throughout his long public life was a champion of granting rights 
to women equal to those possessed by men. 

Judge Bradwell presided at the American Women Suffrage Asso- 
ciation at its organization in Cleveland and was chairman of the arms 
and trophy department of the Northwestern Sanitary Commission 
and Soldiers' Home Fair, held in Chicago in 1865. He was president 
of the Chicago Rifle Club, for four years holding the best record for 
rifle shooting in Chicago. He served as president of both the Chicago 


Bar Association and the Illinois State Bar Association, being for 
many years historian of the latter. In its earlier years he was also 
president of the Chicago Press Club — in fact, it mattered not with what 
organization or movement he was identified, his popularity and power 
of initiative brought him into the class of leaders. He was one of 
the founders of the Union League Club and the first president of its 
board of directors. In Masonry he took all the degrees and occupied 
many high positions in that ancient and honorable order. Judge 
Bradwell, at the time of his death, was president and director of the 
Chicago Soldiers' Home and secretary and director of the Chicago 
Legal News Company, which controls the publication which his wife 
founded and of which she was so long the head. 

Judge Bradwell died in 1908, being among the last of what rhay 
properly be called our early settlers. For seventy-three years he was 
one of Chicago's most useful, and for a great part of the time one 
of its most prominent citizens. 

Mrs. Bradwell died in February, 1894, the mother of four chil- 
dren : James and Myra, both deceased ; Thomas, a justice of the 
peace since 1887 and Bessie, wife of Frank A. Helmer, a well-known 
practicing lawyer of Chicago. 

The late Myra C. Bradwell, who passed away in Chicago, Feb- 
ruary 14, 1894, when she had just entered the sixty-third year of her 

noble and inspiring life, was for years recognized 

^ ■ as one of the most remarkable women of the coun- 

Bradwell. , . , , , , . , ^ 

try, and one of her most remarkable traits was that. 

through all her public conflicts and triumphs she retained her char- 
ity, her tenderness and womanliness. Bishop Samuel Fallows, him- 
self a soldier militant, yet overflowing with human sympathy and the 
spirit of forgiveness, and a natural friend to a kindred soul, had this 
to say of her : "The ideal creation of the poet or the artist's imagi- 
nation in the presentation of perfect womanhood has rarely been ac- 
tualized in flesh and blood as in the character of this honored woman. 
The beauty of holiness, which is the beauty of wholeness, you will 
remember, was the conspicuous beauty of her character. It was the 
blending of strength and winsomeness, of gentleness and firmness, of 
tact and persistency, of the low, sweet voice so much loved in woman, 
with the ringing words for truth and justice and the enfranchisement 
of her sex, which are to reverberate through the ages forever, of the 


faithful performance of every home duty with the larger service to 
her country and her race." 

Considered more strictly from the standpoint of her public char- 
acter, the American Law Reviezv, among hundreds of other tender 
and enthusiastic reviews of Mrs. Bradwell's life work, describes her 
"as a worthy pioneer in the great movement to give to woman equal 
rights before the law and equal opportunities to labor in all voca- 
tions ; as one of the most remarkable women of her generation, dem- 
onstrating by her life work what women can do in activities hereto- 
fore monopolized by men ; as exemplifying great sagacity, enterprise 
and masterful business ability in building up one of the most flourish- 
ing printing and publishing houses in the west ; as a woman of learn- 
ing, genius, industry and high character; as a gentle and noiseless 
woman whose tenderness and refinement made the firmness of her 
character all the more effective ; as one of those who live their creed 
instead of preaching it, and as a noble refutation of the oft-times ex- 
pressed belief that the entrance of woman into public life tends to 
lessen her distinctive character." 

The late Charles C. Bobbey, an eminent lawyer and man of liberal 
and generous mind, pronounced the high encomium upon her that, 
all things considered, she was at the time of her death the foremost 
woman of her time in the department of civil law and jurisprudence; 
and added : "She was the first to demonstrate the capacity of women 
to master the science of law, and while few women have become, 
or are likely to become, practicing lawyers, the influence of her ex- 
ample on the great body of intelligent women has been of inestimable 
value in the formation of an enlightened public opinion that all intel- 
ligent women should have some knowledge of the civil laws which 
affect their interests, in order that they may know when their rights 
are in danger and may be prompted to seek such aid and protection as 
the occasion may require. Although Myra Bradwell seemed to be 
only in the prime of life when she died, her career was so public and 
so useful that it seems a long one, measured by the events in which 
she took a conspicuous part. Throughout it all she commanded to 
a wonderful extent the respect of eminent lawyers, judges and states- 

The facts of the life which presents such a bright and inspiring 
record to women and men alike are that Myra Colby was born in 


Manchester, Vermont, February 12, 1831, her father, Eben Colby, 
being the son of a Baptist minister of New Hampshire. The family 
records show that Anthony Colby, the first of the name to settle in 
America, came to Boston from England in 1630. Her paternal grand- 
mother was a lineal descendant of Aquilla Chase, who founded a fam- 
ily in the United States which produced such men as Bishop Philan- 
der Chase, of the Episcopal church, and Salmon P. Chase, chief 
justice of the United States supreme court. On her mother's side 
she was a descendant of Isaac Willey, who settled in Boston in 1640, 
and two members of the family are known to have fought in the 
ranks of the patriots at Bunker Hill. From both families flowed to 
her the blood of distinguished men and strong women, and nurtured 
a character which blossomed into a beautiful and hardy plant in the 
great west of America. 

In her infancy Myra Colby was taken to Portage, New York, 
where she remained until her twelfth year, when she came west with 
the other members of the family. Her relatives were all staunch 
abolitionists and personal friends of the Love joys, so that a hatred 
of slavery, inequality and injustice in all their forms was implanted 
early and deeply in her breast. When a mere girl she evinced the 
student in her mental composition, balanced by a keen, logical and 
practical mind, and mellowed by the imagination of a poet for those 
higher things not of the earth. She studied the advanced branches 
at Kenosha, Wisconsin, and at a seminary in Elgin, Illinois, after- 
ward making a successful record as a teacher. 

On May 18, 1852, Myra Colby was united in marriage to James 
B. Bradwell, who had just been admitted to practice, and the union 
proved ideal not only domestically, but as a means of strengthening 
her hands for the accomplishment of her individual aims. Until her 
death parted them, Judge Bradwell was her fellow worker in the 
great issue of the Civil war, with its measures of national relief, and 
when afterward she took up the study of the profession in which she 
became eminent her husband encouraged not only her individual ef- 
forts, but stood by her side as a champion of her sex for equal rights 
with men. Both large characters in the public eye, the idea never oc- 
curred to their countless friends and admirers of either overshadow- 
ing the other. Standing both in the sunshine of marital love, such 
comparisons would have been odious and impossible. 


Both Judge Bradwell and Mrs. Bradwell were moving spirits in 
the Soldiers' Fair of 1863, the Northwestern Sanitary Fair of 1865 
and the second Soldiers' Fair of 1867, organized for the benefit of 
soldiers and their families. The Sanitary Fair, held in Bryan Hall, 
was an especially prominent event in the work of relief, Judge Brad- 
well being president of the committee on arms, trophies and curiosi- 
ties, and his wife secretary and really the active organizer of the 
feature which proved the great financial success of the enterprise. 
When the war was over she assisted in providing the home for the 
maimed and dependent veterans, of which her husband was presi- 
dent. During this period she was also very active in philanthropic 
work among the poor of the city, helping to establish a sewing ex- 
change where the needy were given an opportunity to earn a liveli- 

Becoming deeply interested in her husband's profession, Mrs. 
Bradwell commenced the study of law under his instruction, at first 
with no thought of putting it to any practical use. But with her prog- 
ress as a student, she became ambitious to use her knowledge, which 
resulted in the establishment of the Chicago Legal Nezus in 1868. 
This was the first weekly law periodical published in the west, the 
first paper of its kind edited by one of her sex in the world, and it 
stands today as the best monument to her memory. Practical news- 
paper men and lawyers predicted its failure, but her masterly move in 
obtaining from the Illinois legislature special acts making all the 
state laws and opinions of the supreme court printed in her paper 
evidence in the courts, made the Nezvs of such practical authority 
and gave it such a standing before the bench and bar alike, as in 
itself to be an assurance of success. But this was but one of her saga- 
cious acts which eventuated in making her publication a standard 
legal authority throughout the country. In 1869 she commenced to 
publish the Illinois session laws, and as she always succeeded in get- 
ting out her edition ahead of all others, she thereby gained both pres- 
tige and patronage. In the midst of her total loss and indescribable 
confusion occasioned by the Chicago fire, she lost neither heart nor 
time, but hastened to Milwaukee and issued the News on the regular 
day of publication. Possessed in unusual measure of far-sightedness, 
bravery and enterprise, for twenty-five years she carried her project 


to a successful conclusion, whether considered from the professional 
or the financial standpoint. 

In the meantime Mrs. Bradwell was fighting her way toward 
recognition as a practitioner. In 1869 she passed a most creditable 
examination for the bar, but was denied admission by the supreme 
court of Illinois upon the ground that she was a married woman. 
Later, through Chief Justice Lawrence, the court was forced to ad- 
mit, by her firm but courteous legal insistence that the refusal was 
solely on the ground that she was a woman. Thereupon, suing out 
a writ for error against the state of Illinois in the supreme court of 
the United States, Mrs. Bradwell secured the services of the bril- 
liant Senator Matt Carpenter, of Wisconsin, who argued her case be- 
fore that tribunal in 1871. Although in May, 1873, ^^e judgment of 
the lower court was affirmed. Chief Justice Chase dissented. 

Mrs. Bradwell was afterward the chief instrument in securing the 
passage of an Illinois law granting to all persons, irrespective of sex, 
freedom in the selection of an occupation, profession or employment, 
and although she never again applied for admission to the bar, the 
judges of the supreme court of the state, of their own accord, issued 
to her a license to practice law, and March 28, 1892, upon petition of 
Attorney-General Miller, she was admitted to practice before the 
supreme court of the United States. Thus vindicated personally, she 
also opened the way to the profession for the benefit of her sex. 
More than this. She drafted the bill giving a married woman the 
right to her own earnings, and through her efforts it was passed. She 
also secured the passage of the law giving a widow her award in all 
cases, and was the enthusiastic supporter of the bill granting to a 
husband the same interest in a wife's estate that the wife had in her 
husband's. While her husband was in the legislature she induced him 
to introduce a bill making women eligible to the office of notary pub- 
lic, and heartily supported Judge Bradwell's bill permitting women 
to act as school officers. Both measures became laws. 

By her individual efforts, in 1869, Mrs. Bradwell obtained the 
signatures of all the judges in Cook county and many of the lawyers 
and ministers of the city to the call for the first great woman's suf- 
frage convention held in Chicago, was prominent in the Springfield 
convention of the same year, and took part in the gathering at Cleve- 
land, which resulted in the formation of the American Woman's 


Suffrage Association. After rendering valuable services at Wash- 
ington and elsewhere in obtaining the location of the World's Colum- 
bian Exposition at Chicago, she served on its board of lady mana- 
gers and was chairman of the committee on law reform of its auxil- 
iary congress. 

Mrs. Bradwell was the first woman to become a member of the 
Illinois State Bar Association and the Illinois Press Association ; was 
a charter member of the Soldiers' Home Board, the Illinois Industrial 
School for Girls, the Washingtonian Home and the first Masonic 
chapter organized for women in Ihinois; was a member of the Chi- 
cago Woman's Club, the Daughters of the American Revolution, the 
Grand Army Relief Corps, the National Press League and the Wom- 
an's Press Association. To the last her activities were broad and un- 
tiring — the manifestations of her helpful, sympathetic spirit. Hand 
in hand with the bestowal of her services upon the public she bound 
together an ideal home, leaving, at her death, two of her four chil- 
dren, Thomas and Bessie, both lawyers, the latter the wife of Frank 
A. Helmer, also a member of the Chicago bar. 

With the passing away of William M. Booth on September 7, 
1904, the legal fraternity of Chicago suffered a real bereavement in 

the severance of another fast and fond tie which, 
William M. ^|^j. j^ fj^^j^^r and son, had bound them to the 
cause of legal education and courteous practice in 
a community which not infrequently forgets them both. The late 
Judge Henry Booth, founder of the Union College of Law and for- 
merly judge of the circuit court, was looked upon as the professional 
father of hundreds of bright and noted practitioners, some of whom 
remained at the home of their studies, under his wise guidance, and 
others of whom had gone forth to carry to other communities the 
benefits of his training and his spirit of thoroughness and honor. It 
was to his son, however, that he passed in fine measure his spirit and 
his methods, and it was fondly believed that in the long years to come 
he would strengthen and perpetuate the noble memory of his vener- 
able father. But, although William M. Booth died at middle age, 
there still cling to his name the inspiration of a trained mind, a sturdy 
character and an unfailing kindliness and cheerfulness which ever 
covered his solid traits with a softened light which often broke into 


At the time of his death Mr. Booth was one of the masters of 
chancery of the United States circuit court, which he had ably and 
faithfully held for ten years. He was born in Poug-hkeepsie, New 
York, September 26, 1856, and about three years later was brought 
by his parents to Chicago. As a sturdy Chicago boy he passed with 
credit through the public schools, graduated from the old city high 
school and advanced into the Northwestern University, with which 
his father had become so closely and prominently identified. As Mr. 
Booth combined those rare qualities of persistency, application and 
quick perception, his advancement was rapid, and what he acquired 
he retained. So that, while many college honors seemed to gravitate 
to him naturally, they were really earned at the expenditure of honest 
strength of mind and body. 

In 1878 Mr. Booth graduated from the Northwestern University 
with the degree of A. B., which was followed three years later with 
his Master's degree. Entering as a student at the Union College of 
Law, at the same time he received the benefit of study under the tu- 
telage of Melville W. Fuller, and before his admission to the bar in 
1880 he had been appointed chief clerk in Mr. Fuller's office. Until 
Mr. Fullers elevation to the chief justiceship of the United States 
supreme court, Mr. Booth continued in his position of responsibility 
and enjoyed the most confidential relations with his distinguished su- 
perior. In September, 1888, he became a member of the firm of 
Gregory, Booth and Harlan, which succeeded to the practice of the 
chief justice, and although since dissolved by mutual consent, the 
members of the partnership always retained a firmly cemented friend- 
ship for each other. On June 9, 1894, Mr. Booth was appointed by 
Justice Harlan of the supreme court and the circuit judges of his 
district to the position of master in chancery of the United States 
circuit court, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of John I. Ben- 
nett. The succeeding ten years proved in a marked manner the emi- 
nently judicial quahties of his mind, as he had previously demon- 
strated his ability as a practicing- lawyer and a broad-minded and safe 

In 1886 William M. Booth was united in marriage to Miss Ada 
Fenton Sheldon, of Chicago, who, with two sons, survives him. He 
was a member of the Chicago Athletic Association, and the Illinois. 
Douglas, University and Calumet Golf Clubs. In politics he was a 


Republican, but as has been well said "he belonged to the democracy 
of right-minded, clean-hearted, good fellowship." 

Thomas Dent, senior member of the law firm of Dent and Jack- 
son, and who has practiced his profession actively and ably here for 

a period of more than half a century, is a native 
Thomas ^^ Illinois, born in Putnam county, on the 14th of 
November, 1831. His parents, George and Com- 
fort (I jams) Dent, were among the pioneers of that county, having 
settled there in the year named upon their removal from Muskingum 
county, Ohio, where the father was chiefly reared. Traced back for 
several earlier generations, Mr. Dent's ancestors are found to be 
sturdy pioneers of Maryland and Virginia, pursuing most creditable 
careers and holding positions of public honor and trust. 

While residing in Putnam county, George Dent, the father, held 
such offices as clerk of the court of county commissioners, county 
recorder, clerk of the county court, master in chancery, county judge 
and member of the state assembly, and later in life, upon his re- 
moval to Woodford county, was there officially honored. He was 
evidently a man of broad information and varied practical abilities, 
traits inherited and strengthened by the son, who enjoyed the bene- 
fits of a thorough and systematic legal education. 

Thomas Dent obtained his early education in the district schools 
near his home, his boyhood life, outside of the school room being 
largely spent on the paternal farm, which was operated in connection 
with the almost continuous official duties which fell to him as a result 
of public confidence in his abilities and honor. In his thirteenth year 
Thomas Dent obtained his first practical experience in legal proceed- 
ings by an irregular attendance at the clerk's and recorder's offices, 
and when his father assumed these offices himself, the youth (then 
sixteen) became more continuously connected with the work. While 
thus engaged he commenced his professional studies, and as he was 
assisted by having the benefit of assistance from able members of 
the bar with whom he daily came in contact when he was finally ad- 
mitted to the Illinois bar, in 1854, he was far better qualified to prac- 
tice than most young men of his age. Soon after his entrance into 
the profession he was entrusted with the management of a variety 
of important causes at home and elsewhere in the state. In addi- 


tion to his regular practice, at this period, he became a legal expert 
in the compiling of indices to the land records. 

In 1856, after practicing in Hennepin for two years, Thomas 
Dent came to Chicago, and has since practiced continuously in this 
city. Soon after becoming a resident of Chicago he formed a part- 
nership with Hon. Martin R. M. Wallace, whom he had known at 
Ottawa, Illinois, and who afterward became prominent as a general 
of the Civil war and as a member of the bench. After a short ab- 
sence in Peoria, Illinois, during which he opened an office there, he 
returned to Chicago, and in i860 formed a partnership with Hon. 
Alfred W. Arrington and, under the name of Arrington and Dent, 
a profitable and noteworthy professional business was conducted until 
the death of the senior partner in December, 1867. A few months 
later he associated himself with Captain William P. Black, the firm 
of Dent and Black continuing to strengthen the reputations of its 
members during the eighteen years of its existence. Since that time 
Mr. Dent has been, successively, a member of the firms of Dent, 
Black and Cratty Brothers; Dent and Smith (Edwin Burritt) ; Dent, 
and Whitman (Russell) ; Dent, Whitman and Eaton, and Dent and 

Personally Mr. Dent has had a broad and varied experience in 
many legal lines, involving the trial of causes in various courts of 
the northwest, as well as in the supreme court of the United States. 
He has served as president of the Chicago Law Institute, the Chi- 
cago Bar Association and the Illinois State Bar Association. At the 
age of twenty-one he was a nominee for county judge of Putnam 
county, and in 1879 the Republicans made him their nominee for the 
judgeship of the state supreme court, seventh district of Illinois. Mr. 
Dent's practice has always been marked by earnest preparation, keen 
analysis of testimony and forcible promulgation of principles, evinc- 
ing an extensive knowledge of legal principles and their wise and 
ready application. 

In 1857 Mr. Dent was united in marriage with Miss Susan 
Strawn, and they have had one child, Mary, who died in 1882. The 
family residence is at 1823 Prairie avenue. Besides having a leading 
identification with the professional organizations mentioned Mr. 
Dent belongs to the Union League, Chicago Literary and Twentieth 


Century clubs. In view of his pioneer citizenship he has always been 
deeply interested in the successful efforts being made by the Chicago 
Historical Society to preserve interesting and valuable documents and 
memorials connected with the great events of the city and the north- 
west. Of that organization he is now vice president, and has con- 
tributed valuable papers to the literature which it encourages and 

John Rush Newcomer, a judge of the municipal court and well 
known as father of the Juvenile Court Law of Chicago, and for his 

connection with the state's attorney's office, is a na- 

,,-^ " tive of the Keystone state, born on the nth of 

Newcomer. ^ r.^ • ^ r^ - 

August, 1863, m the town of Qumcy. His parents 

were Dr. John and Catherine Newcomer, his mother being also a 
native of that place, where she was married to Dr. Newcomer in 
1855. During their residence there they were both prominent in 
the work of caring for wounded soldiers, as they were located in the 
fighting zone of the Civil war. Soon after its close, when John R. 
was about two years of age, they located at Mount Morris, Illinois, 
where the boy was raised upon a farm and attended the country' 
school. The husband died in 1872, leaving the widow and four 
small children. Those of the latter who survive are Dr. J. S. New- 
comer, of Geddes, South Dakota, and Judge John R. Newcomer. 
The sister. Bertha, died in Chicago in 1896 and the other brother, 
Harvey L., was killed by the cars in 1884 at Leaf River, Illinois: 
Mrs. Catherine Newcomer, the mother, who spent the last days of 
her life with the Judge in Chicago, died in May, 1907, at the age of 
sixty-eight years, the remains being taken to Leaf River for burial. 
After finishing a high school course. Judge Newcomer entered 
the Teachers' Training School at Oregon, Illinois, and then taught 
for a number of years, returning to the prosecution of his higher 
studies at Jennings Seminary, Aurora, Illinois, from which he gradu- 
ated in 1887. He received his professional education at the Univer- 
sity of Michigan, graduating from its law department in 1891 and 
dating his practice from December of that year. Shortly afterward 
he formed a partnership with William H. Dellenback, under the firm 
name of Newcomer and Dellenback, which continued until 1900. He 
had already served one term in the legislature, being elected in 1898, 



Lie LiBR; 

■ ^ ■. LV 

*.SK!'^, LOf ■ 


and while there he introduced, championed and finally succeeded in 
having passed, on the last night of the last day of the session, the 
Juvenile Court Bill, the first measure of the kind to become a law in 
the United States. This was the culmination of a long period of 
tireless, able and disinterested work commenced long before his elec- 
tion, and as Judge Newcomer's sole object in becoming a member of 
the legislature was to endeavor to pass such a law he may be par- 
doned a mingled feeling of pride and deep satisfaction at what has 
been accomplished by it in this city. At the present time about twenty 
states have incorporated legislation into their laws which is largely 
based upon the bill which owes its existence in great measure to the 
persistency and wisdom of Judge Newcomer. 

In December, 1899, Governor Deneen appointed Judge New- 
comer assistant state's attorney, and five years later John J. Healy, 
the head of the department, named him for the same position. He 
was in court as one of the trial lawyers of that office constantly for 
more than seven years. Many important and difficult cases were 
successfully handled by him, and his record there materially assisted 
him in his election to the municipal judgeship 

Joseph Holton Defrees, senior member of the law firm of Defrees, 
Brace and Ritter, of Chicago, was born in Goshen, Indiana. April 10, 

iSt^S. His ancestors were French Huo;uenots who 

Joseph H. , „ • ^ • . ^1 ^ o • 

•^„ came to this country prior to the Avar of 181 2, in 

Defrees. . 

which conflict the family was represented. His 

parents were James McKinney and Victoria (Holton) Defrees. They 
died during the childhood of their son Joseph, who was, accordingly, 
reared by his grandfather, Joseph H. Defrees, a prominent citizen of 
Indiana and member of Congress from the slate during the recon- 
struction period. His brother, John D. Defrees, was the founder of 
the Indianapolis Journal and was public printer under Presidents 
Lincoln, Grant and Hayes. 

Having laid his educational foundation in the public schools of his 
native state, Mr. Defrees continued his studies in Earlham College, at 
Richmond, Indiana, and later in Northwestern University, at Evans- 
ton. At the age of eighteen becoming a law student in the office of 
Baker and Mitchell, at Goshen. Indiana, — for many years the most 
prominent law firm in northern Indiana. — upon the election of Mr. 

Vol. II— 4 


Mitchell to the state supreme bench, Mr. Defrees became a partner of 
Mr. Baker, under the firm name of Baker and Defrees, while later 
the firm became Baker, Defrees and Baker. 

In 1888 Mr. Defrees came to Chicago, where he has made a speci- 
alty of corporation and real estate law and gained a large clientele in 
these lines. He was a member of the firm of Shuman and Defrees, 
later with Aldrich, Payne and Defrees and now senior member of 
Defrees, Brace and Ritter. Mr. Defrees has been a practicing lawyer 
since he was twenty- two years old, and industry and ability have given 
him high professional rank. 

Mr. Defrees married, October 4, 1882, Miss Harriet McNaughton, 
of Buffalo, New York. Donald Defrees, their one child, born in 1885, 
attended Princeton- Yale school at Chicago, the St. Paul school at 
Concord, New Hampshire, and after graduating from Yale University 
in the class of 1905, entered Harvard Law School. 

Mr. Defrees is a member of the Union League, Hamilton, City, 
Law and Chicago Clubs, Midlothian Country Club, and the Chicago 
Bar Association. He is an earnest Republican, but not active for 
political honors. 

Kenesaw M. Landis, United States judge for the Northern Dis- 
trict of Illinois, was born in Millville, Ohio, November 20, 1866, and 

is, therefore, one of the youngest members of the 

Kenesaw M. ^^^^^^i bench. His boyhood, youth and early man- 
Landis. ,, .;.,. ,., , 

hood were spent m Indiana to whicn state the 

family removed in 1876. Judge Landis completed his law studies at 
the Union College of Law, Chicago, from which he graduated and was 
admitted to the bar in 1891. Two years later he received the ap- 
pointment of private secretary 'to Judge Walter Q. Gresham, who had 
been named by President Cleveland as his secretary of state, and held 
that position until 1895. Mr. Landis then returned to Chicago and 
resumed the practice of his profession, which he continued until his 
elevation to the bench of the United States district court in March, 
1905. The most famous cases which have come before him for 
adjudication are those which the government brought against the 
Standard Oil Company. Judge Landis imposed fines aggregating 
$29,240,000. His action was reversed by the higher court, and the 
appeal of the government from such reversal is now (October, 1908) 
about to be ruled upon by the court of appeals. 


It has always been a disputed question, how far temperament goes 
in the determination of personal destiny ; but it is an accepted fact 

that where education, training and experience run 
,. * " parallel with individual inclination, the combination 


is irresistible in its impetus. Neither does it require 
keen observation to recognize intellectual temperament, when the 
general personality is large and strong. For years before Christian 
C. Kohlsaat commenced his ascent from bench to bench, it was gen- 
erally admitted both by his fellow practitioners and the judges before 
whom he conducted his cases, that although successful as an advo- 
cate he was even more eminent as a counselor — that he possessed in 
a marked degree the judicial temperament. 

The present occupant of the United States circuit bench is a na- 
tive of the state which he has honored, being born near Albion, Ed- 
wards county, Illinois, January 8, 1844. He laid the groundwork 
of his literary and professional education in the public schools and 
academy at Galena, that state, and subsequently became a student in 
the University of Chicago. His degree of LL. D. he received from 
the Illinois College. While engaged in his legal studies he became a 
law reporter for the Chicago Evening Journal, and after his admis- 
sion to the bar acted as minute clerk of the county court. Judge 
Kohlsaat was admitted to practice in 1867, and at once assumed a 
good standing among his fellow attorneys. In 1880 he was appointed 
a member of the board of west park commissioners, serving thus for 
six years, or until January, 1890, when he was selected by Governor 
Fifer as probate judge of Cook county to fill out the unexpired term 
of Judge Knickerbocker. In the same year he was elected to that 
bench, and re-elected in 1894 and 1898. In 1899 he resigned the pro- 
bate judgeship, only to accept his appointment to the United States 
district bench for the northern district of Illinois, which he filled with 
ability, impartiality and dignity from February 28, 1899, until March, 
1905. At the latter date he assumed his present duties as judge of 
the United States circuit court, and in the prompt and wise perform- 
ance of them he has demonstrated that he is equal to the responsi- 
bilities of any judicial elevation which may come to him. 

Aside from his judicial functions. Judge Kohlsaat has an active 
identification with important charitable and educational institutions. 
He is a trustee of the Y. M. C. A. and president of the boards of trus- 


tees of both the Lewis Institute and the Mary Thompson Hospital 
for Women and Children. His social membership embraces the Un- 
ion League Club (of which he was president in 1896), and the Chi- 
cago, Athletic and Illinois clubs. Married in June, 1871, to Miss 
Frances S. Smith, he has become the father of four children, and his 
domestic life is in keeping with his upright and kindly character. 

Not a few lawyers of foreign birth have attained very high stand- 
ing in Chicago, both as attorneys and jurists, and among them none 

have obtained greater eminence than Axel 
Chytraus, present judge of the superior court, who 
has been an incumbent of that bench since his first 
election in November, 1898. He was born in the province of Werm- 
land, Sweden, son of Gustav E. and Maria (Johnson) Chytraus, on 
the 15th of September, 1859. On the paternal side the ancestral line 
is traced to the fourteenth century, beginning in Germany and em- 
bracing several noted theologians. Later, it was established in Swe- 
den, the family numbering not a few well-known civil engineers. 

Judge Chytraus came to Chicago with his parents when he was 
ten years of age, and had, therefore, received some schooling in Swe- 
den. He finished his education preliminary to his professional train- 
ing in the public schools of this city, and as he has never enjoyed a 
collegiate education, his rapid progress in his calling is all the more 
remarkable. At the age of thirteen he entered the office of Howe and 
Russell as an all-around boy, and there he remained engaged in work 
and subsequent study until about a year before his admission to the 
bar. After the death of F. S. Howe he remained for some time with 
the surviving partner, E. W. Russell, and in 1880 left his employ and 
became connected with the office of Francis Lackner. Upon his ad- 
mission to the bar November 7, 1881, he formed a partnership with 
Mr. Lackner's brother-in-law, George F. Blanke, under the firm name 
of Blanke and Chytraus, this connection continuing for a number of 
years prior to the admission of Charles S. Deneen into the business. 
The firm of Blanke, Chytraus and Deneen was dissolved upon the 
election of Mr. Blanke to the bench of the superior court in 1893, and 
the partnership of Chytraus and Deneen until the elevation of the 
former to the superior judgeship in November, 1898. In the mean- 
time Mr. Deneen had been elected state's attorney, and since, gov- 
ernor of the state. Judge Chytraus's record was so unimpeachable 


from every standpoint of professional conduct and absolute justice, 
his decisions and general dispatch of business was so prompt and yet 
courteous, that he was re-elected in 1904 for another six-years' term. 
Although his voting politics is Republican no one has ever intimated 
that his judicial proceedings are in any way affected by his party 

Judge Chytraus was married June 22, 1892, to Laura Haugan, 
daughter of H. A. Haugan, president of the State Bank of Chicago. 
They have no children living. The Judge has been for many years 
a member of the Union League Club, and is also identified with the 
Marquette Club. He is well advanced in Masonry, having reached 
the thirty-second degree. 

George Albert Carpenter is a native of Chicago, and the son and 
grandson of ancestors who have had a large part in its pioneer his- 

tory. He was born October 20, 1867, the son of 

„ ■ George B. and Elizabeth (Greene) Carpenter. His 

C A'RP'FN'TF'R \ / j. 

father is a native of Conneaut, Ohio, where he was 
born March 12, 1834, becoming a resident of Chicago in 1850, 
while his mother, a New Hampshire lady, died in June, 1905, at the 
age of sixty years. The grandfather, Benjamin Carpenter, was es- 
pecially connected with the civic history of the city. He was a man 
of energetic and positive nature, and at one time served as a mem- 
ber from the old ninth ward, in the city council. When the depart- 
ment of public works was created in 1852, he was appointed its first 
commissioner and accomplished much in the early improvement of 
the streets, water works, etc. 

Judge Carpenter received his early education at the old Ogden 
public school and the Higher School for Boys, conducted by Cecil 
Barnes. At the latter institution he prepared for college, and became 
a student at Harvard University in 1884, graduating four years there- 
after with the degree of A. B. Upon this firm literary foundation 
he entered the law school of Harvard University, and in 1891 ob- 
tained from it his professional degree of LL. B. In October of the 
previous year he had been admitted to the Illinois bar, and in June, 

1 89 1, commenced the practice of his profession in Chicago. At first 
he was informally associated with Abram M. Pence, and in January, 

1892, entered into partnership with him under the firm style of Pence 
and Carpenter. This connection continued until September, 1905, 


when Mr. Pence died; but the firm remained the same in name until 
June, 1906, when Mr. Carpenter was elected to the circuit bench. He 
was elected as a Republican, that political faith, with its predecessor, 
the Whig, being almost a family inheritance. 

Judge Carpenter has a wide connection with the clubs and socie- 
ties of Chicago, having membership in the Law, Chicago, Univer- 
sity, Saddle and Cycle, Onwentsia, Fellowship and Lake Geneva 
Country clubs. 

George A. Carpenter was united in marriage May 10, 1894, to 
Miss Harriet Isham, a daughter of Dr. R. N. Isham, one of the lead- 
ing surgeons of the country, who died in March, 1904. Her mother, 
formerly Katherine Snow, was born in the city of Chicago in 1833, 
being a daughter of G. W. Snow, himself one of the early pioneers 
of the city. The children born to Judge and Mrs. Carpenter are 
Katherine Snow and George Benjamin Carpenter. 

Merritt Starr is one of the sons of the Empire State who have 

achieved eminence in the great commonwealth of Illinois. A native 

of Ellington, Chautauqua county, New York, he 
Merritt . . . . 

<-, is a descendant in the ninth generation of Dr. Com- 


fort Starr, of Ashford, Kent, England, who, in 
1635, crossed the Atlantic in the sailing vessel Hercules and took up 
his residence in Boston, and whose second son. Comfort Starr, A. M., 
of Emmanuel's College, Cambridge University, was one of the - 
founders and a member of the charter board of Fellows of Harvard 
College. On the maternal side Mr. Starr is descended from John 
Williams, who was a member of the Rhode Island senate during the 
Revolutionary war, and a grandson of Roger Williams, the founder 
of the colony of Rhode Island. Both of the families were repre- 
sented in the American army during the struggle for independence. 
In his early boyhood Mr. Starr's parents removed to Rock Island, 
Illinois, where he attended school preparatory to entering Griswold 
College at Davenport, Iowa. Later he was a student in Oberlin 
College, from which he received the degree of A. B. in 1875. The 
degree of Master of Arts was subsequently conferred upon him by 
Oberlin College. Having become imbued with the desire to enter 
the legal profession, he read law for three years in the office of the 
attorneys for the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad Company, 
and in 1878 entered the college and law departments of Harvard 

/^ f f^hJC/L^ t^ t-t-^^^'- if 

y^c ^ -z^' <Suy-^\A 





S ASTQR, lEm%^^-^ 


University, at which he was graduated in 1881, and received the 
degrees of Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Laws. 

Upon graduating at Harvard Mr. Starr came at once to Chicago, 
was admitted to the bar and entered upon a successful professional 
career. His first professional work was the preparation of briefs for 
some of the prominent attorneys of Chicago. While he was thus 
engaged he prepared and published some valuable contributions to 
legal literature. Among these are "Starr's Reference Digest of Wis- 
consin Reports" (1882), the practice chapters in the treatise known 
as "Gould on the Law of Waters" (1883), and, in connection with 
the late R. H. Curtis, "Starr and Curtis's Annotated Statutes of Illi- 
nois" (1885, 1887, 1892 and 1896). He was the first editor of the 
decisions of the supreme court of Illinois for the Northeastern Re- 
porter, holding the position in 1885-88, at the end of which time 
he was forced by the demands of a growing private business to re- 
sign it. He has been a frequent contributor to legal publications, is 
an orator of recognized ability, and is listened to often and with 
pleasure by local clubs, law societies and popular audiences. On the 
suspension of the Indiana banks in 1883, he conducted the litigation 
carried on in Chicago on behalf of their creditors and established in 
the supreme court of Illinois the then novel doctrine, that banks must 
hold the entire funds of the garnished depositor for the benefit of 
all the creditors who may thereafter perfect claims under the statute. 
In these important and warmly contested cases he met the late W. C. 
Goudy, John W. Jewett, and other leaders of the Chicago bar. Mr. 
Starr was honored with the friendship of the late Corydon Beck- 
with, ex-judge of the supreme court of Illinois, and assisted him in 
important matters. 

In 1890 Mr. Starr formed a partnership with Hon. John S. Mil- 
ler, ex-corporation counsel of Chicago, and ex-Senator Henry W. 
Leman, under the firm name of Miller, Starr and Leman. Two years 
later the junior member of the firm retired, but Messrs. Miller and 
Starr continued their business relations, and in the autumn of 1893 
became associated with Colonel George R. Peck, then general solici- 
tor of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway Company, and 
since 1895 general counsel for the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul 
Railway Company. The firm of Peck, Miller and Starr has for 
years occupied a prominent position at the Chicago bar. 


Mr. Starr possesses marked individuality and originality. His 
opinions are neither inherited nor acquired from others, but are the 
result of his own carefiil and conscientious investigation and delib- 
eration. As a lawyer he is distinguished for clearness of perception, 
tireless industry and keen discrimination. In an important case his 
brief gives indubitable evidence of exhaustive research, legal acumen, 
forcible statement and faultless logic. But he is not content with be- 
ing a lawyer. He is a man of wide and generous culture. An om- 
nivorous reader, he is familiar with the best books, classic and mod- 
ern, arid being blessed with a memory loyal to its trust, he can, when 
occasion demands, bring forth from the rich storehouse of the 
world's wisdom, treasures new and old. Not unfamiliar with art 
science and philosophy, his greatest delight is in the domain of litera- 
ture, wherein he finds rest from professional toil. He is a true and 
steadfast friend, a genial companion, prizing all the amenities and 
courtesies that make life pleasant and friendship valuable. 

Recognizing his obligations as a citizen, Mr. Starr has taken an 
active part in every effort to improve municipal government. He in- 
fluentially participated in the organization of the Civil Service 
League, drafting the city civil service law and assisting in its passage, 
as well as fathering the bills and instituting the merit system in the 
state and county institutions. He was a leader in the promulgation 
of the Greater Chicago charter, in 1904, and no important move- 
ment can be named which has had for its object the betterment of 
the public service in which he has not taken the part of a conscien- 
tious, leading citizen. 

Mr. Starr adheres to the principles of the Republican party, be- 
lieving that they best conserve the public good. He is connected 
with various societies and organizations for the promotion of social, 
literary and philanthropic aims and purposes, and is a member of the 
Union League, the Chicago Literary, the University, the Harvard 
(Chicago), the Skokie Country and the Kenilworth clubs. His pro- 
fessional connections are with the Chicago, the American and the 
Illinois State Bar associations, and the Chicago Law Institute, hav- 
ing served as president of the last-named for two terms and for 
many years as director. He has always been deeply interested and 
proved a wise leader in progressive public education, and has served 
for some time as a member of the township board of education. He 


is a trustee of Oberlin College, and a leading member of the Congre- 
gational Club. 

Mr. Starr was married September 8, 1885, to Miss Leila Wheel- 
ock, of Cleveland, who was a fellow-student at Oberlin College. 
Their children are : Winifred Ursula, Philip Comfort, Merritt Paul, 
and Leila Beatrice. Mrs. Starr is a member of the Chicago Woman's 
Club and takes an active part in literary and philanthropic work. 

John Marshall Clark, secretary of Grey, Clark & Engle, large 
and well-known leather manufacturers, is an honored business man 

of the pioneer period of Chicago's history. He is 

-' ■ also one of those rugged historic characters, who, 

having accomplished their good work in the build- 
ing of the west, located in its representative city to participate in its 
unparalleled growth in material and civic affairs. 

Mr. Clark was born in White Pigeon, St. Joseph county, Michi- 
gan, on the I St of August, 1836, and is a son of Robert aTtid Mary E. 
(Fitch) Clark. Early in life he evinced a preference for engineering 
work, and 'finally entered the noted Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 
at Troy, New York, graduating therefrom in 1856 with the degree 
of C. E. In the meantime his family had removed to Chicago, where 
he had passed the years of his boyhood and youth from 1847 to 1852. 
Upon his graduation from the Polytechnic Institute Mr. Clark re- 
turned to this city, and from 1856 to 1859 was connected with the 
engineering corps of the Illinois Central Railroad. In the latter year 
he started for the western plains and their promises (amply fulfilled) 
of wonderful development, participating in the laying out of the 
original site of Denver, in which he also had a proprietary interest. 
He was here engaged, professionally, for three years, and in 1862 
went to Santa Fe as a surveyor of the government lands in New 
Mexico. While thus employed the Confederates made their raid into 
the territory, and Mr. Clark rendered the federal cause valuable serv- 
ice by conveying important documents connected with the government 
land office to Fort Union. Later he served as an aide-de-camp on 
the staffs of Generals Donaldson and Stough, being with the latter 
at the battle of Apache Canyon. 

After the war Mr. Clark returned to Chicago, in order to enter 
the more promising field of business, in which he has since remained. 
He at once bought an interest in the leather manufacturing firm ot 


Grey, Marshall & Company, which had been established in 1857 by 
William L. Grey and James G. Marshall. Later the style of the firm 
became Grey, Clark & Company, and in 1880, by the admission of 
Augustus Engle to a participation in its affairs, was formed the present 
Grey, Clark & Engle. At one. time Mr. Clark was president of the 
Chicago Telephone Company, in which he is still a director. 

John M. Clark has enjoyed a long, intimate and important con- 
nection with the public affairs of Chicago, and for many years was 
recognized as among its ablest and most popular Republican leaders. 
He served as a member of the common council in 1869-71, and in 
1 88 1 was put forward by his party as a candidate against Carter H. 
Harrison, Sr. Later, he was a member of the Chicago board of 
education, and in 1890 was appointed by the national, administration 
as collector of the port, serving in that office for the succeeding four 
years. He was also honored with the presidency of the first board of 
civil service commissioners in 1895-97. Mr. Clark has been widely 
and influentially connected with various city organizations, having 
held the presidency of the Chicago Club and been a leading member 
of the Union League, University, Literary, Calumet and Commercial 

William K. Ackerman, chairman of the board of examiners of 
the first Civil Service Commission, was long held to be one of the 

most honorable and clear-headed citizens of Chi- 

WlLLIAM K. -TT^ r 1 1 1 

. cago. He was a man of remarkable organiz- 

ing and systematizing powers, and accomplished 
much for the practical good of the commission in its formative 
and experimental period. For a quarter of a century he had 
ably filled various executive offices with the Illinois Central, be- 
ing also one of the strongest forces in the development of that great 
system. Born in the city of New York on the 29th of January, 1832, 
Mr. Ackerman was of old Knickerbocker stock, his grandfather, 
Abram Ackerman, serving as captain of a company in the regiment 
known as Jersey Blues, and being with General Anthony Wayne at 
the storming of Stony Point. Lawrence Ackerman, his father, was 
also born in New York City; resided there for eighty-five successive 
years, and served in the War of 181 2 as a lieutenant of artillery, hav- 
ing at one time command of the troops stationed on Bedloe's Island. 
W. K. Ackerman received his education in the eastern metropolis. 


and after engaging there in business for several years entered the 
service of the Ilhnois Central Railroad Company in May, 1852, as 
a clerk in the financial department of that corporation in New York. 
The land grant had just been obtained from the Illinois legislature to 
assist in the building of the road, and within the succeeding eight 
years the trunk line, with various branches, was completed to Mem- 
phis and New Orleans through central Illinois. This period of Mr. 
Ackerman's career was spent in New York at the financial headquar- 
ters of the road, of which he had already advanced to the secretary- 

With the main line of the Illinois Central in working order, Mr. 
Ackerman was dispatched to the immediate territory of its operations 
which centered in Chicago. He took up his residence in this city on 
the loth of September, i860, and at once assumed the duties of the 
local treasurership, becoming treasurer of the entire corporation in 
April, 1870. In 1872 he was elected a director of the company; was 
appointed general auditor in 1875, in which position he introduced 
an entirely new system of accounts; became vice president in 1876 
and was elected to the presidency in October, 1877. He filled that 
office until August, 1883, when he returned to the vice presidency 
which he retained until his retirement from the road, January i, 1884. 
During his thirty-two years of connection with the company, as much 
as any other man, he brought its affairs into admirable system and 
smooth working order, and it was also largely owing to him that the 
admirable suburban system of the road was introduced. He afterward 
became connected with the western management of the Baltimore & 
Ohio road; made a fine record as comptroller of the vast and intricate 
finances of the World's Columbian Exposition ; afterward contributed 
of his wide experience and practical wisdom in the organization of 
the Civil Service Commission of Chicago, and at his death, Febru- 
ary 7, 1905, was generally estimated as a faithful worker in a vigor- 
ous community, who, without posing as one of its strong characters, 
had in reality accomplished much of supreme importance. 

Within the present generation there has not arisen in the west 
a greater or more brilliant lawyer or a finer citizen than George Rec- 

ord Peck, general counsel of the great Chicago, 
p " Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway system since Sep- 

tember 15, 1895. For the previous fourteen years 


he had served as general sohcitor of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa 
Fe Railroad Company, and there is, therefore, no lawyer in the coun- 
try who has taken more important part in the railway litigation of 
the west than Mr. Peck. He was long at the head of the state bar 
and the Republican party of Kansas, was offered the United States 
senatorship, and was for years one of the leading public men m that 
section of the country. Besides noteworthy powers of both a pro- 
fessional and public nature, Mr. Peck is a deep scholar and has been 
honored with various degrees from leading colleges, while as a pol- 
ished and eloquent orator on national and general subjects he has 
few equals. 

Mr. Peck's birthplace was near Cameron, Steuben county, New 
York, and the day of his nativity May 15, 1843. He is the son of 
Joel M. and Amanda (Purdy) Peck, and when he was six years of 
age his parents brought him to the new family farm in Wisconsin. 
He spent the earlier period of his life in a western clearing, which 
he himself helped to make, and at the age of sixteen, with only a 
common-school education, he abandoned farm work to become a 
school teacher that he might assist his father in the difficult task of 
lifting a mortgage from the old homestead. At the age of nineteen 
he enlisted for service in the Union army, joining the First Heavy 
Artillery of Wisconsin and being subsequently transferred to the 
Thirty-first Wisconsin Infantry, with the latter command participat- 
ing in Sherman's historic march to the sea and his later operations 
northward. During- the three years of his service his faithfulness, 
intelligence and bravery had advanced him from the ranks to the 
grade of captain, in which position he was honorably mustered out 
of the service at the age of twenty-two. 

Captain Peck immediately returned to Wisconsin to prepare for 
the profession which he had chosen, and spent six years in Janes- 
ville as law student, circuit court clerk and general practitioner. De- 
siring to test the country further west as a professional field, he re- 
moved to Independence, Kansas, where, from 1871 to 1874, he prac- 
ticed with signal success. In the latter year he was appointed by 
President Grant to the office of United States district attorney of 
Kansas, and with the assumption of his duties, removed to Topeka, 
the state capital. There, for nineteen years, he won ever-increasing 
distinction as a lawyer, man of letters, influential citizen and public 


character. It was during- this period (1887) that the University of 
Kansas, in recognition of his great abihty, conferred upon him the 
degree of LL. D. Within a month after his appointment as United 
States attorney he was directed by the attorney-general of the United 
States to bring suit involving a title to nine hundred and sixty thous- 
and acres of land. The promptness and ability with which he brought 
this suit and other cases to a successful issue soon marked him as 
one of the leaders of the western bar, bringing him such inducements 
to resume private practice that, in 1879, ^^^ resigned his government 
position. After two years of lucrative independent practice, the At- 
chison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad Company elected him its gen- 
eral solicitor, and from that time until 1895 that large and constant- 
ly-growing system of railroads was developed under his legal coun- 
sel and direction. 

Mr. Peck's wide and strong influence in Kansas politics was early 
recognized, and during the last ten years of his residence in Topeka 
his leadership of the Republican party was unquestioned. Upon the 
death of Senator Plumb, in 1892, Governor Humphrey offered the 
vacant seat in the United States senate to Mr. Peck, who, on account 
of the magnitude and pressing nature of his railroad duties, declined 
the high honor. In the early months of 1893, when the political 
imbroglio of the Lewelling administration had assumed such an 
alarming aspect, it was George R. Peck, according to the verdict of 
both parties, who, by force of his wisdom and will and the inexplic- 
able influences of a fine character, averted the threatened anarchy and 

In Kansas, as well as in Illinois, he might have attained eminence 
in politics and statesmanship, but there, as here, he has always de- 
clined those public honors which were not in line with his profession; 
and it is as a great railroad lawyer that his name is most prominently 
associated. Further notice of his triumphs in his chosen field is, 
therefore, here taken. In 1891, when the Atchison, Topeka & Santa 
Fe Railroad secured control of the St. Louis & San Francisco Rail- 
road, one of the stockholders of the latter sought to enjoin the sale 
on the ground that the two roads were parallel and competing. The 
case was bitterly contested in the circuit and supreme courts of the 
United States, and Mr. Peck's successful management of this litiga- 
tion in which an important extension of the Atchison, Topeka & 


Santa Fe System was involved, gave him a place among the first 
railroad lawyers of the country. When in December, 1893, the 
Atchison system went into the hands of a receiver and the problem of 
its reorganization was pressing upon the holders of its almost worth- 
less securities, the direction of the momentous legal proceedings de- 
volved upon Mr. Peck. Within two years the mortgages had been 
foreclosed, the property sold, a working plan of reorganization ef- 
fected and the great railroad system preserved unbroken. Such a 
feat of both rapid and efficient reorganization of so large a railroad 
property is unparalleled, but it was not until its accomplishment that 
Mr. Peck resigned the of^ce which had involved so many anxieties 
and heavy responsibilities. 

In September, 1895, Mr. Peck resigned as general solicitor of the 
Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe system to become general counsel of 
the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad Company, but the judge 
of the United States circuit court at Topeka asked that he still give 
the Atchison reorganization committee the benefit of his counsel until 
the reorganization should be completed in all its details. Since his 
removal to Chicago he has not only borne the weighty responsibilities 
of his railroad connections, but has been privately associated with 
John S. Miller and Merritt Starr, in the law firm of Peck, Miller and 
Starr, chiefly engaged in the practice of corporation law. 

Mr. Peck has a national reputation as a polished, scholarly and 
eloquent orator, and upon numerous public occasions has delivered 
addresses which have attracted wide-spread notice. Since coming to 
Chicago various institutions of learning have conferred upon him 
honorary degrees in recognition of his standing as a lawyer and man 
of letters, including LL. D. from Union College, New York (1896), 
LL. D., Bethany College and A. M., Milton College (1902). Among 
the many notable addresses which have brought him high standing 
as an orator may be mentioned : That on General George H. Thomas 
before the Loyal Legion of the United States, at Indianapolis; re- 
sponse on Abraham Lincoln at the banquet of the Marquette Club, 
Chicago; address on the Puritans before the Ethical Society of Mil- 
waukee ; oration on the Worth of a Sentiment, before the Wasliington 
and Jefiferson Societies of the University of Virginia; The Ethical 
Basis of American Patriotism, before the graduating class of Union 
College, New York; oration at the unveiling of the Logan statue on 


the lake front, Chicago, and that on Washington before the students 
of the University of Chicago. A mere mention of such titles as the 
above indicates in some measure the scope of Mr. Peck's mentality. 
Companionable, warm-hearted and generous, admiration of his mas- 
terful abilities is often forgotten in the warmer admiration of the 

Mr. Peck's married life covered a harmonious and happy period 
of thirty years. His wife, to whom he was united in 1866, was for- 
merly Miss Arabella Burdick, his marriage occurring during the 
commencement of his legal career in Janesville, Wisconsin. Four 
children were born to them — Mary E., Isabelle, Charles B. and Ethel. 
Mrs. Peck's death occurred March 5, 1896. 

Alexander Hamilton Revell is a typical Chicago man, born here 
on the 6th of January, 1858, prominent in business as a young man, 

and of more recent years a leader in movements 
^ ■ beneficial to the material and moral uplifting of the 

community. As far as his education is concerned, 
he is also a product of the public schools. Starting his business 
chiefly as a furniture store quite removed from the retail district of 
the city, by untiring energy and remarkable initiative he developed a 
trade which enabled him to erect a magnificent structure on Wabash 
avenue in which he installed a complete line of house furnishings, 
and placed himself with the foremost merchants of the northwest. 

Alexander H. Revell & Company was incorporated, and since 
that time Mr. Revell has remained its president. At the time of the 
inception and progress of the World's Columbian Exposition his ex- 
ecutive ability, sound counsel and persuasive powers were greatly 
relied on — first, to locate the fair in Chicago, and, secondly, to assist 
in pushing the great movement along to its triumphant conclusion. 
He has also served for years as director in the National Business 
League. Manufacturers' Bank and Central Trust Company of Illinois. 
The scope of his activities and variety of his mental traits is indi- 
cated, furthermore, in his identification as director with the LaFay- 
ette Memorial Commission and Chicago Musical College, and as 
trustee with the Northwestern University and the McKinley National 
Monument Association. In the many social and political clubs in 
which he has membership he has played a leading part, having served 
as president of the Union League and Marquette clubs and the Chi- 


cago Athletic Association, and as vice president of the Merchants' 
and Hamilton clubs. Both as to substantial support and brains, Mr. 
Revell is one of the mainstays of the Republican party of Illinois and 
the northwest,, and has always warmly accorded to Chicago the same 
stanch support which its people have given him as an honorable 
and successful merchant and an eminently useful citizen. 

One of the most forceful citizens of Chicago, John Maynard Har- 
lan, has always used his fine legal talents in the furtherance of what 

he has conceived to be for the best interests of the 

i-, ' city, merging the two characters of citizen and law- 

Harlan. ^ . T . , 

yer nito a high personal combmation which, de- 
spite differences of intellectual opinion, has been generally recognized 
as an example well worthy of emulation. In whatever movement Mr. 
Harlan has participated he has stimulated discussion and often bit- 
ter opposition, which, besides being a proof of his forceful personal- 
ity has, like the raging of an electric storm, resulted in the clarifica- 
tion of the atmosphere and redounded to the general good. 

Mr. Harlan is a native of Frankfort, Kentucky, son of John Mar- 
shall and Malvina F. (Shankline) Harlan, and was born on the 21st 
of December, 1864. For years his father has stood as one of the 
most eminent attorneys and jurists of the country, having been an 
associate justice of the United States supreme court since 1877. J^^^" 
tice Harlan was born in Boyle county, Kentucky, June i, 1833; grad- 
uated from the law department of the Transylvania University m 
1853, ^^<^ '^bly served as attorney-general of Kentucky from 1863 to 
1867. This period covered the most troublous times of the Civil war, 
during which critical period in Unionism the elder Harlan proved his 
stanch loyalty to the Federal cause. 

John Maynard Harlan obtained his early education in the public 
schools of Louisville, Kentucky, later attending various private estab- 
lishments of that city, and, after his father ascended the supreme bench 
cornpleting his ante-collegiate training in Washington, District of 
Columbia. In 1880 he entered Princeton University, from which he 
graduated four years later with the degree of A. B. Returning to 
Washington 1ie pursued a thorough professional course in the Colum- 
bian University Law School, obtaining his LL. B. with ihe class of 

Immediately after graduating in law Mr. Harlan located in Chi- 


cago and entered the office of Smith and Pence, forming a partner- 
ship with the senior member (G. W. Smith) in 1890. This connec- 
tion continued for two years, and from 1892 to 1898 he practiced 
alone. The five years from 1898 to 1903 were spent in active and 
prominent practice in association with Henry M. Bates, as senior 
member of the firm of Harlan and Bates, the partnership being then 
dissolved by the election of Mr. Bates to a chair in the law school of 
the University of Michigan. In 1904 Mr. Harlan joined his brother, 
James S. Harlan, in the formation of the firm of Harlan and Harlan, 
a partnership which has since been dissolved. 

During Mr. Harlan's active and honorable professional career of 
nearly twenty years, politics and public affairs have occupied a large 
share of his attention, although his official service has been confined to 
1896-98, when he was alderman from the old Twenty-second ward. 
He was the Republican candidate for mayor in 1897 and 1905, but 
was too outspoken in his words and too independent in his actions to 
secure the necessary majorities. In fact, his friends and admirers 
have always insisted that he is too much of a man to make a success- 
ful politician. 

At Yonkers, New York, on the 21st of October, 1890, Mr, Har- 
lan was united in marriage to Miss Elizabeth P. Flagg, and the chil- 
dren born to them have been as follows : Elizabeth P., John Mar- 
shall and Janet. In religious views Mr. Harlan is a Presbyterian. 
He is sociable and popular, being identified with the University, Chi- 
cago, Chicago Athletic, Marquette, Hamilton, Saddle and Cycle and 
Chicago Golf clubs. 

Hon. Solomon Hicks Bethea, judge of the United States district 

court, and widely known in public affairs, both of a legal and civic 

nature, is a native of Lee county, Illinois. He is 

T-, ■ a son of William T. and Emily (Green) Bethea, 

Bethea. , , • , , • , , - tn- m- 

and obtamed his early education at Dixon, Illinois, 

to which place his parents removed in his childhood. After passing 

through the public schools of that city, he entered the high school at 

Ann Arbor, Michigan, preparatory to pursuing a literary course in 

the University of Michigan. 

After being a student in the literary department of the Michigan 

state university for some time. Judge Bethea commenced his legal 

studies in the office of Eustace, Barge and Dixon, at Dixon, Illinois. 

Vol. II— 5 


and after his admission to the IlHnois bar, became a partner of Hon. 
John V. Eustace, the senior member of the firm with whom he re- 
ceived his tutelage. Subsequently he attained high rank as a conserv- 
ative Republican leader, was elected mayor of Dixon for one term 
and creditably served as a member of the Illinois legislature in 1882- 
83. Progressing with equal certitude in the field of his profession, 
in 1899 he was appointed United States district attorney for the 
northern district of Illinois, and held the office with the ability pre- 
saged from his past record for a period of six years. In March, 
1905, he was honored by -his elevation to the bench of the district 
which he had served so well as attorney. 

Hon^ Edward F. Dunne, former judge of the circuit court of 
Cook county and mayor of the city of Chicago, one of the most prom- 

inent Democrats in the state, is a native of Water- 

„ ■ ville, Connecticut, born on the 12th of October, 


1853. He is a son of P. W. and Delia M. (Law- 

ler) Dunne, being of Irish parentage and, after graduating from the 
Peoria (Illinois) high school in 1870, pursued a three-years' course 
in Trinity College, Dublin University. Because of his father's fail- 
ure in business, he was obliged to leave college before graduation, 
and, coming to Chicago, eventually entered the Union College of 
Law, from which he obtained his professional degree in 1877, with 
a later honorary degree of LL. D. from St. Ignatius College. 

Upon his admission to the bar in 1877 he engaged in practice m 
Chicago and successfully covered the general field of professional 
work until he was elevated to the bench of the Circuit court in De- 
cember, 1892. He was twice re-elected, and made such a record for 
substantial and conservative ability, as well as for executive force, 
that the Democrats nominated him for mayor in the spring cam- 
paign of 1905. - He was elected by a decisive majority over John M. 
Harlan, the Republican candidate, resigning his judicial office to ac- 
cept the mayoralty. He had previously (1900) been honored by se- 
lection as a presidential elector on his party ticket, had been twice 
president of the Iroquois, the leading Democratic club in Chicago, 
and was in every way esteemed a strong factor in the best standing 
and progress of Democracy. His administration of municipal affairs 
met with expected criticism from political opponents, but he left the 
office with a character strengthened in the estimation of the general 


public because of the obvious honesty of his intentions and the patient 
wisdom with which he met many trying situations. 

On August 16, 1 88 1, Mr. Dunne married Miss Ehzabeth J. Kelly, 
and their children are as follows: Edward P. (deceased). Gerald 
(deceased), Charles S. (deceased), and Edward F., Jr., Richard. 
Eileen, Mona, Maurice, Dorothy, Jerome, Geraldine, Jeannette and 
Eugene. The pleasant family residence is at 3127 Beacon street, and 
the domestic life which centers in the home is ideal. As a public char- 
acter he is necessarily somewhat identified with general social life, 
having been twice president of the Monticello Club, as well as of the 
Iroquois; is a member of the Iroquois, Jefferson, Illinois Athletic, 
Westward Ho Golf and Ravenswood clubs. Even before his eleva- 
tion to the mayoralty, he was considered a leading authority on mu- 
nicipal matters, having served for some time as vice president of the 
National Civic Federation. 

The professional intimates of the late William C. Goudy unhesi- 
tatingly place him among the most able general practitioners who 

ever graced the Chicago bar, as he was perfectly at 

„ ■ home in every department, whether civil or crimi- 

GOUDY. , , , , 

nal, common law or chancery, real estate or cor- 
poration law. Because of this breadth of eminence he earned a firm 
place as one of the great lawyers of the state, who, in many respects, 
had no superior. Throughout his life he was an associate of great 
lawyers and great statesmen, and barely missed the distinction of be- 
ing classed with the latter. He was one of the ideal gentlemen in 
public life — a man of remarkable strength, and of unassuming 
courtesy and tenderness. 

Mr. Goudy was of composite British stock, having English, Scotch 
and Irish blood in his physical and mental constitution. He was born 
in Indiana on the 15th of May. 1824. his mother, Jane Ainsworth, be- 
ing a Pennsylvanian of English descent. His father, who sprang, 
from old hardy Scotch-Irish ancestry, was born in Ireland. Others 
of the family resided in Scotland, where they were known as Goudies. 
Mr. Goudy's father was bred to the trade of a carpenter, but aspiring 
to something more intellectual engaged in the printing and IxH)k- 
binding business, and in 1833 removed to Jacksonville, Illinois, where 
he began the publication of Goudy's Farmers' Almanac, the first 
magazine of the kind to be published in the northwest. It was founded 


on the plan of Greeley's famous almanac, and achieved similar popu- 
larity among the western farmers. In 1834, in company with Samuel 
S. Brooks, he undertook the publication of a Democratic paper at 
Jacksonville, their journal having the honor of bringing before the 
public the genius of Stephen A. Douglas. 

Endowed with an active and strong mentality, and brought up 
amid such surroundings, it would have seemed natural for William 
C. Goudy to have adopted journalism as a profession; but, despite 
the undoubted allurements of such a career, the uncertainties were 
too great to be ignored and he therefore commenced his preparation 
for the more exact, sharply defined and altogether more promising 
profession of the law. Upon his graduation from Illinois College, at 
Jacksonville, Illinois, in 1845, ^^ received the regular degree of 
Bachelor of Arts, that institution subsequently conferring upon him 
the degrees of Master of Arts and Doctor of Arts. He then taught 
school at Decatur, Illinois, at the same time commencing his studies 
in the law, his more advanced studies being pursued in the office of 
Judge Stephen T. Logan, for many years a partner of Abraham Lin- 
coln. Having removed to Lewiston, Mr. Goudy was admitted to the 
bar in 1847, ^^id in partnership with Hon. Hezekiah M. Wead at once 
entered into lucrative practice and professional prominence. He also 
became a leader in the Democratic party, and in 1853 was elected 
state's attorney of the Tenth judicial circuit. This position he re- 
signed in two years, and in 1856 was elected state senator for the 
district comprising Fulton and McDonough counties, during the lat- 
ter period of his public service occurring the memorable debates be- 
tween Lincoln and Douglas. The young legislator was himself a 
stirring and leading participant in that historic campaign, as well as 
in all the political contests of the years which preceded the final rup- 
ture between the north and the south, being associated with such 
patriots as Judge Gillespie, Norman B. Judd, Samuel W. Fuller and 
Governor Palmer. Still, amid the fierce contentions of politics which 
absorbed the strongest and best men of the country, Mr. Goudy faith- 
fully performed the arduous duties of his regular profession, press- 
ing his varied suits with ardor, ability and success in many of the 
county courts and the supreme court of the state. 

Mr. Goudy removed to Chicago in 1859, at first giving special 
attention to real estate law, in which he was recognized as one of the 


highest authorities in the country. There were few fields, however, 
in which he did not estabHsh a high reputation. In the early nineties 
he became prominent in the litigation which grew out of the enforce- 
ment of the various prohibition laws of the state of Iowa. He also 
arg-ued the famous Munn case, by which was established the power 
of the states to fix the maximum rates to be charged by warehouses, 
railways, persons or corporations engaged in any pursuit which effects 
the public interests. Another instance in which Mr. Goudy did effec- 
tive service was in the railroad cases of Minnesota, which resulted in 
the annulment of the Minnesota statute authorizing the fixing of rail- 
road rates by the state commission. It is impossible to go further into 
details as to special cases; but some idea of the magnitude of the 
work accomplished by Mr. Goudy may be obtained by a cursory ex- 
amination of the reports of the supreme court of Illinois, in every 
volume of which for the thirty-five years preceding his death appear 
cases argued by him. He continually appeared in the higher courts 
of nearly every state throughout the west, and in the supreme court 
of the United States was the leading counsel in many important cases. 
During the last years of his life he was general counsel for the Chi- 
cago & North- Western Railway Company, and their legal affairs 
were never conducted with greater judicial wisdom or more practical 
success than when entrusted to him. 

Commencing with the casting of his first vote for Lewis Cass in 
1848. Mr. Goudy was a firm supporter of Democracy throughout his 
Hfe. A striking evidence of the honor which his services and charac- 
ter had inspired was furnished at the death of his great friend and 
co-worker, Stephen A. Douglas, as a large and influential portion of 
the Democracy of Illinois supported him then for the United States 
senatorship. Although the honor was finally awarded to another, 
the fact is illustrative of the height of his standing as a public man. 
Married to Miss Helen Judd, in 1849, Mr. Goudy led with her an 
extremely happy life, their family of a daughter and a son adding to 
their long domestic felicity. They survived him at his death in 1893, 
and, while taking an alleviating pride in his great strength and use- 
fulness as an eminent professional and public character, could not but 
feel a poignant grief for so thoughtful and tender a husband and 


On the loth of June, 1906, after a brief illness, Judge George W. 
Brown, former judge of the circuit court of Du Page county, Illinois, 

departed an eminently useful and warm-hearted life 
-p * at the Briggs House, his temporary residence in the 

. ' city of Chicago. At the time of his death he had 

been for two years a member of the law firm of Knight and Brown, 
of that city, and his long residence at Wheaton, with his not infre- 
quent judicial sittings in Chicago, had already bi^ought him so close 
to the bench and bar of the metropolis that the fraternity had consid- 
ered him one of their valued and beloved members for many years. 
The news of his death, therefore, in the very prime of his fiftieth, 
year, and in the mature stalwartness of his_vigorous mind and great 
heart, came to them as a most sudden and deep shock, and, from the 
human standpoint, a deplorable act of providence. 

George W. Brown was born in Du Page. county, Illinois, on the 
17th of May, 1857, the precise locality of his birth being known as 
Big Woods. He was the son of James and Rosanna Brown, and at 
the age of four years his parents removed to Wheaton, his native 
county, which remained his home until the time of his death. He 
there received a good common school education, but not satisfied with 
this entered Wheaton College and subsequently Northwestern Col- 
lege at Naperville, Illinois. After leaving college he taught school 
for a while, but however ennobling that profession he was too eager 
to find a career which brought him among men and their activities 
to be long content as a teacher. He found that vocation in the law, 
and commenced his studies in the office of Hoyne, Horton and Hoyne, 
Chicago, completing them, prior to entering practice, at the Union 
College of Law, from which he graduated in 1883. Speaking to the 
letter. Judge Brown's law studies were never completed, for even as 
a member of the bench he was still a student. 

Immediately upon graduation from Union College of Law Judge 
Brown entered practice at Wheaton, and commenced his career under 
very favorable auspices, since the bar of that city then numbered some 
of the keenest and most able lawyers to be found in the state. The 
Du Page county bar was at that time an exceptionally strong one, 
with Elbert H. Gary as its acknowledged leader, "It was this stern 
school of experience," says the memorial committee in its address to 
the Du Page circuit bench, "that the young advocate won his spurs. 


and in the keen thrust and parry of master minds acquired that skill 
and adroitness which so strongly marked him in later life. Judge 
Brown never forgot that it was to Du Page county he owed his large 
opportunity to rise in the profession, and his loyalty and appreciation 
never ceased to go out to the home of his youth and manhood. * * * 
Among the profession he was perhaps best known as a great trial 
lawyer. His hard-headed common sense, his keen insight into human 
nature and his personal charm and magnetism seemed to bring him 
into immediate and close touch with a jury, so that every man in the 
panel felt that here was a man without mysticism or obscurity, who 
was trying to work out with them the problem in hand and who 
wanted to put its technical and abstruse phrases into terms which the 
ordinary man could understand and decide upon intelligently. His 
unfailing fund of humor and his ready wit were of the utmost value 
to him in this aspect of his work. He could put a terrified witness, 
or an awkward and embarrassed juror, at his ease immediately, and 
relieve a strained situation by creating a gale of laughter, which would 
sweep away suspicion and prejudice from the minds of judge and 
jury and unconsciously predispose them toward giving him a fair and 
kindly hearing. * * * He was absolutely at home in the court 
room and familiar with its every detail. He had at his fingers' tips 
every intricacy of practice and was never at a loss what to do. While 
open and above board himself, he knew how to meet trickery, and his 
faculty of anticipating and forestalling a move of his opponent was 
little short of marvelous. He was a master of cross-examination, 
holding his case well in hand at all times and driving his points home 
with telling force." 

After seven years of active and lucrative practice, which earned 
him a firm position among the leaders of the Du Page county bar, 
Judge Brown's ability was recognized in another field. In 1890 he 
was elected county judge and re-elected to the position in 1S94. His 
incumbency covered the hard times and the business and financial 
panics of 1893-4, and he was called upon to assist the Cook county 
judiciary in the handling of the abnormal amount of insolvency busi- 
ness which poured into its courts. During this period of uncertainty 
and confusion Judge Brown held his court in Chicago, and his mas- 
terful, straightforward and yet considerate adjudication of the im- 
portant and delicate business matters which came before him stamped 


him as one of the foremost and most popular judges in the state. It 
also introduced him in a most favorable light to the bar of Chicago. 
In 1897 he was advanced to the bench of the sixteenth circuit, in 
which capacity he held court regularly in Du Page, Kane, De Kalb 
and Kendall counties — which comprised his jurisdiction — frequently 
in Cook county, and occasionally in other circuits of the state. In 
1 90 1 he was assigned to the appellate court for the second district, 
sitting at Ottawa for four terms and going thence, in April, 1903, to 
the third district appellate court at Springfield. He served as presid- 
ing justice of both courts, and at his resignation in February, 1904, 
and his re-entrance into private practice, had obtained a unique and 
prominent reputation for broad common sense, and profound but un- 
affected knowledge and application of the law. While on the appellate 
bench he wrote ninety-three opinions, covering practically the whole 
.field of the court's jurisdiction, which opinions bear unmistakable 
evidence that they were prepared by a careful, studious and thought- 
ful mind. His habitual and intense love of the practical and unpre- 
tentious, and his hatred of all hypocrisy and striving after effect, are 
strongly exemplified in these opinions. They are clear-cut, direct 
and to the point, and free from all useless verbiage and pedantic show 
of learning. He had no desire to attempt to show forth the volumi- 
nous extent of his reading and learning upon the case in hand. It 
was sufiicient for him to state the law as he conceived it to be, in 
simple rugged English, referring to such, authorities as seemed neces- 
sary to support his position, and having done that to go no further. 
The distinctive character of the deceased both as judge and man, 
his broad, rugged, warmly human traits, and the secret of the unfail- 
ing and strong attachment which he inspired in all those who came 
within his influence, are so clearly set forth in the address previously 
noted that we again quote : "It would perhaps be thought that one 
who was such a success as a trial lawyer would not possess in such 
marked degree the qualities of mental and moral steadiness and 
stamina which go to make a good judge. But such was not the case. 
His success on the bench was no less marked than his success at the 
bar. He seemed to have an intuitive knowledge of the common law 
and was one of its most intense admirers. He admired it because it 
was practical, the embodiment of centuries of experience of hard- 
headed Englishmen and not some fine spun theory from a philoso- 


pher's brain. The quality perhaps most dominant in him recognized 
the same qiiahty which pervades the common law and drew him to it, 
the royal quality of common sense. When to this rare gift is added 
an ever ready humor and a kindly consideration for litigants, lawyers, 
jurors and court officials, the reason for his success on the bench is 
not difficult to see. Because of his bluff and off-hand manner of 
speaking the opinion was somewhat current that Judge Brown was 
not a deep and careful student. No opinion was ever further from 
the truth. Beneath this somewhat off-hand and careless exterior was 
the alert, careful and even plodding mind of the student. He was a 
hard worker and it was an invariable habit of his to go to the bottom 
of whatever he turned his mind to. He had the most profound re- 
spect for learning of all kinds and was intensely interested in the 
methods and results used and attained in our modern system of col- 
legiate and professional training. 

" * * * g^^|. -^1^2.1 of the man? It would be impossible, in 
this short memorial, to give a catalogue of his virtues, even if it were 
so desired. He surely would not wish it, for no man ever lived who 
disliked more to have his good deeds or qualities catalogued and held 
up to the public gaze. In whatever of good or kindly service he did, 
his motto seemed to be, 'Let not thy right hand know what thy left 
hand doeth.' Still every man wishes to stand for something, to leave 
some strong characteristic impression behind him when he is gone, 
and this desire was surely strong in his mind and heart. What does 
the life of George W. Brown stand for today? If the Recording 
Angel were to write but one word after the name of George W. Brown 
it seems to us that, blotting out everything else of virtue or fault, he 
would write this one word, 'Optimism !' Honesty and morality are 
worthy of all praise, but humanity needs the helping hand, the cheery 
smile, the sympathizing word, even more than stern, uncompromising 
virtue. Thank God for that sane hopefulness that looks the world 
in the face with a smile, or better still a laugh, that believes things are 
getting better, and, if they are not, is willing to go down into its 
pocket or into its strength and make them better. Such Optimism 
was exemplified by Judge Brown in the highest degree. If a man 
was down he was willing to help him up, and to do it in such a cheery, 
hearty way that he had new life put into him." 

In the nature of things, a man endowed with so bright and rich a 


personality as Judge Brown would be a leader in politics, and in him 

Du Page county acknowledged an exemplar of the highest kind of 

Republicanism — the leadership of honor, of loyalty to the integrity 

of the community, the state and nation, and of sturdy, aggressive 

American manhood. He led the people because they had confidence 

in him. They had tried him and knew him to be safe, fearless and 

ever alert and zealous for their interests. At the time of his death 

Judge Brown had large real estate interests in Du Page county and 

was vice-president of the Gary-Wheaton Bank, of Wheaton, Illinois, 

but such facts as these seem almiost immaterial in consideration of the 

legacy of goodly deeds and soul-worth which he bequeathed to the 


Occasionally there comes into the world a modest but intensely 

earnest man who wrests from his every-day and often depression 

surroundings the victory of a noble achievement. 

^A ' ~ Few institutions can be conceived more grim, for- 

Whitman. ... 

bidding and devoid of all inspiration for anythmg 

ideal or elevating than the jail of a great city. It is true that tender 
women and philanthropists have periodically brought their sunshine, 
kind words and good deeds to bear upon the often hardened lives of 
its inmates; but for the keeper of such criminals to burden himself 
with the moral responsibility of the criminals turned over to him, and 
to endeavor to send them to the penitentiary, or return them to so- 
ciety, as human beings with softened natures and good ambitions — 
this was an unheard of revelation in moral reform and municipal life 
until the coming of John L. Whitman as keeper of the Cook county 
jail. In him the old ideas of the grim,' unresponsive, cold hearted and 
cold blooded jailer are revolutionized; for, although he has always 
been a strict disciplinarian, he has from the first treated his charges 
as men and women never beyond the pale of g^ood influences, and 
there is no one in Chicago who has so won the unshaken confidence 
and affection of the so-called criminal classes as John L. Whitman. 
His splendid wife also shares with him the honor of making the John 
L. Whitman Moral Improvement Association of the Cook county 
jail a unique and far-reaching influence for good, and whose pur- 
poses are destined to be put in operation by similar organizations else- 

Mr. Whitman is an Illinois man, his birthplace being Sterling, 





and his birthday July 23, 1862. He was the second child and the 
first son in the family, and was born and reared in the restful and 
strengthening shadow of a country church. From early boyhood he 
was vigorous, healthy but markedly sympathetic, industrious and 
eager for self-improvement. The family circumstances were such that 
his schooling was rather desultory, and at the age of fifteen he com- 
menced to walk an independent path in life. At that age he left his 
native town and made his way to Tampico, some fifteen miles away, 
and after working for a time at various employments saved enough 
money to embark in business as a contractor. The venture prospered, 
comparatively speaking, he married at the age of eighteen, and there- 
after his wife became a vital, sympathetic and ever-supporting ele- 
ment in whatever phase of life he entered. Although willing, even 
eager, to assume every responsibility which manifest duty placed upon 
him, by the death of his father, which threw upon him the support of 
grandparents, mother, wife and three younger brothers — and all when 
he was but twenty years of age — a greater burden was cast upon him 
than his young shoulders could bear, and his health becoming seri- 
ously impaired it became necessary for him to seek a change of climate 
and surroundings. 

Mr. Whitman's introduction to Chicago, with those depending 
upon him, was as -a street railway conductor; and he was a wide- 
awake, polite and model employe. Holding this position from April 
15 to December i, 1890, the active, out-of-door work rapidly rebuilt 
his shattered health. On the latter day he received the appointment 
of guard at the Cook county jail, and carried his manliness and his 
kindfiness to his new post. His considerate treatment of prisoners 
and fellow guards was a revelation to both. At first they were in- 
clined to make sport of it, but the straightforwardness and bravery 
of Guard Whitman soon won respect, and when it was demonstrated 
that he had a stronger influence upon his charges than those who had 
followed the old-time methods of invariable sternness and surliness, 
the jailer himself marked him for promotion and appointed him as his 
office assistant in the management of the entire institution. There his 
inborn nature of quiet, kind authority continued to assert itself, and 
the jailer himself before long came to realize that any trouble or in- 
subordination among the prisoners could not be more promptly or 
permanently quieted than by an appeal to his assistant. 


John L. Whitman was placed at the head of the affairs of the 
great Cook county jail on the ist of May, 1895, He at once im- 
pressed upon the guards the necessity of implanting the idea in the 
minds of prisoners that the keepers were not their natural enemies, 
but rather their friends called upon officially to perform certain neces- 
sary duties. He personally devised entertainments for the inmates, 
making the national holidays occasions for special effort in this direc- 
tion. But the culmination of his good work was the formation, by 
his suggestion, of the John 'L. Whitman Moral Improvement Asso- 
ciation. It is an organization of the prisoners themselves, each tier 
in the jail electing a special representative. The association was 
formed in the spring of 1901, its proceedings being at all times sub- 
ject to the approval of Mr. Whitman. The means by which the 
organization aims to accomplish the moral improvement of its mem- 
bers are books (of which there are already some six hundred vol- 
umes), music, lectures, readings, recitations and debates. Entertain- 
ments are given on Tuesday and Friday evenings. The talent usually 
comes from the prisoners, but now and then is volunteer. Numerous 
instances might be given showing the improved moral condition of 
the inmates as a result of such influences. The work of the associa- 
tion also practically manifests itself in the frustration of at least one 
attempted jail delivery through the warning of a sympathetic mem- 
ber of the organization to Mr. Whitman. Thus, as intimated at the 
outset of this article, has been placed in effective working order an 
agency for moral improvement, whose effects are practical and whose 
influences are immeasurable; and the work has been accomplished by 
an earnest man and woman virtually unknown beyond an ever grate- 
ful and widening circle of characters whose lives might have been 
far more creditable to themselves and society had they come in con- 
tact with more sympathetic and charitable Christians like Mr. and 
Mrs. Whitman. 

After a continuous service of over sixteen years as jailer of Cook 
county, Mr. Whitman was appointed by Mayor Busse, June i, 1907, 
as superintendent of -the House of Correction of the City of Chicago, 
to succeed Andrew M. Lynch. This appointment was a worthy recog- 
nition of the eminent fitness of Mr. Whitman for the position, ana it 
may be safely assumed that his record in the Cook county jail was 
the basis for the promotion. As superintendent, Mr. Whitman now 


exercises direct supervision over the House of Correction and the 
John Worthy School for Boys. The majority of citizens are Httle 
more than aware that these institutions exist, and yet among the 
institutions, whose object is to restrain and soften the evil of human 
nature before it can expend its violence on society, none have more 
far-reaching effects when properly administered than the two that are 
now under the superintendence of Mr. Whitman. The House of 
Correction is one of the largest institutions of the kind in the coun- 
try, its average number of inmates being 1,800, the average number 
of women being 160. The grounds of the institution comprise sixty 
acres, and the appropriations for expenses during the year 1906 were 
over three hundred thousand dollars. In the John Worthy school 
from two hundred to four hundred delinquent boys are constantly 
inmates, the average period of detention for 1906 being 267 days. 
This school supplements the juvenile court and other organizations 
in the great work of reclaiming Chicago boys to honesty, industry 
and wholesome living, and with such a humanitarian as Mr. Whitman 
in charge some very important results may be expected from the 
school during the next few years. 

Only a mind of unusual strength, persistent grasp and broad 
sweep of abilities can earn signal success in a special field already 

crowded with keen competitors, and at the same time 

T^ retain fresh and balanced faculties for the considera- 

Banning. . , , . ,,.,., 

tion and advancement ot great public and social 

problems. The character of the late Ephraim Banning was there- 
fore cast in no ordinary mold, for he not only stood among the lead- 
ing lawyers of the country in the construction and application of pat- 
ent law — a legal domain surcharged with countless details and of 
such vast importance to the ingenious, practical American — but dur- 
ing the later years of his life he achieved a national reputation as a 
clear and broad exponent of many of the most vital questions of in- 
dustrial and social reforms which agitate thoughtful citizens. 

Mr. Banning was a native of McDonough county, Illinois, born 
on the 2ist of July, 1849, ^^^^ ^^ Ephraim and Louisa Caroline 
(Walker) Banning. When the boy was six years of age the family 
removed to Kansas. As the father was a stanch Whig and arrived 
upon the soil of Kansas at the height of the Pro-slavery agitation, he 
at once became active in the politics of the day, and it is said to be 


well authenticated that the committee of the convention which gave 
the state to the Free-soilers held its meeting at the house of the Ban- 
nings near Topeka. When Ephraim was about ten years of age the 
family again made a change of homestead to Missouri, and two years 
later when his brothers joined the Union army as soldiers of the 
Civil war he was left as his father's chief assistant on the home farm. 
His education in the common schools progressed satisfactorily with 
his agricultural training until he was sixteen years of age, when he 
obtained higher educational advantages in the academy of Brookfield, 
Missouri. Subsequently he taught school for a time and then as- 
sumed the study of law with Hon. Samuel P. Huston, of the town 
mentioned. He remained thus faithfully and profitably employed 
until 1 87 1, when he located in Chicago as a student and clerk in the 
office of Rosenthal and Pence, then among the leading firms of the 
city. In June, 1872, he was admitted to practice at the bar of the 
supreme court of Illinois, and in October following opened an office 
and entered upon his career of professional advancement and public 

Mr. Banning's first five years in Chicago were devoted to general 
practice, commercial, real estate, corporation and criminal law all 
finding him a ready and successful exponent. Incidentally, he handled 
several cases involving questions of patent law, and he speedily ac- 
quired a decided preference for the intricate and scientific points of 
this special branch of jurisprudence. It was in 1877 that he made 
his first argument in a patent case, and in the same year formed a 
partnership with his brother, Thomas A. Banning, who had been ad- 
mitted to the bar two years before. From the first the resulting firm 
of Banning and Banning confined itself almost exclusively to patent 
law, with trade marks as a division, and in the prosecution and de- 
velopment of their extensive professional business Mr. Banning, the 
senior member, argued many important cases in the United States 
supreme court and in the federal courts of Chicago, New York, Bos- 
ton, Philadelphia, Cleveland, Cincinnati, Kansas City, St. Paul and 
Des Moines. In 1888 he made an extensive tour to Europe, and by 
observation and special investigation greatly extended his already 
thorough knowledge in his chosen field of study and practice. 

Throughout his life Mr. Banning was one of the most active and 
honored members of the American, State and Chicago Bar associations, 


and through the local organization has accomplished much good not 
directly connected with his profession, as well as many reforms of 
great benefit to bench and bar. He was a member of the committee 
appointed by the Chicago Bar Association by which the city secured 
several additional United States judges, and by virtue of his promi- 
nence in his special field of practice was a leading figure in the great 
work of the World's Columbian Exposition. He served as chairman 
of the committee on organization of the Patent and Trade-mark Con- 
gress, and at the close of its session was appointed one of a committee 
to present to Congress various matters connected with industrial 
property, particularly in its international aspects. In 1896 his broad 
usefulness and prominence as a Republican was signally acknowledged 
by his selection as a McKinley presidential elector, and a like honor 
was bestowed upon him in 1900, when he again represented his state 
in national convention. From 1897-1901 Mr. Banning ably and con- 
scientiously served as a member of the State Board of Charities, and 
while holding this office accomplished one of the greatest works of 
his life for the present and future good of Chicago. Through his 
work on the state board he became interested in the sad condition of 
delinquent and defective children and their crying need of segregation 
from hardened criminals, both in the investigation of their cases and 
the punishment of their offenses. After many conferences with Timothy 
D. Hurley (then of the Visitation and Aid Society, now chief proba- 
tion officer of the Cook County Juvenile court) and with the late 
Judge Harvey B. Hurd, as well as with legislative leaders in Spring- 
field, Mr. Banning presented the matter to the Chicago Bar Associa- 
tion in October, 1898. He was appointed one of a committee of five 
to investigate the entire subject, was chosen its chairman, and after 
Judge Hurd had drawn up what became known as the Juvenile Court 
Bill, represented the State Board of Charities in the appeal of promi- 
nent Chicago citizens for its passage by the legislature. The bill 
was approved by the governor April 21, 1899, and went into force on 
the 1st of the following July, no one reform of recent years having 
met with more earnest commendation or more unanimous support. 
To have been one of its chief founders, as was Ephraim Banning, 
is proof positive of a humane and high nature, as well as of a clear 
insight into the needs of a great progressive community. The dis- 
tinction between the radical work accomplished by Mr. Hurd and 


Mr. Banning in this splendid reform is thus well delineated by the 
Chicago Legal News: "In the sense of authorship the late Harvey 
B. Hurd has been justly called the Father of our Juvenile Court Law; 
but in the sense of practical, constructive work, as distinguished from 
authorship, the title belongs to Ephraim Banning. This is clearly 
recognized in the official programme of the dedication of our new 
Juvenile Court building, which took place August 7, 1907." More in 
detail, Mr. Hurley brought out these points in his address at the dedi- 
catory exercises, and the News condenses as follows : "After detail- 
ing these early steps, Mr. Hurley gives an interesting account of pro- 
ceedings at Springfield — how the bill was introduced in both houses 
of the legislature, considered in committee, amended in various par- 
ticulars and finally passed. In all of this Mr. Banning is shown to 
have taken an active and leading, part: As author. Judge Hurd 
brought into its provisions . the result of profound study and large 
experience in legal and philanthropic work. As organizer of the 
movement which resulted in its passage Mr. Banning brought into 
action powerful constructive forces, and this in a practical way — the 
influence of the Chicago Bar Association, governor of the state and 
speaker of the house of representatives. Judge Hurd and Mr. Ban- 
ning are therefore each entitled to credit ; in his own way each was the 
Father of our Juvenile Law." 

Mr. Banning's last public honor was the appointment as a member 
of the Deep Water Way Convention held at Memphis. For many 
years he had been an enthusiast on the subject, holding to the position 
that the improvement of navigable rivers throughout the country so 
as to develop their full carrying capacity was the most important 
business question before the American people. To his mind the work 
was not second in importance to the building of the Pacific railways 
and the Atlantic cable of half a century ago, or the present completion 
of the Panama canal. His selection, therefore, as a delegate to the 
Memphis convention was but a just tribute to his consistent attitude 
on this subject. 

Mr. Banning was twice married — first, on the 22d of October, 
1878, to Miss Lucretia T. Lindsley, who died February 8, 1887, leav- 
ing three sons, Pierson W., Walker and Ephraim, Jr. On September 
5, 1889, he chose for his second wife Miss Emilie B. Jenne, daughter 
of the late O. B. Jenne, of Elgin, Illinois. Both the deceased and his 






family were long attendants of the Presbyterian church, of which Mr. 
Banning was an elder at the time of his death, December 2, 1907. The 
cause of his decease was a fall, causing concussion of the brain. He 
is survived by his widow and children, his second son being a member 
of the firm Banning and Banning. 

Timothy David Hurley is a substantial and honorable practitioner 
at the Chicago bar, and was for many years one of the best known 

™ ^ justices of the peace on the south side. In the field 

Timothy D. , ^. , ^ . , 
Hurley practical moral reforms, as relates to the miprove- 

ment of juvenile lives and conditions, he has a wide 
reputation throughout the state and the west for unflagging earnest- 
ness and effective work. Born, in Maysville, Mason county, Ken- 
tucky, on the 31st of August, 1863, he is a son of Timothy and Ellen 
(McNamara) Hurley. He was educated in the Catholic parish school 
of his native town of Maysville, and in that place also learned the 
printer's trade. 

Mr. Hurley came to Chicago in 1882, when nineteen years of 
age, and after working in various job printing offices saved sufficient 
money to warrant him in enrolling himself at the Union College of 
Law, graduating in 1887 with the degree of LL. B. In the same 
year he was admitted to the bar and commenced practice alone, later 
forming a partnership with Victor K. Koerner, which continued 
until his election as justice of the peace in 1891. He remained thus 
engaged until the establishment of the new municipal court system, 
in 1907, when he resumed a general civil practice. 

Mr. Hurley has devoted special attention to children's legislation 
and has been recognized for fourteen years as the representative of 
the Chicago Charity Institution at Springfield in matters relating to 
children's law. He prepared the first Juvenile Court Law in 1891, but 
the bill was defeated in the legislature on the ground that the measure 
was advanced legislation. He assisted in preparing the Ju\-enile 
Court Bill and other juvenile laws. In addition to this other work 
he finds time to edit and publish the Jurenile Court Record, a monthly 
juvenile publication devoted solely to juvenile court news and circu- 
lated throughout the world. It has a circulation of 25,000 and is 
recognized as authority on juvenile court practice. He is president 
of the Visitation and Aid Society, and ex-president of the Illinois 
State Council of the Catholic Benevolent Legion and Illinois Confer- 

^■(>I. II— G 


ence of Charities. He served as the first chief probation officer of the 
Juvenile Court of Chicago, in 1 900-1, and is at the present time presi- 
dent of the St. Charles School for Delinquent Boys, as well as a di- 
rector of the Chicago Industrial School for Girls. He is vice-president 
of the Chicago Charity Directory, a director of the Bureau of Chari- 
ties, secretary of the Cook County Child-Saving Legislative League, 
and secretary of the Cook County Child-Saving Conference, as well as 
a member of the executive committee of the National Conference of 
Charities and Corrections, and a member of the executive committee 
of the Juvenile Court Committee. Mr. Hurley is a leading Repub- 
lican and Roman Catholic. His office is in the Unity building. 

Few are left of the old-time lawyers who gave Chicago a stand- 
ing at the national bar. They were men of strong, sometimes stern 

characters, and were not specialists even in the sense 
of confining themselves to their professions: for, 

HORTON. , , . , . , , 

whatever their regular vocations, the greedy, grow- 
ing city would have the services of its best men. As a municipality it 
had not been brought into any sort of clear order, so that each capable 
citizen, who loved it and took a pride in its achievements, was ordered 
to report to various assigned duties connected with its public, social, 
educational, religious and other activities. Judge Oliver Harvey 
Horton is a soldier of the Old Guard and has never been a closet 
lawyer or judge, for although his profession for more than forty years 
has felt the beneficial influence of his acts and service, he has been 
liberal in the donations of his energy, ability and wise counsel to the 
uplifting forces of education and religion. He has shown his faith in 
the city both by the enthusiasm and firmness of his spirit and by 
the multitude of his good works. 

Oliver H. Horton was born in Cattaraugus county. New York, 
on the 20th of October, 1835, and is a son of Rev. Harvey W. and 
Mary H. Horton, the father a native of Vermont and the mother of 
Connecticut. The elder Horton was a Baptist minister. After re- 
ceiving a good education in the public schools of Rochester, New 
York, and Kingsville, Ohio, the youth of nineteen placed the east be- 
hind him and came to the typical city of the west. His first experi- 
ence with Chicago business was in connection with a lumber-yard, 
and although he was in poor health he continued to be employed in 
this line and at other active work for some five years. In 1859 ^^ 





went south for a change of chmate and after a few months returned 
to Chicago so much improved that he decided to carry out his long- 
cherished desire to enter the law. In i860 he became a student in 
the office of Hoyne, Miller and Lewis, remaining associated with that 
firm both as student and clerk until the dissolution of the co-partner- 
ship in January, 1864. In the meantime Mr. Horton had gradu- 
ated from the Union College of Law and been admitted to the bar 
(in 1863). In 1864 he was admitted as a partner to the business of 
Hoyne and Ayer, the firm of Hoyne, Ayer and Horton being dis- 
solved in 1865 by the retirement of Mr. Ayer. The resulting firm of 
Hoyne and Horton was changed to that of Hoyne, Horton and Hoyne, 
in January, 1867, by the admission of the son of the senior partner, 
Thomas M. Hoyne. That connection was continued until the death 
of the elder Hoyne by a railway accident in 1883, when the name of 
Horton and Hoyne was adopted. Four years later the partnership 
was broken by the elevation of Mr. Horton to the bench of the circuit 

Under the administration of Mayor Roche, Judge Horton had 
acted about a year as corporation counsel, although the appointment 
was made in the face of his declination and absence from the city. 
But it was unanimously confirmed by the city council and, under pres- 
sure, he assumed the duties of the office. It was while in the per- 
formances of these responsibilities, in 1887, that he was elected to the 
circuit bench. Conscientiously believing in the non-partisanship of 
the judiciary, his acceptance of the nomination had been obtained only 
upon the condition that his name should appear upon the tickets of 
both of the leading parties. It was upon this basis of non-partisan 
support that he ascended the bench as the result of three elections, 
serving until 1903 and during that period (1898-1901) presiding over 
the appellate court of the first district. A man of unimpeachable 
character, of unusual intellectual endowments, with a thorough knowl- 
edge of the law, and possessing' patience, industry and urbanity in 
its application. Judge Horton took to the bench the necessary quali- 
fications for a discharge of its functions which brought him honor 
and well merited popularity. Of the many important cases which 
came before him for adjudication was the Garfield Park Race Track 
matter, and by dissolving the injunction which prevented the city 
authorities from interfering with book-making he dealt a hard blow 


to gambling. He was associated with Judges Tuley, Tuthill and 
Burroughs in rendering the decision which made possible the location 
of the Fine Arts Institute on the lake front. 

Judge Horton's opinions have ever been regarded by the pro- 
fession as models of judicial soundness, and at the same time he 
evinced the keenest consideration for the equity of the case and even 
extended to the guilty every encouragement and aid not in violation 
of the principles of justice. His experience in the trial of divorce 
suits led him to take an advanced stand in favor of a complete remodel- 
ing of the law as it relates to the marital relations. Looking to this 
end he introduced a bill into the state legislature in 1889 giving the 
court power to fix periods within which the parties to the divorce shall 
not marry, a violation of its decree subjecting either to the penalties 
of bigamy. 

Judge Horton has ever been a patron and supporter of education 
and esthetic culture. For over a quarter of a century he has been a 
member of the Chicago Literary Club; is one of the five members 
composing the board of trustees of Lewis Institute ; is president of the 
board of trustees of Garrett Biblical Institute and first vice-president 
of the board of trustees of Northwestern University; is an honorary 
life member of the Union College of Law (having served as its presi- 
dent) and is a trustee of Wesley Hospital. From a mere perusal of the 
above list it would be inferred that Judge Horton is prominent in the 
educational and charitable affairs of the Methodist church; he is, in 
fact, one of its most distinguished laymen. In 1880 and 1890 he 
served as a delegate to its general conference, was a lay delegate to 
the Ecumenical Methodist Conference at London in 1881, and has 
served as president of the Laymen's Association of Rock River Con- 
ference. For nearly twenty years he was a member of Grace Episcopal 
church, in which he held every position to which a layman is eligible. 
For twelve years he was superintendent of its Sunday-school, during 
which period it had a larger membership than any other home school 
west of the AUeghanies. The great fire of 1871 left all but sixteen 
of the twelve hundred scholars homeless, and all the members of the 
congregation except two. Notwithstanding this dispersal of members 
young and old, Judge Horton labored hard to reunite them and soon 
had the satisfaction of seeing the Sunday-school in as flourishing a 


condition as ever. The Judg-e is now a faithful attendant upon the 
services of the Trinity Methodist church. 

Judge Horton's connection with the fraternal and co-operative 
organizations of his profession embraces membership in the Chicago 
Bar Association and the Medico-Legal Society, of which he is a char- 
ter member and served as president in 1892; his influential identifica- 
tion with the Chicago Law Institute and the Union College of Law 
has already been mentioned. He is also a member of the Glen View 
Golf Club, Quebec Golf Club, Forty Club, Hamilton Club and Mid- 
Day Club, while he has been a factor in the activities of the Union 
League since its organization. It should also be stated that for many 
years he was actively connected with the Young Men's Christian As- 
sociation as a director, held the office of vice-president for some time 
and was chairman of the lecture committee. 

Judge Horton's wife was formerly Miss Frances B. Gould, who 
came from New York to Chicago in early childhood and has ever since 
resided here. They were married in this city on the 27th of December, 
1857, the great grief of nearly half a century of their harmonious 
married life being the death of their two children. In private life, 
as in public office, Judge Horton is always the same reliable, honor- 
able man — affable, yet firm in maintaining what he regards as right. 
His pledge is never secured except upon the most carefully examined 
grounds, but once obtained is immovable. His charity is broad and 
warm, and it is the universal verdict that he never weighed an act of 
his life in the scale of sinister policy. 

Jesse Holdom, one of the judges of the appellate court of the first 
Illinois district, is a worthy representative of the dignity and great- 
ness of the state in the domain of the law which 
Jesse Holdom. he has honored for thirty-five years. He possesses 
the substantial traits of his race who furnished 
America with the basis of her legal procedures, whether of the bench 
or bar, being born in London, England, on the -23d of August, 185 1, 
a son of William and Eliza Holdom. His European ancestors were 
refugees from the massacre of St. Bartholomew, and in 1572 they 
settled in that part of the world's metropolis known as Spitalfields. 
From that time until the birth of Jesse, a period of nearly three hun- 
dred years, the Holdoms were ail born in the same parish and within 
half a mile of the place where their ancestors originally settled. 


In the city of his nativity Judge Holdom acquired an academic 
education and in 1868, when seventeen- years of age, came to the 
United States, making Chicago his home in July of that year. He 
soon began the study of law, and after two years entered the office 
of Joshua C. Knickerbocker, with whom he continued until 1876, 
when he accepted the position of chief clerk with Tenneys, Flower and 
Abercrombie. On September 13, 1873, he had been admitted to the 
Illinois bar, and in 1878 became associated with the brother of Judge 
Knickerbocker under the firm name of Knickerbocker and Holdom, a 
relationship which was maintained until 1889. He then practiced 
alone until his elevation to the superior bench of Cook county in 1898, 
continuing thus until his election to the appellate court of the state. 

At the bar and as a trial lawyer Judge Holdom was always courte- 
ous, but forceful, logical, convincing and never a quibbler over non- 
essential points. He prepared his cases with patience, faithfulness 
and ability, and seldom was involved by his opponents in a phase of 
the litigation which he had not carefully considered. As counselor 
he was astute but conservative. Perhaps his greatest reputation at 
the bar has been achieved in chancery and probate cases, and in liti- 
gated questions involving contests of wills and titles to real estate. 
Upon the death of Judge Knickerbocker he was publicly mentioned 
for the vacant probate judgeship, and without personal solicitation 
was afterward appointed by Governor Fifer as public guardian, be- 
ing elected judge of' the superior court in November, 1898. In his 
court decisions, both as a superior and appellate judge, he has ex- 
hibited the same traits as marked his career at the bar, always thor- 
oughly examining the pending matter and basing his clearly expressed 
conclusions on the fundamental principles of the law. Those who 
know Judge Holdom personally, or have had professional dealings 
with him in his judicial capacity, need not be told that his decisions 
from the bench are quite devoid of political -considerations or indi- 
vidual leanings. He still retains an active membership in the Amer- 
ican, Illinois and Chicago Bar associations, Chicago Law Club and 
the Chicago Law Institute. He served as a delegate to the national 
convention at Saratoga in 1896; was president of the Illinois State 
Bar Association 1901-2. 

That Judge Holdom is a literary and cultured gentleman is evident 
not only from his conversation and bearing but by his large library 

Ari-fj ,i7 k lilA.V AWr* 


of rare and old books, in the midst of which he finds rest, recreation 
and mental strenglh. His law library is also extensive and well se- 
lected, as would be naturally expected. In his political relations the 
Judge is a Republican, and is a member of such social, literary and 
political organizations as the Union League, Hamilton (president in 
1897), Midlothian, Homewood and Quadrangle clubs. He is also a 
member of the Bibliophile Society of Boston and the Caxton Club of 
Chicago. In the Union League he was a member of the committee on 
political action for the years 1898, 1899 and 1900 and is first vice 
president at the present time and his official connection with the Ham- 
ilton Club as its president 1897-8 has had a strong influence on its 
developments into a strong factor in the public and civic movements 
of the city. The metropolitan character of his activities is further 
indicated by his identification v, ith the Art Institute and the Field Co- 
lumbian Museum. He is also a member of the National Geographical 
Society and the American Forestry Association.. In his religious 
views, the Judge is an Episcopalian, and has held official rank both in 
the Trinity Episcopal and St. Paul's Episcopal churches, at the present 
time serving as senior warden of the latter. Judge Holdom has been 
twice married, his first wife being Edith I. Foster, to whom he was 
united in 1877 and who died in 1891. His second marriage was with 
Mabel Brady in 1893. There have been four children in the family — 
Edith I.; Jesse; Martha, the wife of Roy McMillan Wheeler, and 
Courtland Holdom. The Judge is one of those whole-souled men, 
never too busy to forget his courtesy, and with all his notable suc- 
cesses as lawyer and judge is always ready to receive well meant 
counsel from the humblest of his associates. It is this genial spirit 
of absorption from whatever source which brings such men as he 
both popularity and strength. 

Hon. Frederick A. Smith, elected to the circuit bench of Cook 
county for the term ending June, 1909, is an able and virile product 

of the state and county which he has so honored as 

Frederick A. , . . , • •^- -vxn 1 ^ 

^ lawyer, jurist and progressive citizen. When but a 

youth he cheerfully offered himself in defense of his 
country's integrity, and during the forty years that he has been identi- 
fied with the legal i)rofession he has evinced an earnest devotion to 
the cause of good and patriotic citizenship. He has tnisted nothing 
to chance and owes nothing to fortuitous circumstances, but ceaseless 


toil and endeavor, based upon a splendid endowment of mental and 
physical strength, have brought to him an honorable leadership in the 
fields of law, jurisprudence, education and civics. 

Frederick Augustus Smith was born in Norwood Park, Cook 
county, Illinois, on the nth of February, 1844, and is a son of Israel 
G. and Susan P. (Pennoyer) Smith, both of whom were born in 18 16, 
the former in the Empire state and the latter in Connecticut. In 1835 
the father came from New York to Cook county and pre-empted from 
the government a tract of land which he transformed into a family 
homestead, upon which Frederick A. was born, and which proved the 
residence of the parents for the remainder of their lives. Israel G. 
Smith died on the old Norwood Park homestead, his wife having 
passed away in 1894. 

Judge Smith obtained his early education in the public schools of 
Chicago, and in i860 entered the preparatory department of the old 
Chicago University. In 1862 he became a regular student in the col- 
legiate department, but at the close of his freshman year left his studies 
to enlist in Company G, One Hundred and Thirty-fourth Infantry, 
participating in the campaigns of Kentucky and Missouri until the 
regiment was mustered out in 1864. He then resumed his studies in 
the university, from which he was graduated in 1866 with the degree 
of A. M. He at once became a student in the Union College of Law, 
now the law department of the Northwestern University, and after 
his graduation therefrom in 1867 was admitted to the bar, having 
since been a leading figure both of the bench and bar. 

During the first six years of his professional life Judge Smith was 
senior member of the firm of Smith and Kohlsaat, after which he 
practiced alone until 1885, in which year he associated himself with 
S. M. Millard under the firm name of Millard and Smith. The part- 
nership continued until 1889, and the following year he became the 
senior in the firm of Smith, Helmer and Moulton. In 1895 H. W. 
Price was admitted to the firm, which remained intact until 1902. 

In the meantime Judge Smith had come into prominence as a Re- 
publican, being the nominee of that party for superior court judge in 
1898, his candidacy upon this occasion being unsuccessful. The 
strong, balanced and substantial traits which he exhibited as a lawyer, 
however, finally convinced the profession that he was admirably 
adapted to assume judicial functions, and in June, 1903, as stated, he 


was elected for the six years' term to the circuit bench. In December. 
1904, the supreme court assigned him to the appellate bench, and at 
the June term of 1906 he was re-assigned to that division for three 
years. Judge Smith's previous high standing at the bar is indicated 
by such facts as that in 1887 he was chosen president of the Chicago 
Law Club and in 1890 president of the Chicago Bar Association. His 
fine reputation as a lawyer has been fully sustained by his honorable 
and substantial record as a judge. 

Successful as have been tlic professional labors of Judge Smith, 
they have not absorbed his energies to the exclusion of the general 
interests of the community. Being, a man of scholarly attainments 
and broad culture, he has been especially interested in higher educa- 
tion. He has been a member of the board of trustees of the new Uni- 
versity of Chicago since its organization, and holds the same position 
in the management of Rush Medical College. He is also a valued 
member of the three leading political organizations of Chicago, the 
Union League, Hamilton and Marquette clubs. 

In 1 87 1 Judge Smith was united in marriage to Miss Frances 
B. Morey, daughter of Rev. Reuben and Abby (demons) Morey, of 
Merton, Wisconsin. In the cultured home thus founded he evinces 
those pleasing personal traits which add a rare attraction to his sterling 
character as a man. 

David Quigg, who, by a legal career extending over half a cen- 
tury, is one of the oldest lawyers of Chicago and the state of Illinois, 

was born in Litchfield, New Hampshire, December 

David Quigg. 17, 1834, a son of Abel G. and Lydia (Bixby) 

Quigg. He attended public schools, the Gilmantown 

(New Hampshire) Academy, and entering Dartmouth College in 

1 85 1 was graduated in 1855. From his native state he moved west 

to Bloomington, Illinois. He was a student in the office of the law 

firm of Swett and Orme, well known lawyers of that city, and in 

1857 was admitted to the bar. 

It is fifty years since Mr. Quigg became a licensed member of the 
profession, but his early practice was interrupted by nearly four years' 
service in the Civil war. After serving as second lieutenant of the 
Fourth Illinois Cavalry until the summer of 1862. in February, 1863. 
he was mustered in as major of the Fourteenth Illinois Cavalry, be- 
ing promoted lieutenant colonel of the same regiment in May, 1865. 


Most of his service was in the Mississippi valley, with the Army of 
the Tennessee. In the Stoneman raid of August, 1864, he was cap- 
tured and was confined in the prisons at Charleston and Columbia, 
South Carolina, until exchanged in March, 1865. 

Immediately after his discharge from the army in July, 1865, he 
returned to the north, and after a year with the firm of Higgins and 
Swett, of Chicago, he became third member of the firm. On the with- 
drawal of Judge Higgins and the dissolution of the partnership in 
1873, Mr. Quigg became a partner of Cyrus Bentley, Sr. In 1879 
he formed a partnership with Judge Richard S. Tuthill, with whom 
he remained until 1887, and from that date until May, 1898, was 
associated with the junior Cyrus Bentley, since which time Mr. Quigg 
has practiced alone. 

He is a Republican, but has never taken part in practical politics. 
He is a member of George H. Thomas Post No. 5, G. A. R. He mar- 
ried at Bloomington, Illinois, April 7, 1865, Francena Pike, who died 
in 1894, leaving a daughter Ethel, now Mrs. John L. Porter. 

Judge Thomas Guilford Windes has been a member of the Chi- 
cago bar for more than thirty years and an honored occupant of the 

circuit bench of Cook county for nearly half of that 

period. Whatever he has found to do he has done 

Windes. ^ ,,..,, . , ,,.,..,,. 

to the hmit 01 his strength and abilities, both 01 

which have been of the highest order, whether serving as a cavalry- 
man under the intrepid Forrest of the Confederacy, or serving the 
people of Chicago on one of the most trying benches of the higher 
courts. No one has ever had cause to doubt Judge Windes' mental 
strength, or straight- forward manliness, in whatever field of activity 
he has elected to enter. As a judge his decisions have ever indicated 
a strong mentality,- careful analysis, a thorough knowledge of the law, 
and although as an individual a man of positive views, the discovery 
is yet to be made that, as a judge, he has ever been swayed by his per- 
sonal leanings. When he ascends the bench he has that self-control, 
so requisite to the true judicial temperament, of putting aside all per- 
sonal feelings and prejudices in order that he may righteously dis- 
pense justice. 

Thomas G. Windes is a native of Alabama, born in Morgan 
county, on the 19th of January, 1848. He is of Scotch-Irish descent, 
the original American ancestors of the family having 'come to the 


new world prior to the outbreak of the Revokitionary war. His 
father, Rev. Enoch Windes. was a minister of the Baptist church and 
wedded Miss Ann Ryan, a lady of Irish lineage, whose people were 
among the pioneers of Kentucky. 

Judge Windes was placed in school at the age of five years and 
during the succeeding decade patronized the Morgan county institu- 
tions. About the middle of the Civil war period when the Confed- 
eracy was calling into its military service the mere boys of the land, if 
they were made of the right material, Thomas joined the cavalry 
service under General Forrest, and remained at the front until the 
close of hostilities. Returning to Huntsville, he soon afterward re- 
sumed his interrupted studies at the academy located at that point, 
and continued there for about two years. About this time he also 
commenced to read law under the direction of the firm of Beirne and 
Gordon, in 1867-8 was a law student in the University of Virginia, 
and then engaged in teaching school until his admission to the bar 
at Jasper, Tennessee, in 1870. Through the succeeding two years 
he was occupied in mercantile and agricultural pursuits, but meeting 
with an accident, he resolved to come to Chicago, and has since been 
identified with the interests of this city. 

After engaging in various employments, Judge Windes secured 
a situation as a law clerk in September, 1873, ^"^ '" ^^"'^ summer of 
1875 was admitted to practice before the Illinois bar. For some 
years he was associated in practice with Alexander Sullivan, and the 
firm conducted much important litigation. In November, 1880, the 
Judge began his connection with the circuit bench by accepting his 
appointment as master in chancery of that court, serving in that 
capacity for twelve years with such satisfactory results to both practi- 
tioners and litigants that he was elected to the judiciary itself. In 1892 
he commenced his first term as judge of the circuit court, and in June. 
1897, was appointed to the appellate bench, and has long since demon- 
strated his right to be classed among the ablest jurists of the state. 
His last re-election was in June. 1903. when he was returned for the 
term ending June, 1909. 

On the 3d of December, 1868. Judge Windes was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Sallie C. Humphrey, daughter of Boyle P. Humphrey, 
a prominent planter of Madison county. Alabama. They have four 
children — Frank A.. Zel F.. Susan A. and Thomas Guy. The pleasant 


family home is at Winnetka. The Judge was a Baptist in his rehgious 
views for forty years, but is now a member of the Christian Science 
Church, and a Democrat in pohtics. Naturally he is a member of the 
Iroquois Club. 

Among the men elected to the new municipal court bench in 
November, 1906, one whose previous record, general qualifications 

for ability and character give every ground for his 

William N. . , ■ .u- / ^^r-u- at 

^ successful career m this new court was William N. 

Gemmill. ^ .„ - _- , ■ , 1 

Gemmill, for nfteen years a lawyer with a large 

practice in Chicago, and a member of the well known firm of Gemmill 
and Foell. While engaged as an advocate he directed several impor- 
tant cases to successful issue, and established points that have since 
been referred to as authorities. Judge Gemmill has the reputation 
of being an indefatigable worker, combining scholarship with an 
active energy and forceful personality. These qualities have been 
much esteemed in his new position, where, at the outset, the citizens 
of Chicago hoped to place men who would lend thorough integrity 
and practical efficiency to the administration, that hitherto had been 
remarkably tardy. 

Judge Gemmill had such a training for his career as is familiar in 
the case of many successful self-made men. Born on a farm at Shan- 
non, Illinois, December 29, i860, a son of WiUiam and Susan (Bren- 
ner) Gemmill, Pennsylvanians who came out to Illinois some years 
before the war, he spent his early school days in a district school and 
the Shannon high school, and later graduated from Cornell College 
(Iowa) in 1886 and took up the pursuit of teaching. He was super- 
intendent of the city schools of Rockford, Iowa, and later in Marion, 
Iowa. After five years in this work he came to Chicago and began 
the study of law at Northwestern University. He was graduated and 
admitted to the bar in 1892. Judge Gemmill has had practice in all 
of the courts and experience in divers and many important cases. 
His familiarity with contract and commercial law and damage suits 
gives him especial advantage in the municipal court, these branches of 
civil procedure being particularly defined in the jurisdiction and pow- 
ers of the court. The popularity of Judge Gemmill among his asso- 
ciates upon the municipal bench was demonstrated Avhen he was 
unanimously elected chief justice of the municipal court by the other 



rODuo lUK 


-=-■ Uc)iVlnK 


judges of the court in July, 1907, to act during the absence of Chief 
Justice Olson. 

Judge Gemmill is a resident of the Seventh ward, and has taken an 
active part in the political affairs of the city and state. He served 
as the Republican central committeeman of his ward from 1902 to 
1907. He is a strong campaign speaker, and began political speaking 
a number of years ago, stumping the states of Illinois and Iowa 
during the campaign of 1896, and since then has always taken a most 
active part in every campaign. 

Judge Gemmill married, in 1892, Miss Edna Billings, of Rock- 
ford, Iowa, and has two children, Jennette and William B. He is a 
popular member of the Hamilton Club and the Law Institute. In 
1907 he was elected and became a life member of the Chicago Press 

'*A gentleman of the old school, and most emphatically of the 

nrw," might designate the polished and eloquent Luther Laflin Mills, 

lawyer, orator, reformer and Christian citizen. He 
Luther L 

has all the suavity, dignity and fire of the fathers of 

the republic, with the broad and practical wisdom of 

the twentieth century attorney and patriot. His fame as an orator 

does not belong to Chicago or to Illinois, but is national in its scope, 

while as a criminal lawyer he stands in the front rank of practitioners 

in the United States. 

Luther Laflin Mills was born in North Adams, Massachusetts, 
September 3, 1848, son of Walter N. and Caroline J. (Smith) Alills. 
and was brought by his parents to Chicago when an infant of one 
year. He was thus introduced to the stirring life of Chicago and 
the west at such an early age that, for all practical purposes, he is a 
native of the city and the section. Having acquired his preliminary 
education in the public schools, he obtained a higher mental training 
in the University of Michigan, and in 1868 began the study of law 
in the office of Homer N. Hibbard, remaining under his instruction 
for about three years. 

Mr. Mills was admitted to the bar in 1871, just as the city was 
about to enter into a new and grander era of its development, as a 
result of the remarkable stimulus caused by the Great Fire, believed 
at the time by those who did not know Chicago to be a crushing 
misfortune. Young, talented and enthusiastic, he was of the right 


material to soon become an integral part of the new Chicago, and 
during the four years of individual practice became a leading and 
an indispensable factor in its professional and civic progress. In 
1875 he entered into partnership with George C. Ingham and Edward 
P. Weber, under the firm name of Mills, Weber and Ingham, and in 
the following year was elected state's attorney of Cook county. 
During the period of his service in this capacity (1876-84) Mr. Mills 
established his reputation as one of the foremost criminah lawyers of 
the country. He was thoroughly feared by the criminal elem.ent, and 
accomplished much in correcting an outside impression that as a city 
Chicago was unstable and unsafe. Among a multitude of cases he 
secured the conviction of John Lamb for the murder of Officer Race, 
of Peter Stevens for the murder of his wife and of Theresa Sturlata 
for the murder of Charles Stiles. He also conducted for the state 
the prosecution of several of the county board "boodlers," and in all 
his official work gained so high a reputation that even after the expi- 
ration of his last term of service as state's attorney he was frequently 
called in to assist in important cases by the regular prosecutor of the 
county. One of these cases was the trial of James Dacey for the 
murder of Alderman Gaynor. The defendant took a change of venue 
to McHenry county, and Mr. Mills was commissioned to assist in 
the prosecution there, in which he was completely successful, although 
opposed by the eminent advocate, T. D. Murphy. While in jail Dacey 
feigned insanity, and a trial on that issue was ordered by the supreme 
court, Mr. Mills again appearing for the state. Dacey was adjudged 
sane and ultimately executed by hanging. 

An enthusiastic Republican, Mr. Mills' professional reputation 
has always overshadowed all political considerations. A striking illus- 
tration of this fact was offered in 1888, when the Democracy of Ohio 
called upon him to assist that eminent statesman and lawyer of the 
party, Allen G. Thurman, in the prosecution of the tally-sheet forgers. 
This cause was a step in the gubernatorial contest, was tried at Colum- 
bus and came into national prominence because of the masterly way in 
which it was conducted. Mr. Mills was also one of the prosecutors 
in the trial of the murderers of Dr. Cronin. No case in the history of 
Illinois criminal jurisprudence has attracted more widespread atten- 
tion, and Mr. Mills spent seven months in the preparation and trial 
thereof. The result is a matter of history, for the punishment of the 


conspirators was a direct blow at the anarchistic tendencies which 
brought about the fearful deed. He was also engaged in much civil 
litigation of importance. His treatment of all cases, of whatever 
character, is marked by careful study and patient preparation, so that 
the brilliancy and eloquence of his addresses to court and jurv are 
based upon the substance of facts and accurate knowledge. 

Whene\'er a public occasion in Chicago demands a speaker, not 
only of brilliancy but of good judgment — one who shall say the right 
thing, at the right time and in the right way — the management have 
always turned instinctively to Luther Laflin Mills, and if his services 
are secured he Jias never disappointed the highest expectations. On 
Lincoln day of 1890 he responded to a toast on the martyred president 
at a banquet given by the Republican Leagues at Columbus, Ohio. At 
a banquet in the Sherman House, Chicago, in December of the same 
year, he delivered a stirring address on American Citizenship, and 
among the noteworthy events in the history of western educational 
institutions was his speech before the law school of the University of 
Wisconsin, in July, 1891, on "Law and Progress." There is probably 
no lawyer at the Chicago bar who is today more popular with the 
newspaper men than Luther Laflin Mills, and addresses long to be 
remembered by them and the public at large were those delivered 
at the memorial services for Herman Raster, the German journalist, 
in August, 1 89 1, and over the bodies of the three young reporters 
killed in the railroad accident in October of the same year. 

On the 15th of November, 1876, Mr. Mills was married to Miss 
Ella J. Boies, of Saugerties, New York, a daughter of Joseph M. and 
Electa B. (Laflin) Boies. They have five children — Matthew, Electa 
Boies, Mari Brainerd (Mrs. Frank T. Crawford), Caroline Bigelow 
and Agnes Sheffield. Since his admission tcj the bar in October 1903, 
the son has been associated with his father under the firm name of 
Luther Laflin Mills and Matthew Mills. For the past twelve years 
the practice of Mr. Mills has been confined to civil practice, including 
important arbitration. His son, Matthew Mills, is a member of the 
Forty- Fifth General Assembly of Illinois, elected in 1906. 

Mr. Mills and his family occupy a prominent position in social 
circles, and their home is a cultured center where intellectual enjoy- 
ments predominate. Personally, Mr. Mills enjoys the popularity that 
a generous nature, refined manner, unusually scholastic attainments 


and great individual magnetism naturally win. As a humanitarian 
he has a logical identification with the social, civic and religious move- 
ments which have brought fame to Chicago. For many years he has 
been a member of the Illinois Humane Society, and is president of the 
Chicago Tract Society and Chicago Boys' Club. In his special relig- 
ious faith he is a Presbyterian, but in a broader sense his Christianity 
includes the world and all struggling humanity. 

Lambert Tree is a citizen who has not only added to the distinction 
of Chicago, in both material and intellectual fields, but through his 

high and able character has carried its good name 
^ into national and international councils. He was 


born in Washington, District of Columbia, on the 
29th of November, 1832, and from both sides of his family comes of 
prominent Revolutionary stock. Two of his great-grandfathers were 
officers in the American army, and one of them was killed at the 
battle of Trenton while in command of an artillery company. 

The parents of Lambert Tree were Lambert and Laura M. (Bur- 
rows) Tree, who thoroughly believed in an education as the best asset 
of manhood. Their son therefore received a good classical education 
before he commenced to read law in the office of James Mandeville 
Carlisle, who was then the leader of the Washington bar. Having 
completed his professional studies at the University of Virginia, he 
was admitted to the bar at the national capital in October, 1855, and 
before the end of the year had settled in Chicago for practice. 

Almost from the first. Judge Tree was a recognized leader at the 
bar, both because of his manifest knowledge and the tact and polish 
of his address; for, notwithstanding the rawness of this rising young 
city of the west, even in the fifties it held a bright collection of broad 
and cultured men in all walks of life. Neither did it require a long 
testing period for the people of Chicago to discover that behind a 
courteous bearing and professional ability were the sterling traits of 
a man. In 1864 he was elected president of the Chicago Law Insti- 
tute, and in 1870 one of the circuit judges of Cook county to fill the 
unexpired term of the late William K. McAllister, who had been ele- 
vated to the state supreme court. His succeeding record and personal 
popularity earned him an election for the full term, without opposition, 
and during his incumbency a score or more of aldermen were brought 
before him, having been indicted by the grand jury upon his initiative. 


and punished for various malfeasances in office. Judge Tree resigned 
in 1875, then passed several years in European travel, and in 1878 
returned to Chicago and occupied himself with law, literature and the 
management of his private affairs. 

In 1878 and 1882, notwithstanding his district (the fourth had 
always been a Republican stronghold), Judge Tree allowed his name 
to be used by the Democracy, and, although he failed of an election, 
he received a very jflattering vote. In 1884 he served as a delegate 
at large from Illinois to the national convention which nominated 
Grover Cleveland for the presidency, and at the 1884-5 session of 
the general state assembly, after the withdrawal of Colonel William 
R. Morrison (failed only by one vote of being elected United States 
senator in opposition to General John A. Logan. In July, 1885, 
President Cleveland appointed him United States minister to Belgium, 
Judge Tree representing his country in several important interna- 
tional conferences held in Brussels. He also represented the govern- 
ment at the international congress for the reform of commercial and 
maritime law, held in that city in 1888. During his residence in 
Brussels Judge Tree showed that Chicago was still deep in his mind 
and affections by commissioning Count de Lalaing, an eminent Bel- 
gian sculptor, to execute the noble bronze statue of LaSalle, which, 
through his generosity, has stood in Lincoln Park these many years. 
In September, 1888, he was promoted to be minister to Russia, which 
office he resigned in March of the following year, and returned to 
Chicago with the intention of giving his attention to pressing private 

In January, 1891, Judge Tree was appointed by the President 
as one of the three members representing the United States at the 
International Monetary Commission held in Washington, designed 
to further the plans of the late James G. Blaine in the unification 
of the interests of the Americas by providing a monetary medium of 
common circulation. Although not a member of the conference, 
he took a warm interest in the Brussels congress of 1889 for the 
suppression of the African slave trade. 

Judge Tree has always warmly sustained by contributions and 
substantial support all historical movements connected with his city 
and state. In 1893-7 he served as president of the Illinois State 
Historical Library, for many years has been vice president of the 

Vol. n— 7 


Chicago Historical Society and is a life trustee of the Newberry 
Library. He is also either an active, or honorary corresponding mem- 
ber of several other societies, of a geogra.phical, historical or scientific 
nature identified with those fields of research in France, and is a 
leading member of the Historical Society of the District of Columbia. 
During the World's Columbian Exposition he was appointed by the 
king of Belgium as an honorary councilor of his government, and 
while Mr. Tree did not serve as a director of the World's Fair, in 
many ways he was in close touch with its management. Flis foreign 
honors include not only a rank as grand officer of the Order of Leo- 
pold of Belgium, but an officer of many years' standing in the famed 
Legion of Honor of France. In the United States Judge Tree is also 
honored as one of the organizers and a serving vice president of the 
Illinois branch of the National American Red Cross Society, incor- 
porated by act of Congress. He is an influential member of its central 
committee, with headquarters in Washington, and has always been 
•an ardent supporter of the organization and its humanitarian princi- 
ples and practices. Locally, besides enjoying membership in the Chi- 
cago organizations already mentioned, he is a director in the Mer- 
chants' Loan & Trust Company and the Chicago Edison Company, 
and has large and valuable real estate interests in many sections of the 

In 1859 Mr. Tree was united in marriage with a daughter of 
H. H. Magie, a Chicago pioneer, and they have one son, Artliur 
Magie Tree, and one grandson, Ronald Lambert Tree. The family 
residence is one of the finest homes on the north side, at No. 94 Cass 
street. Judge Tree's genealogy has brought him membership in the 
Illinois Sons of the American Revolution. He is widely known so- 
■^dally, and enjoys identification with such clubs as the Chicago and 
Iroquois of Chicago, the Union of New York, and the Metropolitan 
of Washington. 

The life record of Graeme Stewart in all its varied phases was one 

which reflected honor and dignity upon the city that esteemed him. 

- He was a life-long resident of Chicago, and the his- 

o tory of no citizen has been more fearless in conduct, 

Stewart. -^ . . . • , • 

more constant m service and more stamless m repu- 

lation. He felt a love for the city that was manifest in almost count- 
less ways for the municipal development and welfare, and in return no 

A 6o>^^-T-t^^,^ 






one was more uniformly loved by his fellow townsmen than Graeme 

William Stewart, the father, became a resident of Chicago in 
1850, and when the city was just emerging from its embryonic condi- 
tion and taking on the evidences of progressive villagehood, with 
possibilities of future development and upbuilding. Three years 
after his arrival there came to the Stewart home, on the 30th of 
August, 1853, a little son, who was given the name of Graeme — a 
name dear because of its associations with his Scotch ancestry. Some- 
thing of the marvelous growth of Chicago during the life of Mr. Stew- 
art is indicated by the fact that his birthplace was a little one-story 
frame dwelling which stood at the corner of Franklin and Monroe 
streets, now the heart of the wholesale district. As boy and youth 
he roamed over the prairies that are now covered by more sightly and 
palatial residences, while a feature of his winter sports were the races 
upon the ice on the main branch of the Chicago river. From boyhood 
pleasures Mr. Stewart turned his attention to the duties assigned in 
the acquirement of an education in the Skinner school, one of the first 
important educational institutions to be opened here. Later he at- 
tended the University of Chicago and eventually became a student 
in the Dyrenfurth Hande Schule, a business college which stood at 
the corner of Randolph street and Fifth avenue. He made his initial 
step in the business world, as have countless other Chicago boys, by 
selling the Chicago Sunday papers ; but that which differentiates his 
career from so many of his fellow townsmen is that his ambition led 
him into larger undertakings with wider outlook and greater oppor- 
tunities, while his indomitable energy enabled him to accomplish what- 
ever he undertook. While still but a young lad he secured a position 
as errand boy in the house of G. W. Flanders & Company, where his 
ready adaptability, his faithfulness and his enterprise soon won him 
promotion to the position of shipping clerk. A few years later, de- 
spite the protests of his employers, Mr. Stewart, believihg that he had 
a better opportunity for advancement, connected himself with Stewart, 
Aldrich & Company, becoming a salesman for that firm. At that 
epochal period in the city's histoiy when its business district was de- 
stroyed by fire, in October, 1871, Mr. Stewart, knowing what it would 
mean to the company to save its books, appropriated the first horse 
which he saw that was not otherwise used, drove to the house and 


dashed before the flames across Rush street bridge, being the last per- 
;ofi to cross in safety ; but the books of the company were saved, and, 
be it said to Mr. Stewart's credit that after two days he found the 
owner of the horse and received his thanks for returning it in good 
order. The next decisive step which marked the prominence of Mr. 
Stewart's business career was his identification with the W. M. Hoyt 
Company in 1880, in which firm he became partner and director. 

At the time of his death he was at the head of the extensive mer- 
cantile establishment conducted under the name of the W. M, Hoyt 
Company on the site of Fort Dearborn. There were certain elements 
which marked the business career of Mr. Stewart. The methods 
which he pursued were such as gained him an unassailable reputation 
for commercial integrity. He had the ability to co-ordinate forces, to 
control and shape into unity seemingly diverse elements. In addition, 
he tried to make all his acts and commercial moves the result of 
genuine consideration and sound judgment. There were never any 
great ventures or risks. On the contrary, he practiced honest, con- 
servative business methods, while energy and good system constituted 
the basis of his success. He was a merchant in the true sense of the 

It is impossible to determine the extent of Graeme Stewart's influ- 
ence in political life and municipal interests of the city, for such things 
cannot be measured by any known standard. It is, however, a uni- 
versally accepted fact that few men have been so potent in molding 
the public policy and shaping the destiny of the city along lines of 
progressive development in keeping with those higher ideals toward 
which the loyal, public-spirited and patriotic citizen is always striving. 
Whether through political lines or in other methods, his labors were 
always exerted with the interests of the city at heart. His real politi- 
cal career began when he was but ten years of age as a member of the 
Republican drum corps. From that time forward he never wavered in 
his support of Republican principles, although at times he took a most 
decided stand in opposition to the methods of various machine leaders 
and bosses of the party, who would sacrifice the advancement of the 
party to personal aggrandizement, and the city's welfare to their own 
good. The ambition of Mr. Stewart, however, was not centered in 
lines of personal political attainment. In 1882 he was appointed by 
the senior Mayor Harrison as a member of the board of education, 


and during his succeeding eight years' service, a part of the time as 
president, he did most effective work for the system of puhhc instruc- 
tion in Chicago. His able and effective labors received public recog- 
nition and appreciation w^hen, in 1907, the finest grammar school 
building in the city was named in his honor. Although he was fre- 
quently mentioned for the mayoralty candidacy for several years, Mr. 
Stewart would not accept the nomination when it was tendered him 
in 1899 because of opposition from a certain Republican leader. In 
1903 he was made the standard bearer of his party and met defeat 
after a vigorous campaign, because of the disloyalty of certain Repub- 
lican workers who feared the straightforward methods of Mr. Stew- 
art. There is no doubt that had he entered into the methods of many 
politicians he could have obtained almost any office he might desire, 
but with him principle was above party, and purity in municipal affairs 
above personal interests. For many years he was known for his 
sterling qualities, his fearless loyalty to his honest convictions, his 
sturdy opposition to misrule in municipal affairs, and his clearhead- 
edness, discretion and tact as manager and leader. He was a delegate 
to the Republican National Convention in 1896. In 1900 he became 
a member of the National Executive committee of the Republican 
party, in which capacity he evinced such pronounced ability and sound 
judgment as to bring him into national prominence and make him the 
valued co-worker as well as personal friend of such men as William 
McKinley, Marcus A. Hanna, Henry C. Payne, R. C. Kerens, Harry 
C. New, George B. Cortelyou, Shelby M. Cullom, Charles G. Dawes, 
Edward J. Brundage, Theodore Roosevelt and many others of the 
leading Republicans of the country. In 1901 President Roosevelt 
tendered him the office of assistant postmaster general, and the same 
year he was urged to accept the position as a member of the Presi- 
dent's cabinet in the new seat as secretary of commerce and labor. 
On both occasions, however, he declined the honor, preferring to main- 
tain an uninterrupted residence in Chicago. While he always had 
the deepest interest in national affairs, he was pre-eminently a Chi- 
cagoan, and the city was dearer to him than any other place on earth. 
While he refused office he remained active in molding public thought 
and opinion. It was characteristic of him that while others criticised 
men and measures, he set to work to right that which was wrong, and 


was as tireless in his labor for municipal virtue and honor as he was 
for business success. 

Too young for service in the Civil war, there nevertheless stands 
to the credit of Mr. Stewart a military chapter in his life history, for 
in 1874 he was active in promoting and organizing the First Illinois 
Regiment and was elected captain of Company A. The first call to 
active service was in 1875, when trouble was feared from the local 
socialists. He remained always a champion of the interests of the 
National Guard, and for a number of years continued in active con- 
nection therewith. He took a firm stand in support of the erection of 
the new County building and was tireless in "his labors toward the 
accomplishment of this purpose. 

To Mr. Stewart more than to any other man is Chicago indebted 
for the fact that the Illmois Naval Training School was established at 
Lake Bluff. He was mainly instrumental in raising the $228,000 
necessary for the purchase of the site, completing the task only three 
days prior to his final illness, when, with Mrs. Stewart, he signed the 
realty deed conveying the land to the United States government. 
Since that time the national authorities have appropriated several 
million dollars for the construction of buildings. There was perhaps 
no movement of vital importance to the city with which he was not 
concerned as an active factor in his support of or opposition to, as the 
case might be — for he was as strong in his denouncement of a measure 
which he believed to be detrimental as he was firm in his allegiance 
when he believed that the interests of the city would be promoted 

While his success in business and his labors in political and munici- 
pal lines made Graeme Stewart a great man, he possessed, moreover, 
those traits of personal character that made him a lovable man. He 
was genial, courteous and kindly, and there was no more welcome 
visitor at the rooms of the Chicago, Union League, Hamilton and 
Marquette clubs, in all of which he held membership, than Mr. Stew- 
art. It was felt that no important gathering of those clubs was com- 
plete unless he was numbered among those present, and usually was 
called upon to voice his sentiments in regard to every question that 
came up for consideration. He was likewise one of the organizers 
of the ]\Ierchants' Club, and at the time of his death was vice presi- 
dent of the Illinois Manufacturers' Association. He was also one 


of the charter members of the Mid-day CUib and was a prominent 
Mason, who attained to the thirty-second degree of the Scottish rite, 
to the Knight Templar degree in the coniniandery, and also was a 
member of the Mystic Shrine. A patron of art and literature, he be- 
came a charter member and director of the Chicago Art Club. He 
had a great appreciation for beauty in any of its forms, especially as 
manifest in different phases of nature, and he delighted in the scenic 
attractions both of the old world and the new. 

In 1879 Mr. Stewart was united in marriage with Miss Nellie 
A. Pullman, of Chicago, a daughter of Albert B. and Emily A. (Ben- 
nett) Pullman, the former vice president of the Pullman Car Com- 
pany. They became parents of two daughters: Helen Pullman, now 
the wife of Dr. Philip Schuyler Doane; and Mercedes Graeme Stew- 
art, who, with her mother, resides at the family home at No. 181 Lin- 
coln Park Boulevard, while their summer residence is at Winnetka. 
Mrs. Stewart has long been an active member of the St. Paul's Uni- 
versalist church and has always been prominent in charitable and ben- 
evolent work. For the past twenty years -she has served as a director 
of the Chicago Orphan Asylum, succeeding her mother as a partici- 
pant in the management and the advancement of that charity. She 
has likewise been identified with the Illinois Industrial Training 
School for Girls, and was closely associated with her husband in their 
labors for furthering useful, helpful and elevating institutions. Mr. 
Stewart was pre-eminently a man of domestic tastes who, though a 
most active factor in the political, social and business life of the city, 
ever found that his strongest interests centered in his home and de- 
rived his greatest happiness in promoting the welfare of his wife and 
children. Death came to him with comparative suddenness. He was 
stricken when attending a banquet of the Banker's Club in the Audi- 
torium Hotel and about a month later (June 27, 1905) passed away. 
The funeral services were among the most imposing of this character 
ever held in Chicago, and to no other has there been accorded the 
honor of allowing the funeral, cortege to pass through Lincoln park. 
Every society and organization with which he was connected passed 
resolutions of respect and sympathy and was represented at the fun- 
eral services held in the Fourth Presbyterian church. Perhaps no 
better estimate of the life and character of Mr. Stewart can be given 
than in the expression of the resolutions passed in a meeting of the 

9J jG293B 


Republican County Central committee and introduced by Mayor 
Busse. It read : "Graeme Stewart has been called from our midst 
by the hand of death. In the full flush of his manhood he died hon- 
ored and beloved by the people of Chicago. He had a strong hold 
upon the hearts of its citizens. He was admired for his manly quali- 
ties and gentlemanly conduct, for his political sagacity, for his knowl- 
edge of public affairs, for his fidelity to every trust imposed upon him. 
Gifted in a rare degree with kindliness of manner and a dignity of 
personal presence without austerity, he made lasting friendships with 
all classes. He believed in the majesty of the common people. He 
had full faith in the outcome of American citizenship. He was full of 
pride for his city, for the state and for the nation. He sounded their 
praises everywhere. He believed that the indomitable spirit of Chi- 
cago could overcome internal disorder, as well as outrival any opposi- 
tion. He did not frown upon her because of her admitted faults, but 
he gloried in her achievements. Where others faltered, he led. Where 
others were weak he was strong. He was resolute and independent. 
Opposition but renewed his vigor. His confidence in the future of 
Chicago was sublime; whether as private citizen, merchant, member 
of the board of education or national committeeman of his party for 
the state of Illinois, he was devoted to the welfare of the public. He 
brought ripened judgment, physical strength, mental vigor, a large 
heart and unfailing kindness to the solution of every problem which 
confronted him. In private life he was irreproachable. He represent- 
ed Chicago with hospitality, grace and tact in all his public acts. His 
life has passed away, but his memory will remain so long as Chicago 
has a history. His body will be laid away with devoted tenderness, 
but his face and memory will remain freshly engraved in the hearts 
of a loving people." 

In his funeral sermon Dr. Curtis said, in part : "Mr. Stewart 
was not alone a citizen of Chicago ; he was more. He was at once a 
fine product and a worthy representative of the best forces that have 
made our city what it is. Born of good, sturdy Scotch Presbyterian 
stock nearly fifty-two years ago, in what is now the business center of 
our metropolis, inheriting a splendid physique, a clear, strong mind, 
and a moral and religious training that made for righteousness, he 
grew up to manhood's estate under conditions which helped to make 
him a typical western man — energetic, eager, earnest, enthusiastic, 


warm hearted, broad minded, ready to attempt to do large things in a 
large way. There was nothing small about the man either physically 
or morally. He was cast in a large and generous mold. Like many 
of our foremost citizens he made his way to an assured business suc- 
cess by untiring diligence, patient industry, sterling integrity, and 
steadfast, unswerving purpose. His business methods were above re- 
proach. Thrown into the midst of the intense competition of the 
western commercial world, Graeme Stewart never stooped to mean- 
ness, unfairness, trickery or deceit. He had high ideals of business 
honor and held to those ideals. He scorned the touch of tainted 
money, and there was nothing in him in which graft of any kind could 
make appeal. The strong, high-minded business men of this city 
have been quick to admire his work, and to admit him into the noble 
brotherhood of those who put conscience above gain, honor above 
oelf. But Mr. Stewart was not a man to be content with the attain- 
ment of success in the commercial life of this city. The walls of his 
counting house did not and could not mark the boundaries of his 
visions, his interests, his affections, his purpose. The old saying of 
the Latins was true to him — 'Nothing human was alien to his thought.' 
He could not degenerate into a mere business machine. Llome, 
friends, the public weal, good government, the larger interests of 
humanity, education, charity, morality, religion — all these found gen- 
erous welcome in his heart and life. Mr. Stewart was by nature a 
friendly man, a man who made friends, who held them, was loyal to 
them at whatever cost. His was a genial personality, whole souled, 
generous to a fault. His friendships were marked by no boundaries 
of party or of creed. He honored manhood, fidelity, courage, high 
principle, and when he found men to his liking he gave them his 
confidence, his love, his steadfast loyalty. Mr. Stewart was a man 
of public spirit devoted to the public good. The familiar saying of 
the great apostle, 'None of us liveth to himself,' was the working 
creed of his life. Freely, gladly, without stint, without money and 
without price, he gave himself to matters of public moment, whether 
they affected the interests of city, state or nation. He loved Chicago 
as a son loves the mother who bore him. Born and brought up in 
this city, receiving his early training in the public schools, he was 
deeply interested in promoting the efficiency of our admirable public- 
school system, and while yet a young man served si.x years as a mem- 


ber of the board of education. He believed it to be the duty of the 
business man to labor and to sacrifice for the cause of good govern- 
ment and, therefore, he entered the field of politics, sparing himself no 
effort, working day and night for the triumph of the party and the 
policy to which he had sworn allegiance. He believed it possible to 
have a clean, honest business administration of the affairs of a great 
city, and few even among those who opposed him at the polls doubt 
but that, had he been elevated to the mayoralty of Chicago, he would 
have discharged the duties of that high office with credit to himself 
and honor to the city that gave him birth. It is to the credit of this 
man who has now gone from us that even in the heat of a sharp and 
bitter political contest nothing was said that reflected on his capacity, 
his honesty, his honor. He loved politics and no doubt had his politi- 
cal ambitions, but only as a means to an end, and that end the promo- 
tion of the public weal. Many of you doubtless remember his last 
public service in securing for our vicinity the location of the naval 
training school. The energy, the enthusiasm, the steadfast persistence 
he threw into that strenuous eft'ort were characteristic of the man. He 
was determined to succeed, and he did succeed. It was the multiplicity 
of these outside activities which doubtless caused the shortening of his 
life. He burned the candle at both ends. In matters of charity and 
philanthrophy he had an open heart and an open purse. Many there 
are among the poor and lowly who share the sor!row of this hour as 
they remember his kindly sympathy and help. He did not, he could 
not, forget the words of his own Scotch poet, 'A man's a man for a' 
that, for a' that.' In him there was nothing of snobbery, nothing of 
that foolish pride that is too often born of worldly success. To those 
who knew him best it was evident that he was a man of high moral 
standard, a man who lived and loved a clean life. His sympathy, his 
support, he gave to everything that makes for righteousness. Reared 
in the old faith of his fathers, that faith which makes so much of the 
sovereignty of God and the supremacy of duty, he never lost its sub- 
stance although he did not outwardly profess its form. He was broad- 
ly Christian in the spirit and purpose of his life." 

No man in public life perhaps has had so few enemies. Even those 
who opposed him politically entertained for him the warmest personal 
regard and admiration. It was said that he never forgot a friend — 
the playmates of his boyhood, the associates of his early manhood, 


those with whom he labored in municipal circles, in commercial life, 
or with whom he was connected in shaping national politics, were 
alike remembered through all the years, with their added responsibili- 
ties and honors. His life record finds embodiment in the words of 
Pope : 

"Statesman, yet friend to truth ; of soul sincere 
In action faithful and in honor clear; 
Who broke no promise, served no private end, 
Who gained no title and who lost no friend." 

Thomas A. Moran was born in Bridgeport, Connecticut, of Irish 
parents, on October y, 1839, and died November 18, 1904. 

' In 1846, at the age of seven years, with his par- 

ents, he came west to Kenosha county, Wisconsin, 
Moran. , ., , . ,-",,. 

where until he was nmeteen years of age, he lived 

with them, worked on the farm, attended school in the winter, sub- 
sequently teaching a country school. At the age of twenty he became 
a student of law at Kenosha and was admitted to the practice of law 
in'1865, after being graduated from the Albany Law School, of Al- 
bany, New York. 

In November, 1865, he came to Chicago and founded the firm of 
Schiff and Moran. Later he became a member of the firm of Moran 
and English, subsequently, Moran, English and Wolff. In 1879 ^e 
was elected judge of the Circuit Court of Cook county, being the first 
Irish- American ever elected to the Cook county bench. In 1885 he 
was re-elected to the Circuit bench, and in 1891 he was again re-elect- 
ed. In 1886 he was assigned to the Appellate Court for the First Dis- 
trict of Illinois, from which position he resigned in 1892 to take up 
the practice of law as a member of the firm of Moran, Kraus, Mayer 
and Stein, later Moran, Mayer and Meyer. He was dean of the Chi- 
cago College of Law for several years, and gave lectures there on 
the practice of the law. 

Many of his opinions while on the Appellate bench, were adopted 
verbatim by the Illinois Supreme Court. On one occasion he refused 
to follow an opinion of Justice Harlan, of the United States Supreme 
Court, and was sustained in his rulings. This was in a dispute over 
the Insolvent Debtors"* act. He argued for the constitutionality of the 


Illinois Inheritance Tax before the United States Supreme Court in 
1898, and was sustained. 

Very early in life he took an active part in politics, campaigning 
for Stephen A. Douglas in Wisconsin, in i860. In 1896, the Demo- 
cratic party having declared for free silver, he became a delegate to 
the Gold Democratic conference in Indianapolis. His activity in 
politics was, however, confined to the discussion from the rostrum 
of the broad principles around which are centered the great political 
parties, and even from this, while on the bench, he held scrupulously 

The above are but meager data of the life and career of Thomas 
A. Mo ran. The hopes, the struggles, the sorrows, the triumphs that 
accompanied him, as with eyes fixed and mind set upon the goal of 
life, he unfalteringly strove, from height to height, along life's stern 
and rugged road, to reach it, are close-locked in the heart that is now 
forever stilled. Of these we may not know, save as they were re- 
vealed by the impress made by them upon the character of the man. 
But if from his character we may judge, then hope was always strong 
and bright within him, and always fixed beyond the things that were, 
upon better things to come; and he had his struggles, yes, many of 
them, for only through struggle could the rugged, stout-heartedness 
that was his, have been acquired; he must needs have been acquainted 
with sorrow, too, for he was gentle and kind; and his triumphs were 
those of a great and good man, who has beheld the fruition of his 
labors in the honor and admiration, and the respect and love of his 

As a lawyer. Judge Moran had in him that rare combination of 
qualities that approached quite the ideal in that profession, and insures 
success. He had a keen, alert and vigorous mind, broad and com- 
prehensive in its grasp, yet masterful and careful of detail ; and with 
sure precision, he went straight to the heart of the proposition sub- 
mitted to him, and seldom did he err in his judgment. 

He was always a close student and a tireless worker. He kept 
pace with the rapidly moving and ever-widening current of the law, 
and not a little aided in the true development, and proper application 
of the eternal legal principles, to the changed and changing conditions 
of society with its concomitant, manifold complexities and perplexi- 
ties. His own clear ideas, accurate judgment, and logical deduc- 


tions, were in argument highly supplemented and enforced by a voice 
rich and eloquent in cadence, a manner graceful, pleasing and courte- 
ous, and an evident earnestness and honesty of purpose, that carried 
conviction to his hearers, and usually brought victory to his side of the 
cause. He never advised a client until he was sure of his ground, and 
then his judgment was given impartially in accordance with his view 
of the law applicable to the matter. The so-called "tricks" of the law- 
yer were unknown to him, or of him. But once his services were en- 
listed in behalf of a client, his great powers of mind, coupled with his 
wide knowledge of the law, and experience in its practice, and his 
strong personality, were applied to his client's cause with all the vigor 
and earnestness, diligence and devotion, in his power. 

His ability as a lawyer was confirmed while he was on the bench, 
and to that ability the published reports of the Appellate and Supreme 
Courts of the State of Illinois will bear lasting witness. As a judge 
he was singularly careful of the proprieties, patient and painstaking, 
and courteous and kind to all appearing before him, particularly to 
the young attorney. He knew neither friends, enemies nor strangers, 
the one dominant idea in his mind being the proper application of the 
law to the case in hand. He was fearless, yet cautious; gentle but 
firm; and in the proper case his warm Irish heart turned the scales 
of justice toward the side where Mercy sat. His compensation as a 
judge being comparatively small, he left the bench the better to pro- 
vide for the present and future of his large family, leaving a record 
for administration of the law that is creditable alike to his memory 
and to the state he served. 

But however brilliant the lawyer, or the jurist, and however much 
these terms tend to obscure the man, it is, after all, the character of 
the man that gives color to the brilliance of either. The lofty, noble 
character of Judge Moran made possible the able lawyer and jurist; 
yet it is not the lawyer or jurists whose memory we revere, but the 

Men of strong character often make enemies; Judge Moran was 
one of the rare exceptions. If he had any enemies, the writer, during 
the many years of his acquaintance with him. never heard of them. 
His was one of the most lovable characters I ever knew. Strong, 
gentle; brave, cautious; relying, yet supporting; wise and conservative 
in counsel, but quick in action when he believed he was right, the "ele- 


ments" were, indeed, well "mixed in him." Kind-hearted and charita- 
ble towards all, and loyal to his friends, yet enshrined in his heart as 
his dearest love and object of his greatest devotion and care, were his 
wife and family. To them the efforts of his life were consecrated; 
from them he drew the inspiration that fortified his stout heart in 
many a bitter trial ; in them he saw the hope of reward and compensa- 
tion for his well spent hfe. 

He was withal "a gentle, kindly, manly man." 
"We shall not look upon his like again." 

(By Adolf Kraus.) 

John Nelson Jewett was for many years one of the leaders of the 
Chicago bar. He was a member of it for nearly fifty years, and al- 

most from the time when he first entered upon prac- 
T " tice here, occupied a leading and commanding: posi- 

tion in his profession. He was born October 8, 
1827, at Palmyra, Maine, spending the earlier years of his life on his 
father's farm near that place. He early resolved to secure an educa- 
tion; and to that end studied assiduously during the leisure afforded 
by the intervals in farm work. When he was eighteen his father came 
west, establishing his home near Madison, Wisconsin. A year later 
the son, having spent part of that time in teaching in a private school 
at Madison, entered Bowdoin as a sophomore. 

In 1850 he graduated, taking his degree as Bachelor of Arts, and 
was immediately employed as one of the principals of North Yar- 
mouth Academy. This was then a well known school in Maine. At 
the same time he pursued his legal studies ; and after two years thus 
employed returned to Wisconsin and entered the office of Collins and 
Smith at Madison. These gentlemen were then two of the leading 
lawyers of the state. Judge Collins was for some time on the bench. 
Mr. Smith was for one term attorney-general of the state, and elo- 
quent advocate and a Democrat high in the councils of his party in 
the state and the nation. They have both been dead many years. 

Mr. Jewett was admitted to the Wisconsin bar early in 1853,^ and 
to the bar of Illinois July 23rd of that year, when he removed to 
Galena and began practice there. 

He soon afterwards formed a partnership with Wellington Weig- 
ley, which continued during most of the time he lived in Galena. 


In 1856, at the age of twenty-nine, apparently conscious of iiis ma- 
turing- powers and seeking a wider field for their exercise, he decided 
to come to Chicago; and this city then became his home and the scene 
of his varied and extended professional labors. 

He was first associated with Hon. Van H. Higgins. for many 
years one of the leading lawyers of our bar and for some time a mem- 
ber of our local bench. 

In 1857 he became a meml^er of the firm of Scates, Mc.Mlister, 
Jewett and Peabody, probably then the leading firm in this city. 
Judge Scates and Judge McAllister were both on the Supreme bench 
of the state and the latter afterwards a judge of our Circuit Court, 
where he made a most enviable reputation as a learned, fearless and 
able judge. Mr. Peabody is the sole survivor of this firm of remark- 
able lawyers, one of our honored citizens, but not now in active prac- 
tice. The firm became afterwards, by various changes, McAllister, 
Jewett and Jackson ; and Jewett, Jackson and Small. At a later period 
Mr. Jewett was associated with Mr. Charles T. Adams under the 
firm name of Jewett and Adams. Senator William E. Mason was 
also with him for a time. 

Mr. Jewett married Miss Ellen Rountree, daughter of the late 
Hon. John H. Rountree of Platteville, Wisconsin, a pioneer of that 
region, for many years a member of the \\'isconsin senate and always 
prominent in the public affairs of that state. Mrs. Jewett is a most 
accomplished woman of extensive attainments and wide culture ; and 
the beautiful home over which she so long presided has always been 
recognized as one of the most important and attractive centers of 
social activity and higher culture in our community. 

Mr. Jewett had two sons, Edward Rountree and Samuel Rountree, 
both of whom became lawyers and his partners. The former married 
Miss Frances Campbell. He died in Maine, in October, 1899. 

Mr. Samuel R. Jewett, the younger son, married Miss Lucy Mc- 
Cormick, a daughter of William S. McCormick, and has always, re- 
sided in this city. He is not now actively engaged in the practice of 
his profession. 

Mr. Jewett died of organic heart disease, Thursday night. Janu- 
ary 14, 1904, at his home in Chicago, No. 412 Dearborn avenue. 

He was thus for nearly fifty years a member of the bar in this city. 
He saw it grow from a small community of less than 100,000 people 


to one of the world's greatest cities with a population of nearly 2,000- 

During all this period he steadily maintained his position and lead- 
ership in the very front rank of an able and accomplished bar. 

At an early period of his professional career he was fortunate 
in securing the confidence and esteem of those engaged in large affairs ; 
and this he always retained. No interests were so important that 
those concerned with their management hesitated to commit them to 
him, when the occasion arose, either for counsel or the assertion or 
defense of their rights in the courts. 

So it may be safely said that no one of his professional contempo- 
raries was concerned in such a number and variety of great cases in- 
volving large property interests and interesting and important legal 

In the conduct of such hard-fought and sometimes desperate for- 
ensic battles Mr. Jewett's methods were such as to be especially com- 
mended to the consideration of the profession. He was a hard, pos- 
sibly some might say sometimes, a bitter, fighter. But his methods 
were honorable, fair and open. No suspicion of sinister or devious 
efforts to secure secret or undue advantage was ever harbored by his 
opponents. He realized to the full extent the standard suggested by 
Cockburn's dictum: 

"The arms which an advocate wields, he ought to use as a war- 
rior and not as an assassin," 

Indeed his entire professional life was dominated by a fixed and 
stern integrity which was one of the most admirable, as it was the 
most commanding, trait in his character. 

Mr. Jewett had a mind that was severely logical. He approached 
a legal question as a mathematician would approach a problem in 
mathematics. To him it was something to be reasoned out in ac- 
cordance with the principles of the law. He was not, therefore, a 
"case lawyer," to borrow a phrase somewhat colloquial. 

He was a man of singular independence of mind and entirely fear- 
less in the assertion of his convictions. And when it became his duty 
to criticise judicial decisions, he did not in the least abate these quali- 
ties. He vigorously and courageously attacked ignorance, sophistry 
and error, whether promulgated from the bench or from some quarter 
less calculated to secure tacit assent, if not to command respect. In 


this he rendered a service invaluable to the bench and bar alike; and 
his courage and professional independence should be recorded as 
among- his conspicuous virtues. 

He was, within the limitations already indicated, which no self- 
respecting lawyer can legitimately disregard, absolutely devoted to 
his client's cause and indifferent in this regard to all merely personal 

His standards and professional conduct in this respect were en- 
tirely beyond any just criticism; and indeed, during his long and 
active career at the bar in all these particulars he illustrated the best 
traditions of the profession. 

Mr. Jewett never participated to any extent in criminal practice, 
and for many years tried but few cases before a jury. 

It was in his arguments to a court, and especially a court of last 
resort, that Mr. Jewett particularly excelled. Of commanding pres- 
ence, dignified yet courteous, with an attractive voice, a fine and dis- 
criminating literary faculty, and never appearing without thorough 
study and preparation, his arguments were always impressive and 
were invariably received with great consideration. His industry was 
unremitting and should be noted as one of his marked characteristics. 

His efforts in the domain of constitutional law were especially 
noteworthy. Were I to select any, I think, perhaps, I should name 
Munn V. Illinois, 94 U. S. 113; Illinois Central R. R. Co. v. State. 
146 U. S. 387; Counselman v. Hitchcock, 142 U. S. 547, as among 
the most striking and important cases in which he was concerned. The 
first involved the right of the state of Illinois to regulate the charges 
of elevator proprietors, and was a pioneer case in this department of 
the law; the second was the familiar Lake Front case; the third was a 
case where Mr. Jewett successfully invoked the protection of the Fifth 
Amendment to the Federal Constitution for a client whom the authori- 
ties sought to compel to give evidence against himself. They are all 
instructive and leading cases in American constitutional law. antl will 
long be studied by the profession in the consideration of the great 
questions to which they relate. 

In all of these cases Mr. Jewett bore a responsible and conspicuous 
part, and his arguments were entirely worthy, not only of the great 
court to which they were addressed, but of the important questions 

Vol. II— 8 


Mr. Jewett was not a politician nor an office seeker. He served 
one term in the state senate many years ago, beginning in January, 
1 87 1. He belonged to that rapidly diminishing class of men who be- 
lieve that the office should seek the man and not the man the office, 
that the convention should select the candidate, not the candidate se- 
lect the members of the convention. 

It is one of the misfortunes of modern politics and American gov- 
ernment that, with occasional exceptions, sufficiently numerous to 
prove but not to overthrow the rule, men of the first order of ability 
do not get into the public service. The leaders of the bar are not al- 
ways found upon the bench. Our great lawyers, merchants, financiers 
and manufacturers, are infrequently found in public office; and it 
seems as if the national, state and municipal governments were all, 
by the operation of some mysterious law of politics, commonly de- 
prived of the services of the ablest men; men who in their personal 
affairs display the most varied and conspicuous talents. 

Mr. Jewett would have adorned almost any station in public life. 
On several occasions, but not upon his own motion, his name was 
suggested by those high in official position for important and national 
place. But the strange law to which I have referred seemed in every 
instance to operate to his exclusion from public life. Possibly it is 
true that his interests were more strictly professional than public and 
general. It is certain that in all matters touching the honor and dig- 
nity of the profession his interest was keen and active ; and that to the 
diligent pursuit of that profession he devoted all his energies and tal- 
ents with a fidelity that was undeviating. 

He was one of the founders of the Chicago Bar Association. A 
number of the lawyers of this city met at the rooms of the Chicago 
Law College in November, 1873, ^^^ signed a paper agreeing to unite 
in forming such an association. Mr. Jewett's name was first in the list 
of signers, a fact which speaks much for the regard and esteem in 
which he was held by his professional brethren at that time; for this 
sentiment induced the promoters of this important enterprise to regard 
his name as one of all others to head such a movement. He was the 
fourth president of the association, serving one term in 1877. 

Mr. Jewett was in a high degree conservative. He stood "fast 
upon the ancient ways" and deprecated hasty and ill-considered 
changes in the law or its administration. Possibly he felt a little too 


much impatience with that spirit of social restlessness which seems to 
be more keenly alive to existing evils, than fertile in the suggestion 
of practicable remedies for their correction. 

He was interested in legal education, and at the time of his death 
was, as he had been from its foundation, the dean of the John Mar- 
shall Law School of this city. He was also and for some time had 
been president of the Chicago Historical Society. 

To those of us who knew him well, what has thus been written 
seems to portray but faintly the great lawyer who for so long has been 
such a familiar figm'e- in our professional life. The writer feels how 
true it is that the name and fame of such are so quickly forgot. How 
impossible it is, even in the profession, to keep alive the memory of 
those whose professional labors have adorned the bar and often pro- 
moted and advanced, in no small degree, the interests of the state. 

Within the last twenty years a striking change has taken place 
in the Chicago bar. Scarce one, of those then its recognized leaders, re- 
mains to us. The last to leave us, by no means the least conspicuous, 
indeed, perhaps the most familiar, was Mr. Jewett. His place will 
never be filled; for today is not as yesterday. Chicago has passed 
from its pioneer stage, and those who were its pioneers at the bar 
are nearly all gone. 

However well those who come after them meet their duties and 
responsibilities, they can never occupy the same relation to the profes- 
sion and the community which these, our predecessors, sustained. 

Mr. Jewett led an active, busy and useful life, intimately concerned 
with the growth and development of our city when it was emerging 
from the condition of a small, almost rural community, into that of a 
mighty metropolis. 

His professional associates will always remember him not only as 
a great lawyer, but as a high type of all those qualities which have 
contributed to the traditional glories of a learned and noble pro- 

(By S. S. Gregory.) 

John H. Hamline died February 14, 1904, at his home in the city 
of Chicago. To portray what manner of citizen he was, how impor- 
tant his services to the city and the state and how 
OHN . ^i^j^^ ^^^j honorably he followed the profession of the 
law, needs no friendly hand. They are matters of 


public knowledge. Singularly free from self-seeking, desiring public 
recognition only as a lawyer, shaping his conduct by conscience re- 
gardless of public favor, he so impressed himself upon the community 
as to be recognized not only as a worthy leader of public opinion, but 
as one who sought the city's welfare with such unselfish zeal, intelli- 
gent tenacity and grim determination, as to give him a peculiar and 
almost unique distinction. The convincing proof of such recognition 
followed immediately upon the announcement of his death. In the 
expressions concerning him in public addresses, in private conversa- 
tions, and on editorial pages, there was no conventional tribute, but 
rather a general avowal of sorrow in the passing of a strong man, who 
gave his exceptional strength ungrudgingly, bravely and effectively to 
the service of his city. 

It is inevitable that the thoughts of one undertaking a memorial 
of John Hamline should incline first to him in his capacity as a citizen. 
Though he was an able and successful lawyer, it was as a citizen that 
he attained his pre-eminent place in the life of the community; and 
it is chiefly because he was a rare example of what a citizen of a 
republic should be that his memory deserves public record. Indeed, 
he consciously subordinated Hamline the lawyer to Hamline the citi- 
zen, and paid every debt which he conceived he owed to the state at 
whatever cost to his success in his profession. 

If he had no other claim to be remembered than as a lawyer, his 
career would have been a notable one. He not only practiced law suc- 
cessfully, and in accordance with the best traditions of the profession, 
but he bore a conspicuous part in maintaining the highest standards of 
the bar and in improving the methods and personnel of the courts. 

Had he not been a great citizen — for such he was — nor able law- 
yer, nor having any title to public reputation, he would have been held 
in loving memory by those who knew him well, for his rare qualities 
as friend and companion. He met and satisfied all the demands of 
the intimate and familiar relations of life. And those who knew him 
best held him in a respect which bordered on reverence. 

It is therefore to John H. Hamline in his relations as citizen, law- 
yer and friend that this brief article will be devoted. 

His life was a very full, but not an exceptionally eventful one. 

Mr. Hamline was born in Hillsdale, New York, the 23rd of March, 
1856. In his early infancy his parents removed to Mt. Pleasant, 


Iowa. His father was Leonidas P. Hamline, a physician, and his 
grandfather was L. L. HaniHnc, a bishop of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church. In 1865 Dr. HamHne removed with his family to Evanston, 
Illinois, where John H. Hamline spent his youth, attending the public 
schools and the Northwestern University, from which he was grad- 
uated in the year 1875, with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. In col- 
lege he displayed the same (|ualities of leadership which distinguished 
him in after life. After two years of study at Columbia Law School, 
New York, from which he was graduated in the year 1877, he took his 
examinations for the bar in Illinois, was admitted September 14, 
1877, '^^"^^ immediately entered upon the practice of law at Chicago, 
and pursued it in this city until his death. His home was still in 
Evanston, of which village he was elected corporation counsel in 1880, 
an office w^hich he held until 1884. Thus early in his practice his at- 
tention was closely and practically drawn to municipal and constitu- 
tional law, and he acquired an extensive and thorough grounding in 
those branches of which he made effective use in later years. He 
prepared for the village a complete municipal code, which was pub- 
lished in 1882. About 1885, he removed to 1621 Prairie avenue, 
which continued to be his home for the remainder of his life. In 
October, 1886, he entered into partnership with Frank H. Scott, a 
friend from infancy, under the firm name of Hamline & Scott. Sub- 
sequently Frank E. Lord became a member of the firm, and in 1889 
the name was changed to Hamline, Scott & Lord, and continued so 
until Mr. Hamline's death, Redmond D. Stephens becoming a mem- 
ber of it in 1902. Mr. Hamline was elected in 1887, and served one 
term as a member of the Common Council of the City of Chicago, 
and by his vigorous and courageous discharge of the duties of that 
office, challenged the attention of the community. The principle of 
enforcing compensation for municipal franchises was advocated in 
the city council by him for the first time. Thenceforth, though taking 
an active part in public affairs, he never held, nor was a candidate for 
any political office. He was a member of the American Bar Associa- 
tion, the Chicago Bar Association, to the presidency of which he was 
elected in 1891, the Illinois State Bar Association, of which he was 
president in 1896-7, and of many clubs and societies. In 1895 he was 
chosen president of the Union League Club, and he also served a term 
as president of the Chicago Law Club. 


Mr. Hamline was married to Josephine Mead, who survives him, 
Of this marriage five children were born, of whom three died in child- 
hood. There survived him his daughter, Josephine Hamline, aged 
fifteen years, and his son, John H. Hamline, Jr., six years of age. 

John H. Hamline's zeal in the cause of good government was 
manifested at his entrance upon manhood, and continued without in- 
termission until his death. To understand his title to the distinction 
of a great citizen it is necessary to know, not so much what he did, 
and what he undertook to do, a? the motives which actuated him, and 
the completeness with which they controlled his conduct. In his con- 
ception of the duty of the citizen to the state, and in his rare fidelity 
in the discharge of that duty, his right to that title is to be found. He 
was a firm believer in democracy — in popular self-government in its 
broadest sense. His faith in it was the faith of the fathers touched 
by an almost religious fervor. It was not a profession, an abstract 
theory, held lightly in so far as involving obligation, but as vital as 
the beating of his heart. It shaped the course and conduct of his life. 
The key to his entire career of public activity is to be found in his 
recognition of the necessity that each citizen must perform his part in 
governing, in order that there shall be true popular government — and 
his unqualified acceptance of the duties which that necessity imposed 
on him individually. In this sense of obligation alone is the explana- 
tion of the large part which John Hamline took in the affairs of the 
city and state for nearly twenty-five years. He had no political ambi- 
tions, but very great ambitions in his profession; and he fully under- 
stood that his activity in public affairs was an impediment to his reali- 
zation of these latter. Yet his own interests did not enter into his 
public activities, except as things to be denied. Frequently his stand 
on public questions cost him valued clients. For this there was no 
compensation in the prominence given him as a reformer, for such a 
role had no attractions for him whatever. He was at times misunder- 
stood and subjected to bitter criticism. Though in the midst of con- 
troversy he preserved a grim exterior, yet in fact he was keenly sensi- 
tive and suffered much under such attacks. But neither loss of clients, 
alienation of friends nor stinging criticism could turn him aside from 
the performance of that which he saw as his duty to the community. 
Nor did he ever, under any provocation, allow himself to swerve from 
the pursuit of the object he had in view, to make a personal defense. 


He did not bare his wounds lo the pubh'c. nor suppose that injustice 
done him was a matter of any concern to it ; nor would he permit a 
battle for a measure to become a contest of personalities between men. 
But once, and that in the last days of his life, did he by any public 
expression show how much he suffered under criticism. In the lines 
imprinted on the first page of his pamphlet on the "Mueller Bill" he 
gave the key to his life : 

"Oh Neptune, you may save me if you will; you may sink me if 
you will, but whatever happens, 1 shall keep my rudder true." 

Mr. Hamline's title to be called a great citizen rests not alone on 
his recognition and acceptance of the duties of citizenship at whatever 
cost to himself, but as well on the practical efficiency with which he 
discharged them. Taking into account not merely disposition toward 
public affairs, nor ability nor energy, nor years of unselfish public 
service, nor results achieved, but all of these combined, it may safely 
be asserted that in the past twenty years Chicago has had no better 
citizen. For himself he claimed nothing, freely giving credit to others 
for the fruits of his own efforts. He was concerned only in effecting 
results, and not at all as to where credit should be bestowed. 

In order to correctly measure his qualities and efficiency as a 
citizen, it is also necessary to understand and to take into account the 
fact that the determined efforts which he put forth from time to time 
as a speaker and leader in the cause of good government, and which 
were known to the public, were but the occasional expressions of an 
unflagging devotion to his civic duties, which manifested itself in his 
daily life, in as conscientious performance of them as he gave to his 
obligations to his clients. His was that every day patriotism which 
concerns itself consistently and continuously with, and discharges faith- 
fully, the duty nearest at hand, whether great or small. 

His efforts in behalf of reforms in government were marked by 
dogged persistence, intensely practical methods and the exhibition of 
a keen knowledge of human nature. Possibly no better example can 
be cited than his connection with the movement for a reform of the 
civil service, for in this his earliest as well as his latest public activities 
were engaged, and through the intervening years his efforts in its 
behalf were constant. The first formal attempt to secure specific legis- 
lation for Chicago, in this direction, was an ordinance introduced by 
him in the city council in the year 1887. Though in those days civil 


service reform was sneered at by politicians, and its necessity was not 
yet understood by the great body of well-meaning citizens, the pro- 
posed ordinance barely failed of enactment by a corrupt, spoils-seeking 
council. The incident is significant in that it was an early illustration 
of Hamline's effectiveness — manifested often afterward — in dealing 
in the public interest with men whose points of view were wholly an- 
tagonistic to his own. There was a simple, direct, virile, human 
quality in him that took hold on those with whom he came in contact. 
He did not respect caste, nor condition, but approached men of every 
shade of character on the basis of common manhood, and the men 
whose practices he fought, believed in and respected him. And this 
fact made it possible for him to render signal service to the public, on 
many occasions of which the public does not know. 

In the )^ear 1894 the mayor of Chicago appointed a board of 
three members, of whom Mr. Hamline was one, to introduce the 
merit system in the administration of the police department. There 
were advocates of the system who expressed the belief that the ap- 
pointment was a political trick, and deprecated its acceptance. None 
who heard it will forget Hamline's reply to such critics, delivered at 
a dinner of the National Municipal Reform Association, at which the 
mayor was present : "When I want to go anywhere, I do not wait to 
hitch my wagon to a star. I take anything that is going my way." 
The incident was significant of the practical sense that marked his 
efforts, and which contributed largely to the success of the various 
movements with which he was identified. Together with his asso- 
ciates, Messrs. Ela and Rubens, he administered the duties of the office 
with a vigor and decision, and in so doing gave the citizens a wider 
familiarity with the principle of the merit system, and assisted ma- 
terially to pave the way for the passage by the legislature of the Civil 
Service Act of 1895. 

To John H. Hamline, more than to any other one man, is the 
city indebted for the framing, passage by the legislature and adoption 
by the voters, of that law. As president of the Union League Club, 
in 1895 he called a meeting of delegates from more than fifty clubs 
and societies, and united them in the effort to secure such legislation. 
The law was in the main drawn in his office; he was the organizing 
force which sent committee after committee to Springfield to appeal 
to the legislature for its passage, and he chiefly directed the remark- 


able noon-day campaign in factories and stores which resuhed in its 
adoption. His connection with it cannot lie measured by what was 
done by him witliin tlic knowledge of tlic pnblic. By letter and per- 
sonal visits he spurred i)r()inincnt cilizens into activity, induced them 
to journey to the capital, carried on a large correspondence with 
members of the legislature, secured the co-operation of luke-warm or 
hostile politicians by convincing them that to help was good politics 
for them individually, and went about among the police and other 
place-holders, persuading them that their personal interests would be 
served by the introduction of a system under which their tenure would 
not depend on political favor. After the passage of the law. his inter- 
est and activity in its behalf did not cease. His time and professional 
knowledge and skill were at the service of the commissioners and 
were availed of by them in putting it in operation and defending it 
from attack. It was a fixed rule with him, observed in this, as on all 
other like matters, to accept no compensation for professional services 
in connection with or in any way arising out of reform movements 
in which he had participated. 

As has been said, almost his latest as well as his earliest efforts 
for the public welfare were directed toward civil service reform. He 
worked vigorously to procure the passage by the last assembly of a 
law applying to the state. In accepting an appointment by the present 
governor to act with two others in framing such a law, he was guided 
by the same considerations which dictated his acceptance of a place on 
the mayor's police commission. The law was framed and submitted 
to the assembly by the governor in a message recommending its pas- 
sage, but notwithstanding vigorous efforts, in which Mr. Hamline 
participated with his accustomed energy, it failed of passage. 

Mr. Hamline's labors in jjehalf of civil service reform h;ive been 
selected for this extended reference because they were begun in his 
early manhood and continued until his death. But they serve only 
as an illustration of his activities as a citizen, and not as their measure. 
In many other matters of public concern, notably the Humphrey and 
Allen bills, the preservation oi the city's rights in the lake front, the 
granting of franchises to public service corporations, the consolidation 
of the supreme court, he displayed the same ([ualities of leadcrshii? 
and expended his time, energies, abilities and money with the sam.- 


self-sacrificing generosity which marked his efforts in behalf of that 

His advocacy of, or opposition to, men or measures, as a speaker 
on public platforms, was characterized by a peculiar directness, the 
choice of apt language, without any effort at rhetorical display, in- 
tense earnestness coupled with complete self-control, and unflinching 
courage. He was blunt and unsparing in his denunciation of candi- 
dates for office whom he deemed unfit, yet malice or venom had no 
place in his nature. He understood and made allowance for human 
weakness and was charitable and generous in his judgments of his 
fellow-men. In his arraignment of aspirants for office, at times bitter 
in the extreme, he was wholly impersonal ; it was never the individual 
as such, but always the candidate, at whom he directed his blows. A 
love of conflict he no doubt had, as all good fighters have, but it was 
the compelling sense of his duty as a citizen that for so many years 
made him a prominent figure in the communitj^'s affairs, and during 
the last ten years of his life it was that sense of duty alone. In in- 
vective and denunciation he had no pleasure, and when he indulged 
in it, as at times he did, it was in the stern, grim fashion of one in 
deadly earnest. Indeed, back of and inspiring his public activity in 
all its phases, was his serious and wholly unselfish conception of the 
obligations which citizenship laid upon him. 

Mr. Hamline was fortunate in the choice of his profession. Its 
employments were congenial to him, and he followed them with un- 
flagging interest and zest. To him the work of the law was not 
drudgery, but a source of keen intellectual pleasure, and its contro- 
versies afforded frequent opportunities to gratify his love of conflict. 
It was his rare good fortune to be a worker in love with his work, 
and to find in it adequate and satisfying occupation for ail his facul- 
ties. He pursued it with entire devotion, not as a trade, but as a 
profession, and never ventured out of its paths to occupy his abilities 
elsewhere for gain. Its pecuniary rewards, though they came to him 
in satisfactory measure, were the least of its attractions, and his labor 
in any given case was not proportioned to the amount, but to the 
questions involved therein. Nature equipped him generously for the 
profession and he supplemented her gifts by the conduct of his life. 
He possessed a broad, clear and vigorous mind, orderly and logical 
in its processes, with a singular capacity for recognizing and siezing 


upon the vital and essential. His body was a faithful ally of his 
mind — robust, virile and nervously sound, enabling him to work hard 
and tirelessly. And, added to this equipment oi brain and body, 
there was flawless integrity. All who knew liim intimately recog- 
nized in. him a rare and exceptional honesty. It has been said by one 
that the word honesty took on a new meaning when applied to John 
H. Hamline. It was not alone that he was incapable of an act which 
he knew to be wrong, but that his perception of right was singularly 
clear and true. A retrospect of many years of intimate association 
fails to reveal an act of his nroperly subject to the smallest criticism 
judged by the highest standards of honor. 

Possessing these qualities it followed as of course that his career 
at the bar was successful.- Recognition as a lawyer of solid attain- 
ments came to him early after his admission, his clientage steadily 
grew, and his professional life became one of constant and laborious 
employment. The time that he gave generously and freely to serve 
the community was the valuable possession of a busy man, but he did 
not by reason of his participation in public affairs, fail of diligent and 
faithful care for the interests of his clients. Once having accepted a 
case his client's cause became his own. His preparation of cases was 
marked by the most painstaking attention to detail and exhaustive 
examination of authorities. From his youth he was an interested 
student of history and of the development of government and of law. 
and, although keeping himself acquainted with and using skillfully 
current decisions, it was the habit of his mind to refer ?fnd test all 
questions by reference to principles. In trials he was fair and candid 
with the court, presenting no theories or propositions which he did 
not believe to be sound, but supporting his contentions with force, 
courage and tenacity. 

Mr. Hamline was connected willi much important litigation, in- 
volving questions affecting the interests of the community as well as 
of his individual clients. Of this character were the suits affecting the 
franchises of the Union Loop, and certain street railway companies. 
and the numerous controversies concerning the lake front. His ac- 
quaintance with the history of the lake front was comprehensive, as 
was also his knowledge of thci law affecting the questions involved, 
acquired by years of careful study and investigation. 

During the latter years or' his life his hearing became impaired. 


causing his friends apprehension that the scope of his professional Hfe 
might be seriously narrowed. He never expressed to his near friends 
any anxiety on account of this growing infirmity. That he realized 
what the future might have in store for him cannot be doubted. That 
he did not permit the contemplation of such a future to interfere with 
the serene conduct of his life or to impair the best use of his abilities, 
was a demonstration of the high courage which always distinguished 

Mr. Hamline was given to very direct and blunt speaking, and 
deserved the reputation which he bore as a grim, hard fighter. But 
in his career there was new proof that the world loves a good fighter, 
and the very qualities that earned him that reputation attracted and 
preserved to him the respect and personal regard of his brother 

Some weeks after his death, at a great public meeting -in his mem- 
ory, one who was of the inner circfe of Mr. Hamline's friends — him- 
self a man of .calm judgment and exact expression — said of him : 
"If I were to choose a man from among the men I have known to 
stand as a symbol of the sovereign attributes of friendship, I would 
choose John Hamline. Other friends there may be more S3m-ipa- 
thetic, others more sweet in expression, others more lavish in show 
of service, but none have I known more constant and true, and none 
so complete." What finer eulogium could be framed and how noble 
must have been the nature of him of whom it could be deservedly 
spoken ! Let it be recorded that in that judgment each one concurs, 
of those whose relations to John Hamline were of closest intimacy. 

This memorial can have no more fitting conclusion than the fol- 
lowing extract from the same address : 

"How shall I speak of his tenderness? So dehberately did he 
shield from display this element of his character beneath the direct 
ness and brusqueness of his daily demeanor, that T sometimes hold 
it half a sin' to make public revelation of it here. Yet we who were 
favored with a place among his intimacies so often saw and felt its 
manifestation that surely it were a greater sin to pass it by unnoticed. 
The serious, the severe and the lofty duties and privileges of friend- 
ship he welcomed in the open; its sweeter and sadder claims he met 
and satisfied in secret, with the conscience of a Christian and the 
heart and sympathy of a woman. 


"The gentleness of his conception of the ties of home and family 
touched the limit of masculine understanding. His devotion to the 
friends he loved was far finer than his grim expression would let them 
believe. He had that supreme attribute of woman, to love a man in 
silence. Of this the solemn secrets that death has revealed give touch- 
ing testimony. 

"The pain he gave his friends when duty UKjvcd him to disagree- 
ment gave birth to greater suffering in himself. The sternness of liis 
attitude was often but a mask to his emotions, and his affection for 
his friends outlived all differences with them. 

"He was ever giving of liimself to liclj) his friends. His contri- 
butions — nay, his sacrifices — of time, of interest and of effort, not to 
speak of more sordid things, in behalf of the interested ambition of 
others, are theblissful and lasting heritage of many of us." 

(By Frank H. Scott.) 

If it be true, as it should be. that the most fitting memorial that 
can be written of a lawyer is a simple and truthful record of a life- 
time of useful hard work, that has brought witli it 
Kirk Hawes. honor in an honored profession, then, indeed, it is 
an easy task to present such a memorial to Judge 
Kirk Hawes, who from 1865 to 1904. nearly forty years, was a strik- 
ing figure at the bar. upon the bench and in the affairs of Chicago 
during those eventful years of its history. 

Kirk Hawes was born in Brookfield. Worcester county. Massa- 
chusetts, January 5, 1839. His parents were Preston and Fanny Oles 
Hawes. His father was a farmer of keen intellect iuu\ a leader in 
the community where he lived. Mrs. Mary Jane I h»lnies. well known 
in literature, was a sister of Judge Hawes. and the intimate and aft'ec- 
tionate relations through all the years between this brother and sister 
and the remainder of the family was a feature of their lives. 

At the age of fourteen years young Hawes wearied of farm life 
and went to sea, sailing on his first voyage from the port of Boston 
to Hong Kong. That was the era of the .American Clipper Shi]) and 
in these swift coursers he visited all the principal seaports of the world. 

After three years of seafaring life he relumed to I'.rookfield. and 
after preparation entered Williams College. 1 Ic was in his junior year 
when the war of the rebellion broke out. Me raised a company, was 


elected first lieutenant, but finding enlistments too slow relinquished 
his commission and went to Boston, where he enlisted as a private 
in the Forty-second Massachusetts Infantry. He served under Gen- 
eral Banks in the Red River campaign and until the fall of Vicksburg 
in 1863, when he was honorably discharged and returned to Williams 
College, where he graduated in 1864, with the degree of A. B. At 
this time the leading law firm in Worcester was that of Baker and 
Aldrich, whose office he entered as a law student, remaining there one 

In 1865 he came to Chicago, entering the law office of Waite. 
Towne & Clark, and in 1866 he was admitted to the bar. The same 
year the law firm of Hawes & Helm was formed, which continued 
until early in 1871. Gifted with strong physique, a trained mind and 
with the natural bent of a student, Mr. Hawes entered upon the prac- 
tice of the law with the same vigor, individuality, assurance and suc- 
cess that attended his undertakings through his eventful career. In 
1 87 1 he formed a second law partnership with an old classmate and 
former law student of Worcester, under the firm name of Hawes & 
Lawrence, which partnership continued until Mr. Hawes was elected 
judge of the superior court of Cook county, in the year 1880. The 
morning after the great fire of 1871 the law firm of Hawes & Law- 
rence is said to have had the only law library in Chicago — about 
1,000 volumes, which were saved from the flames by the large fire- 
proof vault of their Clark street offices. 

In the presidential campaign of 1880 Judges Hawes, who was a 
Republican in politics, was associated with Robert G. Ingersoll, Leon- 
ard Swett, Emery A. Storrs and other prominent Illinois Repub- 
licans, in an organized opposition to the nomination of President 
Grant for a third term, resulting in the seating of the contesting Illi- 
nois delegates, and thus assuring the final result in the national con- 
vention. On this account, in his subsequent judicial campaign, 
Wilbur F. Storey, editor of the Chicago Times, a strong Democratic 
organ, endorsed Judge Hawes' candidacy and he was elected with the 
largest majority given any of the judicial candidates, running largel}' 
ahead of his ticket. He served two terms, from 1880 to 1892, was 
renominated, and defeated in the Democratic "land-slide" of the latter 

It was as judge of the superior court that the strong individuality 



of Judge Hawes and his exceptional abilities as a lawyer and student 
reached their greatest usefulness, as the records of the many impor- 
tant cases he was called upon to try during these twelve years niDst 
conclusively show. In the performance of the exacting judicial duties 
of that high office, at a time when there were fewer judges than we 
have now. he was, as he ever had been, a hard worker. Business in 
his court was always dispatched with promptness and yet with that 
care that made for justice, as clearly appears from the decisions of 
the courts of last resort in Illinois when his decisions as a trial judge 
were presented for review. Abrupt in manner he was, no doubt, as 
that was one of his natural characteristics, but he was ever an atten- 
tive listener to both sides of a controversy, and would without the 
slightest hesitation brush aside the mere technicalities of the law, for 
which he had much less respect than for the substantial merits. He 
had strong convictions of what was right and wrong and was entirely 
fearless of criticism and public opinion when he believed he was right. 
These characteristics were frequently the subject of comment, both 
at the bar and in the public prints, from one of which the following 
is quoted. "A few more men like Judge Kirk Hawes, with intelligent 
opinions and backbone enougli to enforce them, are needed on the 
bench when matters of public import like the election fraud cases 
come to trial." It is a matter of local histofy that his prompt and 
thorough in\'estigation of a jury-bribing plot in his court that affected 
several men in high places not only won for him the thanks and re- 
spect of the public, but effectually put a stop to such corruption in 
Chicago for some twenty years. 

Notwithstanding these forceful characteristics, he displayed as ex- 
officio judge of the criminal court, in the home circle and among his 
personal friends a tenderness, interest, deep love and sympathy for 
humanity that was always more than noticeable. 

The limits within which these lines must be confined forbids but 
passing reference to the many activities of Judge Hawes, other than 
those at the bar and upon the bench. In 1888 he was prominently 
mentioned as an available Republican candidate for governor of Illi- 
nois; he took a lively interest in the affairs of the Grand Army of the 
Republic, securing for the federal soldiers and Chicago, after years 
of hard work and special legislation at Washington and Springheld. 
the present public library site and the Soldiers' McuKM-ial Hall on 


what was formerly Dearborn Park, a fitting and lasting monument, 
both to the soldiers and to Judge Hawes' public spirit. His early- 
travels around the world gave him a deep interest in foreign lands, 
and so in later life he became an authority and ready writer and lec- 
turer on the ancient history of Egypt and the Holy Land. Though 
inclined to liberality in religious views, he was a leading member of 
the Second Presbyterian church of Chicago. Not a club man, as 
that term is generally used, he was, however, active in the organiza- 
tion of the Union League, Marquette and Twentieth Century clubs 
of Chicago, and president of the Les Cheneaux Club near Mackinac, 
Michigan, his summer home, and a charter member of the Chicago 
Bar Association. ~ 

He was married in the year 1871, to Miss Helen E. Dunham, a 
daughter of John H. Dunham, former president of the Merchants' 
Loan and Trust Company. His wife survives him; his son, John 
Dunham Hawes, and his three daughters, Florence, wife of Arthur 
J. Chivers, of London, England; Levanche D. and Fanny V. also 
survive him. 

After retiring from the bench. Judge Hawes, though still in active 
practice, devoted much of his time to his own property and affairs, 
spending several months each year at his summer home on Marquette 
Island, in Lake Huron. 

The first real activities of this life began with the buoyant expec- 
tancy of youth, amid the waves and the tides of the ocean, and his life 
went out on September 8, 1904. a few moments after admiring the 
autumnal foliage on the shores and looking out on the waters of the 
inland seas, whose waves, we may believe, chanted a sweet lullaby of 
hopefulness for his final voyage. 

(By Frank R. Grover.) 

Henry Martyn Shepard, judge of the superior court, assigned to 
service in the branch appellate court of the first district, died in this 

city October 16, 1904. 
Henry M. -.^^^ Shepard came from a sturdy New Eng- 

Shepard. , , , ^ r 1 • . jr ^1 

land ancestry. Two of his great-grandfathers were 

officers in the war of the Revolution ; another ancestor, Joseph Wads- 
worth, extinguished the lights in the chamber of the legislative assem- 
bly of Connecticut and hid the colonial charter in the hollow of the 


famous Charter Oak when an attempt was made by servants of the 
king of England to seize it. 

For two years he studied at Phillips Academy in Andover, Mas- 
sachusetts. From thence he went to Heidelberg, Germany, and be- 
came a student in the celebrated university of that place. Returning 
to America, he read law at Elmira, New York. In 1861 he came to 
Chicago and was admitted to the bar of the state of Illinois on the 
23d of April of that year. For two years he was in the law office 
of Waite & Towne, then leading attorneys of Chicago. In 1864 he 
united in the formation of the firm of Fuller. Ham & Shepard. the 
senior member of which has for many years been chief justice of the 
supreme court of the United States. In 1883 he was elected to the 
bench of the superior court, and remained a judge of that court to 
the time of his death, having been three times elected without oppo- 
sition. At the time of his death, as for a number of years previous 
he had been, he was assigned to the appellate court of the first district. 

His manner was calm, dignified and simple. As lawyer and judge 
he was learned, industrious, painstaking and conscientious. As hus- 
band, father and friend, none knew him but to love him. 

(By A. N. Waterman.) 

The year 1908 is the golden anniversary of the admission to the 

Illinois bar of the venerable and revered Judge Simeon P. Shope, 

senior member of the firm of Shope, Zane, Busby and 

Weber, and for seventeen years an honored figure 
Shope. , , , .... 

on the benches of the cnxuit and state supreme 

courts. The judge is a native of Ohio, although he has spent the 
greater portion of his life in Illinois. He was born in Akron on the 
3d of December, 1837, son of Simeon P. and Lucinda (Richmond) 
Shope, and at the age of two years was brought by his parents to 
Illinois, the family locating in Marseilles in September, 1839. In 
the spring of the following year Ottawa became the home town, and 
in its public schools Simeon P. obtained his first mental discipline, 
afterward continuing his education in the public schools of \\'oodford 
county and at an academy. In parallel lines with his schooling ran 
his healthful training on the jiome farm, so that his development was 
substantial and natural, and far removed from the hothouse expan- 
sion of many city boys. He entered upon an independent business 

Vol. II— 9 


career as an assistant to an engineer, and afterwards taught school 
for four years, in the meantime pursuing his legal studies under the 
direction of such good masters as Judges Elihu Powell and Norman 
H. Purple of Peoria. 

At the attainment of his majority, in 1858, Judge Shope was ad- 
mitted to practice at the bar of Illinois, and this became an all-impor- 
tant year because of the added fact that it marked the commencement 
of a happy married life extending over nearly a quarter of a century. 
He began his practice at Metamora, Woodford county, but soon 
afterward removed to Lewiston, Fulton county, Illinois, and formed 
a partnership with Lewis W. Ross, a pioneer lawyer and an able 
public man of that section of the state. The court records indicate 
that with the passing years Judge Shope's practice grew both in vol- 
ume and importance, and he was soon known as one of the leaders 
of the county bar. He continued in active practice at Tewiston until 
1877, when he was elected judge of the tenth judicial circuit. On 
the bench his legal talents and strength were given free scope, and 
showed to the best advantage; his ability to grasp a multitude of 
details and show their general bearing on the points at issue, and a 
patient and courteous attitude toward all who came before him, with 
a broad knowledge of the law and promptness of decision when both 
sides to a controversy had been heard — these were traits which made 
him a popular, honored and wise member of the judiciary. His term 
as circuit judge extended from 1877 to 1885, and in the latter year 
he was elected a representative of the supreme bench of Illinois, fill- 
ing the position for the full term of nine years. Declining a re-elec- 
tion, he removed with his family to Chicago in 1894, and resumed 
private practice. 

Since becoming a member of the Chicago bar, Judge Shope has 
been the senior in the firm of Shope, Mathis and Barrett; Shope, 
Mathis, Zane and Weber, and Shope, Zane, Busby and Weber, both 
his name and his professional work having added strength and honor 
to the co-partnerships. He has long been classed with the ablest cor- 
poration lawyers of the state, being general counsel for companies 
having large enterprises and handling with facility the intricate prob- 
lems which come up for consideration. In the wise disposal of such 
broad-gauge practice his years of judicial experience have been of 
immeasurable advantage to him. His high standing at both bench 



and bar is firmly assured in the declining years of his life, and as a 
conscientious and profound adviser his services are still eagerly uti- 
lized. Until elected to the Illinois bench. Judge Shope was quite 
active as a Democrat (being elected to the state legislature in 1862), 
but since that period he has h>dd aloof with a delicate and an iionor- 
able dignity. 

In 1858 Simeon P. Shope was united in marriage with Miss Sarah 
M. Jones, who died in Florida, January 4, 1883. They became the 
parents of four children: Clara A.. Charles E. (deceased). Clarence 
W. and Mabel Ray Shope. The judge is a member of the Knights 
of Pythias and the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, and for 
a third of a century has been identified with the Masonic fraternity. 
When without the circle of his professional duties, he is the genial 
gentleman, as ever approachable and courteous. 

John Maxcy Zane, of the law firm of Shope, Zane, Busby and 
Weber, has, since locating in Chicago in 1899, gained a reputation as 

one of the most forceful lawyers of the local bar, 

John M. . , • 1 , 1 r .1 1 1 

•^ „ and as a trial lawyer has few peers throughout the 

state. His keen analytical mind affords him un- 
usual facility in working out the details of a case, and it is said that 
before going into the courtroom he must know that he is thoroughly 
prepared for every development that may arise during the trial. His 
contemporaries are quick to acknowledge his special abilities and his 
high position among the lawyers of the state. 

I'he son of one of the oldest and most honored lawyers of Illinois, 
Mr. Zane was born in Springfield, this state. ]\Iarch 26. 1863, and 
acquired his education in the public schools of his native city and in 
the University of Michigan, from which he was graduated in 1884 
with the degree of A. B. He then joined his father in Utah and 
took up the study of law with the latter until his admission to the bar 
in 1888. The following four years he was assistant United States 
attorney for the territory of Utah and reporter of the supreme court, 
during which time he edited five -volumes of the Utah reports. From 
1893 to 1899 he was engaged in general practice in Salt Lake City; 
since then he has been a resident of Chicago. For seven years he 
was a member of the well known law firm of Shope, Mathis. Zane 
and Weber, the personnel of which has since been changed as indi- 
cated above. 


Mr. Zane is author of "Zane on Banks and Banking," published 
in 1900. He is a lecturer in ihe law departments of the University 
of Chicago and Northwestern University, and a member of the Illi- 
nois and Chicago Bar associations. Politically he is a Republican. 
Mr. Zane's position on the great public questions of the day is indi- 
vidual and forceful, suggesting the character of the man, and his 
opinions are entitled to respect from all sides. In a recent public dis- 
cussion he vigorously opposed, without denying its constitutionality, 
the policy of giving the interstate commerce commission the power to 
regulate and fix railroad rates, declaring that it was a physical impos- 
sibility for any such body of men satisfactorily to perform such a 
task. "The people who are making the greatest outcry," said Mr. 
Zane, "are the people who are the most heavily interested in the rail- 
roads, if they only knew it. More than $1,500,000,000 of railroad 
capitalization represents the investment of the funds of insurance com- 
panies, endowment funds of educational institutions and savings banks. 
When the small investor realizes the situation there will be a wonder- 
ful change in public sentiment." 

Mr. Zane is a member of the Union League, University, Quad- 
rangle, Literary and Exmoor Country clubs. He married, in Phila- 
delphia, April 25, 1894, Miss Sara R. Zane. Their home is in 

The name Zane has been honored in the Illinois bench and bar 
nearly fifty years. For many years Charles S. Zane, father of the 
Chicago lawyer named above, was an attorney and judge in this 
state, and for sixteen years was chief justice of the territory and 
state of Utah. Born in Gloucester county. New Jersey, in 1832, he 
came west and located in Sangamon county, Illinois, in 1850. Two 
years later he entered McKendree College, and by teaching, attend- 
ing college and studying law, he obtained admission to the bar in 
1857. In i860 he became a member of the law firm of Lincoln and 
Herndon at Springfield, which was dissolved on account of Mr. Lin- 
coln's election as president of the United States, and in January, 1861, 
the firm of Herndon and Zane was formed. Mr. Zane later became 
a member of the firm of Cullom, Zane and Marcy, the senior member 
of which has for years been one of Illinois's representatives in the 
United States senate. Continuing in regular practice until 1872, 
from that year until 1884 Mr. Zane was circuit judge of the San- 


ganion district. In 1884, l-»y appointment from President Arthur, he 
became chief justice of the territory of Utah, and save for brief 
intervals held that office until 1896, when he became chief justice 
under the state government after the admission of Utah to the Union, 
and so continued until 1900. As a lawyer he was regarded as one 
of the leading members of the Illinois bar, and his judicial career 
both in this state and in Utah was marked by a fearlessness, impar- 
tiality and thorough knowledge and application of the law that makes 
his position a permanent one in the judicial history of the west. The 
wife of Judge Zane was Margaret D. Maxcy, daughter of John Cook 
Maxcy and member of a family well known at Springfield since 1819, 
when they moved to this state froip Kentucky. Judge and Mrs. Zane 
still reside in Salt Lake City. 

The reputation of the eminent corporation lawyers of the country 
is not made in a day, unusual ability in this broad field demanding not 

only natural abilities, but the most thorouirh prepara- 
Levy . , , . J • ,- 

,^ tion and strenuous, contmuous and mtense applica- 

Mayer. . , . , , ^^ 

tion and mdustry. Broad education and extensive 

knowledge of business, commercial and industrial principles and con- 
ditions, are requisites for success. 

Commencing practice a little more than twenty-five years ago in 
Chicago, Levy Mayer has steadily advanced to the front in reputation 
and the legitimate rewards of such a standing. 

Born in Richmond, Virginia, on the 23rd of October, 1858, as the 
son of Henry D. and Clara (Goldsmith) Mayer, 'Mv. flayer is a 
product of Chicago. He received his foundation education in the 
old Jones and Chicago high schools. From 1874 to 1876 he took 
some special studies at and attended the law department of Yale Uni- 
versity, and during the following five years was assistant librarian 
of the Chicago Law Institute. While so engaged, he prepared the 
first catalogue of the Institute's library and edited and revised Judge 
David Rorer's works on Interstate or Private International Law and 
on Judicial Sales. Since 1881 he has pursued his profession stead- 
fastly and successfully. Pie is a prodigious worker and his large 
practice has been principally in the fields of corporation, interstate 
commerce and constitutional law-. He numbers among his clients 
some of the leading corporations and trusts of the country. He has 
represented one side or the other of many of the great cases that 


have come before the courts of Ihinois during the last twenty years. 
He has never held nor sought office of any kind. He is a member 
of the American Bar Association and of the American Economical 
Association, and of the Union League, Iroquois, South Shore Coun- 
try, Mid-Day, Germania, Automobile, Lawyers' and Old Colony clubs, 
the last two named being organizations of New York and Massachu- 
setts, respectively. In the latter state he maintains an attractive coun- 
try residence on the shores of Cape Cod Bay. 

Few leaders in the field of commercial and corporation law have 
advanced more steadily to eminence than the late Adolph Moses, the 

prime secret of his uniform success being the union 
of a remarkable business judgment and a keen legal 
insight into the most involved transactions. He 
never relied upon eloquence alone to carry a position, but always ap- 
pealed to court and jury as if he were laying the matter before a 
business man in his counting house. He realized to the full that 
the chief requisite in such cases, some of them involving millions of 
dollars, was to have the salient facts well in hand, and to state them 
clearly, succinctly and forcibly. Direct, earnest appeal in such legal 
procedure was usually found to be far more effective than eloquence, 
although, when the proper occasion arose, Mr. Moses was never found 
amiss even in well considered flights of oratory; but his genius as a 
lawyer was founded on his powers of analysis and classification, and 
so marked was his judicial temperament that his name was often men- 
tioned for the federal bench. His devotion to the cause of civic bet- 
terment is, aside from his success as a lawyer, the most interesting 
feature of his career to the general public regard. The Civic Federa- 
tion and similar organizations were strengthened by his support. 

Adolph Moses was born at Speyer, capital of the' Palatinate, Ger- 
many, on the 27th of February, 1837, being a son of Joseph and 
Rebecca (Adler) Moses. From early boyhood his own inclinations 
and his parents' wishes coincided in the choice of the legal profession, 
but, after passing through the public and Latin schools of his native 
place, he found such a prevailing prejudice against his race in Ger- 
many that he decided to come to America. Arriving at New Orleans 
on the twenty-second of December, 1852, the youth at once became a 
student at the Louisiana University, and had the benefit of receiving 
his first professional instruction from such lawyers as Randall Hunt, 



Christian Roselius, Alfred Hennan and Jud^c Thomas AI. AlcCaleb. 
Graduating in March, 1861, he was admitted to the Louisiana bar 
and commenced practice in New Orleans, but his career was inter- 
rupted by the Civil war, since his nine years' residence in the south 
naturally drew him to espouse the cause of the Confederacy ; and es- 
pousal with him was ever another word for action. First, think hard, 
and then act with equal vigor — this appears to have been one of his 
life rules. He therefore joined the Twenty-first Louisiana Regiment 
of infantry and, as captain of one of its companies, fought with bravery 
and earnestness for two years. 

At the expiration of that period Mr. Moses came north and located 
at Quincy, Illinois, where he remained in practice until his removal to 
Chicago in 1869. The vigor, independence, breadth and openness of 
its people, with the prevailing civic spirit of cheerful confidence, fully 
accorded with the character of the young attorney; and he remained, 
for the balance of his life, one with Chicago in letter and spirit. His 
knowledge of the law, both broad and accurate, brought him at once 
into the front rank of practitioners, and. with the growth of Chicago 
as a commercial and business center, his legal practice increased pro- 
portionately. The extent and variety of it can be seen by reference to 
reports of the Supreme and Appellate courts, in whose archives are 
many briefs and arguments which are the product of his active brain. 
As a legal adviser, he attained a wide reputation, and was employed 
by many large corporations in this capacity, being especially desig- 
nated at the bar as the senior member of the firm of Moses, Rosenthal 
and Kennedy. 

•Mr. Moses was also a writer of force and merit, his "Rambles 
Through the Illinois Reports," illustrating the judicial, political and 
social history of the state and its people, through the medium of the 
Breese Reports. In iSgo he founded the National Corporation Re- 
porter, a legal journal devoted to the interests of corporations, and 
of which he was sole editor for several years. Later, he established 
the United States Corporation Bureau, of which he was president at 
the time of his death. He had also served as president of the State 
Bar Association in 1897, and had always done his full share to make 
its proceedings interesting and instructive. In 1895 he read a paper 
before that body on the subject "Abolition cf the Variance," which 
was widelv circulated and much discussed. At the opening of the con- 


solidated Supreme court in October, 1897, Mr. Moses was selected 
by the bar of Illinois to deliver the address of welcome to the court, 
which is published in the annual report of the State Association of 
1898. and in the official reports of the proceedings of that court. 

A firm Democrat in politics, Mr. Moses was never a politician. In 
1879 he was an unsuccessful candidate of his party for the office of 
judge of the Superior court, but otherwise refused the use of his name 
as an aspirant for political honors. His deep interest in matters of 
public education, however, induced him to act as one of the directors 
of the Chicago Public Library for a term of six years, and as chair- 
man of the library committee, he accomplished much for the advance- 
ment of that institution. He was the originator of the John Marshall 
centennial of February 4, 1901, and his membership in the Chicago 
Historical Society indicated a decided trend of his thought and literary 

In 1869 Mr. Moses married Miss Matilda Wolf, a native of Man- 
heim, Germany, and the following children have been born to them: 
Joseph W., Julius, Hamilton, Paul A. ; Virginia, now Mrs. Moritz 
Rosenthal; and Irma, wife of J. W. Moses, of New Orleans. Two of 
the sons were members of the firm of which he was the senior mem- 
ber at his decease, Moritz Rosenthal, the second member, being his 
son-in-law. Mr. Moses was a member of various social, benevolent 
and political organizations, including the Masonic fraternity, the 
Standard and Iroquois clubs, and the Independent Order of B'nai 
B'rith, acting as the first president of the national convention of the 
last named fraternity in 1869. For many years he had been a member 
of Sinai Congregation, and his death, November 6, 1905, at Ashe- 
ville, North Carolina, removed from that body one of its most faithful 
and influential members. 

When it is realized that John Sumner Runnells has been general 
counsel of the Company for a period of more than twenty 

years the student of large affairs at once places him 
John S. • .1 r > r • 1 1 t • 

■D m the first professional ranks. It is true that 

Runnells. _ iv^r T-i it 1 1 • • 

George M. Pullman began devising practical sleep- 
ing cars half a century ago, that the Pullman Palace Car Company 
was organized forty years ago, and that since the days of the 
"Pioneer" sleeping coach man}^ resourceful and able men have co- 
operated with the great founder of the enterprise to make it an in- 


(Instrial power of national scope. But. although Mr. Runnells is not 
a pioneer in the work of the l^ullman Company, he has remained at 
the liead of its complicated legal department during the period of its 
greatest development and, with his strong hand at the helm, lias 
guided it through many complications. His connection with the com- 
pany commenced a few years after the founding of the town of Pull- 
man, which may he said to have inaugurated the modern expansion 
of the great industry which has set the standard for the construction 
of railway cars throughout the world. Tie has been general counsel 
of the company since 1887 and vice president since Alay. 1905. the 
appointment to the latter position being a signal recognition of the 
strength and breadth of his influence upon the general progress of 
the company. 

Born at Effingham, New Hampshire, on the 30th of July, 1844. 
son of John and Huldah S. Runnells, John Sumner Runnells received 
the benefits of a sturdy New England rearing which developed the 
strongest elements of his character. After passing through the pub- 
lic schools of Tamworth, New York, and the New Hampshire Acad- 
emy in his native state, at Ihe age of sixteen he entered Amherst 
College. On his graduation in 1865 he had taken the highest honors 
in Greek and in extemporaneous speaking. This latter talent has 
proved one of his marked and strong traits. As a ready speaker and 
orator, Mr. Runnells has made a high reputation apart from his sub- 
stantial professional career, being well known as a finished orator on 
patriotic and public occasions; and his ability in this direction doubt- 
less influenced his political progress during his earlier years. 

From his collegiate successes at Amherst, Mr. Runnells went to 
the old town of Dover, New Hampshire, and began studying law. 
The Civil war had just closed and, despite the draining of the coun- 
try's resources, the middle west was entering upon an unprecedented 
era of material development, and the prophets of progress already 
saw the great plains of the farther west spanned by iron ways and 
sprinkled with villages and cities. This new world required strong 
and wise men from the east to cast their fortunes with virile west: 
and Mr. Runnells proved of this accession. In 1867 he left Dover 
and came to Iowa, where he became private secretary to the governor 
of the state. His energy, versatile ability ami attractive personality 
brought him rapid promotion. In 1869 President Grant appointed 


him to the consular service and he spent two years in England, which 
gave him a new experience and could not but broaden his life. 

On his return to the United States, in 1871, Mr. Runnells was 
admitted to the Iowa bar and began practice at Des Moines. In 
1875 he was elected reporter of the state supreme court, and eighteen 
volumes of its records bear testimony that his position was no sine- 
cure. His high standing as a practitioner was strengthened by his 
appointment as United States district attorney by President Arthur, 
his services in that position extending from 1881 to 1885. This was 
also the period of his greatest activity and prominence in Republican 
politics, being chairman of the Iowa state committee from 1879 to 
1880, Iowa member of the national committee in 1880-4, a-^d a dele- 
gate to the national Republican convention in 1880. Though his Iowa 
practice was mainly of a general nature, Mr. Runnells became noted 
in the specialty of railway and telegraph law. In view of his promi- 
nence he could not but become involved in the complication growing 
from the enforcement of the state prohibitory laws, and materially 
added to his reputation as principal attorney in a case which involved 
the constitutionality of certain of their sections. He conducted this 
case not only through the state courts, but carried it to the supreme 
court of the United States, where his main contentions were sustained. 

As stated, Mr. Runnells' private practice concluded with the year 
1887, when he came to Chicago to enter the services of the Pullman 
Company as its general counsel. In that capacity his greatest repu- 
tation has been made. He has also acted as special counsel for the 
Burlington, the Wabash and other railroad systems, as well as for 
the Western Union Telegraph and American Express companies. For 
a number of years past he has been senior member of the firm of 
Runnells and Burry, whose large practice has extended to all branches 
of civil law. After a mere enumeration of such activities, it may be 
deemed unnecessary to allude to Mr. Runnells' executive force as one 
of the causes of his continuous advancement, as well as his ability to 
manage varied and complicated interests successfully, without friction 
and confusion. 

While a resident of Des JMoines, Iowa, Mr. Runnells was mar- 
ried, March 31, 1869, to Miss Helen R. Baker, by whom he has 
become the father of the following : Mabel, now Mrs. Robert I. 
Jenks; Lucy, Mrs. A. W. Jackson; Clive and Alice Rutherford. Mr. 


Runnells is president of the Chicago Club and of the Saddle and 
Cycle Club, and has membership with the Chicago Literary, Univer- 
sity and Onwentsia clubs of Chicago, and with the University Club 
of New York. In his domestic life and outside the pale of his pro- 
fession, he is affectionate, unassuming and companionable, and alto- 
gether may be designated a fine product of metropolitan life. 

In the long and uniformly progressive career of William H. 
Barnum- several personal traits are quite noticeable, among which is 

versatility of talents combined with thoroughness 

William H. , . ii.iriii 11 a 

P of preparation and deptli 01 legal knowledge. A 

man of broad education and experience, of high per- 
sonal character, courteous and able, he is one of Chicago's strong 
characters. Mr. Barnum is a native of Onondaga county, New York, 
born February 15, 1840, son of Charles and Harriet (Rogers) 
Barnum. When he was two years of age his parents became resi- 
dents of Belleville, Illinois, where he received his preparatory educa- 
tion in various private schools. At the age of sixteen he became a 
student in the State Normal School at Ypsilanti, Michigan, his two 
and a half years' course there being occasionally interrupted by teach- 
ing in Belleville schools. In the fall of 1858 he entered the Univer- 
sity of Michigan as a sophomore and, although obliged to relinquish 
his course in the junior year, his Alma Mater long since enrolled him 
among her Alumni and bestowed upon him an honorary degree. On 
leaving Michigan University he resumed teaching at Belleville, con- 
tinuing his classical, literary and historical studies under competent 
private instructors. In i860 he became a student in the law office ot 
Hon. George Trumbull, of that place, whose bar, then especially, in- 
cluded some of the most distinguished lawyers of the state. Ad- 
mitted to the bar in 1862, Mr. Barnum began practice in Chester. 
Randolph county, Illinois, and for the ensuing five years remained in 
the circuit which comprised fiv-e counties of the state. Quite a num- 
ber of interesting and most important cases tried by him in those years 
went to the supreme court, some of them ranking as leading cases. 
During three of his five years' residence in Chester Mr. Barnum 
served as master in chancery and, although his clientage rapidly in- 
creased, in the fall of 1867 he removed to Chicago, in pursuance of 
his original intention to ultimately establish himself in some metro- 
politan city. 


Mr. Barnum became a resident of Chicago on the invitation of 
Lawrence J. J. Nissen to join him in a partnership. The firm thus 
formed continued for a period of eleven years. During this time Mr. 
Barnum attended almost exclusively to the court practice of the firm 
and acquired distinction as a trial lawyer, as well as for his legal 
arguments and briefs in the supreme court. In 1876-8 George F. 
Harding was identified with the firm under the style of Harding, 
Nissen and Barnum, and upon its dissolution Judge Barnum was for 
two years associated in practice with Cornelius Van Schaack until 
elevated to the bench of the circuit court (in the summer of 1879). 
Mr. Barnum served as circuit judge of Cook county from the time 
mentioned until December i, 1884, when he resigned to re-enter pri- 
vate practice. 

As a jurist Judge Barnum evinced a broad knowledge of law and 
equity, a conscientious regard for the rights of all classes of litigants 
and fine executive ability in the dispatch of business. By arrange- 
ment with his colleagues he occupied the chancery bench for three 
years, and with facility and thoroughness cleared from the dockets a 
large number of cases and motions which had been in arrears for sev- 
eral 5^ears. By means of general calls and speedy decisions his chan- 
cery calendar was reduced to comparatively small and quite manage- 
able proportions, when in September, 1882, it was turned over to his 
successor. Pursuant to the arrangements mentioned. Judge Barnum 
then took up a common-law docket, not from any preference for it, 
but from a desire to keep abreast with the bar and with the progress 
of legal questions through the courts. He also held terms of the 
criminal court, and his judicial duties, wherever performed, were dis- 
charged with absolute fearlessness and impartiality. His resignation 
occurred near the close of his six years' term and he declined to accept 
another nomination, when it would have been equivalent to an election, 
his decided preference being for the greater activities of private 

Mr. Barnum again became a member of the Chicago bar as senior 
member of the firm of Barnum, Rubens and Ames. This connection 
was continued for three and a half years. He then associated with 
him his son, Albert W. Barnum, who had just returned from Yale 
College and been admitted to the bar. This congenial relationship 
lasted until the death of the latter in 1903. From first to last, it 


would be difficult to find a lawyer in the state who has tried more 
causes, written more briefs, made more arg-uments and carried more 
of his litigation to a successful conclusion, than William H. Barnum. 
An active Democrat, he was the nominee of his party for the circuit 
judgeship in 1903, but otherwise has never been a candidate for office, 
the professional responsibilities which he has borne forbidding par- 
ticipation in general politics. In i860 Mr. Barnum was united in 
marriage to Miss Clara Hyde, of Belleville, Illinois. They have had 
five children : Belle, now Mrs. M. D. L. Simpson, of Riverside. Illi- 
nois; Albert, now deceased; Gertrude; Edna, the wife of Justin K. 
Toles, residing in California ; and Harry H. Barnum. The last named 
is a successful Chicago lawyer in active practice. 

The late Frederick Hampden Winston was a fine type of the 

courteous, dignified southern gentleman, united to the energetic, suc- 

^ cessful, practical man of the North. In him met the 

„r * best traits of the Cavalier and the Puritan, and nro- 

WlNSTON. , , , , , 1 ,. ,. r , 

duced a breadth and solidity of character, wit;', a 

smoothness and richness of mental composition, which made him a 

most marked character among the many strong and unique men of 


Rev. Dennis M. W^inston, brother of Frederick S. W^inston, a 
leading merchant of New York City, and himself a talented young- 
Presbyterian divine, in the early years of the nineteenth century 
sought the milder climate of the South for the benefit of his failing 
health. Locating finally in Georgia he married Miss Mary Mcin- 
tosh, granddaughter of the distinguished General Mcintosh and a 
representative of one of the first families of that state. A portion of 
the considerable wealth which fell to this J\lrs. W'inston consisted of 
slaves. At their home, known as Sand Hill, Liberty county, Georgia, 
was born their son, Frederick Hampden \\'inston, in the year 1830. 
on the 20th of November. When he was five years of age his parents 
removed to Kentucky, locating in WoodforcJ county, and with a spirit 
of self-sacrifice in which they were by no means alone among the 
noble families of the South, they freed their bondsmen because of 
conscientious scruples. The act deprived them of most of their 
wealth, and two years after their arrival in Kentucky Mrs. Winston 
passed away. Her husband survived her only until 1842. 

At the aee of twelve vears Frederick H. was therefore left with- 


out parents or prospects of any special promise, but the legacy of a 
splendid character left by his cultured and Christian parents saved 
him from despondency and eventually brought him along the high- 
road to an honorable success. He was educated in the good private 
schools of Kentucky until he v/as sixteen years of age, when he re- 
turned to Georgia to engage in that favorite occupation of the ambi- 
tious young men of the South, the manufacture of cotton. For the 
succeeding two years he was engaged in learning all the details of 
the industry, and in 1848, when but eighteen years of age, he. joined 
others in the organization of a company which sent him to New York 
to superintend the construction of machinery. His task was satisfac- 
torily completed by 1850, and he returned to Georgia to open the 
works, but as capital had even at that early day become timid in the 
South the enterprise was not placed on its feet, and young Winston 
determined to adopt a professional life. 

Frederick H. Winston's career as a lawyer opens with his entrance 
as a student to the office of Hon. William C. Dawson, then United 
States senator from his native state, and after six months there he 
entered the law school of Harvard College. Prior to his graduation 
in 1853 Mr. Winston had the enterprise to go to New York and spend 
six months in the office of her most eminent lawyer, and perhaps the 
leader of the American bar, Hon. Wihiam M. Evarts. Under his 
able guidance he was soon admitted to the New York bar and in 1853 
was prepared for practice in whatever line he should be called. 

Locating in Chicago in that year, after a few months of inde- 
pendent practice he associated himself with Norman B. Judd, one of 
the most prominent members of the western bar, thus establishing 
the firm of Judd and Winston. During the seven years of their fine 
and large practice they reached a high position as corporation lawyers, 
and the partnership was terminated only by the appointment of Mr. 
Judd as minister to Germany by President Lincoln, in 1861. Latei-. 
he was identified in partnership practice with Henry W. Blodgett, 
who in 1870 was appointed by President Grant to the bench of the 
United States district court at Chicago. Ahhough these national 
honors reacted favorably upon Mr. Winston as a lawyer, indicative as 
they were of the eminence of those who considered it mutually ad- 
vantageous to associate professionahy with him, at the same time 


they involved changes and readjustments which threw heavy bur('ens 
upon him. As one of the most active and prominent Democrats in 
the West high honors had repeatedly been urged upon him by both 
party leaders and the administration, but he had persistently refused 
them in favor of professional labor and progress, and during the fif- 
teen years succeeding Judge Biodgett's elevation to the bench he be- 
came known as one of the greatest railroad lawyers in America. F(jr 
many years he was chief general counsel for the Lake Shore c\: 
Michigan Southern, the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific and the 
Pittsburg, Fort Wayne & Chicago railways, serving the Pennsylvania 
line for two decades and carrying all the roads through some of ihe 
most important litigation of their history. After about thirty-two 
years of the most eminent service, not only in railwa}' law but in the 
highest grade of practice in botli state and federal courts^ Mr. Winston 
retired from active practice in 1885. 

Mr. Winston's retirement from active professional work was 
largely determined by a long -cherished desire to travel, especially in 
the countries of the Orient. He had been for twenty years an active 
leader in the Democratic party, and was a national fi.gure in its delib- 
erations and campaigns, but had refused Congressional nominations 
and all public preferment of a permanent character. As early as 1868 
he had served as a delegate-at-large to the convention which nomi- 
nated Horatio Seymour to the presidency, and represented Illinois in 
the national convention which placed Samuel J. Tilden in nomination. 
In 1884 he was a district delegate to the convention which named 
Grover Cleveland as the standard bearer of the party, and during his 
first administration held the closest relations to the president. It was 
in recognition of his eminent qualities that, in 1885, the administra- 
tion appointed Mr. Winston minister to Persia, and as the scene of 
his official duties allowed him a splendid opportunity to come into 
close touch with the fascinating life of the East he readily accepted 
the proffer. After spending about a year in the discharge of his 
duties in connection with the Persian ministrv, in 1886 he resigned 
his office and spent a period of travel in Russia, Scandinavia and 
other countries. Returning to Chicago he soon embarked in various 
enterprises, notably that of the Union Stock Yards Company, of which 
he became president. He was also one of the organizers of the Lin- 


coin N itional Bank and long served on its directory, and for twelve 
years was president of the board of Lincoln Park commissioners. 

On the 20th of August, 1855, Mr. Winston was married to Miss 
Maria G. Dudley, daughter of the well known Gen. Ambrose Dudley, 
of Frankfort, Kentucky. Six children were born to them, and be- 
sides Frederick S. (whose biography follows this), the sons were 
Dudle} W. and Bertram M., leading brokers of Chicago. Mrs. Win- 
ston's decease occurred in 1885 and Mr. Winston died February 19, 

Mr. Winston was a fine illustration of the courtly, successful 
lawyer. More than that, he was a lover of literature and the arts, 
and wa^ an ardent lover of music. He was a member of the Ger.- 
mania Maennerchor, the Union Club, the Chicago Club, the Iroquois 
Club, and, on account of his connection with the Mcintosh family, 
was identified with the Society of the Cincinnati and the Order of 
the Colonial Wars. 

Frederick S. Winston is the son of the late Frederick H. Winston, 
one of the most eminent of American corporation lawyers and for 

many years a Democrat of national prominence. A 

,,. ■ biography of the elder Winston, including much of 

the remarkable family history in both paternal and 
maternal lines, will be found preceding this sketch. Frederick S. 
Winston is a Kentuckian, born in Franklin county, October 27, 1856, 
being the member of an American family which has appeared promi- 
nently in the epochs of several generations. His grandfather was 
Rev. Dennis M. Winston, a graduate of Hamilton and Princeton col- 
leges and a talented clergyman of the Presbyterian church, who lo- 
cated in Georgia and there married Miss Mary Mcintosh, a member 
of one of the most distinguished families of that state. On account 
of their anti-slavery sentimenrs the Winstons moved to Kentucky, 
where they evinced the high courage of their convictions by liberat- 
ing their slaves despite the blow which the act dealt to their family 
fortunes. It was here that Frederick Hampden Winston was married 
to Maria G. Dudley, and that Frederick S., their eldest son, was born. 

Mr. Winston has lived in Chicago since childhood, obtaining his 
early schooling there, and at the age of sixteen entering Yale Col- 
lege, from which he graduated in 1877 as Bachelor of Arts. He was 


a student in the Columbia Law School, in 1878 was admitted to the 
Illinois bar and in that year became associated with his -father as a 
member of the firm of F. H. and F. S. Winston. Three years later 
he received his first important advance in the profession by his ap- 
pointment as assistant corporation counsel, conducting its duties with 
such credit that in 1884 he v/as made corporation counsel. As the 
head of that important legal department for two years he served the 
city with such devotion to its interests and such thorough and adroit 
knowledge that his resignation was considered a severe loss to the 
municipal administration. Such a course on Mr. Winston's part was 
made necessary by his father's retirement from active practice and his 
departure for the Orient to assume his duties as minister to Persia. 
At that time the younger Winston succeeded to much of his father's 
practice, and he has since added so much by his own initiative and 
as a result of his own fine abilities, that he has virtually assumed the 
high position as a corporation lawyer which Frederick H. Winston 
maintained for so many years. In 1886 he became solicitor for the 
Michigan Central Railroad, and still retains that connection. He is 
also counsel and director of the Union Stock Yards and Transit Com- 
pany, general solicitor of the Chicago & Alton Railway Company, a 
director of the Chicago Breweries, Limited, counsel and director of 
the Chicago Consolidated Brewing and Malting Company, general 
counsel of the Chicago Junction Railroad Company, director of the 
Standard Trust Company of New York, a director of the Stock Yards 
Savings Bank and of the United States Brewing Company. He is also 
the legal representative of all the above corporations. Since 1903 
he has been the senior partner in the firm of Winston, Payne and 
Strawn, whose offices are in the First National Bank building, and 
which stands among the most substantial and progressive of combi- 
nations of legal talent formed within recent years. 

Mr. Winston was married June 26, 1876, at Philadelphia, to Miss 
Ada Fountain, and their children are: ■\Iervyn, now Mrs. Dwight 
Lawrence; Garrard B. and Hanlpden. Mr. \\'inston is a member of 
the Chicago Historical Society and of the Chicago, Union. Mid-Day. 
Chicago Athletic, Chicago Golf, Caxton and Saddle and Cycle clubs. 
His residence is at 576 North State street, in a finished and beautiful 
district near Lincoln Park, and his family is considered among the 
really cultured society of the city. 

Vol. 11—10 


John P. Wilson, one of the western leaders in the promulgation 
and development of corporation and real estate law, is one of the mem- 

bers of the profession who has always been en- 
;,. ■ g-asred in large affairs and yet who persistently con- 

revs the impression that his personality is larger 
than his performances. His creative identification with the Sanitary 
District and the World's Columbian Exposition, two of the most far- 
reaching enterprises with which the name of even Chicago is asso- 
ciated, has perhaps more than any other phase of his professional 
life brought to the realization of the public Mr. Wilson's masterly 
knowledge of the law, his deep penetration into their foundation 
principles, and the broad and high qualities of his mind abundantly 
able to apply them to circumstances and affairs without parallel in 
the previous history of municipalities. 

John P. Wilson, the senior member of the firm of Wilson, Moore 
and Mcllvaine, Chicago, was born on a farm in Whiteside county, 
July 3, 1844, the son of a Scotchman, Thomas Wilson, and his wife, 
Margaret Laughlin. He began his education in the district schools, 
then attended Knox College at Galesburg, where he graduated in 
1865,' and after two years divided between the study of law and teach- 
ing school was admitted to the bar in 1857. He came to Chicago the 
same year, and for forty years has been the f)ermanent member of a 
succession of law firms. The firm of Borden, Spafford and McDaid, 
which he first entered, was dissolved after a short time, and for two 
years he continued practice with John Borden. In 1870 Spafford, 
McDaid and Wilson was organized, and after various changes the 
■ firm became Wilson, Moore and Mcllvaine, of which, as stated, Mr. 
Wilson Js senior partner. In corporation and real estate law the 
firm is one of the strongest in the country. 

Mr. Wilson's connection with the Sanitary District and canal, an 
enterprise which is the strongest assurance of comparative health to 
a cosmopolitan community of which history furnishes any example, 
commenced long before it was organized or the first shovelful of 
dirt had been scooped from the earth. The law establishing the dis- 
trict was drafted by him, and that there should be no doubt of the 
legality of the action of the board under the law steps were taken to 
test its validity before the courts. Judge O. H. Horton sustained the 
law in the circuit court, and his decision was affirmed on appeal to 



the supreme court. The Sanitary District had heen estabHshed by 
vote of the people in November, 1889, and the first board elected a 
few weeks later. Throughout the conduct of the case upon which 
depended its existence as a legal body the Sanitary District board 
was represented by Mr. Wilson, and the final judicial decision was 
somewhat in the nature of a triumph for his ability, skill and original 

So, also, in 1890, when the World's Columbian Exposition was 
in its early formative period, simply a great coming event, casting 
its shadow before, Mr. WilSon was elected its general counsel, and 
personally supervised the drafting of the constitutional amendment 
and the legislation passed by the special assembly session of that year 
necessary to bring into being this great international event of educa- 
tion and fraternization. 

Such broad intellectual powers as are thus illustrated seem all 
the more striking in view of Mr. Wilson's retiring and scholarly dis- 
position. He has confined himself to the quieter sides of life and 
aside from the earnest performance of his professional duties has 
seldom crossed the threshold of public affairs. He is a member of 
the Chicago, Union League and University clubs. 

On April 25, 1871, Mr. Wilson married Miss Margaret C. Mc- 
Ilvaine, daughter of J. D. McTlvaine, and their children are Margaret 
C, Martha, John P., Jr., and Anna M. The family residence is at 
No. 564 Dearborn avenue. 

Elijah Bernis Sherman, LL. D.,.who as a lawyer, writer, orator, 
critic and citizen fills a conspicuous place in Chicago, is a descendant 

of Samuel Sherman, who came from England in 
E. B. Sherman. 1637 and settled in Connecticut. General William 

Tecumseh Sherman and Hon. John Sherman have 
traced their lineage to the same ancestor. Ezra Sherman, grand- 
father of Elijah Bernis Sherman, removed from Connecticut to \'er- 
mont near the beginning of the nineteenth century. His son, Elias 
Huntington Sherman, married a granddaughter of Rev. Peter Wor- 
den, a distinguished patriot and pioneer preacher who holds a place 
of honor in the early history of western Massachusetts and southern 
Vermont. Their son, Elijah Bernis Sherman, was born in Fairfield, 
Vermont, June 18, 1832, and inherited his full share of the energy, 
courage, self-reliance and ambition which characterized his ancestors. 


Until his majority he hved and toiled on a farm, acquired a common 
school education, and at nineteen began teaching a district school. 
His boyhood comprehended the almost invariable conditions from 
which the energy of our large cities is each year recruited. He had 
ambition without apparent opportunity, a taste for literature without 
access to it, a predisposition to thoughtfulness without the ordinary 
scholastic channels in which to employ it. But what he then sup- 
posed were limitations upon his life were in reality the highest oppor- 
tunities. With nature for a tutor and himself and his environment 
for studies he found a school from which the city-bred boy is barred 
and whence issue the men who in city and country make events. 

Having fitted for college at Brandon and Manchester, Mr. Sher- 
man entered Middlebury College in 1856 and was graduated with 
honors in i860. Early in 1862 he resigned as principal of Brandon 
Seminary and assisted in raising a company of the Ninth Vermont 
Infantry; enlisted as a private and was elected second lieutenant upon 
the organization of the regiment. In September, 1862, the regiment 
was captured at Harper's Ferry, paroled and sent to Camp Douglas, 
Chicago, to await exchange. After more than three months had 
passed he tired of enforced idleness and in January, 1863, resigned 
his commission and entered the law department of the Chicago Uni- 
versity, from which he was graduated in 1864. In 1884 he was 
invited to deliver the annual address before the associated alumni of 
his alma mater and selected the law for his theme. The address was 
a masterly presentation of the majesty and beneficence of the law, its 
supreme importance as a factor of civilization, and a severe arraign- 
ment of the defective administration of the criminal law by the 
tribunals of the country. The trustees of the college conferred upon 
him the honorary degree of LL. D., a distinction more highly prized 
because the college has conferred the degree upon few of its gradu- 
ates who have attained eminence. Since 1894 Mr. Sherman has been 
one of the trustees of the college and actively interested in its admin- 

Family tradition and personal experience made Mr. Sherman a 
stanch Republican. His father was an ardent Abolitionist, his home 
being a station on the Underground Railroad, where fugitives on 
their way to Canada found a refuge, appearing under cover of 'night, 
and disappearing as mysteriously as they came. In 1876 Mr. Sher- 


man was elected to the Illinois house of representatives, taking at 
once a leading position in that body, which numbered among its mem- 
bers some of the most prominent men in Illinois. As chairman of the 
committee on judicial department he assisted in securing the passage 
of the act establishing appellate courts, and his personal and profes- 
sional character made him one of the most influential supporters of 
General Logan for re-election to the United States senate. In 1878 
Mr. Sherman was re-elected to the general assembly and became 
chairman of the committee on corporations and a member of the com- 
mittee on militia. The act organizing the Illinois National Guard 
had been passed in 1877, and at the legislative session of 1879 it was 
amended, amplified and largely brought into its present shape. The 
important part in this work taken by Mr. Sherman was recognized 
by Governor Cullom by his appointment to the position of judge advo- 
cate of the first brigade with the rank of lieutenant colonel, in which 
ofiice he served until 1884. Aside from his service in the state legis- 
lature, he has never held or desired any political ofiice. 

Mr. Sherman's duties as master in chancery of the United States 
circuit court commenced under appointment of Judges Harlan, Drum- 
mond and Blodgett in 1879. ^^ that capacity his penetrating judg- 
ment and judicial acumen have had full and continuous exercise and 
have established his high character as a chancery judge and won the 
general approval of attorneys and those who have brought matters 
before him for adjudication. In 1884 Mr. Sherman was appointed 
chief supervisor of elections for the northern district of Illinois, and 
supervised the congressional elections until the time of the repeal of 
the law ten years later. At the November election of 1892 he ap- 
pointed fourteen hundred supervisors who registered two hundred 
and sixty-seven thousand voters, made inquiry as to their right to 
vote, scrutinized the votes cast and made return to the chief super- 
visor as to the results. The delicate duties of this- responsible position 
were performed' so ably and fairly that the chief supervisor received 
unstinted commendation. 

Mr. Sherman was one of the founders of the Illinois State Bar 
Association, which was organized in 1877, and was its president in 
1882. He became a member of the American Bar Association in 
1882 and was its vice president from Illinois in 1885 and 1899. He 
is a thirty-second degree Mason, a member of the William B. War- 


ren Lodge, Chicago Commander}^ and Oriental Consistory. In Odd 
Fellowship he has come into special prominence, having been grand 
master of the grand lodge of Illinois and grand representative to the 
sovereign grand lodge. His patriotic impulses and military service 
drew him to membership in the Grand Army of the Republic and the 
Illinois Commandery of the Loyal Legion. He was one of the 
founders of the Union League Club and is still one of its most hon- 
ored members. He has been for many years a member and an officer 
of the American Institute of Civics, a society comprising citizens of 
every state of high character and commanding influence. He is also 
a member of the National Municipal League. 

His fondness for good literature and literaiy companionship 
induced him to become a member of the Philosophical Society, the 
Saracen, Alliance, Oakland Culture and Twentieth Century clubs. 
Of several of these he was made president and contributed greatly to 
their usefulness. Mr. Sherman is fond of belles lettres and delights 
in the exquisite charm of the masterpieces of literature. He has 
written many essays which give proof of excellent literary ability and 
taste. His style is unique and vigorous, enriched by a chastened 
fancy and glowing with gentle and genial humor. 

Proud of the Green Mountain state and cherishing its memories 
glowing with the radiance of heroic deeds, Mr. Sherman recalls with 
pardonable pride what his ancestors wrought and what a noble heri- 
tage has been bequeathed to the sons and daughters of New England. 
It naturally follows that he was president of the Illinois Association 
of the Sons of Vermont before its merger into the New England 
Society of Chicago, and he has served two years as president of the 
latter society. In his introductory address he chanted the praise of 
New England and of the men and women who have made her annals 
glorious and her name resplendent, while human hearts shall beat 
responsive to heroic deeds. Touching the objects of the society he 
said : 

"Let others meet to chant the praises of science. We assemble in 
the name of a pure sentiment. The votaries of science may smile at 
our supposed weakness; we, in turn, may deride their affected wis- 
dom, remembering that science has given us none of the words that 
touch the heart and unseal the deep fountains of the soul — friendship 
and patriotism, piety and worship, love, hope and immortality. The 


sweet solace of the matchless trinity — mother, home and heaven — is 
neither the blossoming of reason nor the product of scientific re- 
search, but the efflorescence of a divinely implanted sentiment. Sci- 
ence, indeed, is the primeval, barren rock ; but sentiment disintegrates 
its flinty surface, converts it into fertile soil, gives the joyous sunshine 
and the falling rain, brings from afar the winged seed, and lo! the 
once sterile surface is clad with pleasing verdure, rich with ripening 
grain, fragra^it with budding flowers, and vocal with the hum of 
living things.'* 

In kindly remembrance of his college life and affiliations and 
yielding to the unanimous wish of the annual conventions, he has 
been elected honorary president of the national society of the Delta 
Upsilon fraternity for thirteen years. In 1894 he delivered a scholarly 
address at the convention held in Chicago on "Scholarship and Hero- 
ism," a few sentences of which will illustrate this eloquent appeal to 
the young men who are to control the destinies of the morrow : 

"Scholarship holds in equilibrium the instrumentalities and 
agencies of civilization, even as gravitation reaches its invisible arm 
into infinite space and bears onward in their harmonious orbits un- 
counted worlds, while it cares tenderly for the tiniest grain of sand 
on the seashore and softly cradles in its bosom the fleeciest cloud 
which floats across the sky. From the serene heights where scholar- 
ship sways its benign scepter its message has come to you, at once an 
invitation and an imperative summons. You have been bidden to 
join the shining cohorts of the world's greatest benefactors. You 
liave obeyed the divine mandate. You have taken upon yourself the 
tacit vows of heroic living. You are dedicated to the exalted service 
of scholarship; its sanctions demand your instant and implicit obedi- 
ence. Consecrated to this ennobling service, this priesthood of hu- 
manity, let not your footsteps falter, nor your courage fail. Stand 
firm, remembering- the words of the Master: 'No man having put 
his hand to the plow and looking back is fit for the kingdom of God.' 
If heroic impulse comes to men in humble life, surely it can come no 
less to those whom culture and scholarship have broadened and en- 
riched and ennobled. If opportunity for heroic endeavor comes to 
those whose lives run in narrow channels, much more does it come to 
those to whom the world is indebted for its advancement and ini 

While declaring that scholarship and heroism are allied powers of 
civilization and joined by di\ine edict, Mr. Sherman paid a beautiful 


tribute to the humble heroes and heroines who have hved and died 
in obscurity : 

"While I have thus emphasized the heroism of true scholarship, 
and cherishing as I do a feeling of profound reverence and admiration 
for the great heroes who through the ages have wrought grandly 
for humanity and achieved enduring renown, whose inspired utter- 
ances and shining deeds have been graven upon imperishable tablets 
and who have bequeathed to us and all coming generations the inesti- 
mable legacy of their illustrious example, I must yet confess a- doubt 
whether the m^ost magnificent exemplars of heroism have not been 
found in the humbler walks of life, among those who in their sim- 
plicity of soul and modest grandeur of character never dreamed that 
in all the essentials of true manhood and womanhood they held high 
rank in heaven's untitled aristocracy. How many heroic souls, ob- 
scure and unknown, whose names have perished from remembrance, 
were wrought and fashioned in nature's divinest mold and have made 
their lives sublime by gracious deeds of beneficence and self-abnega- 
tion. As the most delicate and fragrant flowers are often found 
nestling modestly among the dead leaves, or peeping timidly forth 
from some shady bower, so the most resplendent virtues blossom and 
diffuse their sweet aroma beside the lowliest and roughest paths trod- 
den by bruised and bleeding feet. The rose may seem to add pride 
to peerless beauty; the lily to minimize its delicacy by a tacit demand 
for admiration ; but the shy arbutus yields its unrivaled fragrance only 
to the earnest wooer who seeks it with loving care in the hidden nook 
where it was planted b)'' fairy hands and perfumed by the breath of 
dainty dryads. God has vouchsafed to the world no choicer bless- 
ing than the unconscious heroes and heroines who give to earth its 
greatest charm, and without whose presence heaven would suffer 
irreparable loss." 

In 1866 Mr. Sherman was married to Miss Hattie G. Lovering, 
daughter of S. M. Lovering, of Iowa Falls, Iowa. Mrs. Sherman is 
a woman of excellent judgment, self-poised and self-reliant, has read 
widely of the best literature, and is held in high esteem by all who 
know her. She is a member of the Chicago Woman's Club, of the 
Daughters of the American Revolution, one of the founders of the 
patriotic society, the Dames of the Loyal Legion, and is now presi- 
dent of the national society of that order. 

Bernis Wilmarth Sherman, their only son now living, was gradu- 
ated from Middlebury College in 1890, from the Northwestern Uni- 
versity College of Law in 1892, and is now assistant city attorney, 


He is a member of the Loyal Leijion and the Cliicago and Illinois 
State Bar associations. He is a man of sterlini; character and has 
achieved an excellent reputation as a lawyer, a man and a citizen. 

Lockwood Honore, since 1903 judge of the circuit court of Cook- 
county, comes of a family which holds a remarkable position in the 

material, professional and cultural development of 
Lockwood , , , ,^ . , ' 

HoNORE ^°^^^ ^'''^^^' ^^ ^ ^''^" Henry Hamil- 

ton and Eliza ( Carr) Honore, beinj^ of French an- 
cestry on the paternal side, and of Enolish on the maternal. Jean 
Antoine Honore, the great-grandfather, was a native of Paris. France, 
born in 1755, and the descendant of an old and aristocratic family. 
This founder of the American branch was educated for the priest- 
hood, but as he was an ardent democrat both by temperament and 
from intimate contact with Lafayette embarked for the United States 
as soon as he had attained his majority, bringing with him a consid- 
erable patrimony to Baltimore, Maryland, where he settled in 1781. 
Here he obtained prominence and deep respect, and in 1806 removed 
to Louisville, Kentucky, whero he took a large part in the develop- 
ment of the pioneer commerce of the Ohio and ^Mississippi valleys. 
He was proprietor of the first line of steamboats which plied between 
Louisville and New Orleans, and for many years was recognized as 
an energetic, able and enterprising citizen, marked for both practical 
ability and the pleasing, courtly bearing of his race. He died in 
Louisville in 1843, among his surviving children being Francis, who 
had been born in Baltimore in 1792. The latter spent his life as a 
country gentleman on his beautiful plantation near Louisville, and 
married Matilda Lockwood, the beautiful and accomplished daughter 
of Captain Benjamin Lockwood, of the L'nited States army. A 
child of tliis harmonious union is Henry H. Honore, father of the 
judge, who was born in Louisville. February 19, 18J4. His early 
years were spent in ac(|uiring a thorough education, and in home life 
upon his father's plantation, alternated by visits to his energetic 
grandfather in Louisville. After his marriage he engaged in the 
wholesale hardware business in Louisville, but the tales toKl by his 
maternal uncle, Captain Lockwood, who had visited Chicago in the 
early days of Fort Dearborn, so attracted him to the growing lake 
port that in 1855 he permanently located in this city. Here he has 
since remained, his investments in real estate having long since made 


him independent, and his continued interest in Chicago's parks and 
boulevards having greatly contributed to develop its unrivaled sys- 
tem. ' 

Lockwood Honore was one of six children, and was born in Chi- 
cago on the /th of September, 1865. After passing through its pub- 
lic schools, he was prepared for college at Phillips Exeter Academy, 
and became a student at Harvard University. In 1888 he graduated 
from that institution with the degree of A.B., and later pursued a 
course at the Harvard Law School, from which he received the LL. B. 
in 1 89 1 (also A. M.). Mr. Honore at once engaged in the general 
practice of his profession in Chicago, and continued thus until elected 
to the circuit judgeship in 1901. His record at the bar and upon the 
bench has but added to the substantial credit and popularity of the 
family name. 

Judge Honore was married August 12, 1902,, to Miss Beatrice 
Crosby, and one child, Bertha Honore, has been born to them. The 
family residence is at No. 68 Cedar street. Judge Honore is a mem- 
ber of the Chicago, University, South Shore Country, Saddle and 
Cycle, Chicago Golf and Iroquois clubs. He is the youngest member 
of the family which is so interwoven with the business and social 
annals of the city. Under the name of Honore Brothers, his three 
brothers conduct a large real estate business; his elder sister. Bertha, 
is the widely known and honored Mrs. Potter Palmer, while his 
younger sister, Ida, is the wife of Brigadier General Frederick D. 
Grant, grandson of the great commander and president, and himself 
high in military and diplomatic life. 

Williston Fish, street raihvay man, lawyer and author, was born 
at Berlin Heights, Ohio, January 15, 1858, a son of Job and Annie 

Elizabeth (Peabody) Fish. His ancestry is mostly 
Williston Fish. English but partly Holland Dutch. The earliest 

Fish of the family in this country was Thomas Fisli 
who was born at Warwickshire, England, and who came to this coun-, 
try in 1637, settling at Portsmouth, Rhode Island, in 1643. At nearly 
the same time W. Fish's mother's earliest American ancestors came 
from England to Rhode Island. Annie Elizabeth Peabody herself 
was born at Newport, Rhode Island, and lived there until she was 
twelve years old, when her family moved to Geauga county, Ohio, 
lob Fish was born at Hartland, New York., and came at the age of 


eight years to Geauga county, where the Fish and Peabody grand- 
parents of Wilh"ston Fish were close neighbors for a great many 

Job Fish was the principal of the school at Rerlin Heights nmre 
than thirty years. He was and is a philosopher and a wonderfully 
inspiring and wise teacher. From liim W'illiston Fish received the 
greater part of his education. In 1876 he entered Oberlin as a fresh- 
man and in the spring of 1877 '1^ won a competitive examination for 
West Point, defeating thirty- four competitors. Fie received his ap- 
pointment to the United States Military Academy through Charles 
Foster, at that time congressman, and later secretary of the treasury. 
He was graduated high in the West Point class of 1881, his best 
standing being in mathematics, law and language. Fie was commis- 
sioned second lieutenant of the Fourth United States Artillerv and 
served at Fort Point, California; Fort Trumbull, Connecticut, and 
Fort Snelling, Minnesota. While at Fort Trumbull he began the 
study of law, and in 1887 he resigned from the army and came to 
Chicago. In 1889 he began his street railway work with the South 
Chicago City Railway. The road was a small one. and this was 
fortunate, for it gave him useful experience with all parts of the busi- 
ness. He was admitted to the Illinois bar. In 1899 he went to the 
newly organized Chicago Union Traction Company, and did an im- 
mense amount of work in connection with the operation and with the 
legal and business difficulties of that company, and in connection with 
the organization and installation of the Chicago Railways Company. 
He is now assistant to the president of the new company. 

At the time Mr. Fish was in the army there was but little military 
work going forward, and he did a great deal of writing — 800 or 1,000 
pieces of prose or verse — the greater part of which appeared in Puck 
and other papers of the kind and in Harper's. He wrote short stories 
of West Point and the army, called "Short Rations," originally pub- 
lished in Puck and republished by Harper's. A prose piece that he 
wrote, called "A Last Will," is known all over the country. He 
wrote the serious sonnets called "Time." which appeared in Harper's 
Magazine. As a writer in certain fields there is no doubt that Willis- 
ton Fish is a master. 

September 22, 1881, Mr. Fish was married to Gertrude, (.laughter 
of Dwight F. Cameron, one of the leading railroad lawyers of the 


state. They have three children, Cameron, Gertrude and Josephine. 
The family resides at 51 14 Madison avenue. Mr. Fish is a member 
of the Calumet Golf Club and of the Chicago Press Club. 

As attorney for the Sanitary District of Chicago, a position to' 
which he was elected June 10, 1907, as successor of E. C. Lindley, 

Mr. John C. Williams has the direction and legal 

^,% " charge of matters which concern the people of Chi- 

WlLLIAMS. ^ , , , , 1 , 

cago as closely as those 01 any other department of 
the public service. The Drainage Canal, begun some fifteen years 
ago as a necessary undertaking for safeguarding the city's health 
has, since its completion in 1900, assumed a vastly increased import- 
ance directly affecting the welfare and contributing to the financial 
benefit of every resident of Chicago. As legal adviser for the sani- 
tary board Mr. Williams has been given a place of great responsi- 
bility, since upon his decisions and aggressive upholding of the rights 
of the district depends the value of the canal and its commercial de- 
velopment as the rightful property of the people who built it. 

Mr. W^illiams was qualified for his present position by thirteen 
years of practice in Chicago and by previous experience as assistant 
attorney for the Sanitary District. He was born on a farm near 
Lime Springs, Iowa, May 8, 1873, ^ son of Owen E. and Ann 
(Thomas) Williams, natives of Wales, the father having been born 
in 1835 and the mother in 1837. They came to the United States 
about 1858, locating in Racine county, Wisconsin, about 1870 remov- 
ing to Howard county, Iowa, in which county the father died in 1901, 
after spending his active years in farming. John C. Williams was 
educated in the public schools of Iowa and South Dakota, graduating 
in 1 89 1 from the Aberdeen (S. D.) high school. While pursuing his 
high school course there he supplemented his resources and added 
to his experience by teaching two terms of country school, being but 
sixteen years old at the first term. In 1892, coming to Chicago, he 
entered the Chicago College of Law (the law department of Lake 
Forest University), from which he graduated in 1894, being ad- 
mitted to the Chicago bar in June of the same year. During the fol- 
lowing four years he was in the office of Dent and Whitman, and in 
1 90 1 began practice alone. In 1904 he formed a partnership with 
Emery S. Walker, and they practiced together one year. In March, 
TQ06, Mr. Williams received his appointment as assistant attorney 


to the Sanitary Board, and a little more than a year later was elected 
by the board to his present position. Mr. Williams is a Republican, 
and served as a member of the Forty-fourth general assembly, 
1905-06. He married in 1896 Miss Lillian F. Whipple, of Evanston, 
where they reside with their two children — Gladys, born in 1898, and 
Helen, born in 1900. Mr. Williams affiliates with Evanston Com- 
mandery. No. 58, K. T., and is a member of the Evanston Club and 
the Hamilton Club of Chicago. 

Like many other leading and honored citizens of CliicagD. Judge 
Judson Freeman Going, of the municijial court, is a native of the 

state of Illinois. His birthplace was a farm near Ga- 
J. F. Going, lena, in Jo Daviess county, in a district distinguished 
in history as tlie home of the great silent soldier. 
President General Grant, and that dean of diplomats, Elihu B. Wash- 
burn. On November 29, 1857, our future jurist first saw the light. 
His father, Adoniram Judson Going, was descendant from and closely 
related to families of celebrated educators and philanthropists, and 
his mother, Mary A. Clendening, also of cultivated and superior de- 
scent, was a woman of fine spirit, strong character and unusual quali- 
ties of mind and heart. His father dying in 1869, left the care and 
training of the lad to tlie miiternal parent, and thoroughly and well 
were these duties and obligations discharged. 

In the decade following the war the country educational institu- 
tion was the "district school'" and the only available avenue open to 
the rural youth of that era for the larger education that the ambitious 
sought. To this the boy was sent for the rudiments, and h.cre he 
mastered them. When in 1873 the family removed to Chicago, and 
the doors of the city schools invited the young students to enter, he 
availed himself of their advantages and thus and therein fitted him- 
self to teach in the country schools in the neighborhood of the metro- 
polis of the lakes. But thirst for knowledge such as his could ni>t be 
quenched except at large fountains, and later we discover him a stu- 
dent entering the State University of his native Illinois. This splen- 
did public institution of liberal learning had then licgun to give evi- 
dence of its great possibilities under tlie magnificent regency of Dr. 
Gregory, one of the foremost educators of his generation, who 
strengthened its already capable faculty, enlarged its equipment and 
laid foundations broad and deep on which are built the present ample 


state establishment at Champaign. The alumni of the State Uni- 
versity bear abundant testimony by their achievements in state and 
nation, in the learned professions and in financial and commercial 
life, of the character of the training with which they were there 
endowed. In those days the acquisition of a university course 
meant vastly more of labor and sacrifice than it suggests in 
these times of universal college opportunities. Thus the young stu- 
dent, under the inspiration of his devoted mother and by his own 
efforts, won his education and at once put into service what he had 
acquired. After his graduation in 1883 he took up the study of the 
law. His systematic course was obtained in the Union College of 
LaM^, from which, in 1885, he was graduated with the degree of 
LL. B. and within a month thereafter he was admitted to practice in 
the supreme court of Illinois. Since that time he has with character- 
istic industry and intelligence applied himself to the successful prac- 
tice of his profession. Not long after his admission to the bar he was 
appointed by Governor Richard J. Oglesby a justice of the peace, and 
was reappointed at the expiration of his term, resigning, with a splen- 
did record, to accept the appointment of trial lawyer in the office of 
the late Judge Joel M. Longenecker, then state's attorney of Cook 
county. Until December, 1892, he filled, with high credit, this im- 
portant position, when he became associated with Hon. Charles G. 
Neely, who was afterwards for eight years circuit court judge of Cook 
count)^ For upwards of three years following 1894 he acted as gen- 
eral counsel for the Calumet Electric Street Railway Company and 
from December, 1904, until his election to a full term of six years 
to the' municipal court judgeship, he was assistant state's attorney 
under Hon. John J. Healy, having charge specifically of the indict- 
ment department. 

Judge Going has always been deeply interested in local govern- 
mental affairs. He has particularly given of his thought and time 
to a study of all matters pertaining to the welfare, representation and 
public service of his home ward and division. In politics he has ever 
been an active and consistent Republican, and for many 3^ears he has 
been among the leading managers and workers in the former Twen- 
tieth (the present Twenty-fourth) ward. He is a member of a num- 
ber of prominent bodies, clubs and societies', among them being the 
Chicago Bar Association, Ihinois Athletic Club, Marquette Club, 

TH : 






Royal League, National Union, Columbian Knights and the Masons. 
His sympathies have always been strongly enlisted in behalf of every 
movement in aid of juvenile dependents, delinquents and defectives, 
and he is a director of the Chicago Boys' Club. 

Judge Going's home life has been ideal. On July 16, 1885. he 
v^as married to Miss Gertrude Avery, of Eau Claire, Wisconsin, and 
three children, Grace, May and Judson Freeman Going, Jr., have 
come to them. The judge for a number of years has been the leader 
of a class in the North Division which bears his name. He has also 
been and is a prominent member and officer of the Fullerton Avenue 
Presbyterian church. 

John P. McGoorty, of Chicago, is an able member of the bar. a 

leader of the state Democracy, and a citizen who has impressed the 

^ force and straightforwardness of his character upon 


T,r r^ ' the legislation and institutions of Illinois. He was 
McGooRTY. , . . , , , ^, . . , 

born m Ashtabula county, Ohio, m the year 1866, 

and when he was four years of age his parents, Peter and Mary Mc- 
Goorty, moved with their two children to Berlin, Wisconsin. There 
the boy attended the public schools until his seventeenth year, when 
he went to work in his father's grocery store. In 1884 h^ went to 
Colorado for his health, but returned to Berlin the following year, 
and entered the employ of Stillman, Wright and Company as book- 
keeper and later as traveling salesman. 

In 1886 Mr. McGoorty became a Chicago resident, and four years 
later resigned his position with the Wisconsin firm, but continued to 
sell flour on commission in order to meet the expenses of his legal 
education, which he had commenced at the Chicago College of Law. 
In 1892 he graduated from that institution as president of his class. 
The following year he took the post-graduate course and was given 
the regular degree of LL. B. On November 30th of the same year 
he married ]\Iiss Alary E. Wiggins; so that it is a doubly significant 
year of his life. Since his graduation Mr. McGoorty has been en- 
gaged in active practice, interspersed with his activities in politics 
and reformatory work in connection with both the municipality and 
the state. Tie is now the senior member of the well known law firm 
of McGoorty and Pollock, and one of the faculty of the Lincoln Law 
School, where he lectures on "Negotiable Instruments." 

Mr. McGoorty's prominent connection with politics and public 


life commenced in 1895, when he became the Democratic candidate 
for alderman of the old Thirty- fourth ward. In 1896 he was elected 
to the state legislature from the Hyde Park district, and was re- 
elected in 1898, 1904 and 1906. During his first term in 1897 he 
became conspicuous by his fight against the Humphrey and Allen bills 
and as the Democratic minority leader he successfully urged the repeal 
of the Allen law. At the same session he secured a solid party vote 
against the Berry bill, whose effect would have been (had it become 
law) to make Illinois a state promoter of trusts. In 1899 and 1905 
Mr. McGoorty came to the front as a strong champion of various 
bills authorizing the municipal ownership and regulation of gas and 
electric lighting plants. Although these measures were defeated as a.. 
whole, their agitation resulted in legislation by which Chicago is au- 
thorized once in five years to fix a maximum price for light, and 
which at once was the means of reducing the price of gas from one 
dollar to eighty-five cents per thousand feet. In the session of 1905 
Mr. McGoorty was also a leader in the movement which placed the 
charitable institutions of the state under civil service rules, and dur- 
ing the sessions both of 1905 and 1907 earnestly and effectively op- 
posed the machine leaders in favor of the present direct primary 
law. It should also be recorded that he has been a supporter of recip- 
rocal demurrage bill, the fellow servant bill, the coal miners' bill and 
other measures of a kindred nature which do not directly affect his 
municipal constituents. He has always stood for an efficient but 
economical and honest administration of all the state institutions and 
departments, being one of the most faithful and useful members of 
the legislative com.mittee which investigated the condition of the state 
charitable institutions in the early part of 1908. Mr. McGoorty was 
the author of the Chicago Charter Convention bill, and an active 
member of the Chicago Charter Convention. His record as a legis- 
lator and a man has earned him the repeated endorsement of the Legis- 
lative Voters' League, and in August, 1908, he was a candidate for 
the Democratic nomination for governor of Illinois, and the only 
candidate of his party indorsed by the Illinois Federation of Labor 
and the Cnited Mine Workers of America. 

Mr. McGoorty is a member of the American, State and Cook 
County Bar associations, and is identified with the Iroquois, Jefferson, 
City and Chicago Athletic clubs. He is also connected with the 

■■i ' l t«m i __] M ■ 








Royal League, Knights of Columbus, Catholic Order of Foresters, 
and Ancient Order of Hibernians. He resides at 6204 Kimbark ave- 
nue, his domestic circle consisting of his wife and four children. 

Charles Solon Thornton, senior member of the firm of Thornton 
and Chancellor, and acknowledged to have been one of the most 

efficient corporation counsels who ever served the 

„ ■ city, is a native of Massachusetts, born in Boston, 

Thornton. .> tt- r^ , , ^ , ,- 

1 85 1. His parents were Solon and Cordelia A. 

(Tilden) Thornton, born respectively in New Hampshire and the Old 
Bay state. He therefore had the natal benefit of sturdy and cultured 
New England ancestry, and his physical characteristics and mental 
organization indicate as much. When the boy had mastered the ele- 
mentary branches in the public schools of Boston he entered the 
famous Boston Latin School, which has guided the youthful mental 
training- of so many national characters, and after faithfully pursu- 
ing a six years' course therein became a student of Harvard Uni- 

Graduating from Harvard College with the degree A. B., Mr. 
Thornton decided to make the city of Chicago his future home, rea- 
soning, as did many other far-seeing men, that there lay before it a 
brilliant period of reconstruction, which presented to those who could 
see the oppartunities for personal development not found elsewhere 
in the country. While in college he commenced the study of the 
law and took a two years' course in the Roman and in the English 
law. Upon graduation he entered the Boston Law School and con- 
tinued there until March, 1873, when he came to Chicago, and, con- 
tinuing his studies in the office of Isham and Lincoln, passed his ex- 
amination for admission to the bar before the supreme court in Sep- 
tember, 1873. Immediately th.ereafter he opened an office in Cliicago 
and entered into practice alone. At a later date he entered into part- 
nership with Justus Chancellor, which connection still continues, and 
the firm of Thornton and Chancellor has become one of the most 
prosperous and professionally substantial in the city. The firm has 
made a specialty of corporation and real estate law, although Mr. 
Thornton also made for himself a high reputation in the trial of sev- 
eral important criminal cases. Perhaps the most notable case of this 
character in which he has licen engaged was the Rand McNally- 
Williams' embezzlement and forgery matter. Appearing for the de- 

voi. 11—11 


fendant, he delivered a speech to the jury of two days' duration at 
the conclusion of a trial which lasted six weeks, and his earnestness, 
zeal and eloquence won the case and added to his already high repu- 
tation as a jury advocate. The bulk of the cases which he has con- 
ducted, however, have involved large property or corporate interests, 
and he is recognized by the bar and real estate men as an authority 
on all matters connected with that class of litigation. Care and pre- 
cision mark the preparation of all his cases of whatever nature, his 
thoroughness of preparation insuring a convincing and clear presen- 
tation of whatever subject comes before him for adjustment. 

In 1888, previous to the annexation of the Town of Lake, which 
at that time contained one hundred thousand inhabitants, Mr. Thorn- 
ton was selected for the office of corporation counsel of Lake, and 
most efficiently served in that capacity. In 1897 he became corpora- 
tion counsel of Chicago, and in the performance of his duties his pro- 
fessional courtesy and marked ability gained him general esteem, ir- 
respective of political affiliations. In the administration of that office 
he made many changes. He refused to accept for himself and his 
assistants passes issued and presented by the railroad companies. He 
reorganized the Special Assessment Department and rigidly enforced 
a rule permitting no reduction whatever for political or personal fa- 
vorites in the amount of any special assessments, excepting as ordered 
by the court after a hearing upon the merits. During his term 3,039 
cases in courts of record other than the supreme court were tried, and 
but sixty were lost. Of 2,355 special assessment cases twenty-nine 
were lost. In the Illinois supreme court eighty-seven cases were tried, 
of which seventeen were lost. Of 3,553 legal opinions rendered to 
the council and several departments of the city government but three 
were ever successfully attacked. 

The corporation counsel passes upon the validity of all claims 
against the city, and in this line of duty Mr. Thornton was of especial 
service to Chicago. He rejected claims aggregating over $15,000,- 
000 which he thought unjust. Many and powerful interests, both 
political, business and personal, were often opposed to Mr. Thornton 
in these matters and were often bitter in defeat. As one instance, 
a claim of $700,000 was presented by a contracting firm. After 
months of endeavor the claimants obtained the consent of the finance 
committee to a settlement of $400,000. Mr. Thornton, whose en- 


dorsement was requested, declined to give it, but when threatened 
stated to a committee that he would go into court as a private prop- 
erty owner and enjoin the payment, if such settlement were made. 
The supreme court sustained his position when it later passed upon 
the merits of this claim. Many other amounts were saved after simi- 
lar contests. The bitterness of many of these claimants can hardly 
be realized, but Mr. Thornton performed his work with an eye only 
to the welfare of the city and the validity of these claims. Upon 
retiring from this position Mr. Thornton received from the mayor 
a letter containing the following unsolicited endorsement : 

"In accepting your resignation I desire to congratulate you upon 
the splendid service that you have given to the city in the past two 
years. I think it is generally understood among lawyers that the 
work of the department has never been in as good shape or so thor- 
oughly cleaned up as it is at the present time, and this condition is 
unquestionably due to the discipline you have installed in the depart- 
ment, as well as your own personal ability and industry. 

"Please accept my thanks, ^md as far as I am able to give them, 
the thanks of the city of Chicago, for the splendid service you have 
rendered as corporation counsel." 

Before 1897, in matters connected with the educational adminis- 
tration and progress of the county and state, Mr. Thornton had al- 
ready gained much prominence. In 1889 he was elected president 
of the board of education of Auburn Park, his place of residence, 
and later was elected both a member of the Cook county and Chicago 
boards of education. The governor also honored him with member- 
ship on the state board. Among other educational reforms and en- 
terprises placed to the credit of Mr. Thornton are the college prepar- 
ator}^ course of study and the suggestion of the system of truant 
schools. His investigation of the Cook County Normal School, with 
subsequent published observations, led to many needed reforms in 
that institution, gained wide attention and further strengthened his 
standing as an able advocate and promoter of educational reform and 
progress. In 1895 he also framed the teachers' pension bill, and 
through his influence it became a law, probably the first of its kind 
in this country. Both practical and scholarly, j\Ir. Thornton is ad 
mirably equipped to take the leading part he has assumed in all mat- 


ters connected with the administration and legislation of the public 
school systems of city, county and state. 

On September lo, 1883, Mr. Thornton was married to Miss Jes 
si'e F, Benton, of Chicago, daughter of Francis Benton, a native of 
Vermont, and Esther Kimball Benton, a native of Indiana. Mr. and 
Mrs. Thornton have four children, whose names are Mabel J., Pearl 
Esther, Hattie May and Chancellor B. Mr. Thornton is a Knight 
Templar and a thirty-second degree Mason an an Odd Fellow, and 
both in fraternal and social circles is welcomed as a genial, courteous 
and cultured gentleman, whose acquaintanceship soon ripens into 
enduring friendship. 

Elbridge Hanecy, ex-judge of the circuit and superior courts, is 

among the best known Repubhcans of Chicago, and as a jurist has 

always stood in the front rank. He is a Wisconsin 

man, born on the i sth of March, i8S2, a son of 
Hanecy . 

William and Mary (Wales) Hanecy. His parents 

were both natives of Massachusetts, from which state they removed 
to Wisconsin about two years before Judge Hanecy's birth. The 
father served in the Mexican war as a non-commissioned officer and- 
was engaged in mercantile pursuits in Springfield, Massachusetts, 
prior to his removal to the west. On his arrival in the Badger state 
he purchased a tract of land in Dodge county, upon which he con- 
ducted agricultural pursuits until his death in 1852. The mother 
afterward married Albert Littell, who served in the war of the Re- 
bellion and died on his way home after the close of hostilities. 

Judge Hanecy acquired his primary education in the public schools 
of his native county of Dodge, which was supplemented by a course 
at the College of Milwaukee.' He was early attracted by the typical 
energy and enterprise of the Chicago spirit, and in 1869 came to the 
city to accept a position with Field, Leiter and Company, his life 
lines at that time seeming to be drawn along the path of commerce 
and trade, as were those of his father in his active years. Elbridge 
remained with the above named firm until the great fire of 1871, 
subsequently, for a short time, being with John V. Farwell and Com- 
pany. Finding, however, that his tendencies and strong tastes were 
toward intellectual rather than purely commercial pursuits, he turned 
confidently to the law as the most promising field to cultivate. 

As a law student the judge first appeared in the office of Hervey, 


Anthony and Gait, of whom the last named (A. T. Gait) is still alive 
and in practice with his son. Elhridge Hanecy remained with that 
firm until he was prepared for practice, his admission to the bar oc- 
curring September ii, 1874. He immediately entered upon active 
professional work, and practiced alone until 1889, when he formed a 
partnership with George P. Merrick, who had also been a student 
under the preceptorship of Hervey, Anthony and Gait. The firm 
of Hanecy and Merrick thus formed conducted a successful business 
and remained intact until the election of the senior member to the 
circuit bench of Cook county in November, 1893. 

After an able and most satisfactory service of nearly two years 
Judge Hanecy was assigned as chancellor of the circuit court, in Jul v. 
1895. He was re-elected to the circuit Ijench in June, 1897, for a 
term of six years. His judicial decisions were marked by clearness, 
force and thoroughness, and, while positive, his manner was alwavs 
dignified. That the general public had the utmost confidence in him 
both as a judge and a man is evident from various circumstances 
which occurred without the pale of his court; since three times dur- 
ing his occupancy of the circuit bench he was selected as umpire of 
the board of arbitration — the second and third years unanimously — 
for the adjustment of differences between the bricklayers' and stone- 
masons' associations and their employers. When it came to entering 
the domain of "practical politics," however, it may be that Judge 
Hanecy was too outspoken ; at all events in his race for the mayor- 
alty, as a Republican candidate in 1901, he was defeated. Since that 
time he has served an unexpired term on the superior bench, from 
January to December, 1904, and is again engaged in private practice. 
As a lawyer he has ever been a master of details and of fundamental 
principles, incisive and logical in his arguments, effective in his deliv- 
ery and straightforward in his methods and manner. 

On the ist of March, 1876, Judge Hanecy was married to Miss 
Sarah Barton, a daughter of \Villiam A. Barton, and they have six 
children: Olive, now Mrs. R. H. Neumeister; Edith, Ruth, Myra, 
Hazel and Harriette. Their only son is deceased. The judge is 
prominently identified with a number of social and political clubs, 
including the Union League, Hamilton, Chicago Athletic, Marquette. 
Mid-Day and Washington Park clubs. Those who know Judge 
Hanecv need not be told that he is a broad-minded citizen of sterling 



worth, steadfastly interested in all public measures which promise to 
be of practical good, and those who are not acquainted with him may 
have the full assurance of his legion of friends to that effect. 

One of the youngest and most efficient members of the bench in 
the state, Lewis Rinaker comes naturally by his ability and sturdiness 

of character. The county judge of Cook county was 

Lewis ^^^.^^ ^^ Carlinville, Illinois, in the year 1868, and is 

the youngest of four sons comprising the family of 

General John I. and Clarissa (Keplinger) Rinaker. His father, who 


for many years has been an eminent lawyer and public man, as well 
as an honored veteran of the Civil war, is a native of Baltimore, Mary- 
land, where he was born in 1830. By the death of his parents he was 
thrown upon his resources at a very early age, coming to Illinois 
when six years of age and living with John T. Alden, in Sangamon, 
until 1840. Subsequently he was employed on a farm near Franklin, 
Morgan county, where in the wmter he attended the district school. 
For a time he was a student at McKendree College, Lebanon, Illi- 
nois, from which he was graduated in 185 1. In the winter of 1852 


he became a law student in the office of John M. Pahiier. then a prac- 
titioner of Carhnville, and was admitted to the bar in 1854, continu- 
ing in professional work until the outbreak of the Civil war. 

Although in the midst of a lucrative and growing practice, Gen- 
eral Rinaker soon demonstrated that his patriotism took precedence 
of all business considerations, and before he went to the front he was 
recognized as one of the most ardent supporters of the Union cause. 
In 1862 he raised a regiment which in August of that year, at Camp 
Palmer, Carlinville, was mustered in as the One Hundred and Twenty- 
second Regiment, Illinois Volunteer Infantry. He was elected and 
commissioned colonel, was mustered into the service September 4th. 
and continued honorably and bravely at the head of his troops until 
the conclusion of hostilities. He was wounded at the battle of 
Parker's Cross Roads, December 31, 1862, and was appointed brig- 
adier-general by brevet for gallant and meritorious service in the 
field, to take rank from March 13, 1865. 

After the close of the war General Rinaker resumed the practice 
of his profession at Carlinville. He early rose to prominence in his 
calling, and he has ever maintained a foremost standing as an effective 
speaker before court and jury. In po.litics he was a Democrat until 
1858, when he united with the Republican party, for which he has 
rendered splendid service in many local and state campaigns. The 
general has both received and declined various offices of trust and re- 
sponsibility which have been tendered him by his constituents, among 
the latter being the United States district attorneyship for the south- 
ern district of Illinois. In 1872 he served as presidential elector for 
his district; was elector at large in 1876; was defeated for Congress 
in 1874, in opposition to William R. Morrison, although he ran sev- 
eral hundred votes ahead of his ticket in Macoupin county; was de- 
feated for the gubernatorial nomination in 1880; served as railroad 
and warehouse commissioner from 1885 to 1889, and in 1894 was 
elected from the sixteenth district as a representative to the Fifty- 
fourth Congress. This record both of successes and defeats is a tell- 
ing demonstration of General Rinaker's substantial standing as a 
public man, and add to this his career as a gallant general and a 
practicing lawyer. 

Lewis Rinaker, the son, is upholding stanchly the bright and hon- 
orable name of his father. He was educated at the public schools and 


at Blackburn University, Carlinville, Illinois, from which latter insti- 
tution he received the degrees of Bachelor of Science and Master of 
Science. As a student at the University of Illinois and a teacher he 
then passed two years. He had already taken up the study of the law 
under his father's careful tutelage and subsequently entered the law 
department of the University of Michigan, from which he graduated 
in 1893 with the degree of Bachelor of Laws. Being admitted to the 
Illinois bar, he commenced the practice of law in Chicago in May, 
1894. In 1896 he formed a copartnership with S. W. and F. D. 
Ayres, under the firm name of Ayres, Rinaker and Ayres, which 
proved one of the strongest professional combinations in the city, and 
until his elevation to the county bench in the fall of 1906 he continued 
to do his full share in earning and maintaining its high reputation. 
Prior to the assumption of his judicial duties Judge Rinaker was 
master in chancery of the superior court of Cook county, and his 
prompt and able discharge of his responsibilities in the chanceryship 
brought him into favorable notice for the higher and broader office. 

Judge Rinaker has also v<. substantial record as a legislator, al- 
though he served but one term in the lower house of the General 
Assembly of the state, being sent by his Republican constituents of 
the Thirty-first senatorial district. He was unecjuivocally recorn- 
mended by the Legislative Voters' League, and stanchly upheld the 
good judgment of that organization by his effective activity in the 
state house of representatives in the matters of the Chicago charter, 
civil sei-vice, municipal court bill, practice commission bill and primary 
election bill. In the middle of the session of the Forty-fourth Gen- 
eral Assembly he was accorded the unusual honor for a new member 
of being appointed by the speaker to a place on the steering committee. 
At the conclusion of his legislative service the league (report of 
1906) said: "He is faithful and industrious; it is seldom that one 
makes so strong a mark in his first term." Later Judge Rinaker was a 
valued member of the Chicago charter convention, serving therein on 
the committee on law and in other important capacities. 

The judge's domestic life is based upon his marriage, in 1896, 
to Miss Ollie M. Vaneil, and their family consists of one son and three 
daughters. The duties of his profession and his happy family life 
have prevented his participation to a great extent in club life, and 
his club identification is confined to his membership in the Chicago 


Athletic Club, Hamilton Club aiul in Camp 100, Sons of Veterans. 

As a strong and active member of the Chicago bar during the 

greater portion of the past forty years, Mr. Lyman wields an intlu- 

ence in Chicago that only men of unusual strength 
David B. , , ^ , ■' . . ^ 

Lyman character and power can exercise m a community 

of two millions of people. 

Of real New England Puritanism by lineage, the circumstances 
of birth makes Mr. Lyman a native of Hawaii. His parents were 
Rev. David B. and Sarah (Joiner) Lyman, who after being married 
in Vermont sailed for Hawaii in 1831 and until 11X84. over half a cen- 
tury, were faithful laborers for Christianity among the natives. This 
accounts for Mr. Lyman's birth on the island of Hilo in the Sand- 
wich Islands, on March 27, 1840. He spent youth and young man- 
hood on those islands, acquiring his education largely from his cul- 
tured parents and by serving in several positions under the govern- 
ment earning the money with which he was able, when twenty years 
old, to continue his education in the United States. Arriving in this 
country in i860, he entered Yale College, from which he graduated 
in 1864, and two years later graduated from the Harvard Law School, 
being admitted to the Massachusetts bar in the same year. At the 
law school he was awarded owe of the two prizes for the best legal 

Coming to Chicago, he was clerk in a law office two years, and 
then entered into a partnership with Huntington \\'. Jackson, that, 
as Lyman and Jackson, enjoyed a record of continuous existence up 
to 1895, which makes it memorable in the history of the bench and 
bar of the city. 

For a number of years Mr. Lyman has been identified with the 
financial affairs of Chicago. In 1891 he became president of the Chi- 
cago Title and Trust Company, and for ten years remained at the 
head of this institution. From 1895 to 1901 he devoted his entire 
time to the direction of the business. In 1901 the Security Title and 
Trust Company, the Title Guarantee and Trust Company and the 
Chicago Title and Trust Company were combined as one company 
under the name of the Chicago Title and Trust Company, of which 
Mr. Lyman has since been a director. 

The lengthy interruption to Mr. Lyman's law practice was the 
time he gave to the direction of the trust company from 1895 to 


1901, having during the first four years of liis presidency of the com- 
pany carried on his practice. Since 1901 he has practiced with special 
attention to real estate and corporation cases. His offices have been 
in the Chicago Title and Trust Company's building since 1891. From 
October, 1901, until 1906 he was senior member of the firm of Lyman, 
Busby and Lyman. A reorganization was ejffected in 1906, the firm 
becoming Lyman, Lyman and O'Connor. Among the important trusts 
with which Mr. Lyman is connected as trustee are the Pullman Land 
Association and the Grant Land Association, and he holds other im- 
portant trust positions. 

Mr. Lyman in 1891 became the first president of the first church 
club in Chicago. Since 1889 he has been a delegate to the General 
Conventions of the Protestant Episcopal church. The causes of edu- 
cation and charity have also gained his constant and loyal support. 
He was for thirty years a member of the board of education in his 
home town of La Grange, and at one time its president, and has been 
largely instrumental in developing the educational interests of La 
Grange to its generally acknowledged high standard. He is a mem- 
ber of the board of directors of St. Luke's Hospital, Chicago. He is a 
member and ex-president of the Chicago Bar Association, member of 
the Union League, Chicago, University, Country and Suburban (La 
Grange) and Chicago Literary clubs. 

October 5, 1870, Mr. Lyman married Mary E. Cossitt, daughter 
of F. D. Cossitt, of Chicago. Their children are D. B., Jr., a mem- 
ber of the law firm with his father, and Mary Ellen, now Mrs. Mur- 
ray M. Baker, of Peoria, Illinois. 

A man of letters, as well as a lawyer of repute and high personal 
character, Max Eberhardt was born in Germany, being a mere boy 

when he came with his parents to the United States. 
Max . , ,. . ,, . , 

T- , Alter attendmg a private colleo-e m the east, where 

Eb]^rhardt. ,,.,,. ^ , . . ,^ . 

he laid the loundation of a classical education, he 

came west with the family and settled in Cincinnati. At an early 
period of his life he had evinced a decided tendency toward literary 
pursuits, and contributed articles to the various publications of the 
day. At this time he had also won the intimate friendship of Judge 
J. B. Stallo, United States ambassador to Rome under the Cleveland 
regime, who exerted a controlling influence upon his mental develop- 
ment. The uncertainities attaching to literature as a life profession, 


however, induced the young- man to embrace the legal profession as 
a vocation. He therefore commenced the study of the law in Cin- 
cinnati, was admitted to the bar and then came to Chicago to reside 
and practice. Still quite a young man, he was elected and repeatedly 
appointed one of the justices of the city. While in office he gained 
an excellent reputation as a fair minded, strictly honest and impartial 
judicial officer, and was frequently urged for advancement to a higher 
and more responsible position on the bench. Feeling the need of a 
more systematic course in the science of law, he attended the law 
department of the Lake Forest University, from which he graduated 
with the degree of LL. B., subsequently adding LL. M. and D. C. L. 

Mr. Eberhardt is a member of both the Chicago and the Illinois 
State Bar associations, and the tendency of his many years of literary 
labors, which have earned him a broad reputation, is indicated by his 
membership in the American Historical Association, the Chicago and 
State Historical societies, and the German-American Historical So- 
ciety of Illinois, of which he is now president and which has won 
recognition and favorable comment from various university and liter- 
ary societies in Germany. Mr. Eberhardt has lectured and written 
upon various topics connected with law, history and sociology. He 
is an indefatigable worker and a man of sustained intellectual activ- 
ity, who in his long professional life has never taken a vacation. 
Among other standard publications to which he has contributed are 
the Journal of Speculative Philosophy, published and edited by Hon. 
William T. Harris, until recently United States commissioner of edu- 
cation, and Lalor's Encyclopedia of Political Science, of which the 
editor-in-chief was the late John J. Lalor. Mr. Eberhardt largely 
assisted him in devising and arranging the plan for this comprehen- 
sive work, and his article on the German Empire was noticed and 
commented upon by the New York Nation as one of the best in the 

As indicative of the scope of Mr. Eberhardt's literary work it 
may be stated that he has written and lectured upon the following 
topics: Art in its Relation to Civilization; German-American His- 
toriography; The Legal Position of Married Women; Primitive So- 
ciety and the Origin of Property ; Socialistic and Communistic Move- 
ments Among the Ancients; Some Leading Ideas of Modern Social- 
ism and the Ethical Element in Law. He has also frequently deliv- 


ered addresses, both in English and German, upon other hterary and 
pubHc topics. In 1906 Mr. Eberhardt was elected to the municipal 
court bench of Chicago by one of the largest majorities given to any 
candidate on the ticket and his record on the bench has been one of the 

George Kersten was elected a judge of the circuit court of Cook 
county in 1903. During twenty years previous to that he had been 

justice of the peace and police magistrate on East 
Chicago avenue. For nearly a quarter of a century 
it has been his business to discern the actions and 
purposes of men, and it is generally recognized by practitioners and 
litigants that no one on the local bench is better informed on criminal 
procedure or inspires greater confidence in the prompt and impartial 
administration of justice than he. With all his years of experience 
with the delinquent element of human society, while it has sharpened 
his insight of the faults and guile of mankind, Judge Kersten has pre- 
served and constantly manifests a kindliness and sympathy in his 
dealings with litigants that make him one of the most esteemed judges 
in Cook county. His unfailing common sense saves him from the 
pedantr}^ of law, and having been a close and thorough student under 
the impetus of his own determination, he has become fully and prac- 
tically equipped to meet any eniergency within the scope of his judicial 

Born in Chicago, March 21, 1853, a son of Joachim and Sophia 
(Eisner) Kersten, he was educated in the public schools, in Standon 
and Wiedinger's Educational Institution and Eastman's Metropolitan 
Business College. He read law with the firm of Rubens, Barnum and 
Ames, and was admitted to the bar by the appellate court examina- 
tion in 1886. Already, in 1883, he had been appointed justice of the 
peace and pelice magistrate, and held those positions uninterruptedly 
until 1903. The strength of his record made him one of the logical 
candidates of his party, the Democratic, for various offices at the 
head of the county ticket. He was nominated for sheriff in 1886, 
but declined the nomination, and in 1898 was nominated for the same 
office, but was defeated. In 3893 ^^ was an unsuccessful candidate 
for judge of the superior court. In 1902, after a bill had passed the 
legislature providing additional judges for the Cook county circuit 
court, he was nominated by his party for one of the judgeships, but 


shortly afterward the bill was pronounced unconstitutional. In 1903 
he became the regular candidate of his party for judge of the circuit 
court, and his fitness for the position was affirmed by independents 
and partisans alike at the election. In the circuit court he has pre- 
sided over several important cases, notably the following : Harvey 
Van Dine, Gustav Marx, Peter Niedermeyer, car barn murder case ; 
Johann Hoch case ; Paul Stensland, embezzlement case ; Roberts case, 
and the Inga Hansen case. All of these cases are prominent and at- 
tracted much attention throughout the county. 

Judge Kersten is a member of the Iroquois Club, and the County 
Democracy; a thirty-second degree Mason and a member of ]\Iedinah 
Temple; the Columbian Knights and Royal Arcanum; member of the 
Germania Club, the Orpheus Singing Society, the Chicago Turn- 
Gemeinde and Fritz Renter Lodge of Plattdeutsche Gilde. When 
vacation time approaches the judge invariably plans hunting as the 
primary sport. He is a member of the Chicago Sharpshooters' As- 
sociation and of the Lake Poygan Gun Club; also of Pistakee Yacht 
Club. Judge Kersten married, September 4, 1875, Miss Julia Baierle. 
daughter of Adam Baierle. Their children are Walter, George and 
Lillian, the former being deceased. 

Hugh O'Neill, orator, lawyer and writer, was born in the County 
Derry, Ireland, October 5, 1867, the son of Hugh and Ann (Smyth) 

O'Neill. He was educated in Ireland and at the 
Hugh O'Neill. University of Notre Dame, Indiana, receiving the 

degrees of A. B., LL. B., B. L. and LL. M. Mr. 
O'Neill has devoted much time to literature, science, political economy, 
history and public speaking. A student by nature and gifted with a 
large and striking physique, magnetic with nervous energy and en- 
thusiasm, he is a combination of the philosopher and the executive 
and is well qualified as a leader. Typical of the celebrated ancestor 
whose name he bears, he is a loyal Irish patriot of the radical sort, a 
Nationalist in sentiment and an eloquent defender of everything 
Gaelic. There is probably no one in the United States better informed 
on Irish afifairs. He made a life study of comparative history almost 
for the sole purpose of arriving at an estimate of Ireland's future 
political value, relatively among nations, and has earned a reputation 
as an authority on it and kindred subjects. As an orator, his cash- 
flow of diction, strong, clear style, fervid patriotism and fine declama- 


tion make him captivating on Celtic occasions and the popular idol of 

such organizations as the A. O. H., who like both the substance and 

color of his arguments. 

He is a litterateur of national note and is a constant contributor 

to the magazines. Too much of a student to be a bibliomaniac, yet 
he has one of the best private reference libraries in America, practi- 
cally complete in the fields of research in which he is most interested. 
It is all excellent testimony of the character of the man. When he 
first entered Notre Dame, instead of using his fairly liberal allowance 
from home in the usual small luxuries of college men, he resolved to 
put into books every week what would otherwise go for cigars. . The 
thoughts of youth are "long, long thoughts" and the years have 
brought him a valuable collection of books in place of the profitless 
dreams of burnt tobacco. He familiarized himself with three his- 
tories of the United States before he took passage for this country. 
O'Neill is the author of a comprehensive series of discourses on 
the "American Courts," "Enghsh Courts," "French Courts," which 
were read at the University of Louvain, Belgium ; speeches on "Amer- 
ican Ideals," "What of Ireland and America?" "Ireland a Nation," 
"Three Revolutions" and "American Independence," and besides be- 
ing a distinguished writer on Irish and American themes, he has pub- 
lished much on socialism, labor, orators and oratory, and the growth 
of law and its philosophy. Admitted to the bar in 1892, two years 
later he joined with L. Bastrup in the firm of Bastrup and O'Neill, 
Reaper block, and together rhey have built up a lucrative practice. 
Married in 1898 to Regina O'Malley, Cresco, Iowa, he has a daughter, 
Regina, and a son, Hugh. He is a member of the American Bar As- 
sociation, Chicago Bar Association, the Notre Dame Alumni, and the 
Hamilton, Charlevoix and Irish Fellowship clubs. Republican and 
Roman Catholic in politics and religion. Residence, 2500 Lakewood 

Louis Bastrup, author, historian and lawyer, was born in Kold- 
ing, Denmark, on July 8, 1856. His parents were wealthy people of 

refinement, who lavished on him every educational 
Louis Bastrup. advantage. After taking a preparatory course in 

the best school of his native town, he was sent when 
only thirteen years old to the famous Johaneum College at Hamburg, 
Germany, where he proved himself more than equal to his oppor- 


tunities — being graduated there in 1872, after having had conferred 
upon him some of the highest honors that had ever been attained by 
any other student in the history of the institution. He entered law 
practice, but his father's testament made it necessary for him to pur- 
sue a mercantile calling for a time, though the monotony of the 
routine of mercantile business was distasteful to one so naturally 
studious and inclined tow^ard the professional. The law was resumed 
as soon as possible. He came to Chicago in 1886. For a period he 
was connected with the credit department of a large mercantile house 
in an advisory capacity. In the meantime he was familiarizing him- 
self with American law. John Gibbons, now and for many years 
judge of the circuit court of Cook county, took him into partnership. 
Mr. Bastrup soon became a legal light not because of any special elo- 
quence as a pleader but rather on account of his conservative, self- 
assured, well-prepared, clean-cut and successful handling of his 
cases. He has the Napoleonic build, physically, and it is typical of his 
mentality. And he is a general who overlooks no detail of likely im- 
portance. He early won enviable eminence as a lawyer. On May i, 
1895, he formed with Hugh O'Neil the law firm of Bastrup and 
O'Neill, Reaper block, still existing. 

Aside from his legal work, Mr. Bastrup won most distinction by 
his historical investigations and his written discussions on the phi- 
losophy of history, viewed analytically and comparatively. He has 
not confined his researches to any particular epoch but has followed 
the whole range of ancient and modern politics. He is now working 
on an extensive review entitled "Gustavus Adolphus : The Reasons 
and the Effects of His Interferences in the Thirty Years' War." The 
fact that he is a linguist of repute, speaking and writing fluently to a 
literary degree all of six languages, has made his historical inquiries 
doubly valuable. He has wide practice in chancery and is a special- 
ist in international and insurance law. His treatise on marine insur- 
ance is also considered as an authority. The degree of LL. AL, 
honoris causa, was conferred on him in 1894 by the University of 
Notre Dame, Indiana. 

Mr. Bastrup was married in Copenhagen, Denmark, September 
4, 1884, to Nancy Gundorph, and has one daughter, Stephanie Ade- 
laide. He is a member of the Federal, State and Chicago Bar asso- 


ciations and of divers clubs without being a club-man. He is a Re- 
publican, politically, and resides at 597 La Salle avenue. 

William Busse is the first native son of Cook county to be elected 
president of its board of commissioners, having for the six years pre- 
ceding his assumption of its important duties been 
-,3 one of the most practical and useful members of that 

body. As a commissioner he has always manifested 
great interest in the welfare of the insane, the sick and the worthy 
poor, and the fact that the conditions surrounding these unfortunate 
wards of the county has greatly improved within the past seven years 
is largely attributable to his wise and ceaseless labors in their behalf. 
As the successor in the presidency of the board of E. J. Brundage, in 
addition to his other responsibilities, he is charged with the great 
work involved in superintending the construction of the new county 
building, which is one of the imposing and beautiful architectural 
monuments of Chicago. It is a strong man who assumes such bur- 
dens, and one element of his strength which has not been mentioned 
comes from his experience as a representative of the board from an 
outlying district of the city, this circumstance having enabled him to 
have an especially comprehensive appreciation of the needs of the 
county; he thoroughly understands the requirements of both munici- 
pality and the so-called country lying within the limits of Cook 
county. A man who had spent all his life in Chicago, or the larger 
cities, would fail to possess this element of strength in the makeup of 
a president of the board. 

Mr. Busse was born at Elk Grove, Cook county, Illinois, on the 
27th of January, 1864, 'the son of Louis and Christine (Kirchhoff) 
Busse, both natives of Hanover, Germany. His father, whose birth 
occurred November 4, 1837, came to the United States in 1848 and 
settled at Elk Grove, where he was first engaged in farming and later 
in general merchandising. He died December 19, 1903. The mother 
was born February 25, 1847, s.nd emigrated to Illinois from Germany 
in 1853, her marriage to Louis Busse occurring April 16, 1863. The 
mother still resides in Elk Grove, and of the nine children born to her 
all are living, William Busse being the eldest. 

Mr. Busse was educated in the public and German parochial 
schools of his native locality, and until he was twenty-one years of 
age assisted his father in the conduct of his agricultural and mercan- 


TH^ I^ £ W YORK 





tile interests. Then for four years he was an independent and suc- 
cessful farmer himself. But as an ardent Republican he early became 
interested in public and political affairs, and his earnestness of pur- 
pose, sympathy with the unfortunate, straightforward and moral char- 
acter, practical common sense and ability, earned him the respect and 
friendship of all classes and marked him for preferment from the out- 

In 1890 Mr. Busse was appointed deputy sheriff, under James H. 
Gilbert, holding this position both under him and Sheriffs Pease and 
Magerstadt, and serving ten years. In this capacity his service was 
so noticeable for its impartial fearlessness and yet courteous and open 
bearing that both his popularity and reputation for reliability and 
ability was greatly broadened. In 1900 he was elected to the board 
of Cook county commissioners from the country districts, re-elected 
in 1902, 1904 and 1906, being chosen president of that body April 15. 
1907. During all this period he has been a member of the building 
committee. He was also chairman of the special committee which 
had charo-e of the rewriting of the abstract books of the recorder's 
office — one of the most extensive and important undertakings ever 
accomplished by county legislation. For four years he was a mem- 
ber of the finance committee, and its cliairman frcmi December i, 
1906, until April 15, 1907, and now by virtue of his position as presi- 
dent of the board he is chairman of the special committee in charge 
of the building of the court house. In June. 1907, Mr. Busse was 
appointed by Governor Deneen a delegate to the National Confer- 
ence of Charities and Corrections at Minneapolis, Minnesota. 

Mr. Busse's practical ambition and great capacity for accom- 
plishment are shown by his varied interests outside his official re- 
sponsibilities. Since 1897 he has been engaged in general merchan- 
dising at Mount Prospect, his residence, the business now being con- 
ducted under the firm name of \\'illiam Busse and Son. He is also 
eno-ao-ed with two of his brothers in the real estate business at that 
place, and is individually a director of the Arlington Heights State 
Bank. In his home locality he has always been a leader in educa- 
tional work, especially in its connection with the public school sys- 
tem, and for twelve consecutive years has served as secretary of the 
Mount Prospect board of school trustees. 

Married June 11, 1885. to Miss Sophia Bartels, Mr. Busse's first 

Vol. 11 — 12 


wife (born in Schaiimberg, Cook county, March 28 /866) died on 
the 20th of February, 1894, leaving five children. Later he was 
united to Miss Dina Busse, and to this marriage one child is living. 
The family are all faithful and earnest members of the Lutheran 
church. Personally Mr. Busse is a member of that well known Re- 
publican organization, the Hamilton Club, and is now acknowledged 
to be one of the strongest representatives of the party in this section 
of the state. 

Ben M. Smith, who was re-elected judge of the superior court by 
so handsome a majority in April, 1907, was born at Colona, Henry 

county,N Illinois, June 14, 1863. He attended village 
school, worked on a farm, clerked in a country store, 
taught district school and had his experience as a 
railroader. As his father, Rufus A. Smith, was connected with the 
railroads, the ambition of the boy was to follow in the paternal foot- 
steps. But the labors of his youth and early manhood seemed to be 
full of variety, and not calculated to keep him in any special channel. 
One day he would work on the farm, the next he would fan oats in 
his father's grain elevators, the third day he might harness up the 
horse and go among the farmers to buy hogs for shipment, and the 
fourth day might find him selling plows or weighing grain. Al- 
though such a life was active and invigorating, it was not satisfactory 
to the young man, whose mind naturally ran upon intellectual and 
literary subjects. At one time he designed to teach school as a per- 
manent occupation, and to prepare himself attended the Northwest- 
ern Normal School at Geneseo, Illinois, for about a year, but, after 
a thorough examination of the possibilities and probabilities of the 
profession, decided that pedagogy did not offer him sufficient induce- 
ments to make it his life work. 

There was only one profession to which a man of Judge Smith's 
hardy, practical and broad nature could turn with confidence as offer- 
ing him a field of sufficient fertility and elasticity for every purpose, 
and while still an employee of the county clerk's office at Cambridge 
he had spent his evenings in the study of the law. Fresh from this 
employment he came to Chicago, January 2, 1889, and entered the 
Union College of Law for a regular professional course. While 
,thus engaged he worked for Haddock, Vallette and Rickords in the 
court-house, examining records and making memoranda for their 


abstract business. He was also employed as a clerk bv John T. Rich- 
ards, Abbott, Oliver and Showalter, and H. S. Mecartney, the young 
man carrying on these occupations until his graduation from the 
Union College of Lavv^ in June, 1890. 

In the preceding December Judge Smith had been admitted to the 
bar, and in September, 1890, entered into practice. In May, 1891, he 
formed a partnership with John P. Hand, now a judge of the Illinois 
supreme court, and Thomas E. Milchrist, then United States district 
attorney, under the firm name of Hand, Milchrist and Smith. This 
association continued for four years, when Judge Hand returned 
to Cambridge, Illinois, and Mr. Smith was in partnership with Mr. 
Milchrist until May, 1897. 

In January, 1897, Mr. Smith was appointed by Governor Deneen 
as assistant state's attorney, and since then he has been in the public 
eye as a prosecutor and a judge, in both of these diverse capacities 
making such a record that l:is advancement has been a matter of 
course. In January, 1901, he resigned from the office of state's at- 
torney and entered the firm of Castle, Williams and Smith, from 
which Charles S. Cutting had retired to serve as probate judge. In 
this connection he continued in private practice, of a civil nature, 
until his election as judge of the superior court in November, 1905. 
Judge Smith's versatility and adaptability find striking illustration in 
his success as a prosecuting criminal lawyer, as his practice both be- 
fore and after his term as stiite's attorney was mainly civil in its na- 

Entering with characteristic vigor and discrimination upon his 
duties as superior judge, Ben M. Smith so demonstrated his judicial 
and executive ability that in December, 1906, he was elected chief 
justice, which position he held when re-elected to the superior bench 
April 2, 1907. His plurality over both Democratic and Prohibition 
candidates was 36,731. One of the most notable trials over which 
he has presided was the Ivens case, which has had a world wide and 
terrible notoriety. Upon his' unimpeachable record as a lawyer, a 
man and a judge, the re-election of Jndge Smith was a foregone con- 

On September 9, 1891, Ben Mayhew Smith was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Katherine C. Walton, their two children being Frances 
W. and Mabel M. Pie is identified with Masonry and the Knights of 


Pythias, and is a member of the Chicago Athletic Club, thus keeping 
alive the memories of his younger days, and as a man of middle age 
still participating in some of the forms of exercise most conducive 
to physical and mental vigor. 

Of the eminent corporation lawyers in Chicago, none is more 
generally admired and esteemed for professional ability and personal 

character than John Stocker Miller, of the widely 

i ^ ' known firm of Peck, Miller and Starr. His broad 

Miller. . ; , 

reputation as an attorney rests not only on the mas- 
terly conduct of great cases which have been entrusted to him as a 
private practitioner, but on the splendid discharge of his duties as 
corporation counsel of the city of Chicago under Mayor Washburne. 

Mr. Miller is a native of Louisville, St. Lawrence county, New 
York, where he was born on the 24th of May, 1847, son of John and 
Jane (McLeod) Miller. After receiving a preparatory education in 
the common schools and academy of his native place, he became a 
student at St. Lawrence University, Canton, New York, from which 
he graduated in 1869 with the degree of Bachelor of Arts, and for 
two years thereafter studiously laid the groundwork of his profession 
in the law department of that institution. Li 1870, after being ad- 
mitted to the New York bar at Ogdensburg, he was appointed to the 
chair of mathematics by his alma mater, holding that professorship 
throughout 187 1-2 and that of Latin and Greek in 1872-4. Li the 
latter year he resigned his place on the faculty and came to Chicago 
to enter the practice of his permanent profession. 

Mr. Miller soon came into prominence, even among the many 
bright young lawyers who made Chicago their home in the years 
immediately following the great fire, which caused the re-adjustment, 
through the law, of so many important interests. In 1876, after he 
had practiced alone for two years, he formed a partnership with 
George Herbert and John H. S. Quick, under the firm name of Her- 
bert, Quick and Miller. These connections continued unbroken for 
ten years, when (in 1882) occurred Mr. Llerbert's death and the 
change of style to Quick and Miller. The subsequent changes, pre- 
ceding the formation of the present firm of Peck, Miller and Starr, 
include an association with Henry W. Leman in 1886, his retirement, 
the admission of Merritt Starr in 1890, and later the formation 
with George R. Peck and Mr. Starr of the present firm. 

During the latter years Mr. Miller's practice has been chiefly in 


the chancery courts, and among his more important cases prior to 
his identification with the municipal law department were those 
known as the Flagler litigation, the Riverside, the Phillips and South 
Park suits. These cases brought him so prominently and favorably 
before the bar and the public that in 1891 Mayor Washburne appoint- 
ed him corporation counsel. He held the position during the mayor- 
alty term, and won a notable victory for the city in its suit against 
the Illinois Central Railroad over the Lake Front property. The re- 
sult of the case was to firmly establish the great municipal principle 
that the bed of navigable waters is the property of the people and is 
held in trust by the state for their benefit. 

Since retiring from office Mr. Miller has continued his prixate 
and partnership practice, largely devoted to commercial and corpora- 
tion law. His high standing in these specialties was greatly advanced 
by his participation in the Packing House, Standard Oil and John R. 
Walsh cases, in which he was the leading counsel for the defense. 
They were acknowledged to be among the most important suits 
which the government ever prosecuted, and to be professionally 
identified with them in any capacity was a forcible verification of 
leadership in the legal fraternity. Involved in the noteworthy litiga- 
tion were the responsibility of g^reat corporations and leaders of broad 
interests to the law, and their duties to the public from which they 
drew the life of their enterprises; and the pressing need of some 
radical revision of the Inter-State Commerce law defining the com- 
parative regulating powers of state and national governments. When 
the Supreme court of the United States shall pass upon these matters, 
whatever the decision of that high tribunal, bench and bar will full\- 
recognize the radical part played by John S. Miller in the adjustment 
of these broad principles. 

Married in Chicago, December 15, 1887, to Miss Ann Gross, 
Mr. Miller is a potent factor in social and club life. Branching from 
his home as a social center, his activities in this direction extend to 
the Union League Club (of which he was president in 1899), and the 
Chicago, Hamilton, Chicago Literary, University, Exmoor, South 
Shore Country and Onwentsia Golf clubs. He is a member of the 
St. Paul's Episcopal church, and altogether a typical Chicago citizen, 
who believes that the surest wav to advance his own interests and 


be of benefit to the public is to come into close contact with as many 
people and interests as possible. 

Among the strong figures of the day who are boldly standing for 
political reform by leaving the choice of legislative representatives to 

themselves, none of the younger leaders in the state 
Walter of Illinois has a better record and a more apprecia- 
Clyde Jones, tive audience than Walter Clyde Jones, the present 
state senator from the fifth district of Cook county. 
He is one of the most forceful advocates before the public for an ef- 
fective primary election law, which he contends "should have for its 
objects the placing in the hands of the people the selection of thfe 
United States senators, self government in the choice of the senate, 
as well as in the choice of the president. We should have a primary 
law, moreover (he continues), which shall have the ultimate effect of 
eliminating the party convention from our political system." His 
watchword, in short, is ''self-government, for the nation, the state, 
the municipality and the people." 

Broad as is his political platform, Mr. Jones is far from confining 
his activities • to this field, his education and his experience having 
endowed him with both wide scope and great versatility. Born De- 
cember 27, 1870, at Pilot Grove, Lee county, Iowa, he comes of that 
Quaker stock on both sides of his family which has assured him the 
unfailing earnestness of purpose which is a marked character trait. 
His father was of Welsh descent, born in Harrison county, Ohio, and 
was among the Iowa pioneers of the thirties ; his mother was of Eng- 
lish ancestry, 

Walter Clyde Jones attended the public and high schools of Keo- 
kuk, Iowa, graduated from the Iowa State College in 1891, from the 
Chicago College of Law in 1894, and received the degree of LL. B. 
from the Lake Forest University in 1895. In 1902 he obtained an 
honorary degree from the Iowa State College, of whose national 
alumni association he has been president, having also held the presi- 
dency of the Chicago organization. He was admitted to the bar in 
1895, and is senior member of the firm of Jones, Addington and 
Ames. A feature of his individual practice has been electrical litiga- 
tion, and in all matters electrical, both practical and scientific, he is 
an acknowledged expert. Indicative of his standing are the facts that 
he was an organizer and president of the Chicago Electrical Associa- 


tion (now a branch of the Western Society of Engineers).' and a 
member of the Franklin Institute of Philadelphia and the Engineers' 
Society of New York. In this line he has also been instrumental in 
establishing- and developing the Benjamin Electric Manufacturing 
Company (manufacturers of electric light fixtures) and the Perry 
Time Stamp Company (builders of time recording devices). His 
connection with professional organization is with the State and City 
Bar associations, and he has contributed liberally to current literature 
on legal, electrical and other subjects. Conjointly with his partner, 
Keene H. Addington, he is author and editor of "Jo^^s and Adding- 
ton's Annotated Statutes of Illinois," which work contains all the 
laws of the state analyzed and arranged, and a digest of all the court 
decisions bearing upon the various statutes. The preparation of this 
work has especially familiarized him with state legislation and judicial 
precedence, and makes his own services as a legislator of remarkable 
weight. With his partner, he is also editor of the "Appellate Court 
Reports of Illinois." As a leader in the charter legislation of Chicago 
he is among the foremost. As his thorough legal acquirements have 
been reinforced by extensive travels in this country and abroad, dur- 
ing which he was a thoughtful student of affairs, he has acquired a 
breadth, as well as a depth of view, which is enjoyed by few of his 
age before the people. 

Since 1896 Walter Clyde Jones has taken an active and effective 
part in local, state and national politics. He inaugurated his career, 
in that year, as an enthusiastic supporter of McKinley, being one of 
the organizers and vice-president of the First Voters' League. He 
campaigned for Judge Carter in the gubernatorial contest of 1900, 
and for Harlan as mayor in 1903. In 1904 he was a delegate to the 
deadlock convention which finally nominated Governor Deneen. and 
has campaigned in every state and national contest since 1896. As 
stated, he began his political career as an ardent advocate for the 
election of McKinley to the presidency, being a personal friend of the 
martyr chief executive. During the fall festival of 1899 he was ap- 
pointed chief aide to President McKinley, and as a member of the 
reception committee had immediate charge of the arrangements for 
the reception of the president and his cabinet. In 1900, at the time of 
the Grand Army encampment, he ably and gracefully filled the same 


As to the movements directly concerned with the civic reform oi 
the city and state, Mr. Jones was one of the organizers and speaker, 
in 1895, of the Young Men's Congress, which for a number of years 
did so much to stimulate thoughtful consideration and active partici- 
pation in public afifairs. He vas one of the committee of thirty that 
organized the Legislative Voters' League, and has been consistently 
active in the work of the Civic Federation, being appointed chairman 
of the legislative committee originally organized to undertake the 
work now performed by the Legislative Voters' League. Mr. Jones 
is also a member of the Union League, Hamilton, Quadrangle, City, 
Illinois Athletic, Midlothian Country and Calumet Golf clubs, of Chi- 
cago, the Lawyers' Club, of New York City, and the Cosmos Club, of 
Washington; he is a property owner, happily married, has a family 
consisting of a wife, son and daughter, and is altogether a man who 
touches and improves life on many sides. 

■Edwin R. Thurman, of the firm of Thurman, Stafford and Hume, 
lawyers, has practiced law in Chicago since 1894. He was admitted 

to the bar in Tennessee in 1882, and continued to 
■ live in that state and practice law until he moved to 
Chicago. The first six years after coming here he 
was one of the attorneys for the Fidelity and Casualty Company of 
New York, but since the latter part of 1900 has devoted all his at- 
tention to the general practice of law, and was for about four years 
a partner of Judge A. N. Waterman of the Chicago bar. 

Mr. Thurman was born at Lynchburg, Campbell county, Vir- 
ginia, August 9, i860, and his branch of the Thurman family is one 
of the oldest on American soil and one of the most prominent among 
the F. F. V.'s. One member of it was the statesman and jurist, Allen 
G. Thurman. Another was Robert Thurman, affectionately known 
as Uncle Bob, who was a soldier in the Revolution and an intimate 
friend of Lafayette. Samuel Brown Thurman, the father of the Chi- 
cago lawyer, was born in Campbell county, the ancestral seat of the 
family, x\ugust 5, 181 5, and died November 4, 1892. He was a 
merchant and farmer. His father was named Richard. For two 
hundred years the Thurmans have borne their part in the life and 
affairs of Virginia, and for at least a century and a half have been 
residents of what is now Campbell county. John Thurman, one of 
the earlier members of the family, was, as is claimed, the first super- 





intendent of the first Sunday school estabh'shed on American soil, 
that being in what is ncnv Campbell count}'. The mother of Edwin 
R. Thurman was Martha (Cox) Thurman, born in Campbell county 
in 1825, and died in i(S6i. I!er father, Abraham Cox, was likewise 
of an old and substantial Virginia family. 

After attending the public schools of his native state, Edwin R. 
Thurman in 1880 entered Vanderbilt Unixersity at Nashville. Ten- 
nessee, and two years later was graduated from the law department 
with the degree LL. B., being admitted to the Tennessee bar the same 
year. Mr. Thurman maintains a sturdy adherence, politically, to the 
Democratic party in its essential principles. ])articularly to the old- 
school doctrines of states' rights and sound money. During the war 
between the states three of his brothers scrxed on the Confederate 
side — Powhatan, Alexander and Samuel. Alexander, who is the 
only one still living, was just sixteen years old at the time he entered 
the army and was a student at the Virginia Military Institute at Lex- 
ington. Mr. Thurman married, July 17. 1905, Miss Grace Carswell, 
a native of Chicago and a daughter of Lockdiart R. and Elmira L. 
(Mann) Carswell. 

No lawyer in Chicago has a better record for straightforward and 
high professional conduct, for success earned with honor and without 

animosity, than Jacob R. Custer, of the firm Custer, 
Jacob . Griffin and Cameron. He is a man of scholarlv at- 

CUSTER. . , 1 • 1 1 1 ' r 

taniments, exact and comprehensive knowledge 01 

the law, and, while an active Republican, has of late years concerned 
himself chiefly with the pressing and constantly broadening duties of 
his profession. 

Jacob Rambo Custer is or German lineage on the paternal and 
Swedish on the maternal side. Two families of Custer and 
Rambo have been long and conspicuously identified with the history 
of Pennsylvania. It is a noteworthy fact that some of the Custers 
of that state today own and (>ccup)- land which was granted to their 
ancestors bv William Penn, and of which no conveyance has been 
made by deed to the present time. Members of both families removed 
to Ohio and there established branches from which came the late 
General George A. Custer and others of the name. Peter, the pater- 
nal oreat-erand father of lacob R., was born in Montgomery county. 
Pennsvlvania, and served as a soldier in the KcN'olntionary war. 


The son of David Y. and Esther (Rambo) Custer, Jacob R. Cus- 
ter was born near Valley Forge, Chester county, Pennsylvania, on 
the 27th of May, 1845. Kis parents were natives of Montgomery 
county in that state. The father was born on the 26th and the mother 
on the 29th of January, 181 5. David Y. Custer was a farmer and a 
miller, a dual occupation common in the east where the farms were 
small. His death occurred at Pottstown, Pennsylvania, in March, 
1895. His children consisted of two sons and one daughter, of 
whom Jacob R. is the sole survivor. 

As a boy Mr. Custer was an ambitious student whose outlook 
was early directed to other fields than those limited by his immediate 
surroundings. Fortunately, his uncle. Dr. Abel Rambo, a well known 
educator of those days, was at the head of Washington Hall, an edu- 
cational institution located at Trappe, Pennsylvania. Here, under 
the tuition of this able educator, young Custer remained three years 
preparing himself for college. The knowledge there acquired was 
not only firmly fixed by unvarying application but by the teaching of 
school during the winter months. The Civil war which raged during 
his preparatory course was brought to his very door. For several 
months covering the invasion of Pennsylvania by the Confederates 
and the battle of Antietam, in 1863, he was enrolled as a member of 
the state militia. In the fall of 1864 he entered Pennsylvania Col- 
lege, at Gettysburg, becoming a member of the sophomore class and 
completing his course in 1867, when he graduated with third honors 
and the degree A. B. 

Mr. Custer had already determined on a legal career, and in the 
fall of 1867 began his professional studies in the office of WiUiam F. 
Johnson, an able lawyer of Philadelphia. After spending a year as 
an office student, he entered the Albany Law School, graduating 
therefrom in May, 1869, and being forthwith admitted to practice in 
the courts of New York. In the fall of the same year he became a 
resident and practicing lawyer of Chicago, where he has won promi- 
nence both as an attorney and a man. He had the education, the 
energy, the self-reliance, the all-around ability and the adaptability 
to succeed in a city where these qualities were at a premium, and he 
therefore made rapid and permanent progress. 

Mr. Custer's independence and self-reliance were forcibly indicated 
in the fact that, coming thus to a large, strange and untried city, he 


sought no professional alliance, but bravely and confidently entered 
upon an individual practice. He occupied offices for four years with 
Arba N. Waterman, afterward judge of the circuit and appellate 
courts of Cook county. He continued to practice alone for nearly 
ten years, or until June, 1879. when he became associated with the 
late Hon. William J. Campbell. This mutually profitable and harmo- 
nious association was dissolved only by the death of Mr. Campbell in 
March, 1896. Mr. Custer subsequently formed a partnership with 
Joseph A. Griffin and John M. Cameron, under the present name of 
Custer, Griffin and Cameron. 

In 1880 Mr. Custer was appointed master in chancery of the 
superior court of Cook county, serving in that capacity with signal 
efficiency until his resignation in 1892. From 1882 to 1890 he also 
served as the attorney 'for the sheriff of Cook county, his incumbency 
covering the terms of Sherifl:'s Hanchett and Matson. He is known 
as a strong trial lawyer and an able advocate, and his individual and 
partnership clientage has been drawn from the larger and representa- 
tive corporations and prominent business men. 

Mr. Custer has given his attention entirely to practice in the civil 
courts. Among the most notable cases in which he was retained men- 
tion may be made of the following : The suits of Armour, Swift and 
Morris versus the Union Stock Yards & Transit Company, in the cir- 
cuit court, to restrain the defendant from interfering with the dehv- 
ery of stock to the plaintiffs at their yards and over the tracks of the 
defendant company ; also the suits of the smaller packers against 
Armour, Swift and Morris and the Union Stock Yards & Transit 
Company and the Chicago Junction railways and Union Stock Yards 
Company of New Jersey, for the purpose of enjoining the fulfilment 
of an agreement under which the New Jersey company was to pay 
Armour, Swift and Morris, under certain conditions, three million 
dollars of its income bonds. Some of the most eminent counsel of 
Chicago, New York and Boston were engaged in the litigation, 
which was finally compromised. Mr. Custer was also connected with 
numerous suits brought by the attorney-general against the Chicago 
gas companies for the purpose of dissolving an alleged trust ; also 
with a number of the suits against the gas companies, within the same 
period, brought in the state and federal courts, for the purpose of 
perventing consolidation, for the appointment of receivers, etc. He 


was also principal counsel in Uie suits brought by the attorney-general 
to 'enjoin the public warehousemen of class A from storing their grain 
in their own warehouses and mixing it with the grain of others. This 
litigation was conducted in the circuit and state supreme courts, Mr. 
Custer appearing for the defendants. More recently Mr. Custer was 
principal counsel for the Columbus Construction Company in its liti- 
gation with the Crane Company which was protracted for years in 
the United States circuit court, circuit court of appeals and supreme 
court of the United States. He has also been counsel for the admin- 
istrator and trustee of the Estate of William T. Baker in the adminis- 
tration thereof,. and in the varied complicated and important litigation 
connected therewith: 

Aside from his college fraternity, Phi Kappa Psi, Mr. Custer is 
identified with no secret order. He is a member of the Union League 
and Calumet clubs. Of the latter he was president for three years. 
His wife, to whom he was married December i, 1879, was formerly 
Miss Ella A. White, daughter of Charles B. White — the latter lor 
many years a member of the firm of White, Swan & Co., extensive 
lumber dealers. Mrs. Custer is a native of Grand Rapids, Michigan, 
and has borne her husband two children — a son, who died in infancy, 
and a daughter, Esther Rambo, who died October 6, 1900, at the age 
of eighteen years. Mr. Custer lives at 3928 Grand Boulevard. 

Henry Herbert Kennedy, a prominent corporation lawyer who 

has been practicing in Chicago for more than twenty years, is a native 

of the Hawkey e state, having been born in Wash- 

ENRY . ingrton county on the 6th of June, 1 86 1. His promi- 
Kennedy . ' . . . 

nence in Congregational circles is a filial tribute to 

the memory of his father, who for forty years was a leading clergy- 
man of that denomination. He is the son of Rev. Joseph R. and 
Deborah (Wilcox) Kennedy, the former being a native of Augusta, 
Ohio, born in 1828, and a graduate of Oberlin College. The father's 
death occurred at Tacoma, Washington, on the 23d of September, 
1906. The mother, who was born in Connecticut, is still a resident 
of that city, and all of their four children are living. 

Mr. Kennedy was educated in the public schools of his native 
state and at the Iowa College, Grinnell, from which he graduated in 
1883, and which honored him, three years later, with the degree of 
A. M. For about a year thereafter he was connected with the Grin- 

ll If 










LJ&^ ?<1 Cy^J^XyL^iTU.^ 


nell Herald, bin findini;- his p.iind o-i-avitating- strongly to the legal 
held, he decided ii])on a course in the law department of the Univer- 
sity of Michigan, from which he secured his professional degree of 
LL. B. In the year of his graduation Mr. Kennedy became a resi- 
dent of Chicago, and for the succeeding five years was in the law 
office of Moses and Newman. ]n 1890 he became associated with 
the law firm of Moses, Pam and Kennedy, now Moses, Rosentlial 
and Kennedy, enjoying therefore the advantage of a membership in 
a firm which has an extensive practice of more than fortv \ears' 
standing. In. this connection he has now been known for years as 
one of the most reliable and successful corporation lawyers in the 

In politics Mr. Kennedy is known as a stalwart Republican. He 
is a member of the Union League Club, has been president of the 
Congregational Club, and is a corporate member of the American 
Board of Foreign Missions. As a leader in Congregationalism his 
services both as lawyer and a broad minded man are eminently useful. 

On June 15, 1892, Henry H. Kennedy was married to Miss Min- 
nie G. Perkins, of Grinnell, Iowa, and they have become the ]iarents 
of one child — Herbert H. In his domestic and .social relations he 
but rounds out his character as a typical American citizen of cosmo- 
politan Chicago. 

Although but a few years a resident of Chicago, Hon. William 
James Calhoun is well known to the fraternity of this city, and freely 

recognized as a leader of the state bar. having en- 

WlLLIAM J. • \ r , ^- ^ T^ u i '1 

^ -^ loyed a successful practice at Danvnie tor nearlv a 

Calhoun. -^ "^ . , , . , ',. 

quarter of a century before commg to the metropolis. 

As his professional work took him into all the courts of Illinois lie 

was as much at home in Springfield and Chicago as in Danville, and 

his reputation was further extended by his prominent participation 

in the McKinley campaign of 1896 and his later service as a member 

of the Interstate Commerce Commission. 

William J. Calhoun was born at Pittsburg. Pennsylvania. October 

5, 1848, the son of Robert and Sarah (Knox) Calhoun. The parents 

were both of Scotch-Irish descent, the father belonging to the Scotch 

clan of Colquhon, one branch of which emigrated t<i Ireland and gave 

rise to the Calhouns of America. Mrs. Calhoun's father was James 

Knox, for many years an officer in the British army who emigrated 


to the United States and became a resident of Pittsburg. Captain 
John Knox, the great-grandfather, was also identified with the Brit- 
ish mihtary service, participated in the French and English wars, 
and was the author of what was known as "Knox's Diary," being- 
a personal narrative of such historical value that frequent reference 
to it is made by Francis Parkman and other writers upon that period. 
In his early life Robert Calhoun was a merchant but because of 
broken health retired to a farm near Youngstown, Ohio, where he 
died in March, 1866, his wife having passed away at Mount Jackson, 
Pennsylvania, in 1858. 

In 1864, when sixteen years of age, William J. Calhoun ran away 
from home, and, after being twice rejected on account of his youth, 
finally succeeded in joining the Union forces as a member of the 
Nineteenth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, commanded by Colonel Man- 
derson, lately United States senator from Nebraska. At the con- 
clusion of the war and his honorable discharge he became a student 
at the Union Seminary, Poland, Mahoning county, Ohio, at which 
institution President McKinley received the bulk of his education. 
There William J. Calhoun remained a student for about three years, 
and became acquainted with the future chief executive and the mem- 
bers of his family. Coming to Illinois in the spring of 1869, he first 
located at Areola, Douglas county, where resided his maternal aunt, 
the wife of Dr. F. B. Henry. There he taught school, worked on 
the farm and finally commenced the study of the law. In March, 
1874, he rem.oved to Danville, and completed his studies under the 
direction of Hon. J. B. Mann. After being admitted to the bar, in 
January of the following year, he immediately entered into partner- 
ship with his former professional preceptor, forming the firm of 
Mann and Calhoun, afterward changed to Mann, Calhoun and Fra- 
zier. These formed one of the strongest combinations of legal talent 
in eastern Illinois. 

In the fall of 1882 Mr. Calhoun was elected to the general assem- 
bly of Illinois, and in the autumn of 1884 became state's attorney of 
Vermilion county. In the fall of 1889 he entered into partnership with 
Judge M. W. Thompson, now circuit judge of Vermilion county, 
under the firm name of Calhoun and Thompson. Mr. Calhoun was 
appointed general attorney for the Chicago and Eastern Illinois Com- 
pany in 1892, and while giving his entire time to the service of that 



company maintained his Danville office under the firm name of Cal- 
houn and Steely. Until the approach of the national campaign of 
1896, in which his old schoolmate, McKinley, was the nominee of his 
party for the presidency, he abandoned politics and gave his entire 
time to the practice of his profession. In that fierce contest Illinois 
was a crucial state, the triumph of the Republicans largely depending 
upon carrying it. Mr. Calhoun headed his delegation from Vermil- 
ion county, and was selected to marshal the McKinley forces on the 
floor of the nominating convention, and its three days' session re- 
sulted in the choice of his friend and the national prominence of his 

Soon after the inaugiu-ation of President McKinley conditions in 
Cuba assumed a most aggravating form, and among other incidents 
which severely strained the relations between Spain and the United 
States was the imprisonment of Dr. Ruiz as an alleged revolutionist, 
and the injuries subsequently inflicted upon him which caused hjs 
death. General Fitzhugh Lee, the consul at Havana, represented to 
the United States government that Dr. Ruiz was a naturalized Ameri- 
can citizen, had been foully dealt with, and requested an investigation. 
A commission for that purpose was appointed, consisting of Senor 
Congosta, on the part of Spain, and Consul Lee for the United 
States, Mr. Calhoun being designated as special counsel to conduct 
the case in behalf of this country. The latter arrived in Havana in 
May, 1897, and remained for several weeks assisting in the investiga- 
tion. The Spanish authorities claimed that Ruiz committed suicide 
by butting his head against the iron door of his cell, causing a fatal 
attack of congestion of the brain, but their contention was by no 
means sustained, and the Spanish government finally made an award 
in favor of the widow and children of the deceased, admitting that, 
whatever the cause of his death, he had been imprisoned contrary to 
the terms of the existing treaty between the two countries. But 
before the award was paid, the Maine was blown up. the Spanish- 
American war ensued, and the unfortunate family of Ruiz never 
recovered anything. 

Upon his return from Cuba Mr. Calhoun was tendered the posi- 
tion of comptroller of the currency, but declined the office and re- 
turned to the practice of his profession. In May, 1898, he accepted 
a membership on the Interstate Commerce Commission, to succeed 


William R. Morrison, whose term had expired.' He remained in this 
position of national responsibility until October, 1899, when he re- 
signed to establish himself in Chicago. 

When Mr. Calhoun became a resident of this city he associated 
himself in the firm of Pam, Calhoun and Glennon, which was later 
changed to Calhoun, Lyford and Sheean. Besides his private practice 
in this connection he has been appointed legal representative of a num- 
ber of railroad companies and other corporations. He is now acting 
as western counsel for the B.Tltimore & Ohio Railroad Company and 
engaged in the general practice of his profession. Since coming to 
Chicago he has joined such well known clubs as the Chicago, Union 
League, Saddle and Cycle, Onwentsia and Exmoor. 

William J. Calhoun was united in marriage to Miss Alice D. 
Harmon, of Danville, who died August 17, 1898. Two children were 
born to them: Marian, who married Philip C. Stanwood, of Boston, 
and Corinne, who became the wife of W. H. Gray, Jr., also of that 
city, where both the daughters reside. In December, 1904, Mr. Cal- 
houn married as his second wife Miss Lucy Monroe, of Chicago, n 
lady well known in the literary and social circles of the city. 

The family homestead of the Ashcrafts was very near the coun- 
try covered by the initial operations of the Army of the Potomac and 

the Civil war, and several of them fought among the 
Union ranks. Echvin M. Ashcraft, the Chicago law- 

Edwin M. 

yer who has become so favorably known through 
his two decades of practice here, was born on a farm near Clarks- 
burg, Harrison county. West Virginia (then Virginia), on the 27th 
of August, 1848. He is the eldest of the family of two sons and 
two daughters, born to James M. and Clarissa (Swiger) Ashcraft, 
and received his early education in the public schools of his native 
locality and at the Wheeling University. Subsequently he studied 
at the State University, at Normal, Illinois, and during 1867-9 taught 
school, devoting his leisure hours to the study of law. 

In January, 1873, Mr. Ashcraft passed his examination before the 
supreme court of the state sitting at Springfield, was thus admitted 
to practice at the Illinois bar, and at once opened an office at Van- 
dalia, Fayette county, that state. His success was so prompt and 
decisive that before the end of the year he had been elected prosecut- 
ing attorney of the county, creditably performing the duties of that 



office for three years. During that period his reputation became so 
firmly fixed and materially expanded that in 1876 he was put forward 
by the Republicans as their nominee for Congress from ilic sixteenth 
district. Although unsuccessful in the campaign, his great popularity 
was demonstrated in that he reduced the normal Democratic majority 
from five thousand to fourteen hundred. His opponent in the contest 
was W. A. J. Sparks, who served as land commissioner under Presi- 
dent Cleveland. 

Mr. Ashcraft continued in the prosecution of a growing practice 
at Vandalia until 1887, in April of that year removing to Chicago and 
associating himself with Thomas and Josiah Cratty, under the firm 
name of Cratty Brothers and Ashcraft. On June i, 1891, he with- 
drew from that partnership and formed the firm of Ashcraft and Gor- 
don. In 1900 he associated himself in practice with his sons, Raymond 
M. Ashcraft and Edwin M. Ashcraft, Jr., adopting the firm name of 
Ashcraft and Ashcraft. Both before and after coming to Chicago 
the senior Ashcraft has been recognized as one of the strongest trial 
lawyers in the state, and his standing has been such that for years he 
has been able to refuse those cases which do not appeal to his sense 
of justice. He is a leading member of the Illinois State Bar Associa- 
tion, has served as president of the Chicago Bar Association, and is 
generally honored both for his worth as an attorney and a man. 

On March 16, 1875, Mr. Ashcraft was married to Miss Florence 
R. Moore, daughter of Risden Moore, of Belleville, Illinois, by whom 
he has had the following children: Raymond M., Edwin M., Jr., 
Florence V., and Alan E. Although a member of the Hamilton and 
the Union League clubs, Mr. Ashcraft is domestic in his tastes and 
finds his truest happiness in the home circle. He is not a member of 
any church, but contributes Jiberally to approved works of charity 
and benevolence. Whether considered as lawyer or man he is straight- 
forward, fair minded and forceful. 

Raymond M. Ashcraft, member of the law firm of Ashcraft and 
Ashcraft, is a native of Vandalia, Fayette county, Illinois, born on 

the 9th of January, 1876. He is the son of Edwin 
Raymond M. ^j ^^^^ Florence R. (Moore) Ashcraft. The prac- 
tice of the firm is of a general nature and substantial 


Raymond M. Ashcraft received his primary education in the Van- 

\<il. 11—13 


dalia schools, in 1884-6, and through the pubhc system of Chicago 
during 1887-92. After pursuing a higher course at the Chicago 
Manual Training School from 1892 to 1894, he commenced the sys- 
tematic study of the law at the Northwestern University, from which 
he was graduated in 1897 with the degree of LL. -B. In the follow- 
ing year he took a post graduate course at Lake Forest University, 
receiving a similar degree from that university; so that he has laid 
a solid groundwork for his professional future. 

In the employ of the firm of Ashcraft and Gordon from 1894 to 
1900, being admitted to practice in June, 1897, and since 1900 has 
been associated with his father as a partner. He is a Republican in 
politics, a member of the Chicago Bar Association and of the Delta 
Chi collegiate fraternity,, and in his religious convictions is a Presby- 
terian. He was married at Chicago, August 3, 1901, to Miss Char- 
leta Peck, and has one daughter, Charleta Jane, born December 8, 
1906. Mrs. Ashcraft is a daughter of Charles Peck, one of the 
founders of the Academy of Design and a well known artist of early 
Chicago. Mr. Ashcraft's resides in Chicago. 

E. M. Ashcraft," Jr., who has been a member of the above firm 

since 1900, was born at Vandalia, Illinois, September 21, 1877. He 

was a pupil in the Vandalia schools during 1884-86, 

. ■ then in the Chicago public schools until 1892. and 

Ashcraft, Jr. , , , „ . ^, ^ , ^. , 

tor the lollowmg three years was a student m the 

Chicago Manual Training School. In 1900 he was graduated with 
the degree of LL. B. from the law department of the University of 
Michigan. He had been admitted to the bar in the preceding October, 
1899, and since entering the firm with his father and brother has 
met with gratifying professional advancement. Mr. Ashcraft mar- 
ried in Chicago, October 9, 1903, Miss Anna L. Strawbridge, and 
their son, now two years old, is E. M. Ashcraft III. Mr. Ashcraft 
is a Republican and a member of the Delta Chi fraternity. 

Nowhere is the value of thorough preparation in professional 
life more evident than in the domain of the law ; in the legal field the 

university is a vital necessity, if the young man rea- 
yr ' sonably hopes to reach the plane of a broad practice, 

to get beyond the small courts and the region of 
pettifogging. "Be sure you're right; then go ahead," is a maxim 
which need not alone be posted in business houses. Hurry, feverish 




haste without for.ethought, is fatal to the lawyer as well as to the 

Still a young- man, Harry Perkins Weber prepared himself 
with patience and thoroughness before he ventured into the activities 
of his profession, with the result that in the few years of his actual 
practice he has made noticeable strides toward eminence. A native 
of Kingston, Adams county, Illinois, where he was born November 
9, 1869, he is a son of John and Rose (Perkins) Weber. The father 
was born in St. Louis, Missouri, and now, at the age of sixty-five 
years, resides at Barry, Pike county, Illinois, where he is engaged in 
the banking business. The mother, a native also of Kingston, Illinois, 
is sixty years of age. From tlie public schools of his home town the 
son under review passed into the Illinois State Normal University, 
entering- the high school department, from which he graduated in 

Mr. Weber's legal education commenced in the Columbian Law 
School, Washington, D. C, from which in 1893 he received the 
degree of LL. B., and in the following year that of LL. ]\I. Not 
yet satisfied with his professional training, he entered in the fall 
of 1894 the Harvard University Law School, pursuing at the same 
time supplementary courses in the academic department, and taking 
the degree of LL. B. in 1897. He had already obtained a broadening 
experience in the official hfe of the national capital as private secretary 
to the First Comptroller of the United States Treasury, holding that 
position from 1 89 1-4. In 1896 he came to Chicago, and until July, 
1808, was a member of the firm of Catlin, Moulton and Weber. 
It should be stated that Mr. Weber was admitted to practice 
by the supreme court of the District of Columbia in 1894. and 
by the state supreme court in Illinois in 1895. In the sum- 
mer of 1898 Mr. Weber went to Honolulu, H. I., and for about a 
year was engaged in practice there under the firm name of Monsarrat 
and Weber, and in 1899 became Assistant Attorney General of the 
Hawaiian Islands. Returning to Chicago he again became a resi- 
dent of the city in the winter of 1899- 1900, and since 1901 has been 
a member of the well known firm of Shope. Mathis. Zane and Weber, 
recently reorganized under the firm name of Shope, Zane, Busby and 

Mr. Weber's education and experience have admirably fitted him 


for general practice, which he has followed to a large extent, although 
he has perhaps obtained his strongest standing in the specialty ot 
municipal and corporate securities, and in this line he ranks as one of 
the leading bond attorneys in the United States. He has been identified 
with some of the most important litigation of late years at the Chi- 
cago bar, illustrated by such cases as The City of Chicago vs. The 
State Board of Equalization, Elkins vs. The City of Chicago, the 
Ninety-nine Year Traction Litigation and the $75,000,000 Street 
Railway Certificates Case. By the consideration of these facts at this 
point it will be realized how rapid and substantial has been his pro- 
fessional progress. He is a member of the Chicago Bar Association, 
as weh as of the Law, University, Harvard (Chicago), Quadrangle 
and Lake Zurich Golf clubs. 

No lawyer at the Chicago bar is generally acknowledged to have 
a more ready and sound judgment in broad and intricate matters of 

civil jurisprudence than John Jacob Herrick, senior 

-rr member of the firm of Herrick, Allen, Boyesen and 

Martin. His knowledge of the law is remarkable 
both for its comprehensiveness and accuracy, and in its application he 
is earnest, concise, logical and forceful ; which accounts in large meas- 
ure for the high and substantial nature of his professional standing. 

Mr. Herrick is Illinois-born, being a native of Hillsboro, Mont- 
gomery county, where he commenced this life on, the 25th of May, 
1845. He is the son of Dr. William B. and Martha (Seward) Her- 
rick, and in early youth was brought by his parents to Chicago. His 
father was one of the most widely known and honored physicians irr 
the city, and was especially influential in furthering the cause of 
medical education in this locality. He was surgeon of a regiment of 
Illinois volunteers during the Mexican war, and on his return became 
one of the first professors of Rush Medical College, for many years 
being an eminent occupant of its chair of anatomy and materia 
medica. Dr. Herrick was also the first president of the Illinois State 
Medical Society. He was prominent not only in medical and scientific 
circles, but in civic affairs and social life. But the toil, hardships and 
exposures of campaign life had left their effect upon his system, and, 
in 1857, on account of failing health he was compelled to have recourse 
to the healthful atmosphere of his native Maine forests. 

The Herricks are of an old English family, whose seat for many 


fT-T r 


generations was in Leicestersliire, and descendants of whom are still 
numbered among its residents. After the war of the Revolution 
Jacob Herrick, the great-grandfather of John J., who was a lieutenant 
in that struggle, settled in Durham, Maine, and there became a Con- 
gregational minister. The grandfather and the father wertjjoth na- 
tives of that town. The maternal family of Sewards were early 
pioneers of Illinois. John B. Seward, grandfather, was a native of 
Nev\f Jersey, and settled in Montgomery county at an early day. 

John J. Herrick, descended from stanch pioneers of the east and 
the west, began the serious work of his education when he came with 
his parents to Chicago, where he attended both the public and the pri- 
vate schools, but at the age of twelve years he accompanied his parents 
on their removal to Maine. From 1857 until 1862 he continued his 
studies in the academy at Lewiston Falls, that state, where he pre- 
pared himself for college. In tlie latter year he entered Bowdoin Col- 
lege, from which he was graduated in 1866 with the degree of Bach- 
elor of Arts. 

Having accjuired a thorough education in the quiet atmosphere of 
the east, his energetic and ambitious nature turned toward the west 
as the great field for advancement. Chicago was naturally his choice, 
as the typical faith in her future had already been roused in him even 
as a boy, and he has since closely and proudly followed her history 
and progress. Returning to Chicago in the winter of 1866-7, ^"^^ s^" 
cured a position as teacher in the public schools of Hyde Park, wdiich 
at that time was a separate corporation. While thus engaged in edu- 
cational work he commenced the study of law and at the close of his 
school year was matriculated in the Law School of the Old Chicago 
University, now the Union College of Law, besides entering the of- 
fice of Higgins, Sweet and Quigg as a student. In the spring of 1868 
he was graduated as valedictorian of his class, but continued with that 
firm until 1871, when (just before the fire) he commenced an inde- 
pendent practice. 

From 1 87 1 until 1878 Mr. Herrick continued a practice alone, 
which continually increased in lucrativeness and honorable distinc- 
tion. From the very outset his thoroughness of preparation in what- 
ever litigation was entrusted to him inspired that confidence in him- 
self which was infectious and an assurance of success. Among the 
important cases of this period which he conducted were those grow- 


ing out of the failure of the firm of John B. Lyon & Co. in 1872, with 
their suspension from the Board of Trade, and those based upon the 
alleged fraudulent election of Michael Evans and others to the South 
Town offices, and their ouster from office in 1876. By 1878 Mr. Her- 
rick's standing was of such a character that he was able to form a 
partnership with Wirt Dexter, one of the most eminent lawyers in 
the country, and in 1880 they were joined by Charles L. Allen under 
the firm name of Dexter, Herrick and Allen, an association which 
continued until the death of Mr. Dexter in May, 1890. The remain- 
ing partners conducted the business until May, 1893, when they re- 
ceived I. K. Boyesen, forming the copartnership of Herrick, Allen 
and Boyesen, which continued until 1896, when Horace H. Martin 
was admitted to form the present firm of Herrick, Allen, Boyesen and 
Martin. It is largely due to the wise counsel and the ceaseless pro- 
fessional labors of the senior member that the firm has received such 
a generous share of the important litigation of the city involving 
both private and corporate interests. 

Personally Mr. Herrick has been particularly prominent in the 
case of Devine vs. The People, which involved the cqnstitutionality of 
the law authorizing the county commissioners of Cook county to 
issue bonds without authority of popular vote; Barron vs. Burnside, 
argued before the supreme court of Iowa and the supreme court of 
the United States, involving the validity of the Iowa statute as to 
corporations of other states, known as the Domestication Law ; Stevens 
vs. Pratt and Kingsbury vs. Sperry (before the supreme court of 
IlHnois) and Gross vs. United States Mortgage Company and United 
States Mortgage Company vs. Kingsbury (before the United States 
supreme court), by which were decided important questions as to the 
rights of foreign corporations in Illinois and the construction of the 
Illinois statute as to guardians; the cases of the Chicago & North- 
western Railroad Company vs. Dey and the State vs. Chicago, Bur- 
lington & Quincy Railroad Company, argued before the United States 
courts in Iowa, Nebraska and Illinois, and covering broad questions 
of constitutional law in their relations to the rights of railroad cor- 
porations ; Spalding vs. Preston, embracing new and important points 
as to the construction of the Illinois assignment law; also the Taylor 
and Storey will cases ; the great legal conflict between Eastern, English 
and Chicago interests in the stock yards cases; People vs. Kirk, in- 


volving- the constitutionality of the act aulh(M-izin«- the extension of 
boulevards over the v^^aters of Lake Michigan, and the rights of ripa- 
rian owners under the act; the elevator cases, involving vital questions 
■as to the rights and powers of elevator proprietors under the Illinois 
constitution and the warehouse act. Hale vs. Hale, in which far 
reaching questions as to the jurisdiction of courts of chancery to 
authorize sales or leases of trust property not authorized by the trust 
instrument were decided ; the important litigation beween the Rock 
Island Railroad Company and the Hannibal & St. Joseph Railroad 
Company as to the relative rights of lessor and lessee companies; 
Chicago Theological Seminary vs. The People, in the supreme court 
of the United States, involving important questions as to the con- 
struction and effect of charter exemptions from taxation; Field vs. 
Barting, involving new questions as to the right of lot owners to pre- 
vent obstructions of light, air, etc., above the public highways; the 
protracted and extensive litigation with reference to the Lake Street 
Elevated Railroad, in which the principal parties in interest were Wil- 
liam Ziegler on the one side and Charles T. Yerkes on the other, and 
which involved many important questions as to the rights of mortgage 
bondholders and stockholders, and the jurisdiction of state and fed- 
eral courts ; the contested will case of Palmer vs. Bradley, in the state 
and federal courts ; the litigation as to the rights of the Chicago Tele- 
phone Company under its ordinance ; the litigation between the City 
of Chicago and the state, and the street railway companies' as to the 
rights of the street railway companies, and the recent Fish-Harriman 
litigation involving important and far-reaching questions as to the 
right of corporations of other states to hold and vote the stock of 
Illinois railroad companies. 

Mr. Herrick's profession has absorbed the great bulk of his time 
and his mental and physical strength so that, had he the inclination, 
it would have been injudicious for him to enter politics. As a widely- 
read and thoughtful man, however, he has always had firm convic- 
tions on all questions of public polity, and has consistently refused 
to be bound by family tradition or the party achievements of the 
past. He judges both parties and political leaders on the basis of 
their utility to the pressing and vital needs of the country. Until 
1884 he was a national Republican; in 1884 and 1888 he voted for 
Grover Cleveland ; later he advocated a reduction of the tariff on the 


line of free trade and civil service reform, and stands now as an Inde- 
pendent. Especially in local and municipal affairs he is non-partisan, 
judging- both men and measures from the standpoint of public utility. 

Mr. Herrick is a member of the Chicago Bar Association, the 
Law Institute and the Citizens' Association, as well as of the Univer- 
sity, the Chicago Literary and the Chicago clubs. He was married 
to Julie T. Dulon June 28, 1883, and they have become the parents 
of Clara M., Julie T. and Margaret J. In social life he is a gentle- 
man of scholarly tastes and broad general information, arising from 
his wide acquaintance with meii and the best literature of all ages. 
A man of fine qualities, he is social, tolerant, generous and genial, 
and, with his rare fund of knowledge and conversational powers, is 
a most agreeable companion. 

One of the most reliable and successful practitioners at the Chi- 
cago bar, John Thomas Richards, is also among the most widely- 

-r ^ known Masons in the state. He is a man of firm 

John T. . . , , .,.,.. 

-p convictions, settled purpose, practical m his aims. 

whether as an attorney or man, and has, therefore, 
advanced steadily to a high and substantial professional position, 
having been effective also in the realization of those projects which 
are advanced by good citizens of modern tendencies. 

Mr. Richards is a native of Ironton, Lawrence county, Ohio, 
born October 13, 185 1, son of Rev. John L. and Margaret (Jones) 
Richards, his father being a Congregational clergyman of culture 
and faithful service, who died May 30, 1889. His mother survived 
her husband until April 3, 1897. When six years of age the boy was 
brought by his parents to Rock Island county, Illinois, and subse- 
quently was reared on a farm at Big Rock, Kane county, where his 
father was engaged in ministerial work. John T. received his edu- 
cation in the district schools and at Wheaton (IlUinois) College, as 
well as under the careful tutelage of his father and other private in- 
structors. The family were in moderate circumstances, and, accept- 
ing the situation in the spirit of a man, he sought every form of 
honest work, and from the age of fifteen was virtually his own sup- 
port. Until he reached the age of nineteen he divided his time be- 
tween agricultural labors and efforts to obtain the greatest amount of 
schooling possible, after which, for a year, he worked for the Joliet 


Iron and Steel Company and in Jnly. iNjj. became a resident of 

Mr. Richards introduced himself to the people of Chicago as a 
clerk in the general store of Beers Brothers, and in September, 1873. 
entered the law office of William Law, Jr., as a student, remaining 
there for about a year. He completed his studies with Robert L. 
Tatham and Edward Crane. On the 17th of September, 1875, 1^^ 
was admitted to the bar upon examination before the supreme court 
of Illinois, and since then has been in general practice in the state 
and federal courts. In 1887 he formed a partnership with Clark B. 
Samson, now deceased, under the iirm name of Richards and Sam- 
son, the connection continuing for about one year, after which, until 
1895, he practiced alone. In that year Mr. Richards was joined by 
Keene H. Addington, who had been a clerk in his office for some 
five years. This partnership continued but a short time, and since 
its dissolution he has conducted an independent professional business. 

Mr. Richards has been for years one of the busy lawyers of Chi- 
cago, and among the numerous and interesting cases which he has 
conducted to a favorable conclusion it is difficult to specialize. Two, 
however, of comparatively recent decision may be adduced as illus- 
trative of the far-reaching litigation which, through his persistency 
and ability, have established important principles of law by the adju- 
dication of the higher courts. The case of Crandall versus Sorg, 
reported in 198 Illinois, was argued by Mr. Richards in the supreme 
court of Illinois, which reversed the decisions of the appellate and 
circuit courts, and for the first time in the history of that tribunal 
held that, when the owner of land leases it and, by the same instru- 
ment, requires his tenant to make improvements thereon, the prop- 
erty is thereby subjected to a mechanics' lien in favor of the con- 
tractor and material man. whose labor and material have entered 
into the construction of the improvements. 

In the case of the estate of Smythe versus Evans (Illinois Reports 
209. page 376) the appellant was represented by Mr. Richards and 
the state supreme court again reversed the decisions of the circuit 
and appellate courts, and for the first time promulgated several im- 
portant legal principles which are now in force in the courts of Illi- 
nois. These and other cases which might be mentionel indicate the 
persistent and able way in which he follows the litigation entrusted t<> 


him into the higher courts, and remains faithfully with the interests 
of his clients until the rendition of a final decision. 

Mr. Richards is a leading member of the Chicago Bar Associa- 
tion and has served as chairman of its grievance committee, as well 
as its vice president. He is also a member of the American Bar 
Association. Being an active Republican, he is prominently identi- 
fied with the Hamilton and Union League clubs, being at one time 
vice president of the former organization. It is as a Mason, how- 
ever, that he is best known outside of his professional life, his identi- 
fication with the fraternity dating from Deceipber 6, 1878, when he 
was made a Master Mason in Dearborn Lodge No. 310, of Chicago, 
with which he still affiliates. In 1882 he received the Royal Arch 
degrees in Wiley M. Egan Chapter No. 126, while his further ad- 
vancement in the order is shown in his having attained membership 
in Siloam Council No. 53, R. and S. M. ; Chicago Commandery No. 
19, K. T., and Oriental Consistory and Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. 
He has been identified with the Knights Templar since July 24, 
1882, while his consistory degrees were passed April 21, 1892. He 
has passed all the chairs of the Dearborn lodge, was prelate of Chi- 
cago Commandery in 1883, held a similar preferment two years in 
Chevalier Bayard Commandery (1887-88) with which he became 
affiliated in 1887, and was generalissimo of the latter in 1889. In 
1890 he was honored with the office of eminent commander of Chev- 
alier Bayard Commandery. 

On March 21, 1888, Mr. Richards was married to Miss Lucy 
Keene, daughter of the late N. B. Keene, of New Orleans. The 
mother of Mrs. Richards is still living. She was born in Baltimore, 
Maryland, the daughter of Captain John Martin, an extensive ship 
owner of that city. The three children of Mr. and Mrs. Richards 
are Keene, Lucile and Lillian. 

In the selection of their counsel the great financial institutions 

of the country employ the utmost caution and careful judgment, the 

. requisites for such identification being substantial 

TT ' leoal abilitv, absolute rectitude of character and a 

broad experience of the world and men. All of 
these qualities are found in the personality of James Calhoun Hutch- 
ins, general attorney for the Illinois Trust and Savings Bank. He 


was born in Chicago on the 15th of December, 1858, son of James 
Cass and Martha C. (PhilHps) Hutchins. 

After obtaining a prehminary education in the city schools, Mr. 
Hutchins entered the Union College of Law (Northwestern Univer- 
sity Law School), from which he graduated in 1879 with his pro- 
fessional degree of LL. B. In the following year he commenced 
practice in Chicago, and in 1895 was appointed to his present posi- 
tion with the Illinois Trust and Savings Bank. He is also a director 
of the bank. 

Mr. Hutchins' wife, to whom he was married at Lake Geneva, 
Wisconsin, in 1884, was formerly Miss Agnes L. Potter, and the 
children born to them have been James Cadwell, Edward Potter and 
John Mitchell. Mr. Hutchins is sociable and popular, and. aside 
from his identification with the Chicago Bar Association, is a mem- 
ber of the Union League, Chicago, University, Mid-Day and Midlo- 
thian clubs. 

Harrison Musgrave, a practitioner at the Chicago bar for nearly 
a quarter of a century, is a native of Charlotte, Michigan, born 

October 28, i860, a son of Joseph and Miranda 

,^ (Pancoast) Musgrave. The father was once pres- 

ident of the First National Bank of that city, a po- 
sition he occupied as early as 1879. The mother, who was a native 
of Ohio, died in Chicago in 1895. Harrison Musgrave was pri- 
marily educated in the public schools of Charlotte, and in 1876-77 
attended the Olivet (Michigan) College, completing a very thorough 
literary training at the University of Michigan during 1878-80. This 
was followed by two-years of business in his home city, and in 1883 
he realized a long-cherished ambition, ever growing in strength, by 
his entrance to the Columbian University Law School, Washington, 
D. C, from which he was graduated in 1884 with the degree of 
LL. D. It will be seen that Mr. Musgrave's preparation was broad 
and thorough, but at the same time especially fitted to give him effi- 
ciency in those qualities required of one who was to occupy the pro- 
fessional field in which he has become prominent. 

After his graduation from the Columbian University Law School, 
Mr. Musgrave came at once to Chicago. He was admitted to the 
Illinois bar in 1885, and in 1889 became a member of the firm of 
Flower, Smith and Musgrave. It remained under this style until 


October i, 1902, when it was changed to Musgrave, Vroman and 
Lee, which now conducts a large corporation and commercial busi- 
ness, and, besides the senior partner, is composed of Charles E. Vro- 
man, long a prominent Wisconsin lawyer; James G. Gascoigne and 
John H. S. Lee. 

As might be intimated, Mr. Musgrave's popularity and high 
standing are forcibly told by his prominence in several of the pro- 
fessional associations with which he is connected. He was president 
of the Illinois State Bar Association in 1906-7; vice president of the 
Chicago Bar Association in 1904-5, and member of the board of 
managers for six years ; president, also, of the Law Club of Chicago 
in 1901-2. He has a substantial standing among the members of 
the national organization, the American Bar Association, and stands 
firmly as a highly-respected and broad-minded representative of an 
honorable and liberal profession. In his fraternal affiliations he is 
connected with the Psi Upsilon, and his club life centers in the Chi- 
cago, University, Onwentsia, Saddle and Cycle and Lake Zurich 
Golf organizations. He supports Republican principles, but is neither 
a partisan nor a politician, both disposition and opportunity prevent- 
ing him from assuming either character. 

On the 7th of November, 1889, Mr. Musgrave was united in 'mar- 
riage with Miss Meta D. Kimberly, the ceremony occurring at Sagi- 
naw, Michigan, of which state his wife is a native. One son, Harri- 
son Musgrave, Jr., has been born of their union. 

Silas Hardy Strawn, junior member of the law firm of Winston, 

Payne and Strawn, is a son of the state in which he has made a sub- 

stantial reputation, being born on a farm near Ot- 

„ ■ tawa, Illinois, on the i^th of December, 1866. He 

Strawn. ' , ' , ^ , . , 1 1 ■ t 

graduated from the Ottawa high school m June, 

1885, and then engaged in teaching for two years, after which he 
read law in the office of Bull and Strawn of that city. Mr. Strawn 
passed his examination for admission to the bar on May 22, 1889, 
and practiced in LaSalle county for the succeeding two years. He 
became a resident of Chicago in September, 1891, and until the fol- 
lowing April was in the employ of the law 'firm of Weigley, Bulkley 
and Gray. He was a clerk for Winston and Meagher until Sep- 
tember I, 1894, when he was admitted to partnership. This associa- 
tion continued until January i, 1902, when Mr. Meagher retired from 

T^c d.£>v,s FU^ 

(^-^^^^i:::^2^Z^t.---t--T,.^ ^^ 



the firm, and its style became Winston, Strawn and Shaw, which, by 
the admission of Judge John Barton Payne, October i, 1903. be- 
came Winston, Payne and Strawn, and later Winston, Payne, Strawn 
and Shaw. 

Although the business of the firm is general, it is largely corpora- 
tion practice and conducted in the higher courts, Mr. Strawn has 
argued many important cases in the Illinois courts of last resort and 
the supreme court of the United States. He is an active member of 
the American Bar Association, the Illinois Bar Association and the 
two local organizations, the Chicago Bar Association and the Chi- 
cago Law Club. As an additional indication of the range of his ac- 
tivities it should be stated that he is a director of and counsel for 
several corporations. He is a member of the Union League, Mid- 
Day, Midlothian Country, Glen View, South Shore Country and Ex- 
moor Country clubs. On June 22, 1897, Mr. Strawn married Miss 
Margaret Stewart, at her home in Binghamton, New York, and 
the two children of this union are Margaret Stewart and Katherine 
Stewart Strawn. 

Adams Augustus Goodrich has earned a distinguished place at 
the bar and on the bench of the state of Illinois. It is forcibly illus- 
trative of his legal solidity and versatility that he 

^ ■ should have made a high record as a private prac- 

GOODRICH. . . . * . , , 

titioner, a prosecutmg attorney for the state, and a 

learned, impartial jurist. A brief analysis of his most marked traits 
of character is explanatory of his unusual measure of success. While 
keen and logical, earnest and eloquent, he is also careful in the devel- 
opment of his legal plans and has the faculty, strongly natural and 
persistently trained, of piercing to the foundation principles of any 
contention. Being thus firmly grounded, the details naturally ar- 
range themselves and the mind is left clear and positive to work along- 
definite lines of thought. Thus it is that Mr. Goodrich, whether as 
private practitioner, prosecutor or judge, always had his case firmly 
in hand, and could never be diverted to side issues, which has beeai 
the prime secret of his great legal strength and success. 

Mr. Goodrich is a native of Illinois, born on the 8th of January, 
1849, tl^^ ^^^^ o^ Henry O. and Jane A. Goodrich, and is a representa- 
tive of one of the pioneer families of the state, his father having 
located in Jersey county in 1839. The boy was educated in the pul)- 


lie schools of Jerseyville until he was sixteen years of age, when, 
through the appointment of his uncle, A. L. Knapp (then an Illinois 
congressman), he entered the West Point Military Academy, and for 
three years and a half received the benefits of its course. But ill 
health compelled him to resign his cadetship, and for two years there- 
after he traveled in the west seeking and securing a restoration of 
health. Returning to his native town he commenced his legal stud- 
ies in the office of his uncle, Robert M. Knapp, and continued them 
with Hon. A. L. Knapp, of Springfield. Afterward he married a 
cousin, Miss Jane A. Knapp, and altogether he is largely responsible 
for his start in life and his subsequent happiness to his maternal 

Upon examination by the supreme court at the capital Judge 
Goodrich was admitted to the bar in 1873, ^^^ ^.t once opened an 
office at Jerseyville. He soon became politically active and influen- 
tial and in 1878, 1880 and 1884 was elected by the Democracy as 
state's attorney of Jersey county, resigning that position in October, 
1887, in view of his coming elevation to the bench of the county 
court. From one of many facts which might be recorded it is evi- 
dent that his record as county judge is extremely creditable, for dur- 
mg his incumbency Judge Richard Prendergast called upon him to 
assist in disposing of pressing matters which had glutted the dockets 
of the Cook county court. It was by thus rendering highly appre- 
ciated services and coming into such intimate and pleasant relations 
with the bench and bar of the metropolis that Judge Goodrich was 
strongly attracted to Chicago, finally making it his home in August, 
1889. He has since practiced here with unvarying advancement in 
reputation and substantial rewards. As senior member of the firm 
of Goodrich, Vincent and Bradley, he is widely known as an honor- 
able and successful general practitioner, and he is also recognized as 
one of the most liberal and far-seeing promoters of higher education 
in the state. From 1895 to 1900 he was especially identified with 
the Northern Illinois Normal School. In the former year Governor 
Altgeld appointed him one of the five trustees to locate, establish and 
build the school. Its site was fixed at DeKalb; Judge Goodrich was 
elected president of the first board of trustees in 1895, and re-elected 
as a member of the board for the term ending 1900. 

Judge Goodrich has a wide and influential connection with the 


historic fraternities, being a Knight Templar Mason and a member 
of long and good standing with the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows and the Knights of Pythias. He is also identified with the Chi- 
cago Athletic, the Iroquois and the Washington Park clubs. 

Edward Fisk Gorton is well known both as an able lawyer and as 
being one of the most progressive and satisfactory mayors who ever 

presided over the affairs of any of Chicago's grow- 
^ * ing and cultured suburbs. He is a native of Ashta- 

bula, Ohio, born May 6, 1854, the son of Anson 
and Ellen (Fisk) Gorton. His father was a Canadian, of Toronto, 
and died in Lake Forest, Illinois, July 4, 1897, at the age of seventy- 
two years. During the active years of his business life the elder 
Gorton was engaged in the express business, first with the Adams 
and later with the Wells- Fargo companies. Mr. Gorton's mother 
was born at Ashtabula, Ohio, and died there May 7, 1854. 

This is a branch of the Gorton family that was founded in Amer- 
ica by the non-conformist Samuel Gorton in 1636. Coming to the 
new world to enjoy religious freedom, he was imprisoned in Boston 
for heretical teaching, and finally took refuge in Rhode Island, where 
he associated with Roger Williams. In 1643 ^^^ ^^"^d his followers 
were led to Boston, tried as "damnable heretics" and sentenced to 
hard labor in arms. His claim to land on the west side of Narra- 
gansett bay was finally confirmed and he spent his remaining years 
in comparative c[uiet, recognized as the founder and head of a re- 
ligious sect that endured a hundred years. His descendants now 
number some ten thousand, including many prominent figures both 
in church and state. 

The preparatory steps for the professional education of Edward 
F. Gorton were taken in the schools of Rochester. In November, 
1872, he became a resident of Chicago, and in 1874 entered the 
Union College of Law, from which he was graduated on the 9th of 
June. 1876. In his class were such men as Hempstead Washburne, 
William B. Conger, Adrian Honore, David L. Zook, Judge \\'ing,- 
Arnold Heap and Wallace DeWolf ; he had good company, but none 
of his associates has made a more substantial reputation both as a 
lawyer and man of affairs than Mr. Gorton. Admitted to the bar on 
June 9, 1876, he first formed a partnership with William P. Conger, 
Due of his class-mates, under the firm name of Conger and Gorton. 


This harmonious and mutually advantageous connection continued 
until Mr. Conger's death in February, 1887. His association v/ith 
Walker Blaine, son of the great Maine statesman, also endured until 
the death of the latter in 1889. Since that year Mr, Gorton has been 
engaged in a constantly growing independent practice, which has 
been both profitable and reputation-building. Although his profes- 
sional career has been extended along general lines, he is known as 
an especially thorough and astute real estate lawyer. 

In politics, Mr. Gorton is a Republican, and well served his party, 
as well as established an individual reputation in the independent and 
business-like performance of his duties as mayor of Lake Forest 
from 1895 to 1902. Under his administrations the already beautiful 
little city underwent many important improvements, and had he con- 
sented Mr. Gorton could undoubtedly have had a life tenure of office. 
His years of residence at Lake Forest covered the period from 1892 
to 1906, prior to the former year his home being in Hyde Park. 
In 1906 he transferred his home to near Geneva, Kane county, Illi- 
nois, where he now enjoys all the invigorating influences of country 
life, and in his beautiful residence there retains all the culture of the 
city. Since his admission to the bar in 1876 he has had his law 
office in Chicago, although gravitating more and more beyond the 
wear of the city in the fixing and development of his domestic and 
social activities. It is such men who are of the wearing and expan- 
sive kind. Mr. Gorton's wife was formerly Miss Fannie L. Whitney, 
to whom he was married June 9, 1879: 

Senior member of the widely-known firm of Cratty Brothers and 
Jarvis, Thomas Cratty is one of the most forceful members of the 

Chicago bar, and for years has been credited with 

^ standing- in the front rank of jury lawyers. The 

Cratty. , . . ^ . , . . , , . , , , . , 

elasticity ot his mmd, his keen faculties of percep- 
tion and analysis, and his mastery of the principles of the common 
law have made him a remarkably striking and successful advocate. 
If there is a close legal point involved in any issue his examination of 
authorities bearing upon it is exhaustive. With a thorough knowl- 
edge of the case in all its bearings and unerring and ready application 
of the principles of the law, his addresses before court and jury are 
necessarily models of clearness and convincing logic. Quick to per- 
ceive and guard the weak phases of his own case, he never fails to 


assault his adversary at the point where his armor is defective. In 
a word, Mr. Cratty has developed to quite a remarkable des^ree the 
necessary talent of the modern court lawyer, to think and act both 
quickly and powerfully "on his feet." 

Mr. Cratty is a native of Champaign county, Ohio, and of Irisii 
lineage, his great-grandfather having emigrated from the north of 
Ireland to Pennsylvania in the year 1760. Representatives of the 
family were prominent factors in the public life of the Keystone 
state, and the grandfather, a native of Franklin county, Pennsylvania, 
was a Revolutionary soldier. William Cratty, the father, was born 
in Butler county, Pennsylvania, June 20, 1805, but in 18 14 removed 
to Ohio, and in April, 1826, was united in marriage to Miss Candis 
Bennett, a native of Rhode Island, who was herself 1)fn-n on Christ- 
mas day of 1805. William Cratty was so pronounced an anti-slavery 
man that it is said his enemies once fixed a price upon his body, dead 
or alive, if delivered south of the Allegheny river. For many years 
he was an energetic and industrious farmer, but spent his last years 
in a well-earned retirement from labor, his death occurring in 1897. 
His wife passed away January 27, 1875. The deceased were es- 
teemed members of the Presbyterian church, of kindly and noble 
character, and were the parents of four sons and eight daughters. 

Thomas Cratty spent his boyhood days on the home farm, and, 
although he snatched his education from the labors attendant upon 
such a life, he was so strong mentally, as well as physically, that he 
was qualified to teach at an early age. He was thus engaged as a 
frontier teacher until the fall of 1854, when he went south with the 
dual purpose of obtaining recreation and of studying the institution 
of slavery. This personal observation determined his opposition to 
it, and he joined the new Republican party. In 1856 he resumed 
farming, but the loss of his property in i860 forced him to abandon 
that occupation and led him to undertake his long-cherished plan 
of becoming a lawyer. 

Leaving behind him forever the old familv homestead. Mr. Cratty 
came to Chicago and at once entered the Chicago Law School, from 
which he was graduated with honors in 1861. During this period 
he lived in a little rented room, and was his own housekeeper. He 
had no money to pay his tuition, and to his professor gave his note 
which was to be paid out of his first lawyer's fees. In spite of these 

Vol. 11—14 


drawbacks he ranked high as a student, and was always cheerful and 
confident of the future. 

With one volume constituting his library, Mr. Cratty opened his 
first law office in Elmwood, Peoria county, Illinois, but, although the 
road to success was rough and discouraging, he had been inured to 
hard labor from childhood, and with intelligently directed industry 
and persistency fought his way to eminence. In the fall of 1863 he 
removed to Peoria, where he entered into partnership with Hon. W. 
W. O'Brien, with whom he was associated for three years. In Janu- 
ary, 1872, was organized the firm of Cratty Brothers, of Peoria, 
its junior member being Josiah Cratty, who was admitted to the bar 
in that year. They developed such a large and profitable business 
that the senior member determined to seek even a broader field in 
Chicago. Mr. O'Brien had preceded him thither, and on May i, 
1880, they again formed a partnership under the firm name of O'Brien 
and Cratty.- After five months in this connection, Mr. Cratty became 
a member of the firm of Tenney, Flower and Cratty, which was dis- 
solved May I, 1882, and for a time the junior was alone in business. 
Subsequently he was a member of the firms of Cratty Brothers, 
Jarvis and Cleveland (1884), Cratty, Jarvis and Cleveland, and 
Cratty Brothers, Jarvis and Latimer. Of the last named he was the: 
senior member, and it included, besides his brother Josiah, William 
B. Jarvis and W. D. Latimer. The legal business of the firm was 
largely devoted to corporation law. 

Thomas Cratty has been connected with several important busi- 
ness interests outside his profession. From 1871 to 1873 he was 
associated with Leslie Robinson in the publication of the Peoria Re- 
viezv, a daily, weekly and tri-weekly Republican newspaper, which 
in the campaign of 1872, supported Horace Greeley for the presidency. 
The plant also comprised an extensive steam job office, and blank 
book manufactory and bindery, but on account of the too heavy de- 
mands upon his time, Mr. Cratty was obliged to dispose of his in- 
terest in the enterprise. He has also been financially interested in the 
Elmwood Paper Manufacturing Company, the Chamber of Com- 
merce Association of that city and the Merchants' Exchange, and 
actively promoted the Peoria public library. At an earlier day he 
assisted in organizing the teachers' institute of Knox county, and 


while a busy and prosperous practitioner in Peoria was law lecturer 
for several years in Cole's Commercial College. 

Mr. Cratty has been a life-long Republican, although giving the 
liberal movement within the party headed by Horace Greeley and 
Charles Sumner, his hearty and influential support. He was one of 
the organizers of the Washington Park Club, of Chicago, in 1883, 
and is a member of the Union League, Marquette, Irish-American 
and Veteran Union clubs. He is also identified with the Peoria Law 
Library, the Chicago Bar Association, the State Bar Association, the 
Chicago Law Institute and the Chicago Real Estate Board. 

J.osiah Cratty, since 1884 one of the leading attorneys of Chicago, 
member of the firm of Cratty Brothers and Jarvis, came to Chicago 

from Peoria, where he had studied law with his 
;; brother, Thomas, and become known for his thor- 

CrATTY. , m- 1 11- 

ough ability and sound business judgment before 
his removal to the city. That the legal ability of America is broad- 
ening from the technical limits of the profession and allying itself 
more and more with business, was a recent observation of the Eng- 
lish ambassador, James Bryce, and Mr. Cratty's success in corpora- 
tion law and business organization is a case in verification of the 
judgment of that acute student of American affairs. For more than 
twenty years Mr. Cratty has given attention to the practice demanded 
of the corporation attorney, and has organized many of the largest 
corporations in the middle west, in many of which he is an active 
director and official. The law firm of which he is a member has spa- 
cious offices on the fifteenth floor of the Fort Dearborn building. 

Mr., Cratty, who was born in Delaware county, Ohio, August 16, 
1846, was a son of William and Candis (Bennett) Cratty, and came 
of North Irish stock, the date of the emigration of his great-grand- 
father from Ireland to America being 1760. In Pennsylvania the 
family took part in public affairs, and the grandfather served in the 
Revolutionary war. William Cratty, the father, who was born in 
Butler county, Pennsylvania, June 28, 1805, became an Ohio settler 
when only nine years old, and in that state married Miss Candis 
Bennett in April, 1826. A pronounced anti-slavery man, he was 
many years an active worker in connection with the "underground 
railroad" when that institution was in its flourishing days, so suc- 
cessful in aiding the cause of the abolishing of human slavery in 


America. He spent his life as an energetic and industrious farmer, 
and was the father of twelve children. His wife died in 1875, and 
he survived until 1897. The)^ were both stanch Presbyterians. 

Mr. Cratty was reared on a farm in Ohio and Illinois, receiving 
a public school education, and when eighteen years old, in 1864, en- 
listed in Company L, Fifth New York Cavalry, which regiment com- 
posed a part of Custer's Corps. In this command he saw service 
in all the battles that were fought up and down the Shenandoah val- 
ley in 1864-65, and at the battle of Cedar Creek, October 19, 1864, 
was at the point where Sheridan joined his warring forces at the end 
of his famous ride from Winchester town. After this fight Mr. Crat- 
ty's regiment was Sheridan's body guard. He received his discharge 
at Winchester, Virginia, in July, 1865. He was never wounded, bui. 
had two horses shot from under him. From the close of the war un- 
til he began studying law with his brother in Peoria, he was engaged 
in teaching Illinois public scliools. A! successful examination before 
the supreme court at Springfield January 6, 1872, allowed him to 
begin practice, and his career as a lawyer has been uninterrupted 
since that time. 

He is a member of the Chicago Bar Association, the Illinois Bar- 
Association, the City Club, the Chicago Press Club and Oak Park 
Club, the Phil Sheridan G. A. R. Post, Chicago Commercial Associa- 
tion, the Commercial Law League of America and the Royal Ar- 
canum. In politics a Republican, and a member of the Congrega- 
tional church. He married in 1875, Miss Libbie M. Earing, who 
died in 1887, leaving a son, Paul Jones, and a daughter, Theo Candis. 
His present wife, to whom he was married in April, 1892, was Miss 
Kate E. Jabine, of Springfield, Illinois._ 

A native of stirring, progressive Chicago, Joseph E. Bidwill, Jr., 

clerk of the circuit court of Cook county, has the distinction of being 

^ the youngest man ever elected to a county office in 
Joseph E 
p ■ the United States. He was born July i, 1883, in 

what is now a part of the Eleventh ward, compos- 
ing a portion of the populous west side, which wields so potent an 
influence in the civic affairs of Chicago. Joseph E. Bidwill, his 
father, is also a native of Chicago, where for years he has been one 
of the most substantial m^en on the Board of Trade, and a grain ex- 
pert second to none. His long service on the State Grain Inspec- 




^Vnyyi ::,+-,v;r,;v 


tion Board and his graduation, through all the official positions, to 
the rank of chief grain inspector (serving thus from 1901 to 1904) 
marks him as master of his great business, and his record is in some 
respects without parallel in the history of the trade. He also held 
the position of railroad and warehouse commissioner, and has been 
for many years a strong factor in municipal, county and state poli- 
tics, never shirking his duties as a reliable and working Republican. 
In 1896 he served as a delegate to the national convention, and has 
long been a stanch member of the Chicago central and Cook county 
Republican committees. 

Joseph E. Bidwill, Jr., received a thorough education at the St. 
Charles parochial school, the Joseph Medill grammar school, from 
which he was graduated, St. Ignatius College and the old English 
high and manual training school, being graduated from the last 
named in 1900. He subsequeutl}^ took a special course at the Lewis 
Institute, and, having completed his- school work, enjoyed a valuable 
year of legal experience in the office of Winston and Meagher. From 
1902 to January, 1906, he was in the employ of the Chicago National 
Bank as general clerk and bookkeeper, and until the following fall 
was connected with N. W. Harris and Company, bankers. His cour- 
tesy and practical business and executive ability, coupled with his 
uncompromising and inspiring Republicanism, had already brought 
him so favorably to the notice of the leaders of the party that in 
June, 1906, he had become its nominee for the position which he 
now admirably fills, and to which he was elected on November 6th 
by the decisive plurality of 40,000. Socially and fraternally. Mr. 
Bidwill is identified with the Hamilton Club, the Illinois Commercial 
Men's Association, the Knights of Columbus, Fort Dearborn Club 
and Catholic Order of Foresters. In the administration of the af- 
fairs of the office he has been most fortunate and successful and in 
the chancery department, where the work was two years behind, he 
has it brought down to date. 

A rising young man of public affairs and at present clerk of the 
criminal court, Abram J. Harris, is one of those of foreign birth, but 

of Chicago training, who have so truly absorbed 
-rj the best spirit of the city and the times. He was 

born in Poland on the 15th of September, 1867. at- 
tending the schools of his native country until he was eleven years of 


age. When he came to Chicago in 1880, he continued his education 
in the schools of this city, and as a young man engaged in the real 
estate and insurance business. This active hne of work threw him 
in contact with the people of his community, and a general recogni- 
tion of his popular qualities was soon followed by an acknowledg- 
ment of his ability and powers of initiative. 

In politics Mr. Harris has always been an unwavering Republi- 
can, the official recognition of his party dating from 1897. In that 
year Governor Tanner appointed him assistant chief factory inspector, 
which position he held until 1902. During that period, until 1901, 
he was also a member of the International Factory Inspection Asso- • 
ciation, serving that body for two years as vice president and for a 
like term as secretary. In 1903 Mr. Harris was honored witli the 
nomination for state senator, but failed of election. In 1904, hew- 
ever, he was elected to represent his ward (the Ninth) in the city " 
•council, and in 1906 was chosen to his present position by the^hand- / 
some plurality of 35,000. In the conduct of the affairs of his office 
he not only evinces his good business training and executive talents, 
but has inaugurated a civil service era, thoroughly believing, as he 
does, in the justice as well as good policy of retaining those who, by 
length of service and efficiency, are in line for continuous promotion. 

Outside of business, politics and the public service, Mr. Harris 
is recognized as a suggestive and forcible writer, his subjects being 
founded upon experience and therefore treated with the more prac- 
tical value. Among other topics which he has treated in a manner 
to attract most favorable comment are "The Evil of the Sweat vShop, 
and Its Remedy," and the "Abolishment of Child Labor." His so- 
cial, fraternal and charitable relations are with the Wiley M. Eagan 
Chapter No. 126, A. M., the A. F. and A. M. (Keystone Lodge), 
B. P. O. E., National Union, K. of P., B'nai B'rith, I. O. B. A., and 
the Order of the Western Star, also the Illinois Athletic and Hamil- 
ton clubs. He is also a member of the board of directors of the 
Chicago Orphans' Home, and is actively identified with the Associat- 
ed Jewish Charities and various other kindred organizations. In 
1900 Mr. Harris was united in marriage with Miss Sara S. Benson, 
of Indianapolis, Indiana, by whom he has had three children — Arnold 
B., Ellenore M. and Lillian Florence. Thus his progressive and 

t ijt vitio Lk iL.> « vt^ T 


promising career has been rounded out in the way most fitting to the 
true American citizen, who, whatever his many activities, is an- 
chored to wife, children and home. 

Until five years ago one of the most successful criminal lawyers 
of Chicago and Cook county was Kickham Scanlan, and he won his 

reputation by several notable cases in which he ap- 

f, peared as counsel either for the defense or prosecu- 

SCANLAN. ^ ^ . . , , ^^ o , , 

tion. it is said that Mr. Scanlan on several occa- 
sions took cases that seemed "forlorn hopes" and brought them to ^. 
successful issue. His management of evidence, his tact before a jury, 
and unusual powers in pleading have often come to notice in the 
courts and contributed to a deservedly high reputation in the Chicago 
bar. During the last five years, however, he has been engaged al- 
most exclusively in the trial of civil cases, acting as attorney for a 
number of large corporations. During the time he was sought as 
counsel in criminal cases, he was attorney in such famous cases as the 
two Cronin trials, the McGarigle case, the Ohio tally-sheet frauds 
(in which Allen G. Thurman was associate counsel), and the Milling- 
ton poisoning case at Denver. 

Mr. Scanlan was born in Chicago October 23, 1864, but the fam- 
ily having moved shortly after to Washington, D. C, he attended the 
common and high schools of that city, and completed his higher stud- 
ies under private tutors and at Notre Dame University, South Bend, 
Indiana. In 1882, then eighteen years of age, he came to Chicago 
and for three years was in the employ of William P. Rend, the well- 
known coal operator. His law studies, begun in 1886, in the office 
of Mills and Ingham and at the Chicago College of Law, were com- 
pleted by graduation from the latter institution, with honors, in 1889. 
He thus had the advantage of thorough theoretical instruction and 
the association of two of the most eloquent, versatile and successful 
criminal lawyers of the western bar. Almost at once on his admis- 
sion to the bar in 1889 he became identified with practice that brought 
him into legal prominence. 

Mr. Scanlan married, in 1890, Miss Sadie Conway, daughter of 
Michael Conway, late fire inspector of Chicago. In social and pri- 
vate life Mr. Scanlan is cultured and companionable, and a man of 
strength, breadth and sterling character. 


A successful corporation lawyer must not only be an alert and 
broad member of his profession, but a keen and far-seeing busi- 
ness man. His is pre-eminently the domain of prac- 
George W. ^.^^j j^^ -^^ which hard fact and solid logic, fertil- 

ity of resource and vigor of professional treat- 
ment are usually relied upon, rather than ingenious theory and the 
graces of oratory. When to these qualities are added the graces of 
orator}'-, and the humor, geniality and unfailing courtesy of a gen- 
tleman, the main traits have been set forth of the prominent and 
popular railroad lawyer. George Washington Kretzinger, LL. D., at 
the head of the law firm of Kretzinger, Gallagher, Rooney and Rog- 
ers. ' ------- 

As a railway attorney Mr. Kretzinger is the general' counsel of 
the Louisville, New Albany & Chicago' Railway Company and chief 
counsel of the Chicago, Indianapolis & Louisville Railway Com- 
pany; also one of the chief attorneys for the Grand Trunk Railway 
System. In 1891 he incorporated the Santa Fe, Prescott & Phoe- 
nix Railway Company of Arizona. His professional and social life 
also embraces a membership in the American and Chicago Bar As- 
sociations and the Hamilton, Twentieth Century and other clubs. 
He is a strong and valued Republican, but has never been an aspirant 
for office or public preferment of any kind. 

The salient facts of Mr. Kretzinger's life are that he was born 
in Plymouth, Ohio, on the nth of August, 1846, son of Isaac and 
Elizabeth (Oglesby) Kretzinger. Before he was fifteen years of 
age he commenced his service in the Union army, and served with 
bravery throughout the Rebellion. Educated at the Otterbein Uni- 
versity, Ohio, which later conferred upon him the degree of LL. D., 
he came to Illinois, studied law, was admitted to the bar and prac- 
ticed with Judge R. L. Hannaman of Knoxville, that state, thus con- 
tinuing until 1873. In the year named he came to Chicago, where 
he made a fine record as a corporation lawyer. 

On August 28, 1878, Mr. Kretzinger was united in marriage 
with Miss Clara Wilson, and their son, George Wilson Kretzinger, 
was born July 9, 1880. The latter attended school at Vanderbilt 
University, Nashville, Tennessee; the University of Chicago, from 
which he was graduated with the degree of A. B. in 1901 ; after- 




ward attended Harvard Colleg-e. which, in June 1904. conferred 
upon him the degree of LL. I'... and in August of that year was ad- 
mitted to the Massachusetts bar. In December. 1904. he was ad- 
mitted to practice before the ilhnois l)ar. and is now engaged in pro- 
fessional study and work under the direction of his father. 

Mr. Kretzinger's daughter. Chira Josephine, is a younger child, 
and a young lady of marked artistic promise. TJic Saturday Even- 
ing Herald, of Chicago, in a series of articles on the twentieth annual 
exhibition of American artists at the Art Institute, has this to say 
of one of Miss Kretzinger's latest productions : "In room 25 there 
is a cabinet-sized interior figure subject, The Print Seller, which de- 
serves a somewhat detailed notice, principally from the fact that it 
will afford to the students of the institute (and that from a young 
lady who. too, is still a student) a valuable lesson as to the point at 
which the imitation of the texture accessories, or the still-life of a 
figure picture, should be arrested. This very mature and interesting 
work is by Miss Clara Josephine Kretzinger — interesting because it 
was produced by this gifted young artist after she had received only 
two years of art instruction, a period which is about one-fourth of 
the average time a student has to subject himself or herself to train- 
ing. After about five months of tuition a picture of hers was hung 
in the Paris Salon, and since then, two more. The Print Seller is 
not only excellently painted, but it shows a mastery of composition, 
and a feeling for subtleties of color and its orchestration, so to speak. 
is admirable — qualities which arc rarely, if e\er. attained until some 
years after emancipation from the schools." In the spring of 1908 
two more paintings were accepted by the Salon, and upon this she 
received honorable mention, which is one of the highest honors con- 
ferred l)y the Salon. 

One of the most reliable and progressive of the younger members 
of the Chicago bar, who stands high in professional ability and as 

a man of broad business and financial judgment, is 

Leonard A. j ^^^^^^^.^1 Asburv Busbv, of the firm of Shope, Zane, 

Busby and Weber, with offices in the Chicago Title 

and Trust building. He was born at Jewett, Harrison county, Ohio, 

on the 22nd of May, 1869. son of Sheridan and Margaret (Ouigley) 

Busby. Of the parer.ts. the lather was a native of Maryland, of 


straight English stock, and died at Jewett, Ohio, in 1884, at the age 
of sixty-seven years. The mother was a Pennsylvanian by birth, is 
of Scotch-Irish descent and is now a resident of Chicago. 

Mr. Busby received his primary education in the pubhc schools- 
of Jewett and at the age of sixteen commenced to teach in the com- 
mon schools of Harrison county. After following this occupation 
four years he was enabled to complete his education at the Ohio Wes- 
leyan University, Delaware, from which, after pursuing a four- 
years' course, he graduated in June, 1894, standing at the head of his 
class in scholarship. Coming to Chicago in September of the same 
year, Mr. Busby entered the law department of the Northwestern Uni- 
versity, where, after a year of hard work, he obtained his=^dSgree of 
LL. B. In June of the year of his graduation he was admitted jto 
practice at the Illinois bar, and at once entered the law office of Lyman 
and Jackson, then the oldest law firm in the city, having been organized 
\in 1869. 

By December, 1898, Mr. Busby had won his way to a partnership 
in the firm, the style becoming Jackson, Busby and Lyman. David 
B. Lyman retired from the old firm to become president of the Chi- 
cago Title and Trust Company, and his son was taken in as a junior 
member. After the death of Huntington W. Jackson, January 3, 
1 90 1, the elder Lyman returned to the firm and its style became Ly- 
man, Busby and Lyman, which continued until December i, 1906, 
when the firm was dissolved by mutual consent. At that time Hon. 
Simeon P. Shope, John M. Zane and Harry P. Weber (of the firm 
of Shope, Mathis, Zane and Weber), and Mr. Busby formed the pres- 
ent partnership of Shope, Zane, Busby and Weber. 

Upon the death of Mr. Jackson, Mr. Busby was elected to suc- 
ceed him as a life member of the board of trustees of the John Crerar 
Library, taking his place on the board as a member of the Administra- 
tion Committee. Mr. Jackson showed his absolute trust and confidence 
in Mr. Busby by appointing him the sole executor and trustee of his 
estate, amounting to half a million dollars, requesting that his executor 
be not required to give bond. 

Mr. Busby has personally represented a number of large interests 
in important litigation during the last few years, and is now an active 
and successful practitioner. He drafted the Act and secured the pas- 


sage of the law relating to the establishment of free public libraries in 
the public parks, and represents the John Crerar Library in the pending 
litigation over the right to erect its building in Grant Park on the lake 
front. . As counsel for the bondholders he won the famous Fort Wayne 
(Indiana) Street Railway suit, which involved the rescue of more 
than $1,000,000 of wrongfully converted funds. Mr. Busby also rep- 
resented the Bank of Montreal in the suit growing out of the failure 
of George H. Phillips; the suit was brought against the bank by the 
trustee in bankruptcy and involved the right of the bank to retain over 
$300,000 collected by the bank from Phillips immediately prior to 
his insolvency. The case was tried before Judge Seaman in the 
United States circuit court and decided in favor of the bank. 
In 1906 Mr. Busby became counsel for the receiver of the Calu- 
met Electric Street Railway Company and in 1907-08 took personal 
charge of the work involved in taking the Calumet Company 
out of the hands of the receiver, organizing its successor, the Calu- 
met and South Chicago Railway Company, and effecting the con- 
solidation and merger of the South Chicago City Railway into the 
former company. He also represented the new company before the 
city council of Chicago in its negotiations for a new twenty-year 
franchise, which was granted March 30, 1908, and is now General 
Counsel of the consolidated company. 

Mr. Busby's practice has covered a wide range. He has a brilHant 
record as a trial lawyer and particularly in the defense of personal 
injury suits, but his constructive ability, as shown by the various or- 
sranizations and reorijanizations with which he has been connected, 
has won for him a still higher place in the esteem and confidence of 
his clients. 

Fraternally, socially and professionally Mr. Busby is widely con- 
nected, being a member of the Phi Beta Kappa society, the Phi Delta 
Theta fraternity, the Chicago Bar Association (of which he was 
treasurer and member of the board of managers for two years), the 
Law Club and the Chicago Club. Mr. Busby is a Democrat (^t the 
Cleveland stamp, but he has never taken an active part in politics for 
the reason that his law practice and business relations have practically 
absorbed his entire time and strength to the exclusion of everything 
else. He is unmarried, and lives with his mother in Woodlawn. 


In the field of general law, as also in his specialty of patent law, 
one of the most eminent figures of the Chicago bar during the last 

thirty years of the nineteenth century was lesse 


P Cox, whose death on September lo, 1902, at the age 

of fifty-nine, was felt as a distinct loss to the pro- 
fession. He had fairly earned his position in the law, since he had 
been for many years not only an earnest student of its general prin- 
ciples, but also for his persistent and well-rewarded research into 
the details of his specialty. During thirty years of practice in Chi- 
cago he was a faithful conserver of all the interests confided to his 
care and fine judgment, and perfected a career that deserves a^st- 
ing place in the history of the bar. _ >—'^- 

With the exception of nine years from 1878 to 1887 his pracirce 
was of a general nature, but during those nine years he made a tine 
reputation in the specialty of patent law, and continued until his death 
to be an authority in this branch of practice. Although he was abso- 
lutely devoted to the cause of his client in whatever field he worked, 
he never forgot the ethics of his profession or stooped to unworthy 
means to gain an advantage. By close study and through his famil- 
iarity with a wide range of legal lore, he usually fortified his posi- 
tions with so many facts and precedents that only the leading prac- 
titioners could successfully cope with him, and he won more than a 
majority of the causes he tried. 

In his extensive library he had many volumes on the subject of 
political economy. Outside of the law, this was his favorite study, 
and it became more than a matter of casual interest with him. He 
wrote and lectured on many themes connected with the subject, and 
his studies of the problems of labor caused his main interest in 
politics. - 

One of the most important and interesting litigations in which 
Mr. Cox was engaged was that of the People ex rel. Hugh Maher 
versus Erastus Williams. Judge Williams, an old and respected 
member of the bench, had decided a suit against Hugh Maher, who 
claimed an eighty-acre tract of valuable land near Riverside, which 
he claimed Charles B. Farwell had conveyed to him in payment of a 
gambling debt. Farwell claimed that the land had been made over 
as part payment of an election bet made between him and Maher on 
the election of Lincoln. After the trial Judge Williams refused to 


sign a certificate of evidence to the supreme court so that Maher 
could take an appeal. The latter then filed a petition in the supreme 
court for a writ of mandamus to compel Judge Williams to sign the 
certificate, and the writ was granted. Owing to the prominence of 
the parties and the peculiar nature of the litigation llie suit attracted 
widespread attention. 1liis was the second time in the history of the 
state that a judge had been ordered by the supreme court to sign such 
a document, and in the other instance the judge resigned rather than 
obev the order of the higher court. 

Before coming to Chicago Mr. Cox had gained experience and 
success as a lawyer in Philadelphia. Born in Burlington, New Jer- 
se}^, October 29, 1843, he was reared in Philadelphia, to which city 
his parents removed when he was one year old. and received his edu- 
cation in private schools and under private instruction. In January, 
1862, he commenced his professional studies in the office of George 
M. Wharton, a pioneer lawyer of that city. After practicing for 
seven years in Philadelphia, he came to Chicago in January, 1873. 
In October, 1869, Jesse Cox married Miss Annie Malcom, of Phila- 
delphia, a daughter of Rev. Howard Malcom, who was for many 
years a prominent minister of the Baptist church, and president of 
the Georgetown (Kentucky) College and of the University of Lewis- 
burg, Pennsylvania. 

For about eight years prior to his death Jesse Cox had as his as- 
sociate in practice his son, Arthur Malcom Cox, who is a prominent 

lawyer and now a member of the well-known law 

Arthur M. ^ r r- i ci 1 r- u 1 

„ firm of Caniahan, Slusser and Cox. He was born 


in Chicago June 16, 1873, the year of his father's 

removal to this city. He attended the Brown and Marciuette ward 

schools and in 1892 graduated from the West Division high school. 

Soon afterward he commenced the study of his profession in hi'^ 

father's office, passed an admission examination in the appellate court 

in 1894 and continued in practice with the elder Cox until his death 

in 1902. He continued his i)ractice alone until May 1. \^)'0J,. when 

he became a member of and added his name to the firm of Carnahan, 

Slusser, Hawkes and Cox, the i)resent style being assumed on the 

retirement of Benjamin C. Hawkes. .\mong the younger members 

of the Chicago bar Mr. Cox has already attained a high standing 

as a successful practitioner in the field of chancerw In politics Mr. 


Cox is a Republican, is a Baptist in his religious affiliations, is a 
Master Mason, a member of the Sons of the American Revolution, 
and of the Union League, Hamilton and Chicago Yacht clubs, and 
the Chicago Bar Association. 

Ralph Crews, a rising attorney in the field of corporation law, is 
the son of Seth Floyd and Helena Ridgway (Slocum) Crews, his 

father, still an active practitioner at the local bar, 
P standing for many years in the front rank of the 

attorneys and citizens of Mount Vernon, Jefferson 
county, Illinois.' In 1876-80 the latter served as statels^-at^omey, 
during which period no indictment which he drew was ever quashed. 
At the end of his four years' term he declined a re-election. In the 
fall of 1882 he was elected a member of the Illinois legislature, serv- 
ing the winter of 1882-83. The elder Crews has always been a stal- 
wart Republican, and the family for many generations has been 
steadfastly attached to the Methodist faith. The family came to 
Chicago in 1883, since which time he has been engaged in many cases 
which have established his position as a leading trial lawyer.' 

Ralph Crews was born at Mount Vernon, Jefferson county, Illi- 
nois, on the 29th of March, 1876, and was seven years of age when 
the family removed to Chicago. He received his education in the 
public and high schools of Hyde Park, graduating from the latter in 
the class of 1893. Soon afterward he commenced to study law under 
the tutelage of his father, and became a regular student at the Chi- 
cago College of Law. Receiving his professional degree from that 
institution as a member of the class of 1897, he was admitted to 
practice in June of that year, and has since continued as a promising 
and progressive member of the profession. His specialty is corpora- 
tion law, in which he has already met with creditable success. 

In June, 1901, Mr. Crews, was united in marriage with Miss 
Elizabeth Stuart Sherman, of Riverside, Illinois, which beautiful 
suburb is the family home. They have two daughters, Mary A., and 
Elizabeth R. Mr. Crews is a Republican in politics, but has given 
his sole and faithful attention to the furtherance of his career as a 
lawyer, and has had neither time nor inclination to seek public pre- 
ferment. He is an advocate of outdoor sports/ both as a means of 
health and recreation, and is a member of the Riverside Golf Club, 
which numbers among its supporters some of the most prominent 


families in the place. Domestic, sociable, energetic and able, substan- 
tial progress and an honorable standing, both as a lawyer and a citi- 
zen, are clearly assured him. 

Joseph B. Langworthy, who is among the progressive members 
of the legal profession in Chicago, is a native of Geauga county. 

^ Ohio, and was born on a farm in that section of 

Joseph B. . ^ ^ .. o^ xj • r t 1 

T the state January 10, 1862. He is a son of Joseph 

Langworthy. . j i 

and Sophronia (Merry) Langworthy, and had the 

good fortune to spring from Scotch-Irish ancestry — the good for- 
tune, because it brought him an inheritance of Cjuick perception bal- 
anced by sturdy persistency. The father was born in Massachu- 
setts in 1810, migrating in 1846 to Ohio, where he resided until 1872. 
when he removed to Branch county, Michigan, dying there in 1882. 
The mother, who was born in Ireland, was brought to the United 
States in early childhood and her death occurred in Geauga county 
in the latter part of 1864. They were the parents of thirteen chil- 
dren, of whom eleven are living. Of their sons, Henry and George 
B. were soldiers in the Civil war and continued their militarv serv- 
ice by participation in the Indian campaigns of the west. 

Mr. Langworthy received an unusually thorough education in 
general and literary branches before commencing his professional 
studies, his original intention being to enter the educational field. 
The earlier steps of his mental training were taken in the public and 
high school of Angola, Indiana, after which he became a student in 
the Northern Indiana Normal College, from which he was graduated 
in 1879. After teaching school for some time he entered the Univer- 
sity of Michigan as a law student, and as he had already made consid- 
erable progress through his private readings he obtained admission 
to the bar and commenced the practice of his profession at LaPorte, 
Indiana, in 1885. 

Mr. Langworthy came to Chicago at the advice of United States 
District Judge John H. Baker of Goshen. Indiana, who had taken a 
deep interest in the young attorney. He became a resident of the 
city in 1890 and during the succeeding eight years was connected 
with the law firm of Moran, Mayer and Myer. Since 1898 he has 
conducted an independent practice, broadly covering all civil busi- 
ness, and much of his practice has been in the higher courts, such as 
the ap]icllate and state supreme. He is a member of the State Bar 


i\ssociation and, in politics, a Republican. In 1885 Mr. Langworthy 

was united in marriage with Miss Carrie M. Caswell, who died in 

1 89 1. In 1897 he married, as his second wife, Miss Emily Atwood, 

who died in 1904. 

Ernest Dale Owen, who has been a practicing lawyer in Chicago 

for nearly twenty years, is a representative of the Owen family which 

has become famous in England and the United 
Ernest TO 

^ ' States in the fields of social reform, science 

and spiritualism. His grandfather,- Robert Owen_, 
is acl<:nowledged to be the founder of English socialism^ -whiclb-how- 
eyer, at that time had a different meaning from what is known as 
socialism today. He was born in Wales in 1771, and in early man- 
hood was manager and part owner of the New Lanark cotton mills 
in England, introducing among his operatives various reforms look- 
ing to the improvement of their domestic and social condition, among 
which was the first instance of co-operation. The history of English 
socialism is commonly dated from 181 7, when he brought before a 
committee of the house of commons a report on the poor law. rec- 
ommending the formation of communities, with land as the basis of 
their support, each living in a large building with common kitchen 
and dining room, the separate families, of course, to have private 
apartments. Work, and the enjoyment of its results, was to be in 
common. In 1823 he came to the United States and two years after 
founded a community at New Harrhony, Indiana, in which was tried 
the practicability of some of these principles. The experhnent 
failed in 1827. He bought the town of New Harmony from the 
Rapp Society. In the following year he severed his connection with 
the New Lanark mills and thereafter, until his death in 1858, gave 
his entire attention and fortune to the elevation of the working peo- 

David Dale Owen, one of the sons, when he was about sixteen 
vears of age, came to the United States with his father, became a 
famous geologist, and was especially connected with the government 
surveys of the northwest. He died at New Harmony in i860, being 
an uncle of Ernest D. Owen. 

The father of the latter, and another son of Robert, was Robert 
Dale Owen, best known to Americans of all the members of the 
noted family. He was a native of Glasgow, Scotland, born Novem- 


ber 9. 1801, and during more than half a century was prominently 
before the people as a social reformer, politician and spiritualist. In 
1843-47 he served as a member of Congress from Indiana, and after 
the war of the Rebellion broke out stood among the foremost Aboli- 
tionists in the country. Among his best-known literary works de- 
voted to spiritualism are "Footfalls on the Boundary of Another 
World" and "The Debatable Land." He wrote "Threading My 
Way," an autobiography, and a number of other books and pamphlets. 
During the war he wrote "Wrong of Slavery and Right of Emancipa- 
tion," circulated by the thousands of copies at the expense of tiie gov- 
ernment. He died near Lake George. New York, June 17, 1877. 
Richard Owen was another uncle of Ernest Dale Owen, the Chicago 
lawyer, and was a geologist and linguist of note and for many years 
professor at the state university at Bloomington, Indiana. 

Ernest Dale Owen was born at New Harmony, Indiana, the place 
of the Robert Owen experiment in community living, on the 17th of 
April, 1850. He spent six years of his earlier life in Europe, and 
his schooling was mostly obtained abroad and at McMullen's Acad- 
emy, New York, at which Theodore Roosevelt was once a student. 
In 1 87 1 he was admitted to the practice of his profession in Indiana, 
and afterward pursued his professional work in Michigan and Illi- 
nois, being admitted to the bar of both states-. In 1875 ^^^'- Owen 
located at Marquette, Michigan, remained there for four years, and 
then returned to New Harmony, wdiere he engaged in a substantial 
practice until he came to Chicago in December, 1889. Since the 
latter date he has been known in this city as an attorney of broad 
legal information engaged in the successful handling of involved and 
important litigation. He is a man of thoughtful disposition and 
scholarly tastes and a forceful and logical speaker. He confines his 
club connections to the Indiana Society. He has written somewhat 
for magazines and other publications and is fond of literary work. 

Daniel Jay Schuyler, an old and prominent lawyer of Chicago, 

is descended from the Schuylers of central New York, who were 

so prominent in the early development of that sec- 

■'■ tion of the Empire state. The first of the name to 
Schuyler. , . t^, •,• t^- . a- 

come to this country was Philip rietersen \ an 

Schuyler, who, more than two centuries and a half ago, left his na- 
tive Holland and settled on the present site of Albany. \\'hen the 

Vol. 11—15 


place was incorporated as a city in 1686, a member of the family 
was elected first mayor, and, after serving eight years in that posi- 
tion, successively became president of the king's council in New 
York, acting governor, a member of the New York assembly, and 
commissioner of Indian affairs. 

General Philip Schuyler -was a still more famous representative 
of the name. As a general in the Revolutionary field, a member of 
the Continental Congress and afterward United States senator from 
New York, he was truly one of the fathers of the Republic. He is 
especially identified with the history of the Empire state because of 
his life-long advocacy of the development of a system of internal im- 
provements, and especially of the canals in New York. 

The branch of the Schuyler family from which is descended Dan- 
iel J. Schuyler located in New Jersey just before the Revolutionary 
war. Different members of it, however, afterward returned to New 
York and made their home for several generations in Montgomery 
county. At Florida, in this locality, Mr. Schuyler was born on a 
farm located by his great-grandfather, his parents being John Jacob 
and Sahy Ann (Davis) Schuyler. Here he commenced a vigorous, 
healthful life, inherited from sturdy, forceful ancestors, on the i6th 
of February, 1839. His education was begun in the common schools 
near his home, and he early showed a decided literary and oratorical 
bent. His academic studies at Princeton and Amsterdam were 
somewhat interrupted by work upon the farm, but following a course 
of study at Franklin, Delaware county, he entered Union College, 
Schenectady, for a regular and continuous training. Graduating from 
the latter institution in 1861, he soon after commenced the study of 
law, which, with intervals of teaching, occupied the succeeding three 
years. A portion of this period he spent in the office of the distin- 
guished lawyer, Francis Kernan, of Utica, New York. In January, 
1864, he was admitted to the New York bar. 

Mr. Schuyler wisely decided upon the west as the most favorable 
field for practice, and upon Chicago as its most promising center. 
To a comprehensive knowledge of the law he added those personal 
traits of industry and faithfulness which, together, form a guarantee 
of substantial success. He practiced alone until 1872, when he en- 
tered into partnership with George Gardner, the firm continuing un- 
til 1879, when the latter was elected a judge of the superior court. 


He afterward became senior partner in the firm of Schuyler and 
Kremer, devoting himself chiefly to court work as a general practi- 
tioner, while the junior partner made a specialty of admiralty law. 
He is now senior partner in the firm of Schuyler, Jamieson and Et- 
telson, and has devoted himself largely to commercial, corporation 
and fire-insurance law. Especially in the field last named are his 
opinions regarded as authority. 

On September 5, 1865, Mr. Schuyler was united in marriage with 
Miss Mary J. Byford, second daughter of the late William II. By- 
ford, long recognized as one of the most eminent of Chicago physi- 
cians. Two children have been born to their union, Daniel J., Jr., 
and Edith Nolan Schuyler. In 1897 Mr. Schuyler organized the 
Holland Society of Chicago, the members of which are composed 
of the descendants of old Dutch families residing in this city. As a 
stanch Republican, he is also a member of the Hamilton Club, and, 
as a good citizen, has always been active in elevating public move- 
ments. His religious faith is that of Congregationalism. 

Hon. James Herbert Wilkerson, member of the firm of Tenney, 
Coffeen, Harding and Wilkerson, is not only a leading lawyer of 

Chicago, but among the most prominent Republi- 

,/,. - ■ cans of this section. He is a native of Savannah, 

Wilkerson. ^-. . , . .1 r t^ 1 o^ u 

Missouri, born on the nth of December, 1809, be- 
ing a son of John W. and Lydia (Austin) Wilkerson. He is a grad- 
uate of DePauw UniNcrsity, Greencastle, Indiana, in which he made 
a brilliant record and in 1889 obtained the degree of A. B. It was 
during the senior year that he so successfully represented Indiana in 
the interstate oratorical contest. After leaving college he was ap- 
pointed principal of the high school at Hastings, Nebraska, serving 
in that capacity for about a year, and in 1891 becoming an instructor 
at DePauw University. 

In 1893, after Mr. Wilkerson had been identified with the faculty 
of his alma mater for some two years, he came to Chicago to con- 
tinue the study of the law and enter into its practice. In the year 
named he was admitted to practice at the bar of Illinois, first asso- 
ciating himself with Myron li. Beach. In 1894 he became connected 
with Tenney, McConnell and Coffeen, and in 1900 was received into 
partnership by the members then composing the firm, thereby mak- 
ing the style Tenney, Coffeen, Harding and Wilkerson. 


Mr. Wilkerson has been earnestly concerned in Republican poli- 
tics and the public affairs of the state for many years, and in 1902 
was elected to the Illinois legislature for the thirteenth district. He 
conducted the fight for a state civil service law, and introduced and- 
secured the passage of the constitutional amendment for a new Chi- 
cago charter. In 1903 he was appointed county attorney for Cook 
county, and in that capacity conducted much important litigation, es- 
pecially that which involved the taxation of the capital stock -oj^ [Cor- 
porations. At the conclusion of his term he entered private practice, 
and since assuming his duties under United States District Attorney 
Sims has conducted a number of cases in behalf of the government. 
In the world-famous Rockefeller cases upon which the United States 
department of justice concentrated its best available talent in this 
district, Mr. Wilkerson abundantly proved his stability and resource- 
fulness as a lawyer. 

On the 2ist of August, 1891, Mr. Wilkerson was united in mar- 
riage with Miss Mary Roth, and they reside at No. 6648 Minerva 
avenue. As to club circles he is identified with the Law, Hamilton 
and Woodlawn Park organizations. 

William H. Sexton is a leading Chicago lawyer of the younger 

generation, born in this city March 22, 1875, the son of Austin O. 

and Mary I. (Lyons) Sexton, both of whom were 

^ ' natives of Chicago. His father was a well-known 

Sexton. , ... . . 

lawyer engaged m active practice until his death 

January 9th, 1908. 

Since the fall of 1906 William H. Sexton has been a member of 
the firm of Tolman, Redfield and Sexton, the senior partner of which 
is Major Edgar Bronson Tolman. This firm is one of the strongest 
which has been formed in recent years, its business being largely de- 
voted to litigation concerning corporations and municipal matters. 

William H. Sexton is a Chicagoan from first to last. His men- 
tal character was molded in its public schools and the Lake View 
high school, his graduation from that institution occurring in 1893. 
He had already studied law to some extent under his father's guid- 
ance, which he continued after he became a student at the Chicago 
College of Law, of which the late Judge Thomas A. Moran was dean. 
He was admitted to the bar in 1895, and thereafter, until May i, 
1897, was associated with his father in the practice of his profes- 

m^m yjRARY 




sion. At that time Mr. Sexton was ai)p()inte(l assistant corporation 
counsel by Mayor Carter H. Harrison 11., and served as such, with 
invariable faithfulness, ability and professional credit, under Charles 
S. Thornton, Charles M. \\'alker, now judge of the circuit court, 
Edgar Bronson Tolman and James Hamilton Lewis. He was ap- 
pointed first assistant corporation counsel by Mr. Walker and con- 
tinued in ^liat position under Major Tolman and James Hamilton 
Lewis. The official relationship between him and Major Tolman 
brought them into such close contact that the elder lawyer formed 
a high opinion of his associate both as an attorney and a man. In 
November, 1906, therefore, Mr. Sexton resigned his position, and, 
with Robert Redfield, formerly attorney for the board of local im- 
provements of the city of Chicago, entered into partnership with 
Major Tolman in a harmonious and mutually advantageous associa- 
tion, which is rapidly spelling a noticeable success even among the 
strong law firms for which Chicago is noted. 

In October, 1898, William H. Sexton was united in marriage 
with Miss Alice M. Lynch, daugther of Andrew M. and Mary Lynch, 
and they are the parents of one child, Andrew Lynch Sexton, now six 
years of age. The pleasant family home is at 2527 Kenmore avenue, 

Mr. Sexton has always been an active Democrat, and consequent- 
ly is a stanch member of the Iroquois Club, of which he is now vice 
president. He is also a member of the Law Club, the Chicago Asso- 
ciation of Commerce and of several fraternal societies. As a lawyer 
he is thorough and practical, well versed in the law and, what is of 
equal importance, is a good judge of human nature. In his domes- 
tic and social relation, he is kind and companionable, and his attrac- 
tive qualities as a rnan. added to his substantial traits as a lawyer, are 
a guarantee of continued popularity and advancement. 

Hon. William Ernest Mason has been a prominent practitioner 
at the Chicago bar for thirty-five years, and during a large portion 

of that period has been a leading figure in public 

William E. ,., , . , . 1 • 1 ^ 

life, having served for manv vears as a legislator 
Mason. • , , , , r , ', ' • , 

in both branches of the state legislature and the na- 
tional Congress. His public service has been of great practical value 
to his constituents, and although an enthusiastic Republican, his 
fearless independence, both of speech and jiolitical action, has some- 


times brought him into conflict with certain leaders of his party, 
.while decidedly raising him in public estimation. Personally he is 
a liberal-minded, whole-souled and popular man, his geniality of 
manner adding a special charm to a clear mind and a broad legal 
and statesmanlike ability. 

Born in Franklinville, Cattaraugus county, New York, on the 
7th of July, 1850, William E. Mason early evinced those manly, iri- 
dependent and popular qualities which, coupled with his natural abil- 
ity and acquired talents, earned him so substantial a reputatioti in 
later years. His father, Lewis J. Mason, was a merchant of the 
town, a man of high character and an active abolitionist. He early 
identified himself with the Republican party, was an ardent supporter 
of John C. Fremont for the presidency, and his attitude on the ques- 
tions of the day had much to do with forming the general political 
character of the son, although the latter, at the age of fifteen, vir- 
tually became his own master. 

When William E. Mason was a boy of eight the family removed 
from Franklinville, New York, to Bentonsport, Iowa, where they 
remained until 1865, and he received an academic education. After 
the latter year he was thrown virtually upon his own resources, re- 
ceiving further educational privileges from the public schools and 
from the Birmingham College, where he pursued a two-years' course. 
His education was so far advanced, however, that, while continuing 
his studies he taught school at intervals from 1866 to 1870, during 
the last two years being located at Des Moines, Iowa. His law stud- 
ies also overlapped his career as a teacher, and he finally entered into 
the field systematically by placing himself under the tutelage of 
Thomas J. Withrow, an eminent corporation lawyer, who was soon 
after made general solicitor of the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific 
Railroad Company, with headquarters in Chicago. 

Upon the removal of Mr. Withrow to Chicago, Mr. Mason ac- 
companied him in order to have the benefit of his instruction and 
advice in the prosecution of his law studies, and this was his intro- 
duction to the city which he has since made his home. After an- 
other year with Mr. Withrow, he entered the office of John No 
Jewett, long in the fore rank of Chicago lawyers, with whom he 
remained for several years. 

Mr. Mason was admitted to the bar in 1872, practicing alone 


until 1877, when he formed a partnership with M. R. M. Wallace, in 
which connection he attracted such general attention by his abilities 
that he obtained an assured position among the best of his- fellow 
practitioners. Soon, also, he came into political prominence, com- 
mencing his public career in 1879 ^Y 1^'s first service in the Illinois 
General Assembly. Afterward he became senior member of the firm 
of Mason, Ennis and Bates, and since 1898 has been in partnership 
with his son, Lewis F. Mason, under the firm name of Mason and 

As stated, Mr. Mason's public career began in 1879, when he was 
elected to the Illinois general assembly, where his record was of 
such a character as to earn him an elevation to the state senate in 
1 88 1. He served in the upper house of the legislature for four years. 
In 1887 he was chosen to Congress as a representative of the third 
district, being one of the three successful Republicans returned from 
Cook county. In this capacity he was noted as one of the most serv- 
iceable members of Congress — ready and logical in debate and yet 
alive to all the practical demands of his district and industrious in 
pushing forward all needful legislation. His first term expired in 
1889, and his record was indorsed by re-election. In the interim be- 
tween his service as a congressman and a United States senator, Mr. 
Mason was deeply interested in the affairs of the World's Colum- 
bian Exposition, and had much to do with its location at Chicago 
and its final inauguration. For several months prior to its opening 
the public was considerably agitated over the Sunday question. Sev- 
eral cases were brought in the United States court of The People 
versus the World's Columbian Exposition to restrain the manage- 
ment from keeping open on Sunday. A temporary injunction was 
granted and the matter went to the United States court of appeals, 
which sat in Chicago in June, and, with Chief Justice Fuller presid- 
ing, dissolved the injunction. 

In the meantime other cases were progressing in the lower courts. 
In May an action had been brought by one Clingman against the 
exposition to restrain the defendants from closing the gates on Sun- 
day. Through Mr. Mason, his attorney, he brought the action both 
in the capacity of a stockholder of the exposition company and a 
tax payer of the city of Chicago. On the 29th of May the case came 
before Judge Stein of the superior court, Edwin Walker representing 


the defendants. Judge Stein granted the injunction on the conten- 
tion advanced by Mr. Mason that Jackson Park had been dedicated 
by an act of the legislature (1869) to be held, managed and 
enjoyed as a public park, for the recreation and the health of the 
public, and "to be open to all persons forever." He held that this 
condition had not been invalidated by any of 'the legislation in refer- 
ence to the exposition and, indeed, that it was beyond the power of— ^'" 
the legislature to dispense with it. Afterward, finding that the Suri- 
day attendance did not make the opening profitable, the expoSitioiL— --' 
managers voted to close and were individually fined by Judge Stein 
for contempt of court, and, on appeal to the superior court, the in- 
junction was sustained. The Fair was kept open thereafter on Sun- 

William E. Mason served as United States senator from 1897 
to 1903; was a delegate to the national Republican convention in 
1904, and was on the ticket for presidential elector. His record as 
a national figure is of such recent date that a detailed review of it 
would be superfluous. It is sufficient to remember that while he lost 
some ground with some of his party, he made many friends by an 
earnest, straightforward expression of his opinions, irrespective of 
his political future. He has since been engaged in the practice of 
his profession, which carries him almost entirely into the higher 

On June nth, 1873, Mr. Mason married Miss Edith Julia White, 
daughter of George White, of Des Moines, Iowa. He had met his 
wife while he was teaching in that city and married her the year 
after his admission to the bar at Chicago. Of their large family of 
children Lewis F. Mason, as stated, is in partnership vvith his father. 
William E. Mason is a leading and popular member of the Hamilton, 
Marquette and Menoken clubs. The family residence has for many 
years been on Washington boulevard, near Garfield Park, where 
his cultured home and bright children have been the centers of much 
social enjoyment and intellectual improvement. 

When Clyde A. Morrison became chief assistant city attorney of 
Chicago the substantial qualities of one of the younger members of 

^ . the lee:al fraternity were fittingly recognized. It 

Clyde A. ,^, ,, -r ,■ t i ,, 

,, was but another verification of the statement re- 

MORRISON. ,. , . ^^ . , ^, . • ii • 

gardmg the important affairs 01 Chicago m all its 



riLDF-; r.-; 





varied life as a city — tliat there is no great municipality in the world 
in which so many young men are guiding its machinery and its poli- 
cies. Mr. Morrison is also master in chancery t\)r the superior court 
of Cook county, having been appointed February 2, 1907, by Judge 
Ben M. Smith. 

A native of Illinois and resident in Chicago since he was an in- 
fant, Mr. Morrison was born in Peotone, March 12, 1876, recei\-ing 
his elementary and literary education in the grammar and high 
schools of his adopted city. Later he pursued higher courses at the 
University of Virginia (Charlottesville) and returning to Chicago 
was employed in the legal departments of the Chicago & Eastern 
Illinois Railroad and the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern Rail- 
way Company. As a legal practitioner he was subsequently a mem- 
ber of the firms of Pam, Calh(3un and Glennon ; \\'etton and Morri- 
son'; Eddy, Haley and Wetton ; and associated with Calhoun, Ly- 
ford and Sheean, and afterward engaged in independent profes- 
sional work. 

For a number of years Mr. Morrison has l)een acti\ely and in- 
fluentially engaged in politics, being among the best-known Repub- 
licans of the younger generation. He was secretary of the Charles 
C. Dawes campaign committee, when that gentleman was a candi- 
date for LJnited States senator, and subsequently served in the same 
capacity during the gubernatorial campaign of Governor Deneen. In 
the last national election he was associated with the Republican com- 
mittee at the Auditorium, under the direct supervision of National 
Committeeman David W. Mulvane. He was secretary of the Busse 
campaign committee, and is vice president of the Illinois League of 
Republican Clubs. He is also a leader in the local politics of Hyde 
Park, being the owner and publisher of the Hyde Park Republican, 
and the editor-in-chief of the Hamiltoniaii, the latter being the offi- 
cial publication of the Hamilton Club, Chicago. Mr. Morrison is 
a member of the Hamilton. Press, City, Colonial and \\'aupanseh 

There are some men who always seem to "have time" to attend 

to good works, whether of a private or public nature. Mr. Ailing is 

pre-eminently one of this class, and, fortunately for 

the advancement of the best interests of Chicago. 

Alling, Jr. , , , , , , , , r 

does not stand alone. He belongs to the group of 


able citizens whose civic interest is equal to their business enterprise, 
and who are devoting every energy possible to the perfection of our 
municipal laws and the improvement of the public service. A man of 
broad education and fine, sympathetic nature, as well as of strength 
and bravery, he is admirably fitted to be identified with the progres- 
sive guard of such a city as Chicago. 

Charles Ailing, Jr., was born at Madison, Indiana, on the 13th of 
December, 1865, and is descended in the tenth generation from 
Roger Ailing, first treasurer of the New Haven Colony of-tfee-Pil- 
grims, who emigrated from England in 1638. A grandson of the 
emigrant removed from New Haven to Newark, New Jersey, at the 
end. of that century, a;nd his descendants became officers in the Revo- 
lutionary war. John Ailing, the grandfather, graduated from Prince- 
ton College, and migrated from Newark to Madison, Indiana, about 
the year 1826. The mother of Mr. Ailing was Harriet Ann Scovel, 
a "daughter of Rev. Sylvester Scovel, D. D., who was president of 
Hanover Cohege, Indiana, from 1846 to 1849; o^ this institution 
Charles Ailing, his father, has been a trustee for twenty years. Com- 
ing thus from a vigorous and educated line of ancestors^ in whom 
earnestness, faithfulness and the highest order of intelligence were 
predominating traits, Charles Ailing, Jr., has a natural inheritance 
of stanch and useful qualities. 

Charles Ailing, Jr., graduated from Hanover College in 1885 
with the degree of A. B., the same institution, four years later, honor- 
ing him with A. M. In 1888 he completed his law course at the Uni- 
versity of Michigan, securing the degree of LL. B. Soon afterward 
he came to Chicago and was admitted to the Illinois bar, and has since 
been actively engaged in the practice of his profession here and in the 
manifold duties of good citizenship. For ten years of his earlier 
practice he acted as the attorney for the Protective Agency for Women 
and Children, and afterwards became also attorney for the Bureau 
of Justice, and his joint attorneyship led to the consolidation of these 
two effective legal charities into the Legal Aid Society. His personal 
law business grew so fast after his retirement from aldermanic duties 
that he relinquished the attorneyship of the society in the fall of 1905, 
but he still shows a warm interest in its good work by serving with- 
out compensation as chairman of its legal committee.. He suggested 


and was largely instrumental in securing our excellent statute, "To 
define and punish crimes against children." 

In politics Mr. Ailing has been a leading Republican for many 
years. In 1897 he was elected to represent the Third ward, which 
afterwards became the Second ward, and continued in the city council 
for eight years, where he was a member of its most important commit- 
tees. He served on the judiciary committee from 1897 to 1905, and 
was a member of the finance committee from 1899 to 1900. He was 
chairman of the committee on streets and alleys (south) from 
1900-01 ; and one of the two aldermen who participated in the New 
Charter Convention in 1902-3. This latter appointment was virtually 
a formal declaration on the part of the city council that Mr. Ailing 
was its pioneer on charter reform. He established and was first chair- 
man of the committee on state legislation, which secured the munici- 
pal courts and the extension of the mayor's term from two to four 
years in 1905. 

In 1906 Mr. Ailing made the race at the primary election for 
the ofiice of county judge of Cook county, and, while he received 
the popular plurality of the county at large, the dominant faction 
controlled the delegates of the convention and gave the nomination 
to Judge Lewis Rinaker. Mr. Ailing refused strong solicitation to 
become an independent candidate and earnestly supported all the 
nominees of the convention. 

He has taken much interest in the military organizations of the 
state, and at the present time is judge advocate of the First Division, 
Illinois National Guard, with the rank of lieutenant colonel, his com- 
mission being dated May 6, 1902. He is a popular and prominent 
figure in Masonry, affiliated v/ith the Chevalier Bayard Commandery, 
Knights Templar and the Mystic Shrine; he is also a Knight of 
Pythias. He is also a member of the Union League and University 
clubs and the Chicago and Illinois Bar associations. 

Colonel Ailing has retained his close and leading position with 
his old college fraternity, having been grand tribune of Sigma Chi 
from 1888 to 1900 and editor of the Sigma Chi Quarterly from t888 
to 1895. He was elected to its highest office, grand consul, at Old 
Point Comfort, Virginia, on August 2, 1907. For many years he 
has been deacon of the First Presbyterian church and is now a mem- 
ber of the executive committee of the Cook County Sunday School 


Association and the Young Men's Presbyterian Union. He is widely 
known for his speeches in this and other states advocating the teach- 
ing of practical duties of citizenship in churches and schools. 

In 1906 Mr. Ailing became proprietor of the Chicago Business 
Law School, which has had a decade of useful history. The demands 
of his clients both for office consultation and court work became so 
insistent that he parted with, his financial interest in the school, but 
still finds time to lecture once a week in the evening. His practice is 
general, which, with a love of legal study, makes him one of the most 
widely read lawyers at the bar. 

In August, 1907, Governor Deneen appointed him attorney fofr 
the State Board of Health. _ 

George Peck Merrick, for several years a partner of Hon. El- 
bridge Hanecy, is known as a general and corporation lawyer of high 

standing, who has come most prominently before 

the public because of his leading participation in 
Merrick. , i , ^ ,- ■ ■ tt • t,i- • 

the Lake t ront litigation. He is an illmoisan, born 

October 4, 1862, the son of Dr. George C. and Mary (Peck) Mer- 
rick. He received his first professional training in the office of Judge 
Hanecy. having graduated from the Northwestern University in 

In May, 1886, Mr. Merrick was admitted to the Illinois bar and 
in the following November secured a position with the Atchison, To- 
peka & Santa Fe Railroad Company as assistant attorney, with head- 
quarters in Chicago. He continued to perform his duties until 1889, 
when he assumed partnership relations with Mr. Hanecy, which were 
severed by the election of the latter as circuit judge in 1893. Subse- 
Cjuently Mr. Merrick practiced alone, then as senior of the firm of 
Merrick, Evans and Whitney. Personally he has been identified 
with many important cases, notably those of the Lake Front, in which 
he secured the decisions of the supreme court establishing the Lake 
Front as a park. 

Mr. Merrick is a member of the American Bar Association, the 
Illinois Bar Association, the Chicago Bar Association, the Chicago 
Law Institute and the Chicago Law Qub. He is especially promi- 
nent in the social and public affairs of Evanston, which is his place 
of residence. Mr. Merrick has served as alderman and civil service 
commissioner of that classic suburban city and as president of the 


Alumni Association of Nortliwestern University, and at the present 
time is a trustee of liis alma mater and president of the Evanston 
board of education. He is a member of the Sigma Chi fraternity and 
of the University, Chicago. K\anston and dlen X'icw clul)s. In his 
social and athletic habits tic brings his school days int(^ the strenuous 
life of today, both for the lo\-e of former associations and the mainte- 
nance of his collegiate vigor of body and mind. 

Mr. Merrick's professional and public activities find repose in the 
midst of a harmonious domestic circle, the center of which is a cul- 
tured wife (nee Grace Thompson, of Galesburg. Illinois), whom he 
married in 1885. ^^^^ children of the family are Clinton, Grace W. 
and Thompson. 

John Edward Owens is a popular and able lawyer and a leatling 
Democrat, who, since his adniission to the bar eleven years ago, has 

been almost continuously before the public either in 

-' ■ municipal or judicial positions of responsibility. He 

is a native of Chicago, born June 22, 1875, ^^'^^^ '^ the 

son of Patrick Henry and Mary (Clarke) Owens. The father was 

born in Illinois. 

John E. Owens received a thorough education at St. Stephen's 
Parochial School, St. Patrick's Academy, and the Christian Brothers' 
School before taking up his professional studies in the law depart- 
ment of the Lake Forest University. From the last named institu- 
tion he was graduated in 1896 with the degree LL. B.. and in the fol- 
lowing year commenced active practice. Prior to his admission to 
the university he had read law in the office of his brother, Thomas 
H. Owens, who died April 12, 1905. 

The first tw^o years of his private practice brought Mr. Owens' 
strong points as a lawyer so favorably before the city administration 
that in February, 1898, he received the appointment of assistant' prose- 
cuting attorney, and in 1900 he was advanced to the position of chief 
assistant. He creditably filled the office of city attorney from Sep- 
tember, 1901, until April, 1903:. and tlien after a'few months of private 
professional work he assumed his present post of judicial responsi- 
bility. On December i, 1904. Judge Edward O. Brown, of the circuit 
court, appointed Mr. Owens master in chancery, and he was again 
promptly honored with the position in December, 1906. 

In politics Mr. Owens is a stanch Democrat, and a leading mem- 


ber of the Iroquois and Jefferson clubs. He is also identified with the 
Ashland Club, and fraternally with the Knights of Columbus and the 
Order of Foresters. His professional membership is with the Chicago 
and Illinois Bar associations, in both of which organizations he is a 
leading member. In fact, in professional, public and Catholic church 
circles, as well as in general social and club life, Mr. Owens wields 
a wide and strong influence. 

One of the most genial, cultured and forceful members^of the Chi- 
cago bar, Frederick Wilmot Pringle has for a number of" years been 

engaged in a large, lucrative and growing practice, 

Frederick , . ^. i .. ^ j • • i 

,,, „ embracmg corporation, real estate and municipal 

W. Pringle. , ^.^, ^ , , , ..... .i^ , 

law. Of late years he has been especially identified 

with the official life and general progress of the town of Cicero, which 

includes the flourishing western suburbs of Austin, Oak Park, Berwyn, 

Clyde, Hawthorne and Morton Park. Mr. Pringle's residence is in 

Oak Park, where his pleasant home is the center of much social and 

intellectual activity. 

Frederick W. Pringle is a native of Ontario, Canada, born at 
Napanee on the 17th of June. 1864, the son of Ira and Eliza J. 
(Lapum) Pringle. His parents were also born in the Dominion, 
where they continue to reside. The father, who is now retired from 
active business, was a farmer and a manufacturer. 

Mr. Pringle attended the public schools of Napanee and the 
Napanee Collegiate Institute. Through his connection with the rail- 
road business he became interested in the study of the law, first seri- 
ously pursuing it at Topeka, Kansas, while in the employ of the Atchi- 
son, Topeka & Santa Fe Company. From 1886 to 1888 he was a 
student in the office of Hon. George R. Peck, then general solicitor 
of that road, after which he attended the Columbia Law School, New 
York, " completing a full course in that institution. For two years 
after his graduation he was in the employ of the railway service, do- 
ing a large amount of work for the Trans-Missouri and Western 
Passenger associations. " 

In 1889 M^- Pringle was admitted to the bar of Missouri, and m 
the following year, upon motion, to the bars of Kansas and Illinois. 
In January, 1891, he commenced his practice in Chicago by associat- 
ing himself with the firm of Hanecy and Merrick and later with that 
of Miller and Starr. In December, 1892, he became connected with 





'WSWr»n««>IU«Mi»«<iui"""i ' - I I mil"! 


Cohrs, Green and Campbell, in 1896 became a member of the firm of 
Green, Pringle and Campbell, and in 1897 of Green and Pringle, the 
senior member of the last named being John W. Green, formerly 
corporation counsel of Chicago. Since the death of Air. Green in 
1905 Mr. Pringle has successfully practiced alone. 

In May, 1896, Mr. Pringle was appointed attorney for the town 
of Cicero, and during the year completed the work, begun in 1895, of 
compiling and revising its general ordinances. At the end of his two 
years' term, owing to his familiarity with the legal business of the 
town, he was retained as special counsel in nearly all its important 
litigation, and in May, 1898, was reappointed town attorney. Since 
May, 1902, he has acted as attorney for the village of Oak Park, 
having promptly and ably conducted the affairs of his office since the 
incorporation of the village. He is generally recognized as high au- 
thority on town and municipal law, and is now president of the Mu- 
nicipal Attorneys' Association for the counties of Cook, Lake and 
DuPage. In a wider sense he is one of the successful and progressive 
lawyers of the Chicago and western bar. 

Among the many cases which Mr. Pringle has carried to a suc- 
cessful conclusion and which are especially worthy of mention are 
the following : The Cicero Lumber Company vs. the Town of Cicero 
(51 N. E. Rep., 758) ; Gray vs. the Town of Cicero, decided by the 
supreme court in December, 1898. The Lumber Company case is of 
extreme importance not only to all cities and \illages and incorporated 
towns in the state but also to the park boards in Chicago and other 
large cities. The opinion holds to be constitutional the pleasure-drive- 
way acts of 1898, under which cities, villages and towns may establish 
boulevards by converting old streets into pleasure drives, and restrict- 
ing their use to such purposes. This was the first time the constitu- 
tionality of the act had been presented and decided by the supreme 
court, and the principle thus established applies to the various park 
boards as well as to civic corporations. Among other cases which 
have enlisted Mr. Pringle's senices in the supreme court are : Town 
of Cicero vs. McCarthy (172 111., 279) ; Doremus vs. the People (173 
111., 63) ; Gross vs. the People (173 III., 63). 

In politics Mr. Pringle is a Republican, and is active in the work 
of the Hamilton club. He is also a leader in the Colonial Club of 
Oak Park, of which he was president in 1903 and 1905. As a mem- 


ber of the legal fraternity he is connected with the Illinois and Chi- 
cago Bar associations, is a Mason in good standing, and altogether an 
active factor in social, club and fraternal life. 

In i8qo Frederick W: Pringle was united in marriaee to Miss 
Grace D. Hale, of Topeka, Kansas, his wife being a daughter of 
George D. Hale, who for many years was one of the leading men of 
the state capital. Mr. Hale was especially interested in the historical „ 
and fraternal organization. Society of the Sons of the Americah Revo- 
lution, being at one time president of the Kansas associatian. His 
death occurred October 30, 1903. Mrs. Pringle's mother, FralT^es 
(Cook) Hale, is a native of Mcmsfield, Ohio, and is now a resident of 
Chicago. To Mr. and Mrs. Pringle have been born the following: 
Everett Hale, Wilfrid Ira, Alden Frederick and Henry L. B. Pringle. 
Mr. Pringle has always taken a deep interest in religious matters, be- 
ing especially identified with the work of the Second Congregational 
church, of Oak Park, of which he served for some years as trustee. 
The family home is the center of an intellectual and cultured social 
circle, and Mr. Pringle's large and choice private library is the well- 
spring of much domestic and neighborhood enjoyment. Such home 
surroundings and influences are largely responsible for that broad 
outlook and mental vigor which Mr. Pringle evinces in his professional 
labors, and which have lifted him so far above the plane of the average 
metropolitan practitioner. 

Commercial law is so great a legal field that the. practitioners of 
the large cities of America have been obliged to divide it into several 

specialties. One of the most important of these is 
p patent, copyright and trademark law, which in 

these days of abundant invention, authorship and 
commercial piracy, has itself assumed huge proportions. To make a 
success in this legal domain requires untiring patience, keen business 
judgment and a broad knowledge of mechanics, commercialism and 
the practical affairs of men and women. It is, in fact, doubtful 
whether any branch of the law which has been specialized demands so 
wide a range of practical knowledge as this. To have acquired emi- 
nence in it, as has Mr. Poole, is therefore high tribute to precise and 
thorough practical wisdom, coupled with good judgment in apply- 
ing it. 

Charles Clarence Poole, senior member of the firm Poole and 


Brown, was born in Benicia, California. November 27, 1856, and is a 
son of Charles H. and Mary A. (Daniels) Poole. His father was a 
native of Salem, Massachusetts, who was born in 1825 and died in 
Washington, District of Columbia, in the year 1880. Educated at 
West Point as a civil engineer, his entire life was passed in the service 
of the United States government. Charles H. Poole was a grandson 
of Manasseh Cutler, a chaplain in the colonial army during the Revo- 
lution, a member of the commission which founded ]\Iarietta. Ohio, 
and a leading agent in the passage of the Ordinance of 1787, receiv- 
ing the honor of incorporating the anti-slavery provision. In later 
life he was a member of Congress from Massachusetts, and died at 
Hamilton, that state, in 1823. 

Ip a direct line Mr. Poole is descended from John Poole, of Read- 
ing, Massachusetts, who came to the colonies from England in 1632. 
Among his distinguished ancestors were also the early colonial Gov- 
ernors Dudley and Bradstreet, of the Old Bay state. As the father's 
profession kept the family much in Washington, Mr. Poole received 
his preliminary education in the public schools of that city, and, under 
private instruction, completed a course in civil engineering, so that 
when he was eighteen years old he secured employment in connection 
with surveys under the war department. He was thus engaged in 
1874 and 1875, and relied upon the profession as a means of liveli- 
hood, more or less, while engaged in the study of law, both privately 
and as a student of the Columbian (now George Washington) Uni- 
versity. Mr. Poole graduated from that institution in 1882, having 
to his credit a prize essay on "Trade Marks." That year marks his 
admission to the bar, his coming to Chicago, and the commencement 
of his long active practice in the specialty in which he has become a 
leader. He is now recognized as one of the most successful patent 
lawyers in the country. 

In 1885 Mr. Poole formed a partnership with Major Taylor E. 
Brown, under the firm name of Poole and Brown, and their associa- 
tion has since continued to their mutual advantage. In 1891 the 
senior member was admitted to practice before the United States 
supreme court, in which tribunal much of their litigation is conducted. 
Mr. Poole's standing in his specialty is indicated by his recent presi- 
dency of the Chicago Patent Law Association. 

In 1884 C. Clarence Poole was united in marriage to Miss Anne. 

Vol. 11—16 


daughter of the late Dr. Wilham F. Poole, author of Poole's Index 
to Periodical Literature, and librarian of the Chicago Public and 
Newberry libraries, and Mrs. Frances (Gleason) Poole. Mrs. Poole 
is a Massachusetts lady, born at Melrose, and is widely known and 
admired in Evanston society. Their family consists of Frances, 
Charles H., Clarence Frederick and Dorothy. Outside his home and 
his immediate circle of friends, Mr. Poole's social connections are 
chiefly with the Union League, Illinois Athletic and Chicago Literary 

clubs. ^"^>. 

James Edgar Brown is not only a man of high social staging 
and literary attainments but a lawyer of- sound judgment and -breadth 

of view. Mr. Brown was born in West Virginia in 
*^„ ■ 1865, and made such rapid progress in his studies 

that he was a teacher in the public schools when 
only a youth of seventeen. Thus engaged from 1882 to 1885, he 
commenced his collegiate education in the latter year by entering the 
State University for a four years' course. During this period his lit- 
erary talents were recognized by the bestowal of a number of prizes 
for the superiority of his work along these lines, and in his senior 
year he served as a, university tutor and captain of a company in the 
cadet corps. He was, in fact, what students are pleased to admiringly 
call a typical "all-around university man." 

After his graduation from the University Law School in 1891, 
and a year spent in travel, he located in Chicago, where he has since 
practiced with much success and honor to himself and his profession. 
He has also gained standing by his contributions to current literature, 
and becom.e well known as a man of originality and force in political 
and public affairs. In other words, he has continued his collegiate 
record as a citizen of striking and versatile abilities and influential ac- 
tivities. He is a most active member of the Hamilton Club, and is 
an associate editor of The Hamiltonian, its official organ. He is also 
identified with the Colonial Club, the new Illinois Athletic Club, 
Knights of Pythias, Odd Fellows, Sons of the American Revolution, 
Society of the War of 1812, the Y. M. C. A. and regent of Garden 
City Council, Royal Arcanum. His professional membership is with 
the Cook County Bar Association and the Illinois State Bar Asso- 
ciation, and he has a most extensive acquaintance and a well estab- 



lished reputation for integrity, ability and good fellowship wherever 
he is known. 

In June, 1906, Mr. Brown was united in marriage with Miss Ade- 
laide Coolbaugh, one of the two surviving daughters by his second 
marriage of the Hon. William F. Coolbaugh, a famous banker of the 
last generation. For years she had been living abroad with her mother 
and sister, devoting herself to the study of languages, history, archae- 
ology and kindred subjects. Her elder half-sisters, recently deceased, 
had both been the wives of distinguished Illinois lawyers — Chief Jus- 
tice Fuller, of the United States supreme court, and the late Benjamin 
F. Marsh, member of Congress. 

The marriage occurred in Rome and immediately afterward the 
bridal couple made a comprehensive tour of the continent. Their 
journey included fully fifty places of historic and scenic interest. 
From Italy they proceeded through Switzerland to Paris, thence to 
Brussels and Waterloo, and finally from Cologne down the Rhine, 
and so on through Germany to their point of embarkation at Bremen. 
Having a fluent command of French, German, Italian and Russian, 
aside from personal reasons Mrs. Brown was able to add to the in- 
trinsic interest of the tour by her facility of extracting information 
from all classes in whatever locality they chanced to be. Local pub- 
lications of standing were enriched with several contributions from 
Mr. Brown's pen soon after his return from Europe. The Chicago 
Tribune published a highly instructive article on the relative prevalence 
of crime in European and American cities. As the data was collected 


from official sources, the paper caused widespread discussion, the 
conclusion being not at all flattering to the national pride. The follies 
of our customs service were treated plainly and instructively in a paper 
published in the Evening Post, while several articles of a descriptive 
nature evinced close powers of observation and an unusual command 
of language. His descriptions of the trip down the Rhine, 'The 
Eternal City," "Italian Customs," "Switzerland," and of the great 
Stadium at Rome appeared in The Hainiltonian and other publica- 
tions and were in his best vein. 

William F. Coolbaugh, the lather of Mrs. Brown, had one of the 
many-sided careers possible in the early days of the middle west, was 
one of the great bankers of Chicago and one of those heroes who 
dragged the city from the ruins of its great fire ami made a stronger 


and more cosmopolitan municipality. He was one of a large family 
of sons born to Moses Coolbaugh, a Pennsylvania judge of Dutch 
extraction. At the age of twenty William F. came to Burlington, 
Iowa, then a frontier town, and became a factor in the new settle- 
ment. He kept a general store, dealt in real estate, and developed into 
a banker and a politician. He became president of the Burlington & 
Missouri Railroad and state senator, but was beaten in his fSce for the 
United States senate by James Harland, afterward justicje^ of the 
United States supreme court. This defeat, even by such a worthy 
opponent, seemed to cure him of all political ambition, for he never 
entered another contest, although the friend and adviser of many 
leading statesmen, and refused the cabinet portfolio oiTered him by 
President Grant. Instead he devoted himself steadfastly to his bank- 
ing interests, and in 1862 removed to Chicago, for which city he pre- 
dicted a great future ; and under the sorest stress of panic and fire his 
faith in it never wavered. 

When the national banking act was passed Mr. Coolbaugh's pri- 
vate bank became the Union National, and for years stood as perhaps 
the leading institution of its kind in the west, eager to push forward 
in every legitimate way the development of the city and the country. 
Mr. Coolbaugh was an organizer and afterward president of the 
Chicago Clearing House, whose founding was a notice to the financial 
world that the city considered herself cosmopolitan as well as metro- 
politan. He had always been an ardent student of finance, and his 
handiwork in this regard shows in both the constitutions of Illinois 
and Iowa. But his reading was not confined to this specialty, but he 
collected a large general library, and the marginal notes upon his 
books show how_ carefully he read them. He was also widely known 
as a graceful speaker, and the older generation still remember his 
eloquent addresses of welcome to distinguished visitors and at the 
dedicatory exercises of public institutions. 

The Chicago fire of 1871 brought Mr. Coolbaugh to the front as 
a leader of the men who strove for the rebuilding of the ruined city, 
and his house on the edge of the burnt district was the nightly meet- 
ing place for the informal junta that took command of the homeless 
and distracted people. He used his wide acquaintance to obtain sup- 
plies and money and urged General Sheridan, in defiance of the state 
government, to bring in the necessary troops for the protection of 


life and property. When he called a meeting of bankers and urged 
them to resume business one naturally advanced the objection, "But 
we have nothing upon which to resume." Mr. Coolbaugh's reply 
should be classic of Chicago spirit, "Then, gentlemen, we must resume 
upon nothing." A block of buildings had been finished for him and 
the keys turned o\'er on Saturday, and on Sunday all was burned to 
the ground, with his own bank. At the end of the week he sent for 
the architect and told him to redraw the plans and commence rebuild- 
ing as soon as the ruins were cold. The architect thought the owner's 
brain was affected by his losses, but obeyed his orders; the buildings- 
were reconstructed, and the Union Bank moved into the corner one 
before the roof was on, at the expense of a bad wetting of its ingrain 
carpet by a passing storm. 

The after years saw Mr. Coolbaugh at the height of his influence, 
but a greater disaster than the great fire was at hand. The Union 
National long withstood the assaults of the terrible panic of 1873, 
but was finally forced to suspend by the crash of its eastern corre- 
spondents. It resumed, but its prestige was fatally impaired, and its 
president never recovered from the blow. For years he had over- 
worked himself, and now rest and travel were in vain. He made ex- 
tensive tours in the west and accompanied his lifelong friend. Gen- 
eral Grant, upon a portion of his historic trip around the world. But 
his health and energy were both broken, and his tragic death followed 
his return. 

Although still a young man, Nathan William MacChesney, senior 
member of the law firm of MacChesney, Becker and Bradley, has 

made a substantial professional record, and has 
Nathan . g^^jj-^^ed a marked breadth and versatility in busi- 

MacChESNEY. ... ^ , . 11- n: • IT 

ness, m literature and n\ public affairs. He was 
born in Chicago, June 2, 1878, a son of Lieutenant Colonel Alfred 
Brunson MacChesney (A. M., M. D.), of Ohio, and Henrietta (Mil- 
som) MacChesney, M. D., of London, England. His first American 
ancestors came from Scotland in the colonial period, settling in Vir- 
einia, and his s^randfather, for whom he was named, was a lieutenant 
in the War of 1812 and afterward became an Illinois pioneer and one 
of the founders of Knox College. The father, Alfred B. MacChesney. 
received his education at that institution and at the University of 
Michigan, and, after studying medicine in the east, was identified 


with Bellevue Hospital Medical College and several medical schools of 
Chicago. His wife (the mother of Colonel MacChesney) was the 
daughter of a member of the faculty of Oxford University, England, 
a regular graduate in medicine and connected with various hospitals 
in both New York and Chicago, although never engaged in active 
practice. ^ ^ , 

Nathan William MacChesney attended grammar 'and high schools 
in Chicago and in 1898 graduated from the Univefsity=of the Pacific. 
He then entered the University of Arizona, from which he graduated 
in 1899 (having spent a portion of the period as an instructor), and 
had also for the two previous years acted as press correspondent in 
California, Arizona and New Mexico. After graduating from the 
University of Arizona he pursued special studies at Leland Stanford 
University, University of California, University of Denver and the 
University of Chicago, and commenced his professional studies at 
the Northwestern University Law School in 1899, soon afterward be- 
coming a lecturer on American constitutional history for Chautauqua 
circles in California, Arizona and Minnesota. In the meantime he 
had become associated with his father in business, continuing to be 
thus connected during the progress of his law studies at the North- 
western University and the University of Michigan, where he gradu- 
ated with the degree of LL. B. in 1902. He has been admitted to the 
bars of Illinois, Michigan and New York, as well as the United States 
supreme court, and is in partnership with Herbert E. Bradley, also a 
young and talented member of the profession, and Frederick W. 
Becker, continuing the firm of Carter and Becker established in 1858. 
In 1903 Colonel MacChesney pursued post-graduate studies in the 
Northwestern University Law School, and there are few lawyers in 
Chicago whose education and experience have been more thorough, 
broader or more varied than his. 

The firm of which Colonel MacChesney is the senior member 
stands high in business, real estate and corporation matters, and has 
the legal management of many large interests. He is secretary and 
director of the Building Managers' Association of Chicago; secretary 
and director of the Excelsior Printing Company; secretary and di- 
rector of the Hilton Lithographing Company; director of the E. C. 
Frady Manufacturing Company; Owners' Realization Company; 
treasurer of the Northwestern University Law Publishing Associa- 


tion; attorney for the Chicago Real Estate Board, and general counsel 
for the National Association of Real Estate Exchanges. In 1905-7 
he was a partner in the firm of Holt, MacChesney and Cheney, dealers 
in real estate and bonds, and owners and agents of the Manhattan 
building, and he still has large property interests in Chicago, includ- 
ing extensive holdings in MacChesney's Hyde Park Homestead Sub- 
division, MacChesney's Subdivision and MacChesney's Columbian Ex- 
position Subdivision. He was made an honorary member of the 
Building Managers' Association in appreciation of his large services 
to the property interests of the city. 

Even before he became of voting age Colonel MacChesney was an. 
earnest and active Republican of the progressive Roosevelt type. He 
has been especially interested in the labor question, and during the 
past few years has served on a score of arbitration committees, be- 
ing also a frequent contributor to newspapers and magazines on mat- 
ters connected with the problem. He has spoken under the direction 
of the national Republican campaign committee in Illinois and Michi- 
gan, as well as in the southwestern states, and is an active member of 
the local organizations, being at the present time a committeeman in 
his ward and chairman of the Seventh District Republican Club. In 
1900 he participated actively and effectively in the gubernatorial cam- 
paign for Judge Carter, organizing the Law and Medical Students' 
clubs, and in the mayoralty contest of 1905 he made over one hun- 
dred speeches for Harlan, and has been similarly energetic and promi- 
nent in behalf of other candidates for city and state offices. He holds 
no public office, though he has declined numerous appointments. In 
the field of professional education he is well known as a lecturer in 
several of the law schools and a writer on legal and other subjects 
connected with property and corporation management. He is also 
the donor of the MacChesney prizes at the Northwestern University 
Law School, and was one of the founders and is now an associate 
editor of the Illinois Lazv Review. He was the delegate of Pacific 
University to the recent ceremonies attending the opening of the 
Graduate School of the University of Illinois. Colonel MacChesney 
takes an active interest in church and settlement work and other 
philanthropic and religious movements of the city. He is a director 
of the Young Men's Presbyterian Union of Chicago, a trustee and 
vice president of South End Center, a social and educational settle- 


ment in South Chicago, and was chairman of the constitutional com- 
mittee in the convention which recently formed the Presbyterian 
Brotherhood of Chicago. 

Colonel MacChesney is a member of the American Bar Associa- 
tion, Illinois State Bar Association, the Chicago Bar Association, Chi- 
cago Law Institute and the American Society of International Law, 
and his high standing among his associates is illustrated by the fact 
that he was chosen a delegate to the Universal Congress of Lawyers 
and Jurists at St. Louis in 1904, and has recently been appointed by 
Governor Deneen Commissioner on Uniformity of Legislation in the 
United States to represent Illinois in the Annual National Conference 
of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws. He has long been promi- 
nent in military matters, being identified with the National Guard of 
both California and Arizona, as well as of Illinois. During the 
Spanish-American war he did garrison duty on the Pacific coast, and 
is now lieutenant colonel and judge advocate of the First Brigade, Illi- 
nois National Guard. He is also commander of the State Camp of 
the Sons of Veterans (U. S. A.). Colonel MacChesney has also been 
greatly interested in and prominently identified with athletics as a 
member and manager of various college teams during his student days 
and as a member of various boards of alumni control since then. 

He is identified with Chicago Association of Commerce, where he 
represents the attorneys' section on the Ways and Means Committee, 
Geographic Society of Chicago, Stanford Club of Chicago, Michigan 
Alumni Association, California Society, Southern Club, Michigan 
Union, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Men's 
Club of Hyde Park, Irish Fellowship Club, Engineers' Club, Knox 
County Association of Chicago, and the University, Union League, 
Hamilton, Illinois, City, Colonial, Chicago Literary, Twentieth Cen- 
tury, Chicago Yacht and South Shore Country clubs. In the fraternal 
ranks he is a Mason and a member of the Royal Arcanum. On De- 
cember I, 1904, Colonel MacChesney married Miss Lena Frost, 
daughter of W. E. Frost, of Riverside, Illinois. Mrs. MacChesney is 
a graduate of the University of Michigan (received her A. B. in 1901 ) , 
and was afterward a student in the University of Berlin and the 
University of Chicago. She is a rnember of the Association of Col- 
lege Alumnae, Chicago Association of Michigan Alumnse, and the 
German, Twentieth Century, College and Chicago South Side clubs. 


Ellen Gertrude Roberts has since 1900 been a practitioner of law 
at the Chicago bar and her success is such as many a much older 

^ ^ attorney might well envy. One of the most notable 

Ellen G. • r ^1 .• • i- .• r .1 1 r 

„ signs of the tunes, nuhcative ot the trend of modern 

Roberts. , , . , ' . , 

thought, IS the attitude of public opinion toward 

the woman in professional life, and the acknowledgment of her 
worth and the value of her work. Miss Ellen G. Roberts as a 
practitioner of law has won high honors and gratifying success. She 
was largely reared in Kansas City, Kansas, to which place her parents, 
1 homas Brooks and Nancy (Dunlop) Roberts, removed during her 
infancy. They had previously been residents of Detroit, Michigan, 
her native city, and their famiH numbered six sons and seven daugh- 
ters. In this household Miss Roberts spent her girlhood days and. 
entering the public schools, passed through successive grades until 
she had completed the high school course. She was for two years a 
teacher in the public schools, after which she took up the study of 
bookkeeping and accounting in its most intricate form and became 
an expert. Her capability, energy and fearlessness to undertake a 
task, no matter how difficult or what the circumstances, combined with 
her persistence, won her success and she was enabled to command 
jiiost excellent positions of that character. In the meantime she con- 
tinued her studies in the classics and history, kept well informed on 
general interests of the day, especially in regard to business matters, 
and made her extensive reading of value. One of her salient traits 
is her ready assimilation of all which she reads. She has, moreover, 
remarkable powers of adaptability. 

Seeking a still broader held of labor in Chicago, Miss Roberts 
came to this city in the nineties and was given a position as accountant 
with one of the prominent business houses. While thus employed 
she took up the reading of law and for three years was a student in 
the Kent College of Law in the evening classes. Following her gradu- 
ation on June 2, 1900, at which time she won the class prize for the 
best scholarship in all studies, she took the bar examination at Spring- 
field and was admitted to practice in October, 1900. She then re- 
signed her position as accountant and entered upon the active prose- 
cution of the profession. She possesses a mind analytical, logical and 
inductive,' readily recognizes the relation of facts and co-ordinates the 
points in litigation witli a force that indicates a thorough mastery 


of the subject and a mind trained in the severest school of investiga- 
tion, v^herein close reasoning- has become habitual and easy. In 
seven years her clientage has increased to extensive and gratifying 
proportions and she has been connected with much important litiga- 
tion tried in the courts of the city. She possesses a fine law library 
and is a member of the Chicago BaT Association and of the Illinois 
State Bar Association. She is also a stockholder in the Chicago Law' 

Miss Roberts, in addition to her law library, possesses a most in- 
teresting private library. She holds membership in Queen Esther 
chapter, No. 41, Order of the Eastern Star, and owns a fine residence 
at No. 81 Bowen avenue. While in her office and before the court 
her dominant quality seems to be a keen, incisive intellect. In social 
circles she possesses those truly womanly traits of character which 
everywhere command admiration and respect. She has simply made 
use of the innate talents which. are hers, directing her efforts along 
those lines where rare discrimination and sound judgment have led 
the way. 

Albert H. Putney, a member of the Chicago bar since 1899, is 
professor of constitutional and international law and equity juris- 

prudence at the Illinois College of Law, and since 
p ■ 1904 has been dean of the faculty. Thoroughly 

qualified by training and practice in the various 
departments of his profession, he has achieved considerable replita- 
tion and become an authority regularly quoted on the subjects of 
constitutional and international law. He is author of two works, 
"Government in the United States" and "Colonial Government of 
European States," which were published by the United States govern- 
ment for use as text books in the Philippine Islands. He has written 
considerably for various legal publications, and for one year was editor 
of the Law Register. 

Mr. Putney was born in Boston in 1872. After preparing for 
college at the Newton (Massachusetts) high school, he entered Yale 
in 1889, ^^d at graduation in 1893 received special honors in history 
and political economy, also being one of the class speakers. He 
studied two years at the Bosion University Law School, where he 
received the degree LL. B., and was admitted to the Massachusetts bar 
in 1895. Until moving to Chicago he practiced law in Boston. The 


only interruption to his practice in Chicago was one year spent in the 
Phihppines. Since 1900 he has been a member of the faculty of the 
IlHnois College of Law, and became clean of the faculty in 1904. He 
is a member of the Odd Fellows, Knights of Pythias, Press Club, 
County Democracy and Jefferson Club. His offices are in the Even- 
ing Post building. 

Bernard L. Lee, senior member of the firm Lee and Lee, and in 
special charge of the chancery business, is an acknowledged authority 

_ in the field mentioned. He is a native of Mahonuig 

-Bernard . r^i • 1 ^1 • . r o,- 1 r 

■J- -J- county, Ohio, born on Christmas of 1803, the son of 

Bernard F. and Jeannie S. (Simpson) Lee. His 
father, born in the same county in 18 13, died there in 1886, being 
most widely known as the founder and chief patron of the historic 
educational institution, Poland Union Seminary, located in Mahon- 
ing county. He died in 1886. being engaged for most of his active 
life in railroad construction and coal mining. The mother of ]\lr. 
Lee was born in Mahoningtown, Pennsylvania, in 1828, and died in 
Mahoning county, Ohio, in 1882. She was a daughter of \\'illiam 
and Sarah Simpson, who emigrated from Scotland to the United 
States early in the seventeenth century, and settled in Pennsylvania. 
Bernard L. Lee is a cousin of the late Hon. Alfred E. Lee, a soldier 
in the Civil war, subsequently prominent in army circles, and ap- 
pointed by President Hayes as consul general to Germany. He died 
in California in 1905. 

Mr. Lee received his early education at Poland Union Seminary, 
which his father founded, and pursued higher courses at Oberlin Col- 
lege, also in Ohio, and at \\'ilHams College, Massachusetts. He com- 
menced his professional career as a student in the office of Hine and 
Clarke, at Youngstown, Ohio, and was admitted to the bar of that 
state in 1888. In 1891 Mr. Lee became a practicing lawyer of Chi- 
cago, and has since been engaged chiefly in civil procedures. As stated, 
since forming the firm of Lee and Lee he has devoted his time and 
abilities mainly to chancery practice. 

In 1896 Mr. Lee was married to Miss Maud McKeown. of 
Younsfstown, Ohio, dauijhter 01 the late W. W. McKeown, who was 
for many years one of the leading business men of that city. He died 
in 1905. They have had one child, Eleanor. In politics Mr. Lee is 
a Republican, but in no wise active. He is an earnest Presbyterian. 


and has been superintendent of the Sunday school at Edgewater, as 
well as a liberal supporter of the local organization. Both in the 
city of his professional practice and in the place of his residence he 
is always ready to give the full measure of his strength to public and 
charitable movements' which his^^good judgment approves. 

David Spencer Wegg has made a wide reputation throughout the 
northwest both as a lawyer eminent in railway and large corporation 

interests and as an active, practical manager in these 
lines. Born in St. Thomas, Ontario, on the i6th of 


December, 1847, the son of John W. and Jerusha 
(Duncombe) Wegg, he traces his descent from English ancestors, 
the founder of the American branch of the family being Sir Charles 
Duncombe (Lord Faversham), who came to the United States in 
1730. They were among the early and leading citizens of the Do- 
minion, prominent in politics, education and finances. The immediate 
ancestors of his father, who were born in Norfolk, England, were 
mainly artisans and architects, but among them were an admiral in 
the English navy and a representative of the crown on the Island of 
Trinidad. When, during the reign of King Charles II, "Ye company 
of Gentleman Adventurers, trading into Hudson's Bay" — more fa- 
miliarly known as the Hudson's Bay Company — was incorporated, 
George Wegg, another ancestor of the Chicago lawyer, became the 
first secretary and treasurer and served as such for thirty-four year:. 
In his 3^ounger years David S. Wegg himself seemed destined for 
the artisan element of his family, working in the paternal carriage 
shop and acquiring proficiency at that trade. But this proved but a 
step to something higher, as was proven by the way in which 
he devoted his hours not given to manual labor. He read much and 
thought deeply, qualified himself for teaching, and entered the work- 
ing ranks of the pedagogues in connection with the schools of St. 
Thomas. This, even, was not the height of his ambition, for while 
teaching he had also been engaged in the study of law, and when he 
came to Madison, Wisconsin, a young man of twenty-five, he was 
well grounded in its underlying principles. An uncle. Chief Justice 
Lyon, of the state supreme court, who then resided in the capital 
city, had taken so kindly to the young man that he became a member 
of his family, and thus pursued his studies as a law student at the 
University of Wisconsin. 

/ 1 






Graduating from the law department of the state university in 
1873, Mr. Wegg was immediately employed by the firm of Fish and 
Lee, of Racine, Wisconsin, of which he soon became a partner. In 
1875 he went to Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and was honored with a 
partnership connection with cx-Chief Justice Dixon, for years one of 
the most brilliant and learned membe^rs of the bench and bar of the 
Badger state. The firm of Dixon. Hooker, Wegg and Noyes will 
long be remembered as one of the most eminent legal copartnerships 
in the northwest, both from the extent and the quality of its business. 
Mr. Wegg's duties took him into court to a large extent, and he 
speedily developed into one of the best known forensic lawyers who 
practices in the higher courts of the state. When this connection was 
dissolved on account of the illness of Judge Dixon, Mr. Wegg en- 
tered another eminent firm of long standing, that of Jenkins. Elliott 
and Winkler, whose business Avas also largely confined to railway and 
corporation litigation. From this agreeable and lucrative association 
he was called into the official field of railway management, being ap- 
pointed assistant general solicitor of the Chicago. Milwaukee & St. 
Paul Railway Company. In the discharge of the duties of this posi- 
tion he was called to practice in almost all the courts of the different 
states throug-h which that great system of railroads passed, and gained 
a high reputation throughout the northwest as a skilful and learned 
railroad lawyer. In 1885 Mr. Wegg assumed charge of the law 
department of the Wisconsin Central Railroad Company, and moved 
to Chicago, where he has since resided. Here, without relinquishing 
any of the legal duties which had devolved upon him. he assumed a 
vast financial and managerial responsibility. The company undertook 
the immense task of obtaining an entrance into Chicago, and, in the 
face of powerful and long established competitors. Mr. Wegg was as- 
signed the bulk of the responsibility for its accomplishment. In the 
prosecution of this undertaking it became necessar}'^ to organize the 
Chicago & Northern Pacific Railroad Company, of which he was made 
president, with the broadest powers of management, both constructive 
and legal. He purchased the right of way. conducted condemnation 
proceedings, negotiated bonds, built a magnificent depot and attended 
to the thousand details of the immense undertaking with the skill of a 
trained expert and the prudence and sagacit\- of a practical lawyer. 
Wlien the Northern Pacific Railroad Company ac(iuired possession 


of the Wisconsin Central, Mr. AVegg was elected a director of the 
great continental corporation, a position which he afterward resigned. 
In the performance of all the multifarious duties assigned to him and 
assumed by him, Mr. Wegg lias evinced a rare combination of execu- 
tive and managerial ability, legal acumen and broad judgment, even in 
comparison with western practitioners who have a national reputation 
as corporation lawyers. In tlie earlier years of his practice he ex- 
celled most of his competitors in his skill in the presentation of rail- 
road cases to juries, while before the court his mastery of legal princi- 
ples, familiarity of precedents and power of forcible argument made 
him well nigh invincible. He was the trustee of large estates and 
held many responsible positions of trust and confidence with corpora- 
tions other than those mentioned. While engaged in strictly private 
practice his services were not only in large demand in the northwest 
but in important and complicated litigations he was often called to 
New York and other eastern cities. 

Outside of his professional and financial relations, Mr. Wegg is 
remarkably well informed, and in some lines of literature and science 
an adept. He is a free and interesting conversationalist, an agreeable 
companion and a man of broad and charitable qualities of mind and 
heart. He is a member of the Union League and Literary clubs of 

Some five years after entering practice, his professional success 
being then already assured, Mr. Wegg married Miss Eva Russell, 
daughter of Andrew Russell, of Oconomowoc, Wisconsin, his wife 
being a native of the Badger state. The marriage took place in 1878 
and has resulted in the birth of two children — Donald Russell and 
David Spencer, Jr., the former born in 1881 and the latter in 1887. 
Mrs. Wegg's family is of Scotch ancestry, and as Mr. Wegg is of 
good English stock, the sons of the family are sturdy specimens of 
Briton. The members of the family are connected with St. James' 
Episcopal church. Although not a partisan and never actively en- 
gaged in politics, Mr. Wegg is a consistent Republican. 

Hon. Jam_es Hamilton Lewis, an able lawyer and Democratic 
leader of national reputation, was born in Danville, Virginia, on the 

1 8th of May, 1866. In the year of his birth the 

-J- * family removed to Augusta, Georgia, but he received 

his literary training at Houghton College and the 


University of Virginia. Subsequently he studied law in Savannah. 
Georgia, and was admitted to the bar in 1885, when he was nineteen 
years of age. Two years thereafter, in November, 1886, he located 
at Seattle, state of Washington, where he resided for sixteen years, 
engaged-in practice and acquiring national prominence as a statesman 
and political leader. 

Mr. Lewis entered official politics as a member of the territorial 
senate, and in 1890 was urged by his party as a candidate for the con- 
gressional nomination, but declined the honor. In 1892 he declined 
the nomination for governor because of opposition to the party plat- 
form, and two years later was a nominee for the United States sena- 
torship, being also the choice of his party for the vice presidential 
nomination. In 1896 he served as a delegate to the national conven- 
tion, and was the congressman-at-large in 1897-9. He came before 
the country, in 1897, as author of the resolution passed by Congress 
recognizing the independence of Cuba. In 1900 he was a candidate 
for vice president, being endorsed by the states of the Pacific coast 
for that high office. Although a member of Congress, Mr. Lewis 
was also a colonel in the Washington State Guard at the time of the 
outbreak of the Spanish-American war, and resigning his seat to 
accept military service, was appointed inspector on the staff of Gen- 
eral Fred D. Grant. As such he served until the conclusion of hostili- 

Colonel Lewis has been a resident of Chicago since 1902, has 
been engaged in a lucrative and growing practice here, and is already 
recognized as one of the strongest men interested in its progress, and 
abundantly able to assist large and beneficial movements. In 1905 
he was elected corporation counsel of the city, and in the legislature 
of 1906-7 received a minority nomination for United States senator 
from Illinois. Mr. Lewis' wife was formerly Miss Rose Lawton 
Douglas, of Georgia, to whom he was married in November, 1896. 

Marquis Eaton is a young lawyer of pronounced character, 
whether considered from the standpoint of his professional attain- 
ments or from the viewpoint of progressive citizen- 
Marquis ^j^.p -^^ jg ^ member of the well established firm 
AXON. ^^ Cody and Eaton, and his election to the presi- 

dency of the Hamilton Club in May, of this year, is a substantial 
tribute to his standing as a man and a stirring citizen. 


Mr. Eaton is a native of Van Buren county, Michigan, born on 
the 5th of April, 1876, son of Charles L. and Nellie (Joiner) Eaton. 
At the age of twelve he was appointed page in the Michigan house of 
representatives, and in 1892 graduated from the high school at Paw 
Paw. Soon afterward he i entered the literary department of the Uni- 
versity of Michigan, but his college course was terminated by the 
sudden death of his father, adjutant general of the state, in February, 
1895. Returning to Lansing he was appointed chief of the tax di- 
vision of the auditor general's office, which he resigned in 1897 to 
become associate reporter of the supreme court of Michigan. In this 
position his duties were confined to writing the official head notes for 
the published decisions of the court, and he was thus employed until 
his removal to Chicago in 190 1. 

In the meantime Mr. Eaton had been admitted to- the Michigan' 
bar, his examination in 1897 having brought him the highest honors 
of all competing candidates. For nearly three years after his father's 
death he not only efficiently performed his duties in the auditor gen- 
eral's office but devoted five hours each evening to the study of law, 
with such other time as he could find. As the privilege of examina- 
tion for admission to the bar extended, under the Michigan law, only 
to students in offices and university graduates, an amendment to the 
statute was passed by the state legislature which covered his case. 
Immediately after passing the examination he was admitted to prac- 
tice in Michigan, and has since been admitted in all the courts, includ- 
ing the supreme court of the United States. The first two years of 
his residence in Chicago were spent in an independent practice, but 
in 1903 he became a member of the firm of Cody, Eaton and Mc- 
Conahe}'', which by the subsequent retirement of Mr. McConahey as- 
sumed its present style. As a member of the firm of Cody and Eaton, 
he is actively engaged in general practice, although his individual 
tendencies are toward business and corporation law. His experience 
in these lines has shown an unusual aptitude, and he is already an 
officer or director in eight prosperous corporations. 

Since he became of voting age Mr. Eaton has been an active Re- 
publican and a participant in the civic progress of whatever commu- 
nity has been his home. In the campaign of 1900 he toured the state 
of Michigan for the central committee, and in Illinois he has been 
identified with the Seventh Ward Republican Club for many years. 

THi: N>.-:\'V VOPK 




His career in the Hamilton Club, of which he is a life member, has 
been one of continuous activity. After serving- as secretary and treas- 
urer of the Banquet committee, in 1904 he was elected a director and 
immediately appointed chairman of the Political Action committee. 
Retiring from the board in 1906 he was made chairman of the Com- 
mittee on Municipal Legislation, was afterward chairman of the Re- 
ception committee, and on May 18, 1908, was elected to the presi- 
dency. Mr, Eaton is a member of the Illinois State and Chicago 
Bar associations and of the Law Club, and is one of the Board of 
Managers of the Chicago Law Institute. He belongs to the Ken- 
wood Lodge, A. F. and A. ]\L, and to the Alpha Omega and Zeta Psi 
fraternities. His religious faith is Congregationalism, and he is a 
member of the University Congregational church and the Chicago 
Congregational Club. Mr. Eaton's wife, to whom he was married in 
Flint, Michigan, June 8, 1904, was formerly Jacquette Hunter. They 
have a son, now three years of age, and reside at 5623 Washington 

That Alfred R. Urion is the general counsel for Armour & Co. 
is sufficient evidence that he is a lawyer of broad and practical 

ability, thorough, determined, alert, versatile and 

resourceful. On the paternal side he is descended 
Urion. , ^ ,.._,,.,, . , 

from Lnghsn Quakers, while his maternal ancestors 

were Irish, and through these strains of blood have come to him all of 
his specified traits as a lawyer and a man. A son of John and Mary 
(Randolph) Urion, he was born near Salem, New Jersey, on Sep- 
tember 29, 1863, and obtained his elementary and literary education 
in the public schools of his native locality, at the South Jersey Acad- 
emy of that state, and at the Central High School of Philadelphia. 
Shortly after graduating from the lajtter he came west and became a 
student in the law office of Henry Miller at Fargo, North Dakota, 
the supreme court of that state admitting him to its bar in 1884. A 
short time thereafter he was admitted to the Minnesota bar and com- 
menced practice at St. Paul, his four years in that place giving him a 
wide experience and earning him a substantial standing. 

Mr. Urion's ability in the handling of important business litigation 
had so recommended him to the consideration of Armour & Co. that 
they offered him the position of their general attorney, and in 1888 
he came to Chicago to assume his duties. Later he was promoted to 

Vol. 11—17 


the office of general counsel, which carries with it the active supervis- 
ion of the intricate legal matters of the gigantic corporation, as well 
as-the actual handling of a mass of details. His mental strength keeps 
these diverse matters well in hand, but he has also the reputation of be- 
ing one of the shrewdest cross-examiners at the Chicago bar, which 
have no superiors in the country. 

In June, 1907, Mayor Busse appointed Mr. Urion a member of 
the board of education, and he is now serving with characteristic zeal 
and discriminative ability in his first public office, his term in which 
will expire June, 19 10. He has always been interested in Republican 
politics, however, and has frecjuently been a delegate to county and 
state conventions. Mr. Urion is connected with the Union League, 
Mid-Day and Press clubs, and his relations with fraternalism in the 
organized sense are confined to Masonry. In his private character he 
is sociable and approachable, although scholarly and dignified. In 
1885 he was married to Miss Mabel E. Kimball, daughter of Henry 
Martyn Kimball, editor of the Carlinville (Illinois) Democrat, and 
their four children are Virginia, Alfred, Jr., Henry and Frances 

William Duff Haynie, of the firm Knapp, Haynie and Campbell, 

a prominent practicing attorney and a leading factor in several large 

. corporations, is an Illinois man, both by birth and, to 

a considerable extent, by education. He was born in 

Salem, IlHnois, on the i6th of August, 1850, the son 

of Abner F. and Martha Duff Lee (Green) Haynie. His father was 
born in Tennessee and his mother in Kentucky, the ancestors of each 
being Virginians and on the maternal side descendants of the Wash- 
ington and Lee families of the Old Dominion. His father died in 
1 85 1, and his mother, who was for twenty years professor of modern 
languages in the Illinois State Normal University, placed William D. 
in the high school connected with that institution and, on his gradua- 
tion in 1870, sent him to Harvard College, from which he received 
the degree of A. B. in 1874. 

While a close and deep student, Mr. Haynie possessed the prac- 
tical traits necessary for every-day success, and his predilections grad- 
ually drew him into the broad and stirring domain of the law. His 
systematic professional education commenced in the office of Green 
and Gilbert, Cairo, Ilhnois, and was continued with Stevenson and 




Ewing, and in the law department of the Ilhnois Wesleyan Univer 
sity. Blooming-ton, Illinois, in which he passed a l)usy and profitable 
year, graduating therefrom in 1876. Mr. Haynie's record was such 
as to draw the attention of the townspeople to his sterling qualities, 
and he himself had the good judgment to begin his practice where he 
was best known, although larger and more distant fields might seem 
more promising. During the nine years following his graduation 
he continued his professional labors with gratifying success at Bloom- 
ington. In 1885 he went to Washington to assume the position of 
chief clerk in the office of the First Assistant Postmaster General, 
who at that time was Hon. A. E. Stevenson, afterward Vice-Presi- 
dent. He acceptably performed the duties of that position until Feb- 
ruary, 1889, when he decided to again enter private practice at Rapid 
City, South Dakota. In the meantime he had acquired considerable 
prominence with the Democracy, and the party recognized his stand- 
ing and abilities as an organizer and a far-seeing politician by appoint- 
ing him to a responsible position on the National Campaign Commit- 
tee, with headquarters during the campaign of 1892 in New York 
City. In 1893-94 he practiced at Deadwood, South Dakota, and in 
June of the latter year became a resident of Chicago. 

In September, 1894, Mr. Haynie became associated with the law 

department of the Illinois Steel Company, of which he is a director. 

For several years he was also a director of the Illinois Manufacturers' 

Association, and 'is recognized as a corporation and business lawyer 

. of perfect reliability and great acumen. 

Mr. Haynie has always taken a practical interest in military mat- 
ters, and was at one time first lieutenant of Company G, Fourth Regi- 
ment, Illinois National Guard. Socially and politically, he is a mem- 
ber of the University, Iroquois, Colonial, New Illinois Athletic and 
South Shore Country clubs. His domestic life, which is ideal, was 
inaugurated by his marriage, January 30, 1889, to Ella R. Thomas, 
of Washington, D. C. 

There is no profession in which the admonition to "make haste 
slowly" can be more advantageously followed than in that of the law. 

It will be found that the great national figures, most 

Charles A. ^^ whom have had a legal training, and those who 

Winston. ^^^^ acquired eminence solely in the law, have been 
men of the most thorough preparation. However great their native 


talents, the unformed fledglings are not reaching the high posts of 
honor today, but those whose education and training have enabled 
them to survey a broad field of knowledge before they fairly entered 
the activities of their career. In these days a thorough and broad 
education is largely taking the place of the long, and oft-times wear- 
ing experience, which in the earlier periods was considered essential 
to honorable elevation in any of the professions or walks of life. 

Charles A. Winston, senior member of the law firm of Winston, 
Lowy and McGinn, is a typical modern lawyer, who has laid a broad 
foundation for continuous personal development and professional 
progress. Born in Boone county, Kentucky, on the 6th of Decembeii,/ 
1865, he is the son of A. G. and Georgetta (Matson) Winston. ^H,is" 
father, also a native of that county, was born in 1832, being in early 
life engaged in the practice of the law and later in business. He is 
now a retired citizen of Cincinnati, Ohio, his wife (the mother of 
Charles A.) being an Ohio lady, born in 1835 and died in 1888. 

William T. Winston, the paternal grandfather, was a native of 
Hanover county, Virginia, and settled in Boone county, Kentucky, in 
the early part of the nineteenth century, dying in that section at the 
age of sixty-nine. The Winston family came originally from York- 
shire, England, whence six brothers emigrated to the United States 
and settled in Hanover county, Virginia. 

Charles A. Winston first attended the public schools of Kentucky, 
and pursued higher courses at the Woodward College, of Cincinnati, 
Ohio, from which he was graduated in 1886. He then entered the 
law department of the University of Cincinnati, from which in 1891 
he obtained his professional degree, being admitted the same year to 
both the Ohio and Kentucky bars. Not yet satisfied with his profes- 
sional attainments, Mr. Winston took an advanced course in the law 
department of Harvard University, graduating therefrom in 1893. 

In the year named above Mr. Winston came to Chicago, and after 
being engaged in active practice here until 1896, spent a most profit- 
able twelve months in travel, spending most of the period in Europe, 
verifying and enlarging his knowledge of peoples and institutions, 
both of the past and present. This was followed by a post-graduate 
course at the Harvard Law School, in which his special line of study 
and investigation was directed toward constitutional, corporation and 
civil law. At the close of this supplementary study he accepted a pro- 


fessorship in the University of Minnesota, filling the chair of Real 
Property for a year. In 1899 l^e resigned the professorship, returned 
to Chicago and re-engaged in active practice. 

Since that year Mr. Winston has been engaged in progressive 
professional work, and has made a specialty of corporation law, of 
which he has made so close and deep a study. Both in his individual 
capacity and as a member of the firm of Winston, Lowy and McGinn, 
he is winning a position at the bar which is a full justification of his 
faithful and careful preparation for his professional career. His prac- 
tice is largely in the higher courts, his admission to the United States 
circuit and district courts being obtained in 1894. 

In 1900 Charles A. Winston was united in marriage to ]\Iiss Nina 
W. Wright, of Houghton, Michigan, and a daughter of Z. W. and 
Esther (Towne) Wright. In politics Mr. Winston is a Republican, 
but has never actively entered that field. He is fond of outdoor 
sports, being a member of the Birchwood Country Club and the Chi- 
cago Athletic Club. 

Henry Milton Wolf, member of the well known law firm of Judah, 
Willard, Wolf and Reichmann, is one of an association of distinctive- 

ly western attorneys. Henry M. Wolf is a native of 
„, ■ Rock Island, born November is, i860, the son of 

\ V OIF \J^ ' 

Moses and Bertha (Rothschild) Wolf. He received 
the bulk of his education in Chicago, graduating from the old Central 
High School in 1878, and later attending the University of Chicago, 
as well as being instructed by private tutors. The period from 1878 
to 1880 was thus passed, after which he entered Yale College and 
graduated with honors and the degree of A. B. therefrom, in 1884. 
He commenced the study of law at that famous institution and con- 
tinued his legal studies in the office of Dupee, Judah and Willard until 
March, 1886. when he was admitted to the bar. 

It was at this early date that Mr. Wolf became associated as a 
partner in the firm of Dupee, Judah and Willard. Both Mr. Judah 
and Mr. Willard had studied in the ofiice of the original firm of 
Hitchcock and Dupee, the fonner entering into partnership arrange- 
ments in 1875 ^^^ the latter in 1882. A few years later the firm name 
was changed to Dupee, Judah, Willard and ^^'l1lf. Since April i, 
1905, the business has been conducted under the present style of 
judah. Willard, ^\'olf and Reichmann. 


Henry M. Wolf is a member of the Chicago Bar and the IHinois 
Bar Associations. He is a Repubhcan and identified with the Yale, 
University, Standard, Chicago Athletic and Chicago Literary clubs. 
He is a thoroughly qualified lawyer, and a citizen of substantial, use- 
ful and progressive qualities. 

John Richard Caverly, citv attorney of Chicago, has made rapid 

progress in his profession, and since becoming connected with the 

legal department of the city, about a decade ago, he 

;!, ■ has been continually in office, either in that connec- 

Caverly. . ,. -^ . , , v- ,1 1 

tion or as a police magistrate, and through all the 

changes of administration has rendered faithful, earnest and impar- 
tial service. ~ - — ' 

Mr. Caverly was born in London, England, on the 6tl^'of ^Becem- 
ber, 1 86 1, the son of James and Mary (Boulter) Caverly, natives re- 
spectively of Ireland and England. In his person is therefore com- 
bined that brightness and sturdiness which form the characteristics 
of a strong and successful man — popular, clear of head and practical 
of purpose, charitable and yet a keen judge of human nature. 

Mr. Caverly was brought by his parents to Chicago when a boy 
of six years, and received his literary training in the Annunciation Par- 
ish School and St. Patrick's Academy, of that city, and his profes- 
sional education in the law department of the Lake Forest University. 
In 1897 he obtained his degree of LL. B. from the latter institution, 
and almost immediately (in April) was appointed assistant city at- 
torney, serving in that position until May i, 1903. Mr. Caverly 
severed his connection with the city attorney's office upon the latter 
date, as he had been appointed justice of the peace and police magis- 
trate at the Harrison Street police court, which has always been con- 
sidered the most trying and responsible position of the kind in Chi- 
cago. He presided over the court with promptness and impartiality 
for more than three years, or until December i, 1906, when the justice 
courts of this nature were abolished by law. His fine record as as- 
sistant city attorney, however, hati followed him, and on New Year's 
day of 1907 he was appointed by Mayor Dunne to the head of the 
office, in Avhich he is logically bound to increase the splendid reputa- 
tion which he has already made. 

In his personal politics John R. Caverly is a firm Democrat, al- 
though his convictions in this line have never influenced him in the 

' J r^\ 

TH E ^ £ WYCB K 


discharge of his official duties. He is a well known member of the 
Chicago Democratic and the Cook County Democratic clubs, and, pro- 
fessionally, is identified with the Chicago Bar and the Illinois State 
Bar Associations. He supports such social organizations as the Iro- 
cjuois Club, the Illinois Athletic Club, and such fraternities as the 
Royal Arcanum and the Kniglits of Columbus. It will therefore be 
readily inferred that he is a remarkably busy man, and has little time to 
review his own achievements. His domestic life, which has been notice- 
ably harmonious, was inaugurated by his marriage with Miss Char- 
lotte J. Cochran, on the 15th of September, 1898. 

It comes as no surprise to the average citizen to be told that Chi- 
cago numbers among its attorneys some of the greatest commercial 

and corporation lawyers in the country; from the 
,, character of the city and the tendency of the times, 

one would naturally expect a gravitation of such 
legal talent hither. It is also a truth, but one not admitted without 
careful investigation, that the metropolis of the west has a noticeable 
proportion of lawyers who are highly and broadly cultured outside of 
their professional limitations. Even to the general reader, who has 
not personally examined the matter, the name of the late William 
Vocke naturally suggests itself as a signal illustration of this element 
of the legal fraternity; and his personality also emphasizes the fact 
that many of the most cultured lawyers of Chicago are of his father- 

William Vocke was a naiive of Minden, W^estphalia, Germany, 
born April 4, 1839, the son of W^illiam and Charlotte (Ebeling) 
Vocke. He received his early education in his home schools, and, los- 
ing his father at an early age, decided that his future lay in the republic 
across the ocean. At seventeen he ventured forth, landing in New 
York in 1856, and, after stopping there for a short time, in order to 
secure work and the resulting means to place himself further west, he 
passed on to Chicago — the city of ugly outward appearance, but of 
mysterious fascination for the energy, enterprise and intelligence of 
all nationalities and all classes. In 1857 he became a permanent 
resident- of Chicago, and soon found employment with his own coun- 
trymen as a carrier for the Staais Zeitung, then as now the leading 
German newspaper of the west. 

Mr. Vocke's newspaper territory was then a large part of the 


northwest side of the city, and by working from two until eight each 
morning he partially supported himself and was enabled for a time 
to give what hours were not absolutely necessary to sleep to the study 
of the law, to which he had already pledged himself. At this critical 
juncture in his affairs Professor Henry Booth — that good friend tc 
so many young men — came to his relief, and, by allowing the de 
termined and ambitious 3^oung German the use of his books, with in- ■ 
struction thrown in gratis — -that is, permitting him to pay, if con- 
venient, at some future date — the path to the realization of a legal 
education was thus paved for William Vocke, who ever insisted that 
the day on which he was able to pay his kind friend c^rrjedj with it 
one of the happiest events of his life. ~—^^l~^ 

In i860, then of legal age, Mr. Vocke left the employ of the Staats 
Zeitimg to accept the position of a collector for the firm of Ogden, 
Fleetwood & Co., then one of the leading real estate firms in Chicago. 
His service of something less than a year in that capacity gave him a 
good standing among business men and so earned him the commenda- 
tion of his employers that when he resigned to enter the Union army 
they presented him with a handsome sum of money in gold. In April, 
1 86 1, he promptly responded to the three months' call for troops, be- 
ing a private in the Twenty-fourth Illinois Infantry. He afterward 
re-enlisted and was present at every engagement of the Army of the 
Cumberland until his regiment was mustered out of the service. His 
soldierly discipline, loyalty and bravery won recognition by his promo- 
tion to the captaincy of Company D. 

Captain Vocke's ambition and foresight were well illustrated b'y 
the fact that during the leisure periods of his army service he devoted 
himself to literary pursuits, and upon his return to the north in 1864 
he was fully competent to fill the position which was proffered him — 
the city editorship of the Staats Zeitimg. He held that position until 
April, 1865, and won a place among able western journalists. From 
the latter date until November, 1869, he was clerk of the police court 
of Chicago, having during this period resumed the study of law and 
been admitted to the bar (1867). With the exception of the seven 
years from 1873 ^^ 1880, when he was in partnership with General 
Joseph Leake, Mr. Vocke practiced alone. His clientage was always 
extensive and the legal interests entrusted to him of a very important 
character. He had a thorough understanding of the law as a science, 


and stood among- the foremost trial lawyers of the city, his power 
of analysis, his penetration to the foundation principles and his logical 
presentation of the facts, combined with his winning personality, being 
an explanation of his unusual successes before a jury. 

Mr. Vocke made frequent contributions to both the German and 
English press, and gained a high reputation as a forcible and polished 
writer. In 1869 he produced a volume of poems comprising excellent 
translations of the lyrics of Julius Rodenberg. During the later 
years of his life his writings were more in the line of law than on 
general literary topics, one of his most important productions being 
a volume entitled "The Administration of Justice in the United States, 
and a Synopsis of the Mode ol Procedure of our Federal and State 
Courts and All Federal and State Courts Relating to Subjects of In- 
terest to Aliens." The work was published in the German language 
at Cologne, and has not only received the praise of German journalists 
but has proven of much benefit to German lawyers and business men. 

In 1870, three years after his admission to the bar, Captain Vocke 
was elected to the lower house of the state legislature. Shortly after 
the great fire of 1871 an extra session was called and he was instru- 
mental in framing what is known as the "burnt-record act" ; and among 
his other noteworthy legislative achievements he formulated and in- 
troduced a life-insurance bill, which was indorsed by the Chicago 
Tribune as "the soundest and most judicious measure ever proposed 
to a legislative body on that subject." From 1877 to 1880 Mr. Vocke 
served as a member of the Ciiicago board of education, and in that 
position, as in all other official capacities, he performed his duties faith- 
fullv and impartially, irrespective of political considerations or indi- 
vidual leanings. For many years, and at the time of his death, he was 
the official attorney for the Imperial German consulate at Chicago, 
which was an indication, coming from his own fatherland, of his 
standing as a German-American citizen and lawyer. Among other 
offices with which he had been honored was also the presidency of the 
German Society of Chicago -for the Aid of Emigrants, which organi- 
zation has done a fine work in facilitating the amalgamation of that 
invaluable racial element with the American nationality and body 
politic. In his fraternal and social relations Mr. Vocke was identified 
with the Military Order of the Loyal Legion and with the University 
and Germania clubs. 


On January 13, 1867, Mr. Vocke married Miss Eliza Wahl, and 
they became the parents of two sons and four daughters. The loved 
and honored husband and father passed away in the city which so 
long had appreciated his high talents and worth, on the 13th of May, 
1907, leaving, besides the widow, the children mentioned above: Fred- 
erick Vocke, of Chicago; William Vocke, of Oklahoma; Mrs. Franz 
Bopp and Mrs. D. P. Doak, of San Francisco ; and Mrs. J. C. Mc- 
Mynn and Mrs. J. A. Bird, of Chicago. The deceased was domestic 
and approachable, a genial companion and a delightful^entertainer, a 
man of well-rounded character, and stood for years ahiong/thfe ablest 
and broadest of the German-.Americans whom Chicago^has_jdelighted 
to honor. • -^-^-^ 

Andrew Rothwell Sheriff, member of the substantial firm of Mc- 
Cordic and Sheriff, is a native of Washington, D. C, and was born 

April 8, 1872, his parents being George Lewis and 

Andrew R. ^^^^^ Borrows (Rothwell) Sheriff. He first attend- 
ed the public and high schools of the national capital, 
and subsequently pursued a professional course in the Georgetown 
University Law School, from which he was graduated in 1892 with 
the degree of LL. B. Not satisfied with his proficiency, he entered 
the Harvard Law School and in 1894 received a similar degree from 
the more famous institution, subsequently pursuing a two years' course 
(1894-6) at Harvard Cohege and Graduate School. He left the 
latter with a fuU A. B. degree, and in 1897 an A. M. was added to 
his titles, as a reward for work done in 1895-6. 

Mr. Sheriff's record from 1889 to 1896 was that of a remarkably 
capable and scholarly young man and member of the bar. In 1889-92 
he was employed as a document clerk in the Smithsonian Institution, 
Washington, D. C, having in custody the scientific publications of that 
great institution, and for one of his age the position was one of unusual 
responsibility. Admitted to the bar of the District of Columbia July 
2, 1894, he acted as assistant instructor in constitutional law at Har- 
vard College in 1895-6, and in August of the latter year came to Chi- 
cago to engage in active practice. He engaged in independent pro- 
fessional work until February i, 1898, when he formed a partnership 
with Alfred E. McCordic, also a Harvard graduate in law. On the 
1st of January, 1904, Charles Y. Freeman was admitted into the firm, 
which still retains its former name of McCordic and Sheriff. The 

THi. . 





firm is largely engaged in the practice of corporation law, and, through 
the individual connections of its members, in the conservation of im- 
portant business and commercial interests; Mr. Sheriff himself is 
vice-president and director of the Illinois Car and Equipment Com- 
pany and secretary and director of the Chicago & Calumet River Rail- 
road Company, Mr. Freeman being secretary and assistant treasurer 
of the former corporation. Mr. Sheriff has professional membership 
in the American Bar Association, the Illinois Bar Association and the 
Chicago Bar Association, and as a university man is identified with 
Beta Theta Pi. 

Andrew R. Sheriff was married in Chicago, October 17, 1900, to 
Marguerite, daughter of William Hamilton Mitchell, and they have 
becoTne the parents of two sons. Rothwell Mitchell and William Ham- 
ilton Mitchell Sheriff. He is a member of the Republican party, and 
is identified with the Hamilton and Calumet clubs. As an Episcopalian 
he is a vestryman in the Trinity church, of the South Side, and since 
becoming a resident of Chicago has been active in the work of the 

John A. Brown is the junior member of the law firm of Kern and 
Brown, his associate being Jacob J. Kern, the well known ex-state's 

attorney and one of the able representat'ives of the 

V, ■ German-American element in Chicago. There is no 

Brown. , • ^, • , • , • , 1 - , 

hrm m Chicago which is a better exemplar ot the 

restless, yet substantial ability and the never failing resourcefulness of 
the rising lawyer of today, than that of which Mr. Brown is an equal 
partner. He is a native of Tannersville, Greene county. New York, 
born June 21, 1876, the son of James and Catherine (Goggin) Brown. 
John A. Brown laid the foundation of his legal education in Chi- 
cago, under private tutors and at the North Division High School. 
He pursued his professional studies at the Kent College of Law, from 
which he graduated in 1898 with the degree of LL. B., and at the 
Illinois College of Law (post-graduate course) by which in 1899 he 
was honored with LL. B. and LL. M. His law studies were com- 
menced while occupying the position of clerk of the circuit court under 
Frank J. Gaulter, were continued in the office of Lackner and Butz, 
and were under the supervision of his uncle. Judge Goggin of the 
superior court. His first intimate business relations with Mr. Kern 
were in 1896, when the latter retired from the office of state's attorney 


and formed a partnership with Elisha S. Bottum, Mr. Brown being 
employed by them in various professional capacities. Mr. Bottum 
died in 1898. Charles D. Fullen became an associate of the firm, of 
Kern and Fullen, and Mr. Brown was received as a silent oartner, 
the partnership assuming its present name at the retirement of Mr. 
Fullen in 1900. Mr. Brown was admitted to the Illinois bar January 
I, 1899, and to the United States Supreme Court May 31, 1904. The 
scope of the business of the firm with which he is identified embraces 
both civil and criminal procedure, and the formatioii,— development 
and conservation of large corporations and business interests. It has 
been an opponent in all of the late board of trade litigati&H'€»ver quo- 
tations and is recognized as a prominent factor in the commercial 

Mr. Brown is a member of the Illinois State and Chicago Bar asso- 
ciations and of the legal fraternity. Phi Alpha Delta, his professional 
standing being emphasized by the fact that he is also a trustee of the 
Illinois College of Law. He is a member of the directory of, and 
holds legal relations with many corporations and business enterprises. 
He is a Democrat, a member of the Central Young Men's Christian 
Association; is a life member of the Press Club of Chicago and is 
very prominent in the Royal Arcanum, being Past Regent of the 
Illinois Council in. that fraternity. In politics, he is a Democrat ; in 
religion a Catholic, and in everything earnest, straightforward, fertile 
and forceful. His youth and vigor give promise of many years of 
usefulness and satisfaction. When "life's fitful fever" shall be over, 
it will be proper for the memorist fittingly to portray a character 
which can be only partially developed in the days of the contempora- 
neous biographer. 

A corporation lawyer of high individual standing and senior mem- 
ber of the firm of Gurley, Stone and Wood, William W. Gurley is an 

. Ohio man, born January 27, 1851, his parents being 

William W. _ , t- , . -n ^ / a % ^-^ 1 

P John J. and Anseville C. (Armentrout) Gurley. 

After graduating from the Ohio Wesleyan Univer- 
sity in 1870, he read law in his father's office, but prior to commencing 
practice held the superintendency of the Seville (Ohio) public schools. 
This experience was in 187 1-2, and in June of 1873 h^ was admitted 
to the Ohio bar. 

Mr. Gurley has been a resident and a practitioner of Chicago 


since September, 1874, and although liis professional work in the 
earlier years was of a general nature, for a long time it has been 
almost confined to corporation law. That it is extensive will be recog- 
nized when it is stated that he is the general counsel for the Chicago 
Railways Company, Chicago Union Traction Company, the Receivers 
of the Chicago Consolidated Traction Company, the Metropolitan 
West Side Elevated Railway Company, Featherstone Foundry and 
Machine Company and other corporations. He is also a director of 
Wakem & Laughlin, Incorporated; Stearns & Culver Lumber Com- 
pany, Lyon Cypress Lumber Company, and the Baker I^umber 

October 30, 1878, Mr. Gurley wedded the daughter of the late 
Hon. Joseph Turney, of Cleveland, Ohio — Miss Mary Eva Turney, 
a cultured and attractive lady. They are the parents of one daughter, 
Helen Kathryn. Mr. Gurley is both domestic and popular socially, 
being a member of the following clubs : Union League, Chicago, Uni- 
versity, Chicago Golf, Exmoor Country and Edgewater Golf clubs, all 
of Chicago, and also the Transportation and New York clubs and 
the Ohio Society of New York. 

Robert Willis Campbell, member of the firm Knapp, Haynie and 
Campbell, who are engaged in general practice and are general counsel 

for the Illinois Steel Company and other corpora- 

ROBERT W. . . . r T r i t i o .-i 

„ tions. 19 a natn'e 01 Indiana, born July 30, 1074. the 

son of Joseph C. and Lena (Nicoll) Campbell. He 
has passed most of his life in California, his father being still an active 
practitioner at the San Francisco bar. Mr. Campbell was educated 
primarily in the public schools of Stockton and San Francisco, grad- 
uating from the Boys' High School of the latter city, now known as 
the Lov/ell High School. He was thus prepared to enter th.e Leland 
Stanford, Jr., University, receiving therefrom the degree of V>. A. 
in 1896, and pursuing a professional course (1897-8) at the Hastings 
College of Law, San Francisco. 

Mr. Campbell read law and was clerk in the office of Reddy, Camp- 
bell and Metson, San Francisco, until April. 1899, when he was admit- 
ted to the California bar and became managing clerk for the firm 
named. He acted in that capacity until 1900, when, upon the death 
of Mr. Reddy, he was admitted to a partnership under the firm style 
of Campbell, Metson and Campbell. 


Upon coming to Chicago in May, 1904, Mr. Campbell resigned 
his connection with the San Francisco firm and joined with Kemper 
K. Knapp and William D. Haynie in the formation of the copartner- 
ship of Knapp, Haynie and Campbell, in the building up of whose 
profitable and high-class business he has done his full share. 

Married at Wheaton, Illinois, September 10, 1901, to Miss Bertha 
Gary, daughter of Hon. Elbert H. and Julia E. (Graves) Gary, he 
has become by her the father of one child, Julia ^Elizabeth. His 
father-in-law is widely known as one of the great corporation lawyers 
and capitalists of the east. Mr. Campbell is a leading Mason, being 
a Knight Templar and member of the Mystic Shrine. He is identified 
with the Wheaton Golf Club — one of the best known organizations in 
the country — and with the University, Union League, Hamilton and 
IlHnois Athletic clubs. In religion he is a Methodist, and in his politi- 
cal affiliations, an unwavering Republican. 

Henry Crittenden Morris, lawyer and author, is one of the most 

scholarly members of the Chicago bar, and has had a most varied ex- 

. _, perience both at home and abroad. As lawyer, au- 

Henry C 

thor and a student of literature and history, he is 

iViORRIS. -- - 

well known. 
Mr. Morris is a native of Chicago, born April 18, 1868, the son 
of John and Susan (Claude) Morris. Through his father's family 
he is distantly connected with William Morris of England and Robert 
Morris, the financier of Revolutionary times and fame, while on his 
mother's side he is descended, in direct line, from the historic Rev- 
erend John Cotton, of Boston, Massachusetts, who came to America 
in 1640. He pursued his preparatory studies in the academy of the 
old Chicago Universit)^, during 1878-81, afterward attended Buchtel 
College, Akron, Ohio, and Lombard College, Galesburg, Illinois, 
graduating from the latter with the degree of A. B. in 1887; subse- 
cjuently, in 1890, he was given an A. M. degree. He had already 
traveled and studied in Europe in 1882-83, and ten years later, still 
a young man, pursued special courses in languages, history and litera- 
ture at Leipzig, Freiburg, Paris and Ghent. He is proficient in 
eight modern languages and has a working knowledge of several 
others. In 1893 Mr. Morris was appointed United States Consul at 
Ghent, Belgium, and was thus able to bring his linguistic ability into 
the service of the government. Because of this proficiency, his general 


culture and unfailing tact, he was considered one of the most valuable 
members of the consular service, and continued his connection with 
it for five years, until 1898, when he voluntarily resigned. While 
serving in this capacity he wrote about two hundred reports on com- 
mercial, industrial and social conditions in Belgium and other Euro- 
pean countries which appeared in "Commercial Relations of the United 
States" and similar governmeni i)ublications. 


When Mr. Morris returned to Chicago in 1898 he resumed the 
practice of the law, in which he had already made some progress, 
having graduated in 1889 — a member of the first class — from the 
Chicago College of Law. and having been soon afterward admitted 
to the Illinois bar ; for the ten years he has been actively engaged 
in his profession. 

Mr. Morris has made an especially thorough study of all matters 
connected with colonization; his "History of Colonization from the 
Earliest Times to the Present Day" is considered a standard publica- 
tion on the subject by all those who arc competent to judge. He has 


also done some work in the local field; having published in 1902 the 
"History of the First National Bank of Chicago." He is a member 
of the American Historical Association, American Political Science 
Association, the National Geographic Society, the Illinois Historical 
Society, the Chicago Historical Society, and several other similar 
organizations. In December, 1906, he read a paper before the Ameri- 
can Political Science Association at its annual meeting in Providence, 
Rhode Island, on "Some Effects of Outlying Dejpendencies on the 
People of the United States," which attracted wide ^d favorable at- 
tention, and materially increased his reputation as a profound and 
interesting writer on colonization. One of the most agreeable tributes 
to the character of Mr. Morris as a scholar and a cosmopolite was his 
selection by Chief Justice Fuller of the supreme court of the United 
States to serve as his personal secretary in the Muscat Dhows Arbi- 
tration before the International Permanent Court at The Hague. Mr. 
Morris has always taken much interest in the subject of beautification 
of cities, whether through the landscape gardener, the architect or 
the sculptor, believing in municipal art as a powerful force in the eduT 
cation and general progress of the people. The Hamilton Club, of 
which he is a leading member, has taken up the subject with ardor, 
creating at his suggestion and for this purpose a permanent committee 
of which he was chairman in 1904-6 and again in 1907-8. He was 
likewise in 1907-8 a member of the editorial staff of the Hamiltonian; 
He is also identified with the Twentieth Century, Chicago Literary 
and New Illinois Athletic clubs. 

Mr. Morris' religious convictions as a Universalist are firmly root- 
ed. In 1 89 1 -2 he was president of the Young People's Christian (Uni- 
versalist) Union of Illinois and clerk of St. Paul's Universalist Church, 
Chicago. Since 1900 he has served as trustee of his alma mater, Lom- 
bard College, which is one of the most prominent denominational in- 
stitutions in the country; in T906-1908 he was also president of its 
Association of Graduates. He has always been eager to support the 
cause of Universalism and in these days of liberality of thought and 
charity of religious attitude his denominational views have had a 
material influence upon the esteem and admiration which are univer- 
sally accorded him as a man of broad culture and a useful member of 
society. In politics Mr. Morris is a Republican ; he is always interest- 
ed in maintaining the highest standards in the selection of men foi 


^^■nK, _^:;.- ^T-^oNS 



office and the elaboration of policies; it is only on this account that he 

takes any part in local political affairs. 

The name of the rich, cultured old state of Ohio is associated, in 

the minds of the men of the middle west, with courtesy, sociability 

and l>road mentality. The public figures who have 

,,/ emeroed from the Buckeye state to achieve national 

Williams. ^ . . ,. . •^, ., , , . 

reputations m politics, philanthropy, business and 

the professions, have a certain warmth and richness of texture which 
has come to be considered characteristic. For many generations Ohio 
has been to what was formerly the middle west, what Massachusetts 
still is to New England, and when to the,broad and deep traits of her 
sons are added the invigorating qualities which have been justly ap- 
plied to those who have been subjected to the influences of a long resi- 
dence and training in Illinois, the personal resultant stands a logical 
chance of being a potent member of the community. 

C. Arch Williams is a typical Ohio-Illinois man and lawyer and 
has had good cause to congratulate himself on the state of his birth 
and that of his adoption, for both have been kind to him, although 
not beyond the measure of his deserts. He was born in Bryan, Ohio, 
on the 31st of May, 1869, the son of John S. and Ella N. (Oldfield) 
Williams, both also natives of his state. The family was planted in 
Pennsylvania at an early day, whence various members migrated to 
his birthplace. He obtained the foundation of his education in the 
public and high schools of Bryan, and after graduating from his lit- 
erary studies he engaged in mercantile lines several years, and then 
made up his mind that he wished to abandon the business world alto- 
gether. The practical training, however, which he thus obtained, as 
well as his experience in meeting with ease and assurance all classes 
of people, were to be of incalculable benefit to him in his future career 
as a lawyer. 

Mr. Williams came to Chicago in 1892 and immediately entered 
the law department of the Lake Forest University, now the Chicago- 
Kent College of Law. He was graduated from the latter in 1894, was 
admitted to the Illinois bar and, after taking a post-graduate course 
of one year, received his- degree of LL. B. and entered into active prac- 
tice. Until July, 1903, he conducted an independent practice, but 
at that time, upon the death of ex-Judge Loomis, formed a partner- 
ship with his son, F. S. Loomis, and under tlic firm name of Loomis 

Vol. 11— IS 


and Williams continued a growing legal business until July, 1906. 
Since the latter date he has been a member of the copartnership of 
Steere, Williams and Steere, and, through his able qualities as a law- 
yer and his stable, popular traits as a man, has continued his progress 
both in the development of a professional reputation and a profitable 
legal business. 

Outside of the field of the law Mr. Wilhams is widel}^-fcnown for 
his fraternal work, and is one of the most prominent figures in the 
Royal Arcanum, whose growth has exceeded that of any order of its 
age in the United States. The secret of this remarkable progress is 
that it has had the good fortune to attract such enthusiastic and un- 
tiring propagandists as Mr. Williams; otherwise it would have been 
impossible to be able to record the facts that since the organization 
of the Royal Arcanum in Boston, thirty years ago, the fraternity has 
reached a membership of two hundred and fifty thousand, of which 
number twenty-two thousand is accredited to Illinois, and the munifi- 
cent sum of $1 14,000,000 has been paid out to the widows and orphans 
of those who have been welcomed into its ranks. For several years 
Mr. Williams has been among the most prominent members of the 
Royal Arcanum in the state, has held all the line offices in his council, 
and has made an especially fine record as orator, editor and practical 
worker for the increase of membership. His editorship of the organ 
of Garden City Council, as well as of the Illinois section of the Royal 
Arcanum Bulletin, has evinced a facile pen and marked journalistic 
.abilities in every way. To emphasize his eminently useful service for 
the order, in April, 1907, he was unanimously elected Grand Regent 
of Illinois, the highest office in the state, and although still on the 
sunny side of forty, he is the virtual leader of more than twenty 
thousand brothers who will stake their all on the absolute good faith of 
C. Arch Williams in all the activities of the strenuous modern life. 
He is an active worker in the Sixth ward, and a member of the Ham- 
ilton Club, indicative of his reliable Republicanism, and in 1906-8 was 
associate editor of the Hamiltonian. During his earlier years in Chi- 
cago, while a student at law, he won considerable public commenda- 
tion as a singer, but when he entered active practice was obliged to 
place his talent in the background, although it has been brought for- 
ward occasionally to the unbounded pleasure of his fraternal associates 
during the stated social entertainments of the local council. Mr. Wil- 


Hams has a fine library, embracing both legal and general literature, 
and in his outward characteristics and daily life evinces every mark 
of the cultured, energetic, able and progressive lawyer and gentleman. 
It would be difficult to name an American who, within a compara- 
tively brief span of life has made a more enduring name for personal 

nobility and fine public service than the late William 

^ J. Campbell. Republicanism was bred into his fam- 

Campbell. r, , . , . ,. , , . . 

ily and mto lus own personality, and he was its sin- 
cere and unfaltering apostle, believing and preaching by word and 
act that the good of society and of the country depended upon its con- 
trol of public affairs. Firm and enthusiastic in that faith, he studied 
politics as a science that he might do his full part in continuing to 
apply those principles of public polity to the government of his coun- 
try which he believed in his heart to be right and most beneficial to 
all. While he was therefore recognized as one of the most skillful 
politicians in the country, he was honored with the almost unique dis- 
tinction of holding himself above trickery and of viewing and manipu- 
lating politics on a broad and high plane. He was the statesman and 
Christian gentleman in politics, and in him was closely personified the 
following general law as laid down by a distinguished American 
author : "The more the Christian gentleman knows, the better politi- 
cian he will make, and in him, and in him only, will scholarship come 
to its finest issue in politics." 

William James Campbell was born December 12, 1850, in the city 
of Philadelphia, and the old-time spirit of "brotherly love" seemed to 
have been implanted in him. The son of John and Mary Campbell, 
sturdy, reliable Scotch-Irish people, his parents came to the west 
during his infancy and settled in Bloom township, Cook county. The 
boy divided his time between his father's farm and the local schools, 
the combined training fashioning him into an intelligent and reliable 
youth. Later he mastered the higher branches in the Bloom township 
high school. Lake Forest Academy and the University of Pennsyl- 
vania. He left the last named institution, however, before receiving 
his degree, and, returning to Chicago, became a student in the Union 
College of Law, where he completed the prescribed course. He at 
once entered practice, and almost from that time until his death was 
a prominent figure in legal circles and an influential factor in politics. 
For some months before and after his graduation he was in the law 


office of William C. Goudy, then one of the leading corporation at- 
torneys of the city. With this gentleman Mr. Campbell studied for 
about- two years, the association materially broadening and strength- 
ening his legal outlook. In 1879 ^^ formed a partnership with Jacob 
R. Custer, which continued until his death. The firm of Campbell 
and Custer soon acquired a large practice. Mr. Campbell confined 
himself to the duties of counsel, his time being fully occupied by the 
important and involved affairs of a number of the largest business 
houses and corporations of Chicago. He became as well known in 
New York as in Chicago, and there had business connections which 
yielded the firm of Campbell and Custer a handsome income. 

Mr. Campbell's connection with poHtics commenced in 1878, after 
he had graduated from the Union College of Law but while he was 
still studying under the inspiring tutelage of Mr. Goudy. From that 
year until 1886 he represented the country district of Cook county in 
the Illinois senate, of which body he was elected president at three 
consecutive sessions — a distinction seldom accorded one of his years 
and experience. In 1891 he became the Illinois member of the na- 
tional Republican committee to succeed Colonel George R. Davis, re- 
signed; in 1892 was re-elected and shortly afterward was made a 
member of the executive committee. In that capacity his work was 
of such a noticeable order that he was not only re-elected in 1892, but 
in June of that year was unanimously chosen chairman of the com- 
mittee. On account of pressing professional and business duties he 
declined the honor, although urgently urged to accept it by the most 
prominent statesmen and politicians throughout the country. Despite 
his aggressiveness and positiveness, Mr. Campbell's methods were so 
open and devoid of personal animosity that he made many warm 
friends in the political world. He took a comprehensive view of the 
political situation, saw where work was most needed, and brought his 
forces to bear in strengthening the weakest points. As a strong, yet 
diplomatic political manager he has therefore been seldom equaled. 

In 1876 Mr. Campbell was united in marriage with Miss Rebecca 
McEldowney, of Bloom, Cook county, and they became the parents of 
five children — Mary, William James, Herbert John, Allan Walter 
and Edward Custer. Mary, the eldest of the family, was married in 
1898 to Louis Sherman Taylor, treasurer of the manufacturing de- 
partment of the Pullman Company, being the mother of two children 


— Helen Campbell and William Campbell Taylor. William James, 
who is iu the employ of Armour & Co., was united in marriage, in 
1904, to Miss Rena Lawrence. Herbert John is a member of the 
Chicago bar. 

In his domestic life the deceased showed in a touching manner the 
sympathetic, warm and mellow traits of character which were neces- 
sarily hidden from the professional and public eyes. For the first ten 
years of his married life Mr. Campbell lived at Blue Island, and in 
1887 moved to the village of Riverside, Illinois, where he established 
a beautiful and cultured home, the faithful and attractive wife and 
mother throwing that spirit over and around it without which home is 

From his earliest connection with that picturesque and artistic 
suburb, Mr. Campbell was deeply interested in its welfare, and evinced 
his interest by actively participating in its government and in all move- 
ments designed to add to its conveniences and attractiveness. For 
seven years he was president of the board of trustees, and during that 
period watched with the keenest interest and pleasure every detail of 
the municipal work. He projected many \illage improvements, and 
it is largely due to his watchful and tireless exertions that Riverside 
is today one of the most beautiful suburban villages in the United 
States. A trustee of the Riverside Presbyterian church, he gave lib- 
erally to that organization, anil extended its benevolences far beyond 
the pale of any religious sect. Among, the secular institutions with 
which he was identified in a marked degree was the Armour Insti- 
tute of Technology. After Dr. Gunsaulus, he was considered its most 
valued supporter, and the words of the founder of the institute are 
therefore of special force : "He supported four or five young men in 
the institute, and his two sons attended there. He was a benevolent 
man, and he believed in a Christian as well as a benevolent education. 
He was ready with his time and money to aid young men; he believed 
in the education of the hands, the brain and the heart — the democracy 
that lifts instead of pulls down; and he gave himself thoroughly to his 
genuine love for young men." 

Mr. Campbell was a valued member of various social organiza- 
tions, including the Union League Club, the Chicago Club, the Chi- 
cago Athletic Association and the Lawyers' Club of New York, and 
at the time of his decease was a trustee of Armour Institute and Ar- 


mour Mission. He died after a brief illness, from an attack of pneu- 
monia, on the 4th of March, 1896, in the forty-sixth year of his age, 
bearing with him the fond memories not only of those to whom he 
was knit by domestic ties, but countless friends whose affection for 
him had only increased with the years of his loyalty. After his death 
resolutions of sympathy and respect were passed by the Illinois Re- 
publican state convention, the national Republican committee, by 
numerous clubs and societies, by the directors of Armour Institute 
and the Riverside board of trustees. But the real worth of tl^e de- 
ceased was not revealed by such public testimonials, impressive 
though they were; it was from the pages of the private letters which 
flowed in a torrent to the bereft widow and family that might be 
demonstrated the abiding influence for good which radiated from the 
life of William J. Campbell. 

Harlan Ward Cooley, a well known attorney engaged in general 
practice, is a native of the national capital, where he was born on the 

29th of January, 1866, the son of D. N. and Clara 
„ ' (Aldrich) Cooley. His father was commissioner of 

Indian Affairs under President Lincoln. 

Harlan W. Cooley was educated at Phillips Academy, Andover, 
Massachusetts, from which he was graduated in 1884, afterward pur- 
suing a four years' course at Yale University, from which he received 
the degree of B. A. in 1888. He commenced his law studies at Yale 
and continued them at the Union College of Law, Chicago, being ad- 
mitted to the Illinois bar in 1890. Since that year he has been in 
general practice in this city, and since 1905 resident vice-president and 
general counsel of the American Fidelity Company, of Montpelier, 
•Vermont. He has acquired considerable property and financial inter- 
ests at Dell Rapids, South Dakota, having since 1890 been vice-presi- 
dent of the First National Bank of that place, as well as president of 
the Dell Rapids Elevator Company. 

Mr. Cooley has always retained his close identification with his 
college societies, being now connected with Psi Upsilon, Skull and 
Bones, and Phi Beta Kappa. He is also a member of the Law Club, 
the Chicago Bar Association, the Yale Club, the Hamilton Club, the 
Twentieth Century Club, the Quadrangle Club, and the Sons of the 
American Revolution. 

ayt.£ix<^7^ ^^^-ff^-^^^ 


1 h 


Married at Seymour, Connecticut, September 22, 1892, to Nellie 
Wooster, daughter of L. T. Wooster and Julia (Smith) Wooster, 
he has become the father of two children, Julia and Harlan. In poli- 
tics he is a Republican, in religion a Methodist, and in general charac- 
ter a gentleman and an able lawyer. 

For more than thirty years one of the masters in chancery of the 
circuit court of Cook county, Horatio Loomis Wait is one of the most 

familiar and thoroughly respected personalities now 
^ ' identified with the practice of law in Chicago. More- 

over, he is a settler of over fifty years' standing, dur- 
ing a decade of that period being connected, in an active and promi- 
nent capacity, with the naval service of the United States. He com- 
menced the practice of his profession about a year before the great 
Chicago fire, and has therefore been a continuous witness of the won- 
derful expansion and developm.ent of the new metropolis into one of 
the great cities of the world. He first saw it as a raw young city, 
barely able to struggle from the mud of the prairies, and, although 
now a venerable figure, finds himself among the strenuous activities 
of a city which has shouldered its way past Boston, St. Louis and 
Philadelphia, and will soon be pushing New York for first place as 
the metropolis of America. He is one of the favored few who, in 
the span of one life, has resided in a community of such rapid ad- 
vancement that he has witnessed a municipal development which ac- 
cording to the usual order of history would have been impossible of 
accomplishment in a century; and better still to relate, he himself has 
been an active and ever constant force in this speedy progress. 

Horatio L. Wait is a native of New York City, where he was born 
on the 8th of August, 1836, being the son of Joseph and Harriet 
(Whitney) Wait. He received his preliminary education at the Trin- 
ity School, of his native city, and was fitted for college at the Colum- 
bia College Grammar School. In 1856, however, before commencing 
a regular course in the higher branches he came to Chicago, and was 
employed in the office of J. Young Scammon, the lawyer and public 
spirited citizen. The issues of the Civil war stirred him deeply, and 
the actual conflict was the means of effectually barring out his legal 
studies for a number of years. 

In 1 86 1 Judge Wait first enlisted in Company D, Sixtieth Regi- 


ment, Illinois Volunteer Infantry, but shortly afterward entered the 
naval service as paymaster, with the rank of master. In this capacity 
he served under Admirals Dupont and Farragut, in blockading Sav- 
annah, Pensacola and Mobile, and later was assigned to Admiral 
Dahlgren's flagship at the bombardment of Fort Sumter and the siege 
of Charleston, South Carolina, until its capitulation. Mr. Wait found 
the service so much to his liking and his services were so highly ap- 
preciated by his superior officers that at the conclusioiii pf the war 
he joined the European squadron, on the United Statesr-^feip "Ino," 
and before the conclusion of the year 1865 was promoted to pay- 
master, with the rank of lieutenant-commander. For five years longer 
he continued with Uncle Sam's squadrons in various capacities and 
in various parts of the world, and in 1870 resigned his commission 
to become a permanent landsman in Chicago and resume his legal 
studies, so long interrupted in the interest of his country. 

Having prosecuted his studies in the office of Barker and Tuley 
with fresh vigor, after his long absence from such confining duties, 
Mr. Wait passed a creditable examination which admitted him to 
practice before the Illinois bar, forming soon afterward a partnership 
with Joseph N. Barker, his former preceptor, under the firm name of 
Barker and Wait, which later became Barker, Buell and Wait. Mr. 
Wait's private practice of six years showed him to be firmly grounded 
in the principles of the law, and, noticeably, of a judicial temperament. 
A lawyer also of unimpeachable integrity and possessed of popular 
personal qualities, it was eminently appropriate that in 1876 he should 
receive the appointment of master in chancery of the circuit court, and 
that, in view of his impartiality, courtesy, promptness, and unfailing 
rectitude and ability, he should have continued to discharge the duties 
of the position to the present time. He has long been a valued mem- 
ber of the Chicago Bar and the Illinois State Bar associations, while 
his naval experience is recalled by his life membership in the Farragut 
Boat Club and his activity in the organization of the Illinois Naval 

Judge Wait was married May 7, i860, to Chara Conant Long, 
and they have become the parents of James Joseph and Henry Heile- 
man Wait. For many years he has been known as an earnest and 
prominent Episcopalian. He is a vestryman of St. Paul's Episcopal 



fi L 


church, Hyde Park, has been eiigagetl in its Sunday school work, and 

was previously superintendent of the Tyng Mission Sunday school. 

He was one of the founders of the Charity Organization Society. 

later merged into the Relief and Aid Society; is a Companion of the 

Loyal Legion, and, during his residence of forty years in Chicago, 

has been a citizen of the highest mind and acts — the firm upholder of 

public charities which appealed to his sense of justice and utility, and 

the dispenser of private benevolences to the full extent of his means 

and strength. 

Jacob Newman has been a niemljcr of the Chicago Ijar iox many 

years and is now the senior member of the law firm of Newman, 

Northrup, Levinson and Becker. 

^T He was born in Germany, November 12, 18:;^, 

Newman. . ^^ 

the son ot Salmon and Paulme (Lewis) New'man. 

His parents came to the United States when he was four years of age 
and settled on a farm in Butler county, Ohio. The subject of this 
sketch was early throwai upon his own resources. From Jacksonburg, 
Butler county, Ohio, he moved to Noblesville, Indiana, where he at- 
tended the public schools until he came to Chicago in the summer of 
1867. In the larger city he found greater opportunities, and after 
working hard for two years he saved enough money to enable him to 
enter and continue his studies at the old University of Chicago. Dur- 
ing the whole of his four years in college he worked and paid his own 

Mr. Newman graduated from the Chicago College of Law in 1875 
and immediately formed a partnership with Judge Graham under the 
firm name of Graham and Newman. This copartnership lasted about 
three years, when Judge Graham moved west, and ]\Ir. Newman con- 
tinued the practice alone until the spring of 1882. In that year he 
formed a copartnership with Adolph Aloses under the name of Moses 
and Newman, which firm was well known for many years at the Chi- 
cago bar. In 1890 Mr. Newman retired from the firm and formed 
the present firm of Newman, Northrup, Le\inson and Becker. 

Mr. Newnnan is a tirm Republican and is a member of the Union 
Leauue. Standard and Ravisloe Countrv clubs. He was married Mav 
30, 1888, to Miss Minnie, daughter of Hugo Goodman, and is the 
father of John Hugo, Elisabeth and George Ingham Newman. 


Emil C. Wetten, first assistant corporation counsel of the city of 
Chicago, is a native Chicagoan, his education, professional training 

and entire experience being identified with the west- 
ern metropolis. He is a graduate of the Chicago 
College of Law (law department of the Lake Forest 
University) and the University of Michigan, and has received the 
degree of LL. B. He is a member of the law firm^of JEddy, Haley 
and Wetten, and devoted himself exclusively to his practice until 1907, 
when he accepted the position of assistant corporation counsel. 

For many years Mr. Wetten has been an active Republican, in 
1 906- 1 907 serving as president of the Hamilton Club, and is regarded 
as among the active and progressive leaders of that organization 
and the party at large. He is also a member of the Union League 
and Colonial clubs, and, in his more strict professional relations, is 
actively connected with the Chicago and Illinois State Bar associa- 
tions. He is also a member of the Delta Chi fraternity, a thirty-second 
degree Mason and a Shriner. 

Edward S. Whitney is of the younger generation of lawyers en- 
gaged in the substantial practice of corporation law in Chicago, be- 

ing a member of the well-known firm of Sears, 

Meagrher and Whitney, of which the senior is Na- 
Whitney. . 

thaniel C. Sears, ex-judge of the superior court of 

Cook county. Mr. Whitney is a native of Bennington, New Hamp- 
shire, born October 12, 1867, the son of Nathan and Charlotte M. 
(Belcher) Whitney, natives respectively of Massachusetts and Ver- 
mont. During his active business life the father was a paper manu- 
facturer, and is now living in comfortable retirement. 

Edward S. Whitney received a thorough education, passing from 
the grammar schools of Bennington to the academy at Francestown, 
New Hampshire, and finally graduating from the Arms Academy at 
Shelburne Falls, Massachusetts, in the year 1885. In 1890 he re- 
ceived the degree of A. B. from Amherst College, and in 1893 Har- 
vard University conferred upon him the degrees of A. M. and LL. B. 
In February of that year he v/as admitted to the Suffolk county bar 
of Massachusetts, and in the following November, being admitted to 
the bar of Illinois, he located in Chicago for the practice of his pro- 
fession. Mr. Whitney's independent career was of such notable 
progress that in April, 1902, he became a member of his present co- 

not m'il'm I 


partnership, his partners being- old and prominent practitioners and 
the entire combination presenting marked features of legal strength. 
Their practice is already extensive and rapidly growing. 

On the 14th of September, 1898, Mr. Whitney was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Grace A. Kerruish, at Clevekifd. the home of the bride, 
the children of the union being Margaret and Miriam. Mr. Whitnev 
retains his collegiate affiliations by his membership in Phi Beta Kappa 
and Delta Kappa Epsilon. In politics he is a Republican and is iden- 
tified with the stalwart Union League Club. 

Charles F. Lowy, of the law firm of Winston, Lowy and McGinn, 
with offices in the Stock Exchange building, has obtained a firm stand- 

ing among the rising young attorneys of the city, 
J * and that, although he is of foreign birth and has 

been a resident of Chicago only about sixteen years. 
He was born in Bohemia, June 17, 1874, and received his literary 
training in the public and normal school at Humpolec, in his native 
country, as well as in one ot the high schools of Vienna, Austria. 
Thus mentally equipped, he came to the United States in 1891, be- 
ing naturally attracted to Chicago, which contains the largest Bo- 
hemian element of any city in the United States. Locating in this 
city during the year of his arrival in America he busied himself at 
various pursuits, but soon commenced to become interested in legal 
matters and studies. At length he was enabled to pursue a regular 
professional course in the law department of the Lake Forest Uni- 
versity, from which he was graduated in 1900. 

Charles F. Lowy was admitted to practice before the Illinois bar 
in 1901, and since then has been industriously, energetically, intelli- 
gently and successfully pursuing his well-chosen career. From the 
time of his admission until 1906 he maintained his ofiice at No. 89 
Clark street, in the latter year becoming a member of the firm of 
Winston, Lowy and McGinn and removing to the Stock Exchange 
offices. In 1902 Mr. Lowy had been admitted to practice before the 
United States circuit court of appeals, and since that time, both in- 
dividually and in connection with his partnership practice, has been 
in charge of numerous cases tried before that tribunal and the Illi- 
nois supreme court. His practice has been largely confined to the 
law of corporations, he being the counsel for a number of brewing 


companies. Mr. Lowy's continuous progress to his present substan- 
tial standing has been the pure result of personal exertions and worth, 
as he has never been able to apply the influences of family influence 
or inherited wealth to his individual affairs. Fortunately, he located 
in a city where he had many brothers in the unaided struggle for 
advancement, and where those who have fought their way to an ad- 
vanced position are quick to recognize merit and manliness. 

In 1905 Mr. Lowy again evinced his common sense and appfeiya- 
tion of complete Americanism by taking to himself a wife in the pei:- 
son of Miss Belle Friend, of Chicago. They have one daughter 
Lucile. Mr. Lowy is a Mason, in affiliation with Keystone LoUge 
No. 639, and is also a member of the I. O. O. F. and the Sons of 
Israel. With the last-named fraternity he is very closely identified, 
serving, in 1907, as delegate to the United States Grand Lodge at 
Atlantic City. He belongs lo the Phoenix Club, and is, all in all, 
a fine type of a thoroughly Americanized citizen of foreign blood 
and broad education, drawn partly from his native land and partly 
from the country of his enthusiastic adoption. 

Before coming to Chicago in 1896, Watson Jared Ferry, now a 
corporation lawyer of standing in Chicago, had accomplished good 

public service in two states. He was born in Pres- 

■r- ton, Chenango countv, New York, on the 27th of 

Ferry. ^^ ' o ■, ^ , 1 , ,• 

March, I044, and received a thorough literary train- 
ing in the Albany (N. Y. ) Academy and the St. Lawrence University 
of New York. Graduating from the latter, in 1861, he took up his 
law studies in various offices at Canton and New York City, and in 
1867 was admitted to practice before the bar of New York state. 

From 1867 until 1871 Mr. Ferry was engaged in professional 
labors at St. Lawrence, New York, and during that period served 
as special county judge for two years, under appointment from 
Governor Hoffman. In 1871 he removed to Kansas City, Missouri, 
and resumed his practice there, but during the quarter of a century 
of his residence in the western city he came into considerable prom- 
inence as a public functionary. From 1883 to 1884 he served as a 
member qf the general assembly - from Kansas City, was police com- 
missioner from 1884 to 1890, and subsequently became a member 
of the military staff of Governor Marmaduke. While practicing in 



B ^ 


Kansas City he had as a law partner the late TTon. George W. 
McCrary, formerly a member of Congress from Iowa, secretary of 
war under President Hayes, later United States circuit judge, and 
a commanding figure of national prominence, who died in 189 1. 

Mr. Ferry located in Chicago in 1896, and since that time his 
practice has been mainly along lines of corporation law. In addition 
to his private practice, he has been connected in a semi-official capacity 
with much litigation for the Chicago City Railway Company. 

In politics Mr. Ferry has always been an aggressive Democrat. He 
is an Episcopalian and since coming to Chicago has been an active 
member of the St. Paul's Fpiscopal church. He is also identified with 
the Chicago, Washington Park and South Shore Country clubs, being 
both of a social disposition and a firm believer in the efficacy of an 
indulgence in outdoor recreation. 

For sixteen years one of the most prominent practitioners at the 
Minnesota bar and since 1898 recognized as one of the most deeply- 

read lawyers in Chicago, George Henry White, is 

,^. ■ now a member of the firm of White. Mabie and 


Conkey. He is a native of Union Village. Wash- 
ington county. New York, born on the 12th of September. 1854. 
being the son of James and Caroline E. (Cunningham) White, both 
natives of the Empire state. Of his parents, the father was born in 
New York City and is deceased, while the mother, a native of Glens 
Falls, New York, is a resident of Harvard, Illinois. 

George H. White received his education in the public schools 
of New York. Illinois and Wisconsin. i)ursuing a higher course in 
the Badger state at the Sharon Normal Institute, in Walworth coun- 
ty. Thereafter he entered the Northwestern University, Evanston, 
and in 1875 graduated from that institution with the degree of I'li. 
D. He then commenced his professional studies, and in 1880 was 
admitted to practice before tlie Iowa bar; t(^ the California bar in 
1 88 1, and to the bar of Wisconsin in 1882. During the last-named 
year he removed to Minnesota and, securing aflmission to the bar of 
that state, commenced his long, active and honorable practice there. 

Mr. White came to Chicago in 1898. and lias since been admit- 
ted to practice in all of tlie stale courts and the United States district 
and circuit courts. He is a lawyer of thorough reliability and ability. 


and the firm of which he is the senior member, although young in 
years, has already obtained a substantial standing. Mr. White's 
high standing personally is evidenced by his appointment in April, 
1907, to the responsible position of city prosecuting attorney of the 
city of Chicago. In politics, he has been a life-long and an uncom- 
promising Republican, and has always done his full share in promot- 
ing the interests of his party. A^' 

In 1886 Mr. White was wedded to Miss Cora H. Anmf^'a'^native 
of Sandusky, Ohio, by whom he has had two childri^n, Vernon A. 
and Gladys C. His fraternal connections are high, as a Mason being 
a member of the blue lodge, chapter, a Knight Templar and Shriner. 
He is not a formal member of any religious sect, but is a regular at- 
tendant at the services of the Methodist church, of which he is a 
stanch and liberal supporter. In disposition he is earnest, straightfor- 
ward and unassuming, and all his life has been a great student, his 
readings and studies extending into many fields outside the province 
of his profession. This latter trait has given him a breadth of view 
and depth of research which are forcibly manifested in his practice 
and character as a lawyer and citizen. 

Clarence W. Taylor, attorney and counselor at law, and a widely 

known solicitor for patents, practicing in Chicago, was for a period 

„ of over twenty-five years a prominent member of 

, the profession at Sioux City, Iowa, and other west- 

ern points. Since the fall of 1904, when he became 
a resident of this city, he has materially extended his reputation as 
a thoroughly reliable solicitor of foreign and domestic patents and 
trade marks, having established not only a good private practice 
in these lines, but, in view of his ability, been appointed general 
counsel of various interests whose industries depend largely for their 
development and permanence on the stability of the patents involved. 

Born near Kenton, Hardin county, Ohio, on the 25th of Septem- 
ber, 1853, Mr. Taylor is a son of William J. and Katherine (Garver) 
Taylor. He had the misfortune to lose his mother when he was 
only twelve years of age, her death occurring at Hastings, Minne- 
sota, in 1865, his father surviving her until 1886, when he died 
at Minonk, Illinois. William J. Taylor was a man of considerable 
prominence in central Illinois, having held a number of political and 



civil positions during his residence at Minonk and otherwise been 
considered a citizen of wide influence and high character. 

Clarence W. Taylor was educated, as to the elementary branches, 
in various public schools, and as he early evinced a preference for 
some intellectual profession, he first prepared himself for that of a 
teacher. Entering the Northern Indiana Normal College at Val])a- 
raiso, he mastered the course which qualified him for that occupation, 
and while following it as a means of livelihood was drawn more 
and more closely to the study of law. His first systematic readings 


in that line were pursued under the guidance of Martin L. Xewell, 
of Woodford county, Illinois, of which J\Ir. Newell was then state's 

Admitted to the Illinois bar January 17, 1879, in the following 
April j\Ir. Taylor was elected city attorney of Minonk. where his 
father was so well known and where he had himself commenced the 
practice of his profession. At the expiration of his term he removed 
to Sioux City, Iowa, and for twenty-five years was engaged in pro- 
fessional work there and at other cities of the west. He was a leading 


member of the Sioux City bar for fifteen years, and removed thence 
to Chicago with a high professional and personal reputation. Such 
members of the bench and bar as J. L. Kennedy, judge of the Fourth 
judicial district of Iowa, and George W. Wakefield, ex-president of 
the Iowa State Bar Association, had nothing for him but words of 
the highest commendation. Mr. Wakefield speak^ jif^him as a "tem- 
perate, capable, active and industrious man," aAd^Judge Kennedy 
not only repeated such endorsement but added, imiJroad terms, that 
"his standing in the profession was the best." From other points 
where Mr. Taylor had become known as an attorney and a man came 
the same strong testimonials, one quotation, from a non-professional 
friend, well describing his general characteristics as "a man of refined 
manners, correct habits, a kind heart, and a clear, well trained, vig- 
orous intellect." 

Since coming to Chicago, in September, 1904, Mr. Taylor has 
centered his abilities in the practice of corporation, patent and copy- 
right law — a professional field which requires thorough master}^ of 
countless details, mechanical ability of a high order, and intense 
and continuous application to the entrusted matters. These qualities 
he possesses in so positive a degree that his noteworthy success in 
his broader metropolitan field is assured. Mr. Taylor is a member 
of the Patent Law Association of Washington, D. C, an organization 
which numbers some of the most eminent authorities in that line in 
the country. 

In 1880 Mr. Taylor was united in marriage to Miss Agnes S. 
Poage, a native of Minonk, Illinois, and a daughter of Albert B. 
Poage, a patriotic martyr to the cause of the Civil war. For the full 
terrible four years of the conflict he bravely served in the Union 
ranks, after which, with shattered health, he returned to his home, 
where his death soon after occurred. One child, Agnes Mabel, has 
been born to the union of Mr. and Mrs. Clarence W. Taylor. She 
is a refined, attractive and highly educated young lady, being a grad- 
uate of Oxford (Ohio) College, from which she received the degree 
of A. B. The family are sincere and worthy members of the Pres- 
byterian church. Personally, Mr. Taylor is a Republican, but since 
coming to Chicago has devoted his energies and capabilities to the 
establishment of his professional business, and to the complete exclu- 
sion of public or political considerations. 


B , 


Charles Calvin Carnahan, senior member of the law firm of Car- 
nahan, Slusser and Cox, and, in his legal capacity prominently con- 

nected with various corporations of Chicago, is 

Carnahan ^'^*^ ^ leading Republican and a public man. He is 
a native of Cochran's Mills, Armstrong county, 
Pennsylvania, where he was bom on the 3rd of April, 1868, being 
the son of William H. and Maria L. (McKee) Carnahan. Mr. Car- 
nahan comes of good old patriotic American stock, not a few of his 
ancestors participating in the Revolutionary war. In recognition of 
the value of his services in that conflict, his maternal great-grand- 
father received from the government a tract of land which is now 
included in the site of Worthington, Armstrong county, western 

Mr. Carnahan received his preparatory education in the public 
schools of his native village, and his higher literary training at Hills- 
dale College, Michigan. He first read lav^ in the office of J. W. King, 
a prominent attorney of Kittanning, Pennsylvania, and, coming to 
Chicago in the fall of 1891, entered the Chicago College of Law 
for a regular professional course. Being admitted to practice before 
the supreme court of Illinois in 1892, he at once entered into general 
practice, which has since been continuous and successful. In the 
spring of 1893 he received from Lake Forest University his regular 
degree of LL. B. Mr. Carnahan is a member of the Chicago Bar 
Association and of the Chicago Law Institute, and is recognized as 
one of the younger lawyers who has already made a reputation and 
has a greater future. His prominence as a Republican is attested 
by the fact that he was a candidate for Coiigress from the Fifth dis- 
trict in 1900, and, although defeated, made a strong run and extended 
his reputation as a fertile campaigner, a good manager and a fair- 
minded citizen. He is a leading member of the Union League. Illi- 
nois and Chicago Athletic clubs. 

On the 15th of June. 1894. Charles C. Carnahan was united in 
marriage to Miss Katherine .\. Hawkes, and from their union has 
been born one daughter, Madeleine R. I^lr. Carnahan is a Mason 
of hioh standing, being a member of the Oriental Consistorv thirtv- 
second degree, and of ]\Iedinah Temple. He is also identified with the 
Knights of Pythias and the National Union. 

In the field of his profession Mr. Carnahan is especially known 

Vi>i. n~io 


for his large corporation practice. On account of his thorough legal 
knowledge in this specialty, he is identified with a number of import- 
ant corporations, partly in a legal and partly in a managerial capacity. 
It should be needless to add, in view of tbe_a.bove statement of facts, 
that Mr. Carnahan is a busy, useful citizen,) -and among the most 
rapid progressionists of his profession in Chicago. ~ 

Fred Holmes Atwood, senior member of the firm of Atwood, 
Pease & Loucks, has earned the reputation of being one of the most 

successful trial lawyers at the Chicago bar. the col- 
lective business of the copartnership being largely 
identified with the litigation incident to the progress 
of the lumber interests of the city. For many years he was also 
one of the most prominent Democrats of this section, but abandoned 
that party on the financial issues of 1896 and has since been an 
earnest supporter of Republican principles. His political record is 
indicative of his radicalism and independence, and his determination 
to abide by principles which he believes to be sound at the root, 
irrespective of where such a course may lead him as to party, civic 
or religious organizations of his fellows. 

Fred H. Atwood was born on a farm in Leroy township, Cal- 
houn county, Michigan, on the 4th of February, 1863, being a son 
of Ephraim and Samantha J. (Holmes) Atwood, natives respect- 
ively, of Pennsylvania and of his own native county. They still 
reside in that section of Michigan, where they are accounted as 
among its most substantial, respected and influential members of 
the community. The father, a lifelong agriculturist, was born in 
1838, his wife being his junior b)^ three years. Through the maternal 
line Mr. Atwood comes of the same family of which Justice Holmes, 
of the United States supreme court, is a representative. 

Mr. Atwood's boyhood years were passed on the home farm in 
Calhoun county, and as an attendant of the district school at West 
Leroy, Michigan. Later he attended the college at Battle Creek, that 
state, and in 1881 entered the University of Michigan as a law 
student. After finishing a three years' course he secured his regular 
professional degree, but decided to practice his profession in Chicago, 
thus engaging alone until 1887. For the succeeding decade he was 
a member of the firm of Cruikshank and Atwood, and since then 
of the firms of Atwood and Pease, and Atwood, Pease and Loucks 



B "^ 




(as at present). Among the leading cases with which Mr. Atwood 
has been individually identified may be mentioned two of special 
note — those of Annis versus The West Chicago Railway Company, 
which was decided by the supreme court of Illinois in favor of the 
plaintiff (165 Illinois Reports) and R. G. Dun versus The Lumber- 
men's Credit Association. The latter case is now pending in the 
United States supreme court. Mr. Atwood's success is largely due 
not only to his effectiveness as a pleader before court and jury, but 
to the persistency with which he follows up any matter entrusted 
to him. and he is especially strong in corporation and commercial 

As stated, Mr. Atwood was long a prominent Democrat, being 
chosen as a presidential elector from Illinois by that party in 1892. 
Since 1896 he has been a Republican, with independent proclivities. 
He is a member of the Chicago Bar Association, and a Mason of 
high rank, in the fraternity mentioned being identified with Apollo 
Commandery No. i, K. T. He is prominently identified with the 
Methodist Episcopal church and is president of the board of trustees 
of the Evanston Avenue church. In 1885 Mr. Atwood was united 
in marriage with Miss Minnie P. Best, of Vicksburg, Michigan, and 
they have become the parents of Ivan J. B., Ephraim H. and Lenna 
Gertrude Atwood. x^n able lawyer, a faithful husband and father, 
a companionable and popular man. and a citizen of broad usefulness 
— what more can be said in commendation of the life record of an 

Born of humble parentage on an obscure Minnesota farm, less 
than thirtv years ago. William Samuel Kies, by sheer determination, 

ability and force of character, has risen to a very 
„ ■ high position — that of general attorney in the legal 

department of one of the greatest railway systems 
in the world. As a trial lawyer in the domain of corporation litiga- 
tion he has few superiors at the local bar. and in view of his com- 
paratively short experience as a practicing attorney his progress and 
standing are somewhat phenomenal. Mr. Ivies' place of birth was 
a farm near Mapleton. Minnesota, and his birthday December 2, 1877, 
his parents being Christian L. and Bertha A. (Steeps) Kies. His 
father, a native of Schondorf. W'urtemberg. came to the United 
States alone at the age of sixteen years, and his death occurred at 


Oshkosh, Wisconsin, in 1894. His mother was born on a farm in 
Winnebago county in 1847, and her death occurred in the same city 
two years after that of her husband. 

Mr. Ivies, the only child of this union, was educated at the Osh- 
kosh schools. After graduating from the high~school, although only 
seventeen years of age, he secured the princi^alship "^f the public 
schools at Fredonia, Wisconsin, serving thus for^the school year 
1894-5, and holding the same position at the head of the Grafton 
(Wis.) schools in 1895-6. In the latter year he entered the University 
of Wisconsin,'at Madison, finishing the regular four years' course in 
the classics in three years and receiving the prescribed degree of B. 
L. But finding his longing for a practical, working education unsat- 
isfied, he entered with his usual vim and determination into the study 
of the law, and made such rapid and satisfactory progress that he 
was again able to master a regular course of three years in two, 
graduating from the law school in 1901 with LL. B. This rapid 
progress at the Wisconsin State University was the more remarkable 
in view of the fact that Mr. Kies had been supporting himself since 
he was fourteen years of age; and his case is another illustration 
of where necessity has proven the best spur to energies and abilities 
of a high order, and in which the pressure of circumstances far from 
discouraging the brave and ardent man has served only to push him 
on to greater accomplishment. But in order that what the world 
calls adverse circumstances shall have this inspiring effect the char- 
acter must be far above the normal in elastic strength and toughness 
of fi1:)er. These qualities William Kies possessed and evinced them in 
a striking manner from the time he earned his first money as an 
Oshkosh newspaper delivery boy, at a dollar and a half a week, until 
he had attained an assured standing in his profession — and even 
then, and now, the}^ are his in a more mature and massive measure. 

While at the Universit}^ of Wisconsin he earned his way by acting 
as business manager of the Daily Cardinal, the official. organ of the 
university, and of the Wisconsin Alumni Magazine, as well as by 
the publication for two 3^ears of the Wisconsin Municipalities. He 
took high honors in his course, being intercollegiate debater, and, at 
the time of his graduation, was the orator of his class. Admitted 
to the Wisconsin bar in 1901, in August of that year he came to 
Chicago, and for a short time was in the law office of Peck, Miller 


and Starr. Subsequently, until May i, 1903. he was connected with 
the legal department of the Chicago City Railway Company, under 
John F. Smulski, and in this connection was regarded as one of the 
most efficient defenders of the city's interests ever associated with 
that department. His ability as a trial lawyer especially attracted 
the attention of the Chicago & Northwestern Railway Company, and 
resulted in his resignation of his position in the city attorney's office 
April I, 1905, and accepting the office of general attorney for the 
Chicago & Northwestern Railway Company. In this position he is 
consulting attorney for the claim department and trial attorney for 
the railroad, also having charge of all the company's attorneys in the 
state of Illinois. He had entire charge of the preparation of the suit, 
extending over a year, in the big Northwestern Deport Condemnation 
case, with N. G. Moore and F. H. Scott as special counsel. This 
was perhaps the most important condemnation case ever tried in 
Cook county and the longest in the United States. The trial lasted 
seven months, and $5,000,000 worth of property between Clinton, 
Canal, Madison and Kinzie streets was involved. In three years to 
date Mr. Kies has not lost a case for the railroad company. 

Mr. Kies is a member of the American Bar Association, the Chi- 
cago Bar Association, the Illinois Bar Association, and the Chicago 
Law Institute, and stands high personally and professionally among 
his fellow attorneys. In politics he is an earnest Republican and has 
taken an active part in the affairs of the party since 1900, during that 
year being especially prominent in the McKinley campaign through- 
out Wisconsin. Since that time he has been in urgent demand as a 
campaign speaker, his style of delivery being easy and attractive, and 
the subject matter of his speeches clearly, pithily and eloquently pre- 

On the 1 2th of July, 1905, Mr. Kies was united in mariage to 
Miss Mabel P. Best, of Chicago, daughter of George W. and Bertha 
D. Best, and to their union was born Margaret Bertha Kies, November 
II, 1906. Mr. Kies is a member of the Methodist church, a Master 
Mason and a member of the Phi Beta Kappa and Kappa Sigma 
fraternities. He is also a member of the Union League, Chicago 
Athletic. Germania and Hamilton clubs. To his substantial and bril- 
liant traits as a lawyer, his stanch character as a man, he is possessed of 
the sociable and attractive qualities of the <niltured gentleman, which 


union of characteristics has raised him to his present enviable position 
as a lawyer and a citizen. 

James Joseph Barbour, who has won a leading place at the Chi- 
cago bar, is a native of Hartford, Connecticut, born on the 28th of 

December, 1869, and is therefore one of the young- 
-^ •^' est of the prominent menibers-of-the bar. His par- 

ents were Rev. H. H. and Frances E. Barbour, and 
the preference of the son for a professional career was something 
of a family trait. In pursuance of his father's pastoral duties the fam- 
ily removed to Newark, New Jersey, where, until 1886, James J. 
received his education through the public and high schools. The 
combination of practical with literary and oratorical talents inclined 
him, at quite an early age, to the province of the law as the field of his 
life work. His educational training for the practice of his profes- 
sion was received at the Chicago College of Law in 1889-92. 

Upon his admission to the bar in 1891 at the age of twenty-one, 
and prior to the completion of his full collegiate course, Mr. Bar- 
bour had become attorney for the Commercial National Bank of Chi- 
cago and continued as such until the death of its president, Henry 
F. Fames, in 1897. In 1894 he formed a partnership with Joseph A. 
Sleeper, which was dissolved upon the retirement of the latter from 
practice, since which time Mr. Barbour has been engaged alone in 
private and official litigation. Mr. Barbour's talents and success as 
a trial lawyer were recognized by his Republican associates when, in 
1904, he was appointed assistant state's attorney by Charles S. De- 
neen, and later under the administration of John J. Healy, became 
first assistant. 

Within the past few years Mr. Barbour has been the attorney of 
a number of the most noted cases which have engaged the attention 
of the public. He prosecuted Inga Hanson, who was convicted of 
perjury in her suit for damages against the City Railway Company. 
He was also in charge of the proceedings against George S. McRey- 
nolds, for fradulent transfer and sale of grain covered by warehouse 
receipts held, by Chicago banks to the amount of over $500,000, and 
of the suit against William Eugene Brown, the Chicago lawyer, con- 
victed of subornation of perjury and disbarred from practice, for 
fraudulently obtaining three thousand dollars from the American 
Trust and Savings Bank. The prosecution of Wilham J. Davis for 

Nlo-4..-c.e^ 9. v^'Lyi^^. 



E E. 


manslanghter, in connection with the Iroquois theater fire, the suit 
being finally tried at Danville, Illinois, and resulting in the discharge 
of the defendant by the court on technical grounds, was in the hands 
of Mr. Barbour, as were also the conspiracy cases against John M. 
Collins, chief of police, and others, for levying campaign assess- 
ments against police officers. In the summer of 1906 he assisted 
Judge Harry Olson in the prosecution of Paul O. Stensland and 
others for embezzlements from the Milwaukee Avenue State Bank. 
Within the past three years he has tried over fifty murder cases. In 
the case of People versus McEwen he removed the Lipsey habeas cor- 
pus case from the superior court of Cook county to the supreme court 
by certiorari, and there obtained a ruling that nisi prius courts were 
without jurisdiction to review final judgments in criminal cases by 
writs of habeus corpus. 

On September i, 1891, Mr. Barbour was united in marriage to 
Miss Lillian Clayton, their children being Justin P., Heman H. and 

In is an especial pleasure for the editor of a work devoted to the 

history of Chicago and to a delineation of the citizens who have as- 

^ sisted in its progress, to be able to present the sub- 


stantial record of a native son, whose parents were. 
Young. . . , . , , 

moreover, ot the true pioneer stock who accom- 
plished their part in starting the city on its great journey of adven- 
ture and accomplishment. Hobart P. Young, assistant state's at- 
torney of Cook county, is a member of the law firm of Alden, Latham 
and Y^'oung. Born in this city, March 31, 1875, ^""^ ^s the son of 
George W. and Mary (McDonough) Y^oung. His father was born 
in Utica, New York, in 1843, '^"'^^ ^^'^ 1852 came to Chicago, where 
his future wife was born four years before. For a number of years 
prior to the great fire of 1871, George W. Young was engaged in 
the hardware business, but is best remembered by Chicagoans for his 
prominent connection with the railway postal service. From 1871 
until his death, January 22, 1907, he was engaged in that service, in 
charge of the cars running over the Chicago & Northwestern Rail- 
way system, and the remarkable development in equipment and oper- 
ation of that branch of the general service came under his direct su- 
pervision and was largely due to his efforts and intelligent faithful- 
ness. To this work he gave the best years of his life and was ac- 


counted one of the most honorable men ever connected with the rail- 
way postal service. The mother of Hobart P. Young is now one 
of the earliest pioneers living in Chicago, her birth occurring in 1848. 
Mr. Young received his primary education in the public schools 
of Chicago, and his higher literary training at St. Ignatius College, 
from v/hich, in 1904, he was graduated with the degree of -A. B. 
He immediately entered the law department of the Northwe§terxi-Uni- 
versity, and after a two-years' course therein obtained hi&jLL. B. in 
1906, since which he has been engaged in general and official prac- 
tice. He received the appomtment of assistant state's attorney in 
February, 1906, and has successfully conducted a number of import- 
ant cases. Among others were the People of Illinois versus the Illi- 
nois Steel Company, which involves one hundred and eighty-seven 
acres of land valued by experts at $1,250,000; the People versus 
. John A. Cooke and the People versus Abner Smith. The latter case, 
which involved malfeasance in office, was the first instance in the 
history of Cook county in which a judge has been found guilty. 

Mr. Young is an active member of the Chicago Bar Association 
and Legal Club, serving as president of the latter in 1905-06. He 
is an able and popular young lawyer, and is a welcome member of 
such clubs as the Chicago Athletic, Glen View Country and Colonial. 
Unmarried; his residence is still with his mother at the comfortable 
family home in Chicago, which is a favorite gathering place of not 
only the younger generation who live in the future, but of many of 
the city's pioneers who may be pardoned for their somewhat proud 
review of the past. 

Charles W. Vail, clerk of the superior court, one of the old-time 
residents of the Thirty-second ward and prominent for many years 

in its political affairs, is a native of Fairbury, Illi- 
^j- ' nois, where his early schooling was obtained. His 

business course in the Metropolitan Business Col- 
lege of this city, which he took immediately upon his coming to Chi- 
cago, fitted him above the average capacity for the business details 
of commercial life, and for such details as now devolve upon him in 
the public position which he now holds. An extended experience 
in the real estate business and confidence in his judgment have re- 
sulted in his being sought as appraiser and arbitrator in many large 
realty transactions in this city and elsewhere. 

/ ) 

*^J*K Jfiw YORK 



In the many years in which his position upon the Cook county 
central committee of the Repubhcan party has kept him in touch 
with and in the' leadership of political affairs of the Thirty-second 
ward and the Town of Lake he has acquired and has held as close 
personal friends, it can safely be said, more stanch supporters than 
any other man who has ever lived in the ward. "Once a friend, al- 
ways a friend," can be said not only of Mr. Vail himself, but like- 
wise of nearly all who, time and again, have been satisfied to share 
with him defeat, if defeat came, and whom he has never overlooked 
in his hard-earned successes and his well-deserved victories. 

Starting out in his political activities with an unusual capacity, 
an aptitude for organization, and with the ability to use forces and 
men thus organized effectively, and with innate principles and char- 
acter to dictate and permit only legitimate and honorable courses of 
action, he has grappled to himself the friends acquired with "hooks 
of steel," and has added new ones by the score as time has progressed. 
So true has this been that hardly a man lives in the Thirty-second 
ward who does not claim "Charley Vail" as his personal friend, 
however much they may differ politically or otherwise. A happy 
optimism and an undaunted persistency, which would recognize in 
defeat only another stepping stone to success, have characterized 
every step of his political activity, and have enabled him to encour- 
age and retain his loyal and continually increasing following through 
any and all reverses. Success with him has been synonymous with 
struggle at every step of the way. Nothing of victory has come easy 
as it does to many less worthy, or has been thrust upon him, and ^•ic- 
tory has never meant to him simply personal success. He has made 
it mean, likewise, success for his friends. The struggles they have 
shared with him he has rewarded, principal and interest, by making 
them participants in his own well being. 

When political life assumed for him a wider field, and he was 
awarded the Town of Lake representation upon the Republican county 
ticket, in the nomination for the responsible office of clerk of the 
superior court, results showed that his service to the party had been 
recognized and his popularity had established itself on a firm founda- 
tion far outside the boundaries of his own representative district ; 
for with unusually strong entries for public suffrage in the cam- 
paign he led the whole field and topped the ticket with the largest 


vote received by any candidate. He has now become thoroughly 
identified with, and a potent factor in, the party councils of the city. 
A long-time adherent of Governor Deneen, he is now recognized as 
his personal lieutenant and representative for the entire southwest 
array of wards, and his ability as a manager to the county campaigns 
now puts him at the head of many of the active committees of the 
county organization; never as a figure-head, always as the field officer. 

If fealty to party, faithful adherence to, and energetic promotion 
of, Republican principles, loyalty to political friends, untiring per- 
sonal effort, unwavering fidelity to the fulfilment of every trust re- 
posed in him, rigid econom^y and unimpeachable integrity, in the 
handling of public funds appertaining to his office, a wise and effi- 
cient administration of all the affairs of that office and a capable 
application and devotion of all his abilities in the service of the 
people constitute any just foundation of merit, then the political 
future ought to hold much good in store for Charles W. Vail. 

Mr. Vail has long been one of the most active members of the 
executive committee of the Cook county central Republican com- 
mittee, and represents the Third congressional district upon the Re- 
publican state central committee. He is connected with the Chicago 
Association of Commerce and is president of the Prairie State Coal 
and Coke Company. He is a member of the Hamilton Club, is a 
thirty-second degree Mason, and is identified with many fraternal 
organizations, including the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the 
North American Union and the "Charles W. Vail Camp" of Modern 
Woodmen of America. 

He was married in 1896 to Miss Clara I. Barton, and has three 
children, Edna, Charles W. Jr., and Marjorie. 

Harry D. Irwin, junior member of the well-known firm of Hoyne, 
O'Connor and Irwin, and a rising lawyer of the Chicago bar, is a 

native of Ohio, born at Scioto Furnace, on the 20th 

-r ' of Februarv, i86s. The son of Nathan H. and 

Irwin. , ^^ ^ . 

Rachel (Keeran) Irwin, his parents were both na- 
tives of the Buckeye state, and his early years were passed amid the 
iron industries of his native locality, his father being connected with 
various furnaces of southern Ohio. His father was born at New- 
ark, Ohio, in 1 83 1, and his mother at Utica, that state, five years 
later. In 1875 the family removed from Ohio to the state of Illi- 



nois, where for several years the elder Irwin was engaged in farm- 
ing, dying in 1883 at West York, Illinois; the mother resides with 
her daughter at Terre Haute, Indiana. 

The public school systems of Ohio and Illinois furnished Mr. Ir- 
win with his elementary education, and in 1889 he entered the law 
department of the University of Michigan, and, while pursuing his 
professional studies, accomplished considerable special work in the 
literary line. Prior to his entrance to the university he had studied 
law for a year in the office of Cullop and Shaw, one of the leading 
firms of Vincennes and southern Indiana ; the result was that he had 
made such progress as to be able to complete his course in the law 
school by 1891. In June of that year Mr. Irwin was admitted to 
both the Michigan and Illinois bars, and in September located in 
Chicago as an employee of the firm of Hoyne, Follansbee and O'Con- 
nor. That co-partnership was dissolved in 1898, and, with the ad- 
mission of Maclay Hoyne, son of Thomas M. Hoyne, the style ht- 
came Hoyne, O'Connor and Hoyne, of which firm Mr. Irwin became 
a partner in 1900. On the first of January, 1907, Maclay Hoyne sev- 
ered his connection with it, and since then the firm has been known 
as Hoyne, O'Connor and Irwin. 

Mr. Irwin's practice, in connection with the firm mentioned, is of 
a general nature, and has won him a substantial reputation. He is 
a member of the Chicago Bar Association, the Law Institute and the 
Legal Club, of which he was president in 1905, and the Masonic fra- 
ternity, being identified with the Blue Lodge and Chapter. In poli- 
tics he is a Republican, but has not been active in any field outside 
that of his profession. Mr. Irwin was married, in June. 1895, to 
Miss Alice E. Prevo, of West York, Illinois, and to their union have 
been born four daughters, Helen, Marian, Louise and Emily. 

Edward C. Higgins is a well-known educator in tlie legal field 
and enjoys well merited recognition as one of the most capable and 

„ _ successful practitioners at the bar of Cook countv. 

Edward C. ... , .,, . , , ' 

TT Although still a comparativelv young man. he has 

Higgins. ."?,., , . , . ' . "^ , , 

attamed nigh rank m Ins proiession and the splen- 
did character of his abilities gives every assurance that the future 
holds for him a distinguished career in the law. 

Mr. Higgins was born July 24, 1866. at \\'oodstock, McHenry 
county, Illinois, and after graduating at tlie high school in that city 


in 1884, he entered the University of Michigan, from which institu- 
tion he received the degree of LL. B. in 1888. After his graduation 
he remained a year at Ann Arbor doing post-graduate work and col- 
lecting material for a text book which was published by the dean of 
the law faculty. . ' , 

While Mr. Higgins was pursuing his law studies at the Univer- 
sity of Michigan he took and passed an examination held in the 
spring of 1887 by the board of examiners appointed by the supreme 
court of the state, and a certificate of admission to the bar was issued 
to him to take effect upon his becoming of age. 

Shortly after completing his studies at Ann Arbor he accepted 
an invitation to deliver an address at Manistee, Michigan, which 
resulted in his locating there a few months later and forming a co- 
partnership for the practice of law with the Hon. Thomas Smurth- 
waite, one of the leading lawyers of the Michigan bar. 

Attracted by the greater opportunities of a large city, Mr. Hig- 
gins came to Chicago in 1895 and has since become well known as 
a successful practitioner and educator. Here, as in Michigan, his 
superior qualities soon attracted attention and his mental attainments 
and legal learning were quickly recognized in the profession and 
by the public. Since coming to Chicago he has been associated in 
practice with the Hon. William J. Hynes, one of Chicago's most 
celebrated lawyers. Mr. Higgins is a member of the faculty of the 
Chicago-Kent College of law, succeeding the late Chief Justice 
Bailey as professor of common law pleading and practice in the year 
1895, shortly after his arrival in Chicago. During the time he has 
been teaching this intricate branch of the law he has established a 
high reputation as an authority upon the subject, and each year his 
course at the law school is attended by many students from other 
schools, as well as by practicing lawyers who seek to avail them- 
selves of the superior advantages that are to be derived from this 
course as conducted by Mr. Higgins. He also delivers courses of 
lectures from time to time at Notre Dame University, Indiana, and 
upon several occasions he has been offered professorships in colleges 
in different parts of the country which he has been obliged to decline 
because they would take him away from his practice in Chicago. For 
a number of years he has done a great deal of legal work for the 
Chicago City Railway Company, and is recognized at the bar as one 


of that great corporation's most effective trial lawyers. It is seldom 
that a member of his profession combines in such a marked degree 
the best qualities of the practitioner and the instructor as Mr. Higgins. 

In 1898 Edward C. Higgins was united in marriage with Miss 
Helen Kelly, of Kalamazoo, Michigan, and their three children are 
Clarence A., Wilhelmina Lucile and Eileen Theodora Higgins. In 
his political affiliations Mr. Higgins is a Republican, but has never 
been attracted beyond the limits of his profession, finding that its 
studies and practical duties have always given full expression to his 
ambition. He is a member of the Edgewater Country Club and also 
of the Knights of Columbus, but his greatest enjoyments, aside from 
his professional duties, are found by him with his family in his pleas- 
ant home at 2475 Magnolia avenue. 

Of the younger generation of lawyers practicing at the Chicago 

bar, none have a brighter future, judging from the past, than \^in- 

cent J. Walsh, junior member of the prominent 

,-,, firm of Peckham, Packard, ApMadoc and Walsh. 

Walsh. tt 1 • ir • • r ^1 • 

He himseli is a native of Chicago, born September 

12, 1875, and reared and educated amid the inspiring and energiz- 
ing influences of the city's life. Of his parents, James and Mary E. 
(Sheahan) Walsh, the father was born in county Mayo, Ireland, and 

in 1845 — ^^''^''' about five years of age — was brought to Canada. In 
1867, still a young man, he became a resident of Chicago, was for 
many years identified with the construction and operation of railwav 
properties, and is now living here in retirement. The mother was 
born in Washincrton, D. C. 

Primarily, Mr. Walsh was educated in the Jesuit schools, and for 
his more advanced mental training entered St. Ignatius College. Chi- 
cago, from which he was graduated in 1894 with the degree of A. B. 
In the followino- vear he became a student at the law school of Har- 
vard University, from which, at the completion of his course in 189S. 
he received the degree of LL. B. In December of that year he was 
admitted to the Illinois bar, being a clerk and assistant in the office 
of Green, Honore and Peters from November, 1898, to June, 1902. 
From the latter date until July i. 1903, he engaged in an independent 
practice, becoming then a member of the firm of Peckham, Smith, 
Packard and ApMadoc. Upon the death of i\Ir. Smith in 1906 the 
firm was reorganized as PecklKun, Packard, ApiMadoc and Walsh. 


Mr. Walsh is engaged in the general practice of his profession, 
while the firm of which he is a member are attorneys for the First 
National Bank of Chicago. His substantial standing is shown in 
that he served as vice president of the Legal Club in 1906-07, being 
also an active member of the Law Club, University Club, Union and 
Harvard clubs. His politics is Democratic, but he has never made 
them prominent in his citizenship. Personally he is social and do- 
mestic, the latter trait of his character being in process of marked de- 
velopment through his marriage, July 3, 1906, to Miss Julia Cudahy, 
daughter of John and Margaret O. Cudahy, of Chicago. C-^"^ 

Clarence A. Knight, an acknowledged leader among the corpora- 
tion lawyers of the west, is a native of McHenry county, Illinois, 

born on the 28th of October, 18 15 3, and his prelim- 
Clarence A. . , ^. • 1 • .1 

„ mary education was acquired m the common 

Knight. ,,,. , ,, . , ^ , 

schools, being supplemented by a course m the Cook 

County Normal School. After teaching country school, Mr. Knight 
was drawn into the energetic whirl of Chicago life, locating in the 
city in April, 1872. He began the study of law in the office of 
Spafford, McDaid and Wilson, and was admitted to the Illinois bar 
in 1874, passing his examination before the supreme court of Illinois 
at Ottawa. For one year thereafter he remained identified with his 
former instructors and then formed a partnership with Mr. McDaid 
under the firm name of McDaid and Knight, and in 1879 was ap- 
pointed assistant city attorney by Julius S. Grinnell. Five years later 
(1884) upon the election of Mr.' Grinnell as state's attorney, Mayor 
Harrison appointed Mr. Knight attorney to fill the unexpired term of 
Mr. Grinnell, and upon the election of Hempstead Washburne as city 
attorney Mr. Knight was appointed assistant city attorney. In 1887 
he was made assistant corporation counsel under Mayor Roche, and 
July I, 1889, he resigned and formed a partnership with Paul Brown 
under the firm name of Knight and Brown, thus rounding out ten 
years of invaluable service with the municipal law department. Dur- 
ing this period he put through a vast amount of important business, 
One of the vital measures which he incorporated into the laws of 
the state was that providing for the annexation of territory adjoin- 
ing the city. An act looking to that end was declared unconstitu- 
tional by the supreme court, and Mr. Knight was then selected to pre- 
pare a new measure to cover the case; this he did, and it was passed 



by the legislature in 1S89. In June of tlial year, under the provisions 
of this law, Hyde Park, Lake View, Jefferson, the Town of Lake 
and portions of Cieero, were annexed to Chicago. 

In Inly, 1889, Mr. Knight resigned as assistant corporation coun- 
sel and engaged in the pri\ate practice of his i)rofession, under the 
firm name of KniglU and Hrown. In 1893 tlie senior member was 
appointed general counsel for the Lake Street h^levated Railroad 
Ce:)mpanv, and in Ajnil, i8(;7, to a like ])osition with the Union 

CI.AKKNl'K A. KNKin'L'. 

Elevated Railway Company, the Northwestern Elevated Railroad and 
all the surface electric lines connecting with the North and West 
Chicago Street railways. Perhaps his most noteworthy service in 
this capacity was the litigation which he conducted over the right 
to build the Loop elevated railroad on Lake and Van Buren streets 
and Wabash and iMfth avenues. Tliis he handled with the decision, 
good judgment and jjrofessional force whicli ha\e marked his career 
as a pri\'ate ])ractitioner, a represer.tatixe of the ci(_\- and an advocate 


of transportation improvements. Mr. Knight is president of the 
Chicago and Oak Park Elevated road, which office in connection with 
his legal identification with other lines mentioned, makes him one 
of the strongest factors in Chicago in the management and develop- 
ment of the transportation systems of the municipality. In 1903 
the firm of Knight and Brown was discontinued, after which the 
senior practiced alone until November, 1904, when he associated 
himself with the late Hon. George W. Brown, the firm thereby re- 
maining Knight and Brown. 

In 1877 Mr. Knight married Miss Dell Brown, daughter' oiJ^^r^ 
H. T. Brown, of McHenr}^ Illinois, and their children are Bessie 
and James H. Knight. Mr. Knight has long been a member of the 
Masonic fraternity, and is a Knight Templar of Chevalier Bayard 
Commandery. He also belongs to the Royal League and is a member 
of the Union League and the South Shore Country clubs. 

Carl Richard Chindblom, a member of the Chicago bar since 1900, 

is prominent in affairs,, widely known as a public speaker, and wields 

a large influence in Swedish -American circles. Of 

^ " Swedish parentage, he was born, in Chicago, De- 

ChINDBLOM. , o TT- 11 f. , . 

cember 21, 1870. His parents, who have lived m 

Chicago nearly forty years, are Carl P. Chindblom, a tailor by trade, 
and Mrs. Christina C. Chindblom, nee Engel, both of whom came 
to this city from Asbo, Ostergotland, Sweden. The son studied in 
the public schools of this city and also attended a private school for 
the study of the Swedish language. In September, 1884, he was en- 
rolled as a student in the academic department of Augustana College, 
at Rock Island, Illinois, graduating from this institution with the 
degree of A. B. in May, 1890. Continuing his studies, he engaged 
in various employments until the fall of 1893, when he accepted 
a position as teacher in the Martin Luther College, an institution then 
just opening in Chicago. He severed his connection with this institu- 
tion in 1896, having in the meantime received the honorary degree 
of A. M. from Bethany College, Lindsborg, Kansas. In January, 
1897, he enrolled as a student in the Kent College of Law in Chicago, 
and graduated with the degree of LL. B. in June, 1898. Despite 
this rapid recognition of his qualifications, the law required three 
full 3''ears of study for admission to the bar, and he continued prep- 
aration for the legal profession until the spring of 1900, when, upon 


examination l)ef()re tlie state board, he was admitted to practice. 
Since thai lime he has practiced law in Chicago, and has offices at 
the present time at 160 W^ashington street (snite 807-811). For 
several years he has been secretary and attorney for the First Swedish 
Building and Loan Association. 

Mr. Chindblom's abilil}' as a puljlic speaker and his activity in 
political and public affairs has often brought him before the public 
to make addresses on festival and oilier occasions, not only in Chi- 
cago, but at other places in Illinois and in other states. He is a 
Republican in politics and has done niuch campaign work in his 
home city and state and elsewhere. In the fall of 1894 his services 
were engaged by the Republican state committee of Michigan, and 
in the campaigns of 1896, 1898 and 1900 he did service as political 
speaker for both tlie Illinois state and National Republican com- 
mittees, speaking in both the English and Swedish languages. Mr. 
Chindblom was in 1903 elected president of the Swedish-American 
Republican League of Illinois. He is a member of the Gethsemane 
Swedish Lutheran church and of several fraternal and social or- 
ganizations. He is a member of St. Bernard Commandery and of 
the Mystic Shrine. 

He has served on the board of directors of Augustana College 
and Theological Seminary, also on that of the North Star Benefit 
Association, with head office at Moline, Illinois. He was one of the 
committee which reorganized the present Scandia Life Insurance 
Company. Early in 1906 Mr. Chindblom was appointed attorney for 
the state board of health, by Governor Deneen, and in the fall of 
the same year w-as elected county commissioner on the Republican 

Mr. Chindblom married, April 27, 1907, Miss Christine M. 
Nilsson, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Hjalmar Nilsson, of Minneapolis. 
Mrs. Chindljjom is an accomplished pianist. They reside at 614 Foster 

Albert N. Eastman, senior member of the law firm of Eastman. 
Eastman and White, has been actively connected with the Chicago bar 

for twenty-two years, during which period he has 

■p ' gained a substantial reputation as a close student 

of the law and a ])ainstaking, able and strictly re- 
liable lawyer. Fie is also a Rejmblican of advanced position, and 

vui. 11—20 


is a strong factor in the work of the Hamihon Club, of which he is 
a Hfe member. He was formerly president and for several years 
director of the Lincoln Club, another influential political organiza- 
tion of the west, similar to the Hamilton Club. 

Mr. Eastman is a native of Ohio, born in Kingsville, Ashtabula 
county, October 17, 1864. and is a representative of a pioneer family 
of the Buckeye state. The first member of the Eastman family to 
settle in America came to this country in 1632. The grandparents 
of Albert N. Eastman were Porter G. and Phoebe Eastman, who 
were early settlers of the Western Reserve of Ohio, the former be- 
coming a wealthy citizen of that section of the state. He gave 
his influential support to all educational and moral movements and 
institutions, within the scope of his powers and of which his good 
judgment approved. He was also a stanch Abolitionist at a time 
when his opinions were by no means popular, and proved his faith 
by his works in the conduct of the far-famed and widely extended 
"underground railway." 

The parents of Albert N. Eastman, Henry A. and Sarah F. 
(Parrish) Eastman, removed to Chicago with their family in 1872, 
but four years later returned to their Ohio home. This was not the 
elder Eastman's first venture into the western metropolis. An old 
miner of 1852 and one of the first to prospect the famous Virginia 
district, he returned east in the early sixties, came to Chicago and, in 
connection with his two cousins, founded a branch of Eastman's 
Business College. In 1872 he was a member of the Chicago Board 
of Trade, but decided to spend the last years of his life in the state 
to which he was so attached by family ties and associations. 

Albert N. E^astman, however, decided otherwise. He was edu- 
cated in the public schools and Academy of Kingsville, Ohio, in the 
high school of Ashtabula, that state, and under the direction of Rev. 
Joseph N. McGiffert, a prominent minister of that place, under whose 
careful instruction he completed a collegiate course. Thus possessed 
of a broad general knowledge, he came to Chicago to penetrate and 
master the intricacies of the law. His first experience as a law 
student was obtained in the office of Smith and Helmer, and, having 
passed a creditable examination before the state supreme court, sitting 
at Ottawa, Illinois, he was admitted to the bar in May, 1887. In 
the following September he entered the office of Weighlev, Bulkley 


and Gray, becoming a partner of the firm in 1894. In May, 1895, the 
association was dissolved, and with the senior member Mr. Eastman 
formed the firm of Weighley and Eastman, which, in turn, was dis- 
solved in June, 1896. Since that time Mr. Eastman has practiced 
alone and in connection with his present associates, under the firm 
name of Eastman, Eastman and White. During the last nine years, 
in addition to his regular practice, he has given a large portion of his 
time to corporation work. He has also organized many corporations, 
cjuite a number of which constitute the controlling power in their 
line. In many of these companies Mr. Eastman acts both as director 
and general counsel. 

Few men are more widely known among the general practitioners 
of the country than Mr. Eastman, as, among many other activities, he 
enjoys an influential participation in the affairs of the Commercial 
Law League of America. This is an organization composed of 
several thousand lawyers of the United States and Canada, and, with 
the American Bar Association (of which he is also an active member) 
is the leading professional organization of the country. While de- 
voting his energies and abilities to the interests of the league, until 
last year Mr. Eastman refused to accept office, but in 1907, by a unani- 
mous vote, he was elected president. 

Albert N. Eastman was married in July, 1889, to Miss Myrta 
E. Hopkins, daughter of William L. Hopkins, and granddaughter 
of Alden W. Walker, one of the pioneer Methodist ministers of 
Ashtabula county, Ohio, where Mrs. Eastman was born. Two children 
have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Eastman, namely: Walker P. and 
Frances E. The family home is in Edgewater, Chicago. Mr. East- 
man is a leader in the work of the Edgewater Presbyterian church, 
of which for seven years he has been a member and a trustee, having 
also served as president of the board of trustees for several years. 
Mr. Eastman is a member of the International Law Association, 
Illinois State Bar Association and Chicago Bar Association; is also 
a thirty-second degree Mason, a member of the Ravenswood Lodge 
No. y'jy, Columbia Chapter No. 202, Oriental Consistory and Me- 
dinah Temple, all of Chicago. He is a member of the Chicago Auto- 
mobile Club; is identified with the Country and Golf clubs of Edge- 
water, and has been president of the former, which is one of the 


largest and most prominent clubs of the city. He is also a life mem- 
ber of the Chicago Press Club. 

Horace Hawes Martin, of the leading and substantial law firm 
of Herrick, Allen, Boyesen and Martin, is a son of the Empire state, 

and was born at Olean, Cattaraugus county, on the 
, ■ 24th of September, 1855. He entered Racine Col- 

lege, Racine, Wisconsin, and continued there the 
education begun in the public schools of New York state.._^ After his 
graduation from Racine College he was offered the position of in- 
structor therein, and was thus engaged for three years. ^^\.^, 

In the imparting of knowledge to others, Mr. Martin secured the 
double advantage of the more firmly implanting it in his own mind, 
as well of securing the means to carry out his cherished ambition of 
adding a legal education to his literary acquirements. In 1877 he 
entered the Harvard Law School, and three years later obtained his 
professional degree of LL. B. The year of his graduation from Har- 
vard (1880) he located in Chicago, and, upon his admission to the 
Illinois bar, entered the law office of the late Hon. William C. 
Goudy. There he remained for some time, his next connection being 
with Dexter, Herrick and Allen, in whose emplo}^ he remained for 
five years. After practicing alone for about the same length of time 
Mr. Martin became a member of the firm of Swift, Campbell, Jones 
and Martin, and since 1896 has been a representative in the well- 
known co-partnership of Herrick, Allen, Boyesen and Martin, gen- 
eral practitioners. 

Mr. Martin is one of the leading office lawyers in Chicago, and 
enters into the preparation of cases with a thoroughness and a 
breadth of view, which have generally proved assurances of success 
in the court room, whether the campaign is one of offense or defense. 
He is a man of broad literary culture, deep legal knowledge and 
keen practical insight, and as such is a noticeably strong element in 
the continued advancement of his firm. Professionally, he is identi- 
fied with the American and Chicago Bar Associations and the Law 
Club, and also belongs to the University, Caxton and Onwentsia 
clubs. He is also in close touch with the musical and intellectual 
advancement of Chicago, being a member of the reorganized Thomas 
Orchestra, and of the Newberry Library. 

On November 18, 1892, Mr. Martin married Miss Florence Eve- 


lyn Durkee, of Buffalo, New York, and they reside at Lake Forest. 
In politics he was formerly a Cleveland Democrat, but is now a con- 
servative Republican. 

Senior member of the firm of Gorham and Wales and a risinc; 
and able lawyer of Chicago, Sidney Smith Gorham is a native of 

Yermont, born in Rutland county, November 6. 
„ ■ 1874. He is a son of b'rank E. and Mary J. 

(Smith) Gorham, the father dying at Rutland, that 
county, when he was about forty-five years of age, while the mother 
resides at Lagrange. Illinois. Mr. Gorham obtained his education in 
the country schools of his native county and at the Rutland graded 
schools. In 1890. at the age of fifteen years, be became a resident 
of Chicago, and in 1894 graduated from the Chicago College of Law. 
He was admitted to the bar in 1895. 

From July. 1890, until his admission to the bar in 1895. Mr. Gor- 
ham was employed as a clerk in the office of Mills and Ingham, and 
after Mr. Ingham's death he remained in the employ of Luther Laflin 
Mills. For the eight years immediately following his admission to 
the bar he practiced alone. On December i, 1903, he entered into 
a partnership with his former employer, Luther Laflin Mills, and the 
latter's son, Matthew, under the name of Mills, Gorham and Mills. 
After withdrawing from the firm on July i, 1905, Mr. Gorham prac- 
ticed alone until May, 1906, when he associated himself with Henry 
W. Wales under the present st5de of Gorham and Wales, with offices 
in the New York Life building. The firm ejigages in a general civil 

Mr. Gorham is a member of the Chicago Bar Association and is 
also identified with the Chicago Athletic Association, Lagrange 
Country, Illini Country, Hinsdale Golf and the Chicago Automobile 
clubs, as well as with the state and national organizations devoted to 
the latter sport. Mr. Gorham is one of the most enthusiastic auto- 
mobilists in the west. He has served as secretary of the Chicago Au- 
tomobile Club for four terms, has been president of the Illinois State 
Automobile Association for two terms, and has been honored with 
the secretaryship of the American Automobile Association for one 
term. In 1906 he was a member of the Vanderbilt cup commission. 
He has always taken a deep interest in good roads movements and 
in state laws tending to advance the best interests of automobiling. 


As the representative of the lUinois motorists, he attended the legis- 
lative session of 1905, and largely through his efforts a bill was 
passed similar in its provisions to the present statute, but the measure 
was vetoed by Governor Deneen. Again, at the session of ,the Forty- 
fifth General Assembly, in 1907, he was delegated to look after the 
interests of the motoring fraternity of the state. He prepared the 
statute "defining motor vehicles and providing for the registration of 
the same, and uniform rules regulating the use andrspeed thereof," 
which passed the legislature and became the present^aw without the 
-governor's signature. To Mr. Gorham's car was assigned No>i~j5y 
the secretary of state. 

On July 15, 1896, Mr. Gorham was united in marriage with Miss 
Myrtle Genevieve Willett, daughter of Consider H. and Lois A. Wil- 
lett. One child of their family is living, Sidney S. Gorham, Jr. 

John McRae Cameron, member of the law firm of Custer and 
Cameron, was born in Ottawa, Illinois, on the i8th of September, 

1867, son of Neil and Mary (McRae) Cameron. 

^ ■ Early in his life the family removed to Chicago, in 

whose grammar and high schools he received his 
education preparatory to the study of the law. 

When admitted to the Illinois bar in 1889 Mr. Cameron was a 
clerk in the law ofiice of Campbell and Custer and remained with 
that firm until the death of William J. Campbell in 1896, after which 
he continued his connection with the new firm of Custer, Goddard 
and Griffin. In 1903 he became actively identified with Jacob R. 
Custer and Joseph A. Griffin in the formation of the firm of Custer, 
Griffin and Cameron, and since May i, 1908, has remained in prac- 
tice with Mr. Custer under the style of Custer and Cameron. Mr. 
Cameron is a member of the Chicago Bar Association and the Illi- 
nois State Bar Association, the Riverside Golf Club and the Church 
Club. He is a thirty-second degree Mason; in politics a Republican, 
and in his religious faith an Episcopalian. 

On New Year's day of 1895 Mr. Cameron was united in mar- 
riage with Miss Anna M. Iverson and they have had three children — 
Alan C, Juliette A. and Anita C. — of whom the second named is de- 
ceased. From 1869 to 1896 Mr. Cameron lived in Chicago, but since 
the latter year his home has been in Riverside, of which village he 
was a trustee from 1901 to 1905, and was elected president in 1905 


and re-elected in 1907. Otherwise, he has never been an office 
holder or candidate for any public position. 

The law practice of Mr. Cameron has not been confined to any 
special or narrow field, but has been of a brcjad and general charac- 
ter, and his advice is sought b\ a number of the leading business in- 
terests of Chicago. 

Howard O. Sprogle, LL. B., J. B., was born at Franklin, Penn- 
sylvania, August I, 1855. While still a little boy his parents re- 

^ moved to Philadelphia, and later to Illinois, where 

Howard O. , . . ^, ^ ■ u • 11 xj 

^ his father was engaged ni busmess as a banker. He 

was educated at St. Ignatius College and the old 
Chicago University. After a year spent in Europe he took up the 
study of law in the office of Hoyne, Horton and Hoyne, Chicago, 
concluding his law studies at the University of Pennsylvania, Phila- 
delphia, where he was admitted to the bar in January, 1878, and 
began the practice of law. In 1879 Mr. Sprogle went to Denver, 
Colorado, where he became assistant district attorney. He was act- 
ing district attorney at Leadville during the height of that great min- 
ing camp's boom. After the several years in Colorado he returned 
to Philadelphia and later practiced in Virginia for a while. 

In 1890 Mr. Sprogle married Ema Katherine Hopson of Chi- 
cago. In 1893 he removed with his family from Philadelphia to 
Chicago. When Charles S. Deneen was elected state's attorney in 
1896 Mr. Sprogle became assistant state's attorney and for seven 
years was in charge of the grand juries, besides being engaged in 
trial work. In 1903 he was nominated for the circuit court bench 
and was defeated with the rest of the Republican ticket at the judi- 
cial election that year. At the end of the same year he resigned from 
the state's attorney's office and engaged in private practice. He was" 
also on the independent judicial ticket, headed by ex-judge Gwynne 
Garnett, for the municipal bench in 1906. 

Many of the provisions of the new municipal code were drafted 
by Mr. Sprogle at the request of the Civic Federation, and the com- 
pilers of the code. He has been a member of the executive commit- 
tee of the Civic Federation for several years and in that connection 
has been identified with the proposed legislation for jury and revenue 
reform. He is professor of the law of crimes at the Chicago Law 


School and assistant professor of medical jurisprudence at the Amer- 
ican College of Medicine and Surgery. 

Mr. Sprogle is a member of the Illinois State Bar Association 
and of the Chicago Bar Association. He is a thirty-second degree 
Mason and a member of the Shrine. His family consists of a wife 
and three children, two daughters and a son. , / 

William Sidney Elliott, Jr., was one of the ablest ,~ most suc- 
cessful and kindly lawyers ever engaged in the practice of criminal 

law in Chicago. Quiet, determined and industfi^ 

„ T * ous, at the same time a brilliant and original speak- 

Elliott, Jr. • • j- . u- i 

er, he possessed a convmcmg directness, which 

made him a remarkable advocate and a strong citizen of Chicago. 

Mr. Elliott was a native of Niles, Michigan, son of William Sidney 

and Caroline (Morse) Elliott, and was born at Niles, Michigan, on 

the ist of May, 1849. O^^^ '^^ his famous ancestors was John Eliot, 

the Indian missionary. 

When he was eight years of age his parents moved from Michi- 
gan to Ouincy, Illinois, where he received an education in the public 
schools and at a local academy. At the age of sixteen he was obliged 
to leave school and take a clerkship in a Ouincy bank, which he held 
for about four years. Coming to Chicago in March, 1869, he imme- 
diately secured a position with the old State Insurance Company. At 
the end of a year's service with that company, the young man opened 
an office of his own in the line of insurance brokerage. For ten years 
thereafter he conducted one of the largest and most prosperous enter- 
prises of the kind in the city. As his financial condition now enabled 
him to prepare himself for a legal career, and his inclination in that 
direction had been warmly encouraged by Luther Laflin Mills, his 
friend, in 1879 ^^ entered the office of the late Emery A. Storrs to 
take up his professional studies. He continued there for three years 
as a student, in 1882 was admitted to the Illinois bar and was at 
once received into partnership by his former preceptor. Quite dis- 
similar in temperament, but close friends and unfeigned admirers of 
each other's distinctive abilities, the two formed an ideal firm, and 
continued associated until Mr. Storr's death in 1887. 

Soon after the death of his friend and partner Mr. Elliott was ap- 
pointed assistant state's attorney under Judge Longenecker, and dur- 


ing the five years in which he held tlie oflice he conducted ne'arly 
six thousand cases. This is considered the Ijcst record yet made in 
the conduct nf that ofiice, and his resignation called forth the warmest 
words of i)raisc and regret from the bench. l)ar and press of the city. 
Despite his notable successes of later years, there was probably no 
lawyer in Chicago who assumed more cases for the conduct nf which 
he neither asked nor expected financial compensation. 

Mr. Elliott's manner of pleading a case differed greatly from the 
ordinary. Tie rarely ])rei)are 1 a brief or (|uoted authorities, but de- 
pended largely upon gaining the sympathy of the judge and jury by 
the intrinsic merits of his cause. He made the case of his client a 
personal one with each juror, compelling him to feel that it was his 
own, and when he had finished the jury was won as a body. Per- 
haps his magnelic influence did not wholly lie in what he said, for, 
associated with his words were a splendid physique and a glow-ing 
countenance wdiich few could resist. Mr. Elliott's death occurred on 
the 23rd of February, 1908, at his residence, No. 767 West Adams 

The deceased was one of the early promoters of the Apollo Music 
Club of Chicago, wdiose fame became wndely extended. He was a 
favored leader in the fraternities, having been a Knight Templar 
Mason and a Shriner; regent of Garden City Council, Royal Arcan- 
um; president of Stephen A. Douglas Council, National Union; arch- 
on of Alpha Council, Royal League; first chief ranger of the An- 
cient Order of Foresters of America. He was an earnest and an 
active Republican, and a remarkably strong campaign orator, but 
ne\'er held ofiice. He was also a member of the Illinois, iMenoken, 
Marfpiette, Hamilton and Lincoln clul)s. 

On the 14th of October, [S71. Mr. Elliott was united in marriage 
with Miss Alinda Caroline Harris, daughter of James and Salome 
Harris, of Janesville, Wisconsin, and the children l)orn to them are 
as follows: Lorenzo B., Daniel Morse, Emery S., Jessie Florence. 
Berdie Leon and Charles Sumner (now deceased). The widow and 
five children sr:r\i\e tlie deatli of their beloved and honored husband 
and father, two of the sons. Lorenzo B. and Daniel IM. Elliott, being 
practicing lawyers and for a number of years associated with the 
elder under the firm name of W. S. Elliott and Sons. 


Perhaps no name is better known in the legal profession of Cook 
county than is the name of the subject of this sketch, Hon. William 

J. Hynes. For over thirty years he has held a com- 
-^ •^' manding position at the bar in the city of Chicago, 

and his fame as a great trial lawyer has extended 
generally throughout the country. His skill as a cross-examiner, and 
the convincing style of his eloquence as a pleader^at the bar have 
been the subjects of comment and admiration among his professional 
brethren for many years. Indeed, it is a circumstance worthy of 
note, that while Mr. Hynes' professional duties have brought him 
constantly into the activities of trial work where controversy and 
contention between opposing counsel necessarily prevail, his great- 
est admirers, among his professional brethren, have been those who 
at one time and another have had occasion to meet him at the bar 
and feel the force of his power as opposing counsel in the case. 

Mr. Hynes, like so many of our great lawyers, is a native of the 
Emerald Isle — "the land of wit, wisdom and eloquence," having been 
born at Kilkee, in the county Clare, on the 31st day of March, 1842, 
and was the only son of Thomas and Catherine (O'Shea) Hynes. 
His father, who was a well-known architect and builder, died when 
he was six years old, and five years later (1853) ^^^^ mother brought 
the family to the United States, settling at Springfield, Massachu- 
setts. Here the boy regularly attended school until the necessity of 
assisting in the support of the family compelled him to seek employ- 
ment, which he found in the office of the Springfield Republican, a 
well-known newspaper of that place. The fact that he was thus 
obliged by a sense of duty to give up school and seek employment 
did not force him to abandon his purpose of acquiring an education 
or discourage him in his plan to ultimately fit himself for the legal 
profession, and consequently, while he was thus engaged in the news- 
paper office and advancing step by step in newspaper work, he was 
likewise engaged in pursuing his school studies outside of working 
hours, and by his industry and aptitude he was able to complete the 
regular high school course, while continuing his employment in the 
newspaper office. The advantage to one who is equal to it of thus 
combining a regular course of study with newspaper work, which is 
in itself both educational and practical, is apparent, and found marked 
expression in the subsequent life of this young man, who thus *early 


learned that the things worth having are worth striving for, and 
that the efforts put forth in surmounting ohstacles give increased 
strength to the forces that produce success. 

The responsibiHties that rested upon his young shoulders at this 
time prevented him from immediately continuing his studies for ad- 
mission to the bar, so he continued for the time in newspaper work. 
in which field of endeavor his splendid abilities gained him *wide 
recognition as a clear thinker and forceful writer upon the current 
topics of the day. 

It was during this period of his career that he developed the 
great powers of oratory for which he has since become noted, and 
although quite young in years, acquired an extensive reputation as an 
orator of great force and persuasive power. His ambition, how- 
ever, was centered upon the practice of the law as his life work, and 
as soon as he found his way clear to do so, he laid down his news- 
paper work and entered the Columbian University Law School, at 
Washington, D. C, where he pursued his legal studies with the same 
diligence that marked his previous studies, until his admission to the 
bar in 1870. 

After his admission to the bar, Mr. Hynes, following the custom 
of young lawyers of that day, turned his face to the west in search 
of "an opening," and finally located at Little Rock, Arkansas, as a 
likely place in which to "hang out his shingle." Here his talents 
met with immediate recognition, and it was not long before he was 
in the enjoyment of a good law practice, and at the same time active- 
ly engaged in politics, as was the practice of lawyers in those days. 

Mr. Hynes had always been a warm admirer of Horace Greeley, 
, and heartily endorsed the movement headed by such men as the 
great editor of the New York Tribune, Charles Sumner, and Carl 
Schurz. He became very prominent in support of the reform move- 
ment headed by these great men, which led to his being nominated 
and elected in 1872 upon the Greeley ticket as a congressman-at- 
large from the state of Arkansas. In 1874 he was re-elected to Con- 
gress by popular vote of the electors of the district created by the 
legislature, but a so-called constitutional convention called by the de- 
posed Governor Baxter passed an ordinance restricting the state, 
and his "government," supported by an armed force, refused and 


failed to return the votes cast in the legislative district, thus depriv- 
ing Mr. Hynes of the legal evidence of his election. 

With the broadening of his experience he felt, after his term in 
Congress, that he would like a wider field in which to pursue the 
practice of his profession, and while he was considering whether he 
should locate in New York City or Chicago, he received and accepted 
an invitation to come to Chicago and deliver a Memorial Day^^dress. 
The encouragement that he received on that occasion to locate in 
Chicago determined his mind in favor of the latter city, and he ac- 
cordingly came here in 1875, ^'^'^^ formed a partnership with the late 
Chief Justice Walter B. Scates. He was subsequently for several 
3^ears at the head of the firm of Hynes, English & Dunne. The great 
success that has crowned his efforts as a lawyer since coming to Chi- 
cago can certainly leave no room for regret on his part, although it 
is fair to presume that his high talents and capabilities would have 
brought him equal, if not greater, success in the great metropolis of 
the east, had fortune turned him thither. 

His success at the bar in Cook county was almost immediate. At 
the time he came here there was a coterie of lawyers practicing at 
the bar, whose great legal acumen, eloquence and brilliancy of wit 
made it seem as though there was little room at the top of the pro- 
fession for another, and yet, within a short time after Mr. Hynes' 
advent, it was made manifest to all that a new star had been added 
to the brilliant galaxy that was destined to shine with undimmed lus- 
ter long after the others, one by one, had ceased to illumine the pro- 
fession. To enumerate all of the interesting cases in which Mr. Hynes 
took a leading part as counsel on one side or the other since coming 
to Chicago would be to catalogue a majority of the celebrated cases 
that have been tried in and around Cook county during the last thirty 
years. Although devoting himself chiefly to civil practice he has 
equally distinguished himself in both the criminal and civil courts, 
and has displayed rare skill in the handling of litigation, whatever 
happened to be its nature. 

During the past twenty years or more he has been the leading trial 
lawyer of the Chicago City Railway Company and is the attorney of 
record for that corporation in all of its vast amount of litigation. 
In times past some of the cases which are still well remembered by the 
public, in which Mr. Hynes took a distinguished part" as counsel 


are the C. B. & Q. R. R. dynamiters case, and the first trial of the 
Dr. Cronin murder case, in both of which cases Mr. Hynes was 
leading counsel for the state. And within the last couple of years 
some of the cases which attracted wide attention are the beef trust 
case and the John R. Walsh case in the federal courts, in both of 
which he appeared for the defense, and the condemnation proceed- 
ings involving millions of dollars instituted by the C. & N. W. R. R. 
Co. for the condemnation of land for the site for its new depot, in 
which litigation he appeared for the railroad company. 

While Mr. Hynes has devoted himself to the practice of his pro- 
fession he has always taken a keen interest in the land of his 1)irth, 
and from his early youth he has been prominently identified with 
movements in this country and Ireland seeking the freedom of his 
native home from English misrule. In times past his oratory was 
never quite so eloquent as when he was upon the rostrum pleading 
Ireland's cause, and during the activity of the Irish movement in this 
country some years ago, his voice was heard in behalf of Ireland 
in every part of the country. He freely gave his heart and talents 
to what he believed to be a just cause, and still has an abiding faith 
that he will live to see the hope of his youth fulfilled and Ireland take 
her place among the nations of the world. 

In religious affiliation Mr. Hynes has always been and is a devout 
and consistent member of the Roman Catholic church. He belongs 
to a number of social organizations and clubs, among which may be 
mentioned the Chicago Athletic Association, the South Shore Coun- 
try Club, the Chicago Golf Club and the Chicago Historical Society, 
in most of which he has served in an official capacity. 

Mr. Hynes was married in September, 1871, to Miss Jennie Way, 
daughter of Judge George B. Way, of Ohio, and his domestic life 
has always been in keeping with his high character as a citizen and 
a man. 

Sidney Corning Eastman, who has been a member of the Chicago 
bar since the 4th of July,' 1876, was born in a house on Dearborn 

street, where the Tribune Imilding now stands, on 

Sidney C. y^^j^^^arv 26, 1850. Of New England Puritan an- 

EaSTMAN. ■ • . - , „ , . " . • ■ 11 

cestrv. his t.'ither was Zebma Eastman, originally 
from North Amherst, Massachusetts, and long prominent in public 
and business affairs in Chicago. Zebina Eastman was one of the pio- 


neers of the Chicago press and a leader in the anti-slavery movement 
in the northwest. He edited the Western Citizen between 1840 and 
1850. His mother was Mary Jane Corning, of Burlington, Vermont. 
Mr. Eastman first attended school in the Jonefe school, on Harrison 
street, where many other well-known Chicagoans learned their first 
lessons. In 1861, his father having been appointed consul at Bristol, 
England, by President Lincoln, he lived in that city until 1869 and 
in the meantime prepared for college. One winter was spent in study 
at Geneva, Switzerland. On his return to the United States he en- 
tered Michigan University and was graduated with the degree of A. 
B. in 1873. He then took up the study of law, at first in the office 
of Gookins and Roberts, and later with the late Judge Daniel L. 
Shorey, being admitted to the Illinois bar on July 4, 1876. In 
December, 1898, he was appointed referee in bankruptcy by Judge 
Peter S. Grosscup, of the federal judicial district of Northern Illi- 
nois, and has served since by reappointments from Judges C. C. Kohl- 
saat, Kenesaw M. Landis, and S. H. Bethea. Mr. Eastman was one 
of the founders of the Chicago Union League Club, and is also a 
member of the Hamilton, the Glen View Golf, Caxton, Law and 
Church clubs, and the American Bar Association, the Illinois Bar 
Association and the Cook County Bar Association ; also a member of 
the Psi Upsilon Society of Michigan University. Mr. Eastman mar- 
ried, June 9, 1886, Miss Charlotte Hall, daughter of Israel Hah, of 
Ann Arbor, Michigan. Their home is in Kenilworth. 

Charles Henry Aldrich, ex-solicitor general of the United States, 
has for more than twenty years been a leading practitioner of the 

Chicago bar and has long been placed among the 

. ' lawyers of national repute. He was born on a farm 

Aldrich. . / t^ ,. r ^r ■■, ^^ 

m Lagrange county, Indiana, son of Hamilton M. 

and Harriet (Sherwood) Aldrich. The years of his early youth were 
spent in farm work and in acquiring an education such as was af- 
forded by the district schools of agricultural communities,, but when 
he was sixteen his fiarents determined to give their children better 
educational advantages than these, and for this purpose removed 
to Orland, Steuben county, Indiana. 

As Charles H. was of an especially studious temperament, the 
placing of such superior opportunities within his reach proved detri- 
mental to his health and, fearing the consequences, his father refused 



B L 


to furnish him with the means for pursuing a college course. But 
the determined and ambitious youth left home, worked for his board, 
prepared for college, and had partially completed his course at the 
University of Michigan, when an interested friend advanced him suf- 
ficient funds to finish it without subjecting himself to such a con- 
tinuous strain, and continued his practical assistance during the 
course of his professional studies. Mr. Aldrich finished his classical 
course at the University of Michigan in 1875 '^'""^^ '" 1893 his alma 
mater conferred upon him the second degree, that of Master of Arts. 
Admitted to the bar in 1876, he commenced the practice of his pro- 
fession at Fort Wayne, Indiana, and at once won a good standing. 
At this period of his career he was honored with the friendship of 
such distinguished members of the Indiana bar as Thomas A. Hen- 
dricks, Colonel Abram Hendricks, Benjamin Harrison, W. H. H. 
Miller, Joseph E. McDonald, John M. Butler, Oscar B. Hord, Noble 
E. Butler, W. P. Fishback, R. S. Taylor and Allen Zollars. In 1884 
he was urged to become a candidate for the office of attorney general 
of Indiana and, although he made no canvass in his own behalf, he 
lacked but a few votes of receiving the nomination. 

In April, 1886, Mr. Aldrich came to Chicago, and b}- tacit con- 
sent took his place among the leading lawyers of the western metro- 
polis. In 1890 he was appointed special counsel for the United States 
in its Pacific railroad litigations, growing out of the so-called Ander- 
son act. He was successful in both cases, which he ars^ued in the cir- 
cuit courts of Nebraska and California, being opposed by some of 
the leading counsel of the country, and the notable outcome led to his 
selection as solicitor general of the United States to succeed Wil- 
liam H. Taft, who, in 1891, was appointed a judge of the United 
States court of appeals. In the position named Mr. Aldrich's name 
is especially associated with the famous Chinese, Cherokee and Hat- 
trimming cases, in two of which he won decided victories in the face 
of masterly opposition, and in the other his argument was said by a 
member of the supreme court to have been one of the most note- 
worthy ever addressed to that tribunal. The opinion prepared by Mr. 
Aldrich upon the power of the national government in matters of 
public health and quarantine regulations, and also that on the scope 
and effect of the election law, showed a broad grasp of facts and prin- 
ciples and met the cordial approval of those most competent to judge. 


while his opinion that the administration might issue bonds to main- 
tain resumption and keep the money of the United States at par, was 
practically adopted and acted upon during President Cleveland's sec- 
ond administration. Since retiring from the office of solicitor general 
to engage in private practice, Mr. Aklridh has been several times re- 
tained by the United States in important and intricate litigation, and 
his large practice is now almost confined to the federal '^^urt.s. He 
also participated in the discussion of the constitutional cjues'tion^^row- 
ing out of the war with Spain and won notable victories in ttieTnsular 
and Kepner cases. His reputation is national and his leadership is 
acknowledged by the professional associations with which he is iden- 
tified, such as the American Bar Association, the Illinois State Bar 
Association and the Chicago Bar Association. 

Although the scope of his professional work has always been 
broad, Mr. Aldrich has given close consideration to the civic, social 
and municipal problems of his resident city. Since coming to Chi- 
cago he has been a member of the Civic Federation and has never 
omitted an opportunity to do what he could toward the improvement 
of the municipality. Both on local and national issues he believes that 
the most go'od comes from 3 consistent support of the Republican 
party. He is a leading member of the Union League, of which he 
has served as vice president. On the 13th of October, 1875, Mr. 
Aldrich was united in marriage with Miss Helen Roberts and they are 
the parents of three children, who have been most carefully educated 
in the best schools of this country. 

Frank Ira Bennett, for the past ten years representative of the 

Seventh ward in the city council, and as chairman of the finance 

■ committee being the most powerful member of that 

T> " body, well known in real estate and busines affairs, 

Bennett. ^ . „. . 

was born on a farm in Henry county, Illmois, near 

Galva, October 17, 1858. His father was the late John I. Bennett, 

for many years one of the leading members of the Illinois bar, 

moving from Galva to Chicago, and for a long time was master in 

chancery in the United States courts and held other positions of honor 

and trust. His wife was Maria E. (Reynolds) Bennett. 

Frank I. Bennett spent most of his boyhood in a country town, 

where he developed a fondness for outdoor life and sports that has 

never deserted him. The public schools at Galva and of Hyde Park, 






Chicago, gave him most of his educational advantages, and after 
graduation from the Hyde Park high school in 1877 he entered his 
father's office and began the study of law. He attended lectures 
at the Union College of Law in 1879, and on examination was ad- 
mitted to the bar in 1880. Mr. Bennett has lived in Chicago since 
1872, and was in active practice until 1890. Since then he has done 
only an office practice, and gives his attention to the duties of public 
office and real estate business. On the south side Mr. Bennett has 
been a leader in promoting the real estate activity and in laying out 
new subdivisions. He has constructed over 450 homes in Chicago, 
most of them in the Hyde Park district. He served as assessor 
for the town of Hyde Park in 1888, and was first elected to the city 
council in 1897, having recently entered upon his sixth term of 
service. During his career as alderman he has served as chairman 
of the judiciary, local transportation and the finance committees, 
the three most important committees of the council. He has always 
allied himself with the progressive and really public-spirited element 
of the council, and by his influence and active efforts has helped 
in converting the council to a clean, representative civic body. In 
politics he is Republican. 

Mr. Bennett has had membership relations with the Union League, 
the Hyde Park, the Kenwood, the Woodlawn Park, and Hamilton 
clubs, the Chicago Bar Association, and is a member of the First 
Presbyterian church of Hyde Park. He married, in 1884, Miss 
Anna H. Cortright, daughter of Lewis D. and Melicent G. Cortright, 
old citizens of Chicago. Their two children are Lewis C, born in 
1885, and now attending the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 
at Boston, and Ira F., born in 1888, and attending Hobart College, 
Geneva, New York. 

John Paulsen Ahrens, LL. B., for over thirty years engaged in 

the practice of law in Chicago, was born near Hamburg, Germany, on 

the 1st of October, 185 1. His parents, Edward A. 

. ■ and Elizabeth M. (Paulsen) Ahrens, came to 

Ahrens. , . . „ , \ . ^ ' ^r 

America in 1855, locating in Davenport, Iowa. He 

was educated in the grammar and high schools of Davenport, and 
in 1869-72 was a school teacher in Scott county, Iowa. 

Mr. Ahrens read law with General Joseph B. Leake of Daven- 
port (now of Chicago), came to this city in May, 1872, and was ad- 

Vol. 11—21 


mitteci to the bar in June of the following year. In 1882 he was 
admitted to practice before the United States supreme court. The 
first three years of his residence in Chicago were spent as deputy 
clerk in the superior court of Cook county, and in January, 1875, 
he commenced the practice of his profession herj^ " Until October, 
1879, he was alone and from that date until January, 1891, was a 
member of the firms of Bisbee and Ahrens, and Bisbee, Ahrens and 
Decker. Since the time mentioned he has been an independent prac- 
titioner. His office is at No. 70 Dearborn street. 

In the beginning of his practice Mr. Ahrens was associated with 
Rosenthal and Pence, as attorneys for the International Bank in its 
extensive litigation against Samuel J. Walker. Later he was at- 
torney for that institution in the suit entitled International Bank 
versus Anthony, involving the constitutionality of its charter, which 
the supreme court of Illinois held to be valid, and also represented 
one of the parties in the case of Howe versus South Park Commis- 
sioners, this suit involving the title to a large part of Jackson park. 
As a member of the firm of Bisbee, Ahrens and Decker, he was en- 
gaged in the litigation against the Chicago Board of Trade to test 
its right to control its market quotations, which was decided in favor 
of the board by the lower courts, but adversely to it by the state 
supreme court. Mr. Ahrens was attorney for the plaintiff in Pick- 
ering versus Lomax, involving the title to a large tract of, Indian 
lands in Robinson's Reserve, under a treaty between the United 
States and the United Nation of Chippewa, Ottawa and Pottawata- 
mie Indians, which provided that the lands should never be leased 
or conveyed by the Indians or their heirs to any persons whatever 
without the permission of the president of the United States. The 
principal question in the case was as to the legal effect of the ap- 
proval by the president of a deed by the Indian long after that instru- 
ment was delivered (under which Pickering claimed title through 
mesne conveyances), the contention of the plaintiff being that the 
subsequent approval by the president had the same effect as if the 
deed had been approved by him before it was delivered. The case 
was decided adversely to the plaintiff by the superior court of Cook 
county and by the state supreme court, but the United States supreme 
court reversed the decision of the latter tribunal, and the case was 
remanded to the superior court for a new trial. On the second trial 


the defendant produced a subsequent deed from the same Indian, 
which had also the approxal of the president ; but the approval of this 
deed was subsequent to the approval of that under which Pickering 
claimed title. But Pickering's approved deed was not recorded in 
the recorder's office until after the recording of the subsequent Indian 
deed, which had also been approved l)v the president. On the second 
trial the superior court decided in favor of the plaintiff, which action 
was affirmed by the Illinois supreme court. The defendant then took 


the case to the United States supreme court, where it was finally de- 
cided in favor of the plaintiff, Pickering. Mr. Ahrens was also one 
of the attorneys for E. B. Leigh in the recent litigation between him 
and Henry D. Laughlin, in a large number of suits in both the state 
and federal courts, including the appellate and supreme courts of 
Illinois, the United States circuit court of appeals and the United 
States supreme court. 

Besides being engaged in a substantial and important practice, 
Mr! Ahrens is an able and popular lecturer in the Chicago Law 
School, and is an active member of the Chicago Bar Association and 


the Chicago Law Institute. Fraternally, he belongs to the Masons, 
the Royal Arcanum (of which he served as grand regent of Illinois 
during 1885-6), Royal League and the "National Union. He is a 
member of the First Baptist church of Chicago and in politics is a" 

On October 24, 1877, Mr. Ahrens was united in marriage with 
Miss Fannie Hamblin, daughter of Edward and Mary J. Hamblin. 
Her father was a prominent wholesale merchant of Portland, Maine, 
and upon his retirement from business in 1871 came to Chicago, 
where he died in July, 1880, at the age of sixty-eight years. Mrs. 
Hamblin also died in this city, surviving her husband until June, 
1902, when she had reached the age of eighty-four. The children 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Ahrens are as follows: Edith L., now the 
wife of Robert E. Kenyon; Leila M., Edward H. and John P. 
.Ahrens, Jr. Mrs. Ahrens is a native of Portland, Maine, has received 
a liberal education, has been for mau}^ years an active worker in the 
First Baptist church of Chicago, and is in every way a valued mem- 
ber of the community. 

Morton Taylor Culver is a leading lawyer of Chicago, influen- 
tially identified with the civic administration of his resident village of 

Glencoe. He is a native of Chicago, born on the 
^ ■ 2nd of December, 1870, to Morton and Eugenia M. 

(^Taylor) Culver, and received his preparatory edu- 
cation in. the public schools of Glencoe, whither his family moved 
when he was quite young. After a preliminary course at Northwest- 
ern University Academy, he entered the law department (then known 
as the Union College of Law), from which he was graduated in 
1890 with the degree of LL. B. 

Mr. Culver was admitted to the Illinois bar by the state supreme 
court in January, 1892, and at once entered into active practice with 
his father, Morton Culver, and his brother, Harry N. Culver, engag- 
ing also in the real estate business. Two years afterward the father 
retired, the real estate branch was discontinued, and the new law 
partnership then formed by the two brothers continued until 1898, 
when Harry N. Culver withdrew for service in the Spanish- American' 
war, after which, for several years, Morton T. practiced alone. He 
is now senior member of Culver, Byron and Culver, which was or- 



B L 


gaiiizecl in 1908. His early training in liis father's office and his 
later experience as a practitioner have peculiarly adapted him to real 
estate law, which is his specialty and in which lie is an acknowledged 
expert. His practice has been so largely devoted to this field, and 
with such success, that he has had the handling of many important 
estates and in the interest of his clients, deals considerably in cii_y 
real estate and farm property in Illinois and neighboring states. Mr. 
Culver's offices are now in the Stock Exchange building. 

For nearly ten years Mr. Culver was a leading member of the 
First Regiment, Illinois National Guards, joining that command in 
1887. In 1894 he served as a sergeant in Company L, during the 
Pana and Pullman strikes. During all this period he was noted 
for his fine marksmanship and qualified as a distinguished sharp- 
shooter within a short time after his. enlistment. 

In politics Mr. Culver is a Republican, and from April, 1900, 
to April, 1902, served as president of the village of Glencoe, where 
he has resided for so many years. He has also been attorney for the 
village for about ten years. Outside of his professional relations, 
he was for several years president of the Law Publishing Company, 
and is well known in legal publishing circles. 

At Geneva, Illinois, on the 17th of June, 1899, Mr. Culver was 
united in marriage with Florence M., daughter of Thomas Hawkes, 
at one time a prominent architect of this city. He is a member of 
the Illinois State Bar Association, a life member of the Press Club 
of Chicago, and also belongs to the Masonic and Royal Arcanum 
fraternities, being a member of A. O. Fay Lodge No. 676, A. F. and 
A. M., Highland Park; Evanston Chapter No. 144, R. A. :\I. ; as 
well as 'T Will" Council, Royal Arcanum, Chicago. He is also 
identified with Unity Council, National Union, of Evanston, and the 
Central Y. M. C. A. 

"True success, such as Mv. Culver has won," says a just review 
of his career, "does not come to a man possessed of ability and perse- 
verance alone. Back of these necessary qualifications must be de- 
votion to clients, and honesty of purpose which looks beyond the mere 
winning of one case to the client's future. Counsel and advice which 
money cannot pay for andnvhich never appear in the attorney's bill 
for services, must be ever present." 


Edward P. Eastman, second member of the widely known law 
firm of Eastman, Eastman and White, of jChicago, was born on a 

farm in Sheffield, Ashtabula county, Ohio, on the 

T^ ' 17th of May, 1868. The /earlier members of the 

Eastman. v,^-' 

family located in New York, the paternal grand- 
parents, Porter J. and Phoebe C. Eastman, migrating from the Em- 
pire state to Ohio in 1832. In early life the grandfather gave his 
attention to farming and stock raising, realizing a sufficient com- 
petency for himself and family in the declining years of his life. 
He was a high-minded citizen, of independent ideas, and was a stanch 
Abolitionist and supporter of the "underground railway" when it 
involved considerable personal risk to be thus identified. The maternal 
grandparents, Nathan and Lucy (Whitney) Parrish, were pioneers 
of Ashtabula count}/-, Ohio, the former being a leading merchant of 
that county. The parents of Edward P. Eastman are Henry A. and 
Sarah F. (Parrish) Eastman, his father crossing the isthmus of 
Panama in 1852 as one of the early adventurers into the California 
gold fields. Having met with fair success, he came to Chicago in the 
sixties and, with his cousin, Edward P. Eastman, founded the Metro- 
politan Business College, located in the old Metropolitan Block. In 
1872 he became a member of the Chicago Board of Trade, and for 
many years was identified with that institution, but, like many others, 
he left that exciting field in favor of more quiet lines of business. 

Edward P. Eastman acquired his early education in the public 
schools of Kings ville and Ashtabula, Ohio, and then entered the high 
school of the latter city, but left during the last year of the course 
to enter business. For a short time he was employed in the freight 
department of the Lake Shore Railroad at Cleveland, Ohio, coming 
to Chicago in 1886 to become identified with the Chicago Trust & 
Savings Bank. This latter service, however, he considered only tem- 
porary, as he now only awaited the opportunity to enter the office of 
some member of the bar. His wish was realized through the firm of 
Clifford, Smith and Frye, and in 1889, while still in their employ, he 
was admitted to practice before the appellate court. 

In the year following his admission to the Illinois bar Mr. East- 
man became connected with the office of George W. Woodbury, 
with whom he remained until 1892, when he formed a partnership 
with John J. Schwarz, the firm opening offices in the Unity building 


B L 

^^ ^vT /v72^ 


under the name of Eastman and Schwarz. This partnership existed 
until 1894, when the senior member was appointed by Abijah Cooper 
(then clerk of the probate court) as one of the assistants to Christian 
C. Kohlsaat, judge of that bench. In this capacity Mr. Eastman 
served four years, following which he formed a partnership with 
his brother, Albert N. Eastman, under the style of Albert N. and 
Edward P. Eastman, with offices in the Woman's Temple. This part- 
nership continued until 1905, when by the admission of Harold F 
White tlie lirm was constituted as at present. Since coming to 
Chicago as a young man, Mr. Eastman has been closely and actively 
identified with the Republican party. In national elections he has 
always voted the party ticket, but in municipal affairs bases his sup- 
port upon the individual qualifications of the candidates for office. 
He is a life member of both the Hamilton and Press clubs of Chi- 
cago, and a progressive and liberal-minded citizen. In 1895 he mar- 
ried Helen A. Baker, daughter of Rev. Dillon P. and Mary C. Baker, 
whose parents were old residents of Du Page county and Whiteside 
county, Illinois. 

Clyde L. Day, assistant corporation counsel of the city of Chi- 
cago, is a native of Paxton, Illinois, born on the 25th of June, i86g. 

His father, Samuel L. Day, is a native of Ohio, an 

T^ ■ old settler of Paxton. the first circuit clerk of the 

Day. , ... 

county and a promment citizen in many respects. 

Both he and his wife are now residents of Chicago. Their three 

sons are also all living here, viz. : Mark L., Fred L. and Clyde L. 


The last named, who is the youngest of the children, first at- 
tended the public schools of Paxton, but in 1880, at the age of eleven 
years, came with his parents and the other members of the family to 
Chicago. Here he continued his education in l^oth the public and 
high schools, and in 1885 returned to Paxton and there pursued a 
course of three years at the Rice College. He then began the study 
of law in the office of Cook and Moffett of that city, and remained 
under their tutelage for about two years. In 1889, before he had 
reached his twentieth year, J\Tr. Day creditably passed his examina- 
tion, but was not admitted to the bar until he became of age, June 
25, 1891. 

Mr. Day at once commenced practice at Paxton, in partnership 


with John H. Moffett, the firm of Moffett and Day transacting 2 
substantial business until 1895, when it was dissolved because of the 
removal of the junior member to Chicago. Here for six years Mr. 
Day continued a growing practice alone, in 1901 forming a partner- 
ship with Samuel E. Knecht, a leading lawyer and since 1903 secre- 
tary of the State Bank of Chicago, and later was placed in charge ot 
the trust department of that institution, the partnership was dissolved 
and Mr. Day resumed practice alone. He thus continued until April 1 5 
1907, when he was appointed to his present position as assistant cor- 
poration counsel. Besides conducting his official and private prac 
tice in the law, Mr. Day is interested in the firm of Day Brothers, 
dealers in farm loans, with offices in the Chamber of Commerce build- 

In June, 1893, Mr. Day was united in marriage with Miss Mar- 
garet Gillespie, daughter of Joseph M. Gillespie, one of Chicago's 
pioneers. Three sons have been born to this union, Mark G., Paul 
L. and John W. Mr. Day is a Knight Templar and a Royal Arch 
Mason, belongs to the Chicago Athletic Association, the Hamilton 
and the South Shore Country clubs, and is an earnest and stanch Re- 

Milo Lester Coffeen, member of the firm of Tenney, Coffeen, 
Harding and Sherman, commenced his professional career in Chi- 
cago nearly forty years ago, and both as a lawyer 

r^' and a citizen has earned a substantial and honor- 

COFFEEN. _ . ^^ - , , , . 

able reputation. He comes of an old and stanch 
New England family, his great-grandfather, Captain John Coffeen, 
removing from Topsfield, Massachusetts, to the Green Mountain state 
prior to the outbreak of the Revolutionary war. He was the first 
settler, in Cavendish, Vermont, was. an ardent patriot, sat in the first 
constitutional convention of the state with Cephas Kent, who was 
the great-grandfather of Horace Kent Tenney, head of the above 
firm, was repeatedly elected to the legislature, and for many years 
was one of the most prominent citizens of the commonwealth. Cap 
tain Coffeen married a Massachusetts lady, and their son, William, 
was born and married in Cavendish. The son by his union witli 
Abigail Green Lyndes was William L. G. Coffeen. The latter mar- 
ried Helen E. Lester, daughter of Milo Lester, and at Antwerp, 


Jefferson county. New York, on the 20th of December, 1850, was 
born their son. Milo Lester Coft'een. 

The Coffeen family came to llhnois early in the boyhood of Milo, 
and he commenced his education in the public schools of Libertyville 
in 1867-69 pursuing courses in the Waukegan Academy and the Illi- 
nois Normal School, at Normal. Deciding- in favor of the law. how- 
ever, he became a student in the Union College of Law. Chicao^o, and 

' 0-0 

after a course covering the years 1869-71 graduated with the degree 
of LL. B. 

While pursuing his studies in the law school Mr. Coffeen was 
employed in the office of Van Arman and Vallette, and soon after his 
admission to the bar in the summer of 1871 was appointed to a 
clerkship in the superior court of Cook county. After the great fire 
of October he assisted in restoring the court records, was advanced 
to be chief deputy clerk and held the latter position until 1879. ^'^ 
the latter year he formed a professional partnership with Emery A. 
Storrs, the brilliant advocate, and after about a year entered upon 
an independent practice, which continued until 1887, when he en- 
tered the firm of Tenney, Bash ford and Tenney. Soon afterward 
George Driggs came into the firm, and soon after his election as 
judge of the superior court the style was changed to Tenney, Church 
and Coffeen. In 1895 Judge Samuel P. McConnell resigned from 
the circuit bench, and his admission to the firm made it Tenney, Mc- 
Connell, Coffeen and Harding (Charles F.). In 1898 Judge Mc- 
Connell removed to New York, and subsequently James H. Wilker- 
son was received as a partner but his retirement in 1907 transformed 
it to its present style of Tenney, Coffeen, Harding and Sherman, 
Mr. Roger Sherman taking the place of Mr. Wilkerson. The firm 
has always transacted a large general business and has appeared in 
many of the most important cases passed upon by the state and fed- 
eral courts of Illinois, with marked results as to honorable success. 

Personally Mr. Coffeen is a member of the Chicago Bar and the 
Illinois State Bar associations. Besides performing a large share 
of the professional work of his firm he is a director and has an in- 
fluential interest in the Kellogg Switchboard and Supply Company 
and other corporations. His legal training and current knowledge, 
along professional lines, make him a typical modern lawj'er. He is 
also widely and deeply read on historical subjects, has carried his 


researches to personal investigation by several visits to the European 
countries, and is an active member of the Chicago and the American 
Historical societies. 

On the 13th of December, 1877, Mr. Coffeen was united in mar- 
riage with Miss Martha Martin of Chicago, and their family con- 
sists of two daughters, Mae and Lester, the former being the wife of 
Professor Lucius Hopkins Miher, of Princeton University, Prince- 
ton, New Jersey. Henry Martin Coffeen, the son, graduated from 
Yale University with the class of 1902, engaged in business in New 
York City until overcome by illness and died at his father's home in 
Chicago May 15, 1906. Mr. Coffeen has a handsome city residence 
at No. 3133 Calumet avenue. His club membership is with the 
Chicago, City and South Shore Country clubs. 

Philip Richard Barnes is one of the able lawyers of Chicago, and 
also one of its versatile, broad and strong citizens. He was born 

on an island in the Hudson river, near Albany, 
■p ■ New York, on the 5th of June, 1856, son of 

Samuel and Kate (Veer) Barnes. His early edu- 
cation was obtained in the public schools, and he completed his literary 
training as a graduate of the State Normal School at Oshkosh, Wis- 
consin, in 1 88 1. Mr. Barnes' career in the educational field was one 
of continuous advancement and increasing reputation, his successive 
positions being as follows : Principal of a public school at Oshkosh, 
Wisconsin, and of the Mauston (Wis.) high school, and lecturer on 
commercial law at Daggett Business College, Oshkosh. 

In 1884 Mr. Barnes graduated from the Law School of Union 
College, Albany, New York, taking the highest honors of his class, 
and since 1890 has been a resident of Chicago, having made an 
especially high reputation in medical jurisprudence in its bearing on 
insanity. He is recognized by the medical colleges as a profound and 
interesting lecturer in this department, and in his legal capacity has 
often been called upon both as a counselor and in the active conduct 
of cases. He has been identified with several noteworthy murder 
trials in which he has sustained his defense of insanity, and acted as 
special counsel for the late John Alexander Dowie in the Zion City 

In national politics Mr. Barnes is a Republican, but acts inde- 
pendent of party in the consideration of local affairs. Since its organi- 



zation in 1904, he has been the general counsel of the Cook County 
Truck Gardeners and Farmers Association, one of the largest and 
most influential organizations of the kind in the state. It owes its 
existence to an address which he delivered on the subject several 
years ago, and he is recognized as one of the most popular speakers 
in the northwest before farmers' institutes and similar bodies. This 
reputation, added to his standing as an orator on legal and political 
subjects, makes his standing as a public speaker unusually broad and 
higli. He is also much interested and is active and influential as a 
promoter of much beneficial constructive legislation. Locally, he has 
served as president of the Twenty-seventh Ward Associated Improve- 
ment Clubs and president of the Dr. Thomas Literary Society and is 
identified with the Irving Park Country Club. He is liberal in his 
religious beliefs and was long a member of the Peoples' church, of 
which Dr. H. W. Thomas was pastor. 

On the 31st of December, 1895, Mr. Barnes was united in mar- 
riage with Miss Lola Norman Strong, and their child is Norman R. 
Mrs. Barnes died December 22, 1904. She was a woman of broad 
culture and practical philanthropy, being one of the founders of the 
Emmeline Thomas Day Nursery. 

Frederick Anson Brown, a well known lawyer of Chicago, 
although he has been engaged in practice here for less than a decade. 

^ . is a native of the state, born at Decatur, on the 

Frederick A. , ^ . o^ tt • r t • 1 1 

-n 9th of August. 1867. He IS a son of Josiah and 

Sarah Elvira Brown, and after receiving a pre- 
paratory education at home, entered the University of Michigan for 
the purpose of pursuing a la\V course. In 1889 he graduated there- 
from, with the degree of LL. B., and, being admitted to practice at 
the Illinois bar in that year, began his professional career in the city 
of his birth. 

After practicing for about a year at Decatur, Illinois, Mr. Brown 
removed to Tacoma, Washington, and there engaged in successful 
professional labors for some eight years. He removed to Chicago 
in 1898, and in 1902 formed a partnership with Charles Ailing, Jr., 
and under the firm name of Brown and Ailing conducted a business 
of high grade and substantial proportions until 1904. The con- 
nection was then dissolved by mutual consent, and ]\lr. Brown is 
now alone. 


On January 7, 1891, Mr. Brown wedded Miss Mary Lois Roby, 
and the children born to them have been as follows : Kilburn Roby 
and Mary Lois. The family residence is at No. 4860 Washington 
avenue. Mr. Brown is interested in a number of outside enterprises, 
being a director of the Central Howard Association and the Kenil- 
worth Sanitarium. Li politics he is a Republican, and in his religious 
belief a Presbyterian. He stands high in Masonry, being a member 
of Montjoie Commandery, Knights Templar and a Shriner, and is 
identified with the Union League, University, Hamilton and Chicago 
Press clubs. 

John Wilson Hill is one of the prominent Chicago lawyers en- 
gaged in the fields of patent and corporation practice, and is also 

a leading Republican who is particularly identified 

•^ -_, ' with the strong movement to reform the manage- 

ment of the charitable institutions of the state. He 
is an Illinoisan, born at Ottawa, on the 9th of May, 1857, being a 
son of Isaac and Sarah A. (Wilson) HiH. He obtained his pre- 
liminary education in the public schools of Oilman, Illinois, and 
Frankfort, Michigan, after which he spent a year in the State Normal 
School at Ypsilanti, that state. As teaching was not to his special 
liking, the young man entered the lumber business, making himself 
master of it, from the felling of the trees to the selling of the manu- 
factured product. On account of heavy losses by fire the firm with 
which he was connected became financially involved, and Mr. Hill 
was appointed the trustee to close up the business. 

While engaged in the responsible duties noted, Mr. Hill com- 
menced the study of law. He was admitted to the Michigan bar in 
1890, taking his examination in open court, all the members of the 
bar present being permitted to participate in it. In the following 
year he located in Chicago, and until January, 1898, was associated 
with his brother, Lysander Hill, in the practice of his profession. 
He then practiced alone for some time, and later formed the firm of 
Hill and Hill, of which his son, Roy W., is the junior partner. The 
practice of the firm, whose reputation is high and substantial, is 
virtually confined to patents, trade marks and copyrights. 

Since 1905, John W. Hill has earnestly and ably represented 
the sixth district in the state assembly, and few have served in the 
Illinois legislature who have so quickly established a reputation so 



broad and striking as his. In the 1907 session he served as chair- 
man of the revenue committee, and in 1908 was appointed chairman 
of the legislati\e committee appointed to investigate the charitable, 
reformatory and penal institutions of the state. His business and 
legal training, with his established character for fairness and broad 
judgment, made the selection most acceptable to both political parties, 
and during the progress of the investigations his fearless probing of 
abuses with the unpartisan and judicial nature of his decisions, sig- 
nally marked him as a man of unusual strength, both of mentality 
and conscience. 

The committee was appointed January 14, 1908, and reported 
to the legislature May 5, 1908, consuming practically four months 
time, during which Chairman Hill devoted his entire time to the 
work, to the neglect of his private business. The committee served 
without pay, receiving only actual traveling expenses. On May 5, 
1908, the committee, which was non-partisan, consisting of three 
Republicans and three Democrats, brought in a unanimous report 
severely criticising the management of the state institutions and rec- 
ommending important changes, including a state colony for epileptics 
and a state hospital for tuberculosis patients.- 

The committee also recommended the passage of a bill aimed to 
improve both the custodial and business management of the state 
institutions, which after one of the most remarkable and spectacular 
debates e\er heard in the general assembly, lead by Mr. Hill, passed 
the house but was killed in the senate, the latter body refusing to 
consider it. This action on the part of the senate at once determined 
Mr. Hill to take the fight into that body at the next general as- 

In the meantime the speaker appointed ■Mr. Hill chairman of a 
special commission to examine the commitment laws of the various 
states and countries and to recommend the enactment of laws that 
would correct the laws relating to the commitment and grading of 
prisoners in the state reformatory and penal institutions. The com- 
mission consists of nine well known men in public life, including 
Judge Richard S. Tuthill. and Judge Julian W. Mack. 

In making his campaign for election to the senate. Mr. Hill 
meeting with opposition in certain directions, with characteristic en- 
ergy and independence, at once promulgated his platform as follows: 


"If I am elected, I pledge the people of the Sixth Senatorial Dis- 
trict and of the whole state, that I will use every effort to secure the 
passage of laws that will : First, take the state institutions out of 
politics; second, insure to every inmate of our state institutions a'" 
plenty of good, clean, wholesome food; third, insure every inmate^^oi 
our state itistitutions kind and humane treatment; fourth, ifisure 
adequate medical care and attention for every inmate ; fifth, coirgct 
the act committing prisoners indiscriminately to the various reforma- 
tory and penal institutions without regard to the offense committed; 
sixth, secure the grading of the inmates of the state reformatory and 
penal institutions based upon their criminal experience and record." 

In his fight for the nomination Mr. Hill encountered a fearful 
opposition and was defeated by a few hundred votes. 

On September 28, 1878, Mr. Hill was united in marriage with 
Miss Ida E. Watson, and their child, Roy Wilson Hill, has already 
been mentioned as a member of the law firm of Hill and Hill. The 
senior is a thirty-second degree Mason and an Odd Fellow of high 
degree. He is also identified with the Hamilton, Exmoor, City, 
Illinois Athletic and Church clubs and is a member of the Sons of 
the American Revolution. In his religious faith he is an Episco- 
palian, having served for many years as vestryman of the Church of 
Our Saviour. 

William M. Copeland, lawyer, was born at Kent, Jefferson county, 

Indiana, August 16, 1859, a son of Dr. William H. Copeland and 

Ladema H. (Chambers) Copeland. He received 
William M. , . , . \ ., , ' . , 

„ his education at independence Academy, Kentucky, 

Hanover College and at the United States Military 
Academy at West Point, from which last named institution he resigned 
to study law. In 1880 he was admitted to the bar at Madison, In- 
diana, where he practiced his profession until 1894, when he removed 
to Chicago. At the age of twenty-two he was nominated and elected 
on the Republican ticket from his native county to the house of repre- 
sentatives of the Indiana legislature, where he served two terms 
(1882 to 1886), being the youngest man ever elected to the Indiana 
legislature. He there made one of the most brilliant political records 
for a young man that has ever been made in the history of the state 
in the halls of the legislature, and was, from his entrance into that 
body, one of its leaders, being a member of the ways and means and 

[I'.CAVtD 9'' ME\9 r- Ti^V^oW ■'' ■ CHICAGO 


PUBLIC l^^^-''^ 


other prominent committees. He was also chairman of the joint 
honse and senate committee appointed at the session of 1883 to visit 
the cities, towns and (h'stricts of Southern Indiana which were over- 
flowed during- the great flood of that year in the Ohio valley, and it 
was due to his energy, he heing the only memher of the original 
house and senate committee that weathered the hardships of the mid- 
winter trip through to the end, that the cities of Jeffersonville, New 
Alhany, Madison, Aurora and Lawrencehurgh were all visited and 
that the carefully itemized report of the actual condition of the over- 
flowed cities, towns and farms along the Ohio river was made, inchid- 
ing the recommendation that $100,000 be appropriated for the suf- 
fering caused by the flood, all of w'hich was prepared by Mr. Copeland 
from a personal inspection of the flooded district, whose report the 
legislature did him the honor to adopt by appropriating $100,000 
for the flood sufferers, in preference to the report of the senate com- 
mittee, niade from hearsay reports, which was against any appropria- 
tion whatever. He v/as one of the pioneers in the Indiana legislature 
in the movement for the appointment of a state commission to select a 
uniform system of school books to be used throughout the state in 
the common schools. The books were to be provided by the state and 
furnished to pupils at cost of publication and distrilnition, and to poor 
children of the state free of cost. Afterwards this step resulted in 
such a law being enacted in Indiana, which law for many years has 
annually saved the people of Indiana thousands of dollars. He is the 
father of cheap railroad fare agitation and legislation in Indiana, 
having secured while a member of the Indiana legislature the passage 
of his bill through the house reducing railroad fares in that state 
only to have it strangled in the senate a few years prior to the enact- 
ment into a 'law of a similar measure by the Indiana legislature and 
also by the legislatures of a large number of other states, including 

His political encounter during the session of 1883 with Col. 
Horace Hefifren. the Democratic leader of the house, including the 
exciting scenes in the house connected therewith arising out of the 
discussion of the Metropolitan Police Bill in which certain Demo- 
cratic leaders in the house denounced the Republican lieutenant gov- 
ernor, an ex-Union soldier, the presiding officer of the senate, on 
account of certain of his rulings, as "a brainless coward, a revolu- 


tionist and a dictator," to which Mr. Copeland replied by branding 
Heffren, the Democratic leader, who had been accused by the Repub- 
lican press of Indiana as having been one of the leaders in th^trea- 
sonable organizations known as "Sons of Liberty" and "Knights\t)f 
the Golden Circle" in Indiana during the Civil war, as "a ralmpaAt, 
unrepentant and unhung ex-Son of Liberty and Knight of the Golden 
Circle," which won for Mr. Copeland the appellation of "The Plumed 
Knight of the Ohio," was graphically described at the time by 
"Strebor," correspondent of the New York World, and published 
in the leading papers of the country. Probably no act of the session 
of 1885 met with more universal approval on the part of the people 
of the state, regardless of party, than Mr. Copeland's resolution 
driving from the floor of the house the convicted and disgraced John 
M. Goar, trustee of the Knightstown Soldiers' Orphans' Home, whom 
the legislature had failed to remove from office up to that time, 
although its committees had found him guilty of the most outrageous 
and criminal relations with the inmates. This action precipitated 
Goar's removal from office and it was said at the time to be the only 
case in the history of the state where a resolution was ever passed 
by either branch of the general assembly excluding from its halls an 
officer of one of the state institutions. At the session of 1885, in 
the election of a United States senator, on the part of the house of 
representatives, the honor of placing in nomination the Republican 
candidate. Governor Albert G. Porter, and making the principal speech 
in his behalf, was conferred on Mr. Copeland. 

Since 1894 Mr. Copeland has been located in the practice of his 
profession at Chicago, his practice being largely in the federal courts, 
not only in Illinois, but also in New York, and many other states of 
the Union, his clients being located in nearly eveiy country of Europe 
as well as in North and South America. His record in the legal 
profession has been Cjuite as marked as was his early career in politics, 
for he has not only been unusually successful in his practice, but has 
won cases that had previously been lost by some of the most dis- 
tinguished lawyers in the United States and in England. He is a 
Knight Templar, a Shriner and a thirty-second degree Mason. Mr. 
Copeland married in 1885 Miss Clara Bruning, of Madison, Indiana. 
Both Mr. and Mrs. Copeland are lovers of art and have traveled 


together extensively abroad. Residence: 1028 Sheridan Rcjad. Law 

oflkes in tlie Marquette Building, Chicago. 

Harry L. Fearing, one of the younger and promising members of 

the Chicago bar, is the junior in the firm of Pringle and Fearing, 

with offices in the Merchants' Loan and Trust Com- 

„ * panv l)nildinu-, its specialty being corporation, real 

Fearing. ^ ■ , "^ . . \ , "^ '^^ ^ 

estate and municipal law. 

Mr. Fearing is a native of Davenport, low^a, his birth occurring 
April 18, 1868, and his parents are George and Mary (Stewart) 
Fearing. He received his preliminary education in the Davenport 
and Iowa City public schools and pursued the higher branches at the 
Iowa State University. Later he removed to Chicago and attended 
the law department of the Northwestern University and the Union 
College of Law. 

Admitted to the Illinois bar in 1895, Mr. Fearing has since been 
engaged in a practice which has brought him both standing and 
good pecuniary results. He remained alone for twelve years, or 
until May, 1907, when he became associated with Frederick W. Prin- 
gle, as above stated. Mr. Fearing is a Republican and always a wel- 
come member of the Colonial Club, of Oak Park, Illinois, which is 
his place of residence. He is the father of one child, Kenneth, born 
July 28, 1902. 

Fred A. Busse w^as elected to the mayoralty in the spring of 
1907. In the mayoralty, as in the postmastership, he was noted as 

the man who could get results, and he chose his as- 
„ ■ sistants and advisers purely from the standpoint of 

practical efficiency, which primarily implied indus- 
try, faithfulness, honesty and experience. In fact, throughout his 
entire public career, from North Town clerk to mayor, Mr. Busse has 
evinced, in a marked degree, that faculty possessed b>- men of large 
and successful affairs of bringing around him able co-workers and 
inspiring them with his enthusiasm and determination to get the 
greatest and best results from the matters in hand. 

Fred A. Busse was born on the north side of Chicago, on the 
3rd of March, 1866, and the forty-one years of his life have been 
spent in that division of the city. He comes of good, industrious 
German stock, and his father. Gustave Busse, was for years a well- 
known hardware merchant, winning honorable distinction and a cap- 

voi. 11—22 


tain's commission in the Civil war. His mother, a woman of great 
force of character, is well known in charities and social wor& As a 
boy it is said that he was more nofed for his energy than for his 
studiousness, but early assisted his father in his hardware business, 
and commenced to educate himself in the hustle of practical life. For 
years he was associated with his father in that line, but as his ac- 
quaintance and personal influence extended, and his Republicanism 
increased in strength, he discovered his strength as a political leader. 
He was neither a good speaker and had no genius for organization, 
but his hearty, inspiring personality made him a natural leader of 
men. After severing his connection with his father's interests Mr. 
Busse went into the teaming business, and it is said that the basis of 
the latter was the bequest to him of a horse and wagon which had 
been left by an old expressman whom he had befriended. Afterward 
he entered the coal business, was secretary and treasurer of the 
Northwestern Coal Company, later president of the Busse-Reynolds 
Coal Company and is now president of the Busse Coal Company, 
having by unremitting labor, straightforward dealings and splendid 
business ability established one of the largest retail coal concerns in 

Mayor Busse's first experience as an office holder was acquired in 
1891, when he was elected clerk of the town of North Chicago. After 
serving one term he became a bailiff in Judge Brentano's court, where 
he remained a year or two, and was deputy under Sheriff Gilbert two 
years. This was followed by a term of service as chief clerk in the 
North Town collector's office, and by his election in 1894 and 1896 
to the lower house of the Thirty-ninth and Fortieth general assem- 
blies. Two years later he was sent to the state senate. 

Mr. Busse's executive force and his personal integrity, so evi- 
dent in the management of large business interests, made him state 
treasurer in 1902 and caused his appointment as postmaster of Chi- 
cago in December, 1905. Familiar with the handling of men, in his 
administration of the government office he carried out one of his 
long-settled policies — that, in order to get the best results from em- 
ployes, it is necessary to make their surroundings healthful and as 
pleasant as practicable. He, therefore, removed the money-order 
division, with its one hundred and sixty employes who handled $200,- 
000,000 of the people's funds, from noisy and ill-ventilated rooms 



B L 




over the driveway on the first floor, to sunny, airy quarters on an 
upper floor. Through his initiative Hght and air were brought into 
the postoffice basement, where the mail bags are handled, performed 
the same service for the employes of the registry division and worked 
other practical reforms which added to the comfort and, therefore, 
the efficiency of the postal service. He also increased the working 
force and inaugurated the system of forwarding mail from the six- 
railroad depots of the city without hauling it down town and back. 
He established the system of delivering outgoing mail to the railroad 
depots through the Illinois Tunnel Company's conduits, thus increas- 
ing the facilities and reducing the time of hauling mail. These were 
all simple business reforms, and yet they had never been introduced 

Mr. Busse's eagerness to be doing something is shown in precipi- 
tating himself into the mayor's office before the first meeting of the 
council, when the chief executive is usually first inaugurated ; but his 
act of being sworn into office by a Democratic city clerk was emi- 
nently characteristic of the man. He immediately collected around 
him strong, reliable and practical men as his legal advisers and mem- 
bers of the municipal cabinet, making almost immediate changes in 
the composition of the police and school departments, which he 
thought were for the smooth running and efficiency of the city serv- 
ice; and from the first to last his administration has but carried out; 
to the best of his ability, the promises of his speech of acceptance. 

Mayor Busse retains his interest in the extensive coal business 
which he established, giving the bulk of his time outside of that oc- 
cupied by the mayoralty to its superintendence. He is the member of 
the Republican state central committee representing the Ninth dis- 
trict, and also a member of the Cook county central Republican com- 
mittee. Socially and fraternally he is identified with the Germania 
M?ennerchor and the Masonic order (thirty-second degree), and 
with the Hamilton, Marquette and Chicago Athletic clubs. 

For a quarter of a century John P. Hopkins has been a progres- 
sive, and for much of that period, a prominent factor in the business 

and political activities of Chicago. His standing 

;^ ' as a citizen is firm and broad, and as a leader of the 

Hopkins. ^ . , . . , , , . 

Democratic party his reputation has extended into 

national influence. Ex-Mayor Hopkins is a native of Buff'alo, New 


York, born on the 29th of October, 1858, being a son of John and 
Mary (Flynn) Hopkins. Until 1871 he obtained his education in 
St. Joseph's College, of that city, and he then became an apprentice 
in the machinist's trade with the David Bell Company ol Buffalo, 
being thus employed for two years and a half. This employment was 
followed by two years as weighmaster with the Evans Elevator Com- 
pany, which terminated his residence in the east. 

In December, 1880, Mr. Hopkins came to Chicago, and in the 
following March entered the employ of the Pullman Palace Car Com- 
pany. He remained with this corporation for more than seven years, 
and was finally advanced to the paymastership, which he resigned in 
September, 1888, in order to devote himself to a business enterprise 
which he had already established. In 1885 he had founded the Ar- 
cade Trading Company, at the town of Pullman, and as its secretary 
so developed the enterprise that he decided to give it his undivided 
attention. After 1888 the business was greatly enlarged and com- 
pletely reorganized as the Secord and Hopkins Company, which 
eventually controlled and conducted eight stores. Besides being the 
organizer and promoter of the extensive mercantile enterprise men- 
tioned above, Mr. Hopkins has served as president of the Wisconsin 
and Michigan Railway and a director in the Chicago and Great Lakes 
Dredge and Dock Company. At the present time he is largely inter- 
ested in the manufacture of automatic machines and tools, being pres- 
ident of the Aurora (111.) Automatic Machine Company (chair- 
man of its executive committee) and chairman of the executive com- 
mittee of the Independent Pneumatic Tool Company of Chicago. 

Since coming to Chicago in his twenty-third year, Mr. Hopkins 
has been active in Democratic politics, and attained some prominence 
in the public affairs of Hyde Park before its annexation to the city. 
In 1885 1^6 served as treasurer of the town, and from 1884 to 1889 
was school treasurer of township 37, range 14. But his first really 
notable political work was the organization and management of the 
campaign which resulted in the annexation of Hyde Park, Lake, 
Cicero, Jefferson and Lake View. His official position was chair- 
man of the annexation committee, and as much as any one man he 
may be credited with the fathership of Greater Chicago. In 1890-92 
he served as chairman of the Democratic campaign committee, and 
in 1894-95 was mayor of Chicago, filling out the term made vacant 


by the death of Carter H. Harrison, Sr. He was one of the organ- 
izers and for four years was president of the Cook County Demo- 
cratic Club ; was a delegate to the national Democratic convention 
of 1892; delegate-at-large to the national (gold) Democratic conven- 
tion of 1896, and vice chairman of the national (gold) Democratic 
committee in 1896; chairman of the state Democratic central com- 
mittee in 1901-04, and delegate to the national Democratic conven- 
tions of 1900 and 1904. 

Mr. Hopkins is prominent in the work of the Catholic church. 
and a leader in fraternal circles. His membership in organizations of 
the latter nature embraces the following : Ancient Order of United 
Workmen, Catholic Order of Foresters, Catholic Benevolent Asso- 
ciation, Royal Arcanun] and Knights of Columbus. He is also iden- 
tified with the Chicago Art Institute, Chicago Historical Society, 
Chicago Athletic Association, Germania Maennerchor and the Mid- 
Day and South Shore Country clubs, of this city, as well as the Man- 
hattan and Tilden clubs, of New York. 

Under the modern conditions and organization, the fire depart- 
ment of a great city like Chicago is one of the most important in the 

municipal service, and its management requires rare 
j^ abilities of an executive nature, good diplomatic 

powers in the handling of a large force of men so 
that the vast machine may run without retarding friction, the brav- 
ery of a fearless soldier and the broad judgment of an able general. 
All of these traits were possessed in an eminent degree by the late la- 
mented Daniel J. Swenie, who had a world-wide fame as a fire fighter 
and who for years was held up before the departments of the country 
as an ideal chief. It was under this faithful hero and genius for. the 
work which he so thoroughly understood that James Horan, the 
present head of the Chicago fire department, received his first train- 
ing in a responsible position. 

Chief Horan joined the ranks of the "fire laddies" in December, 
1 88 1, when he had barely attained his majority. For twelve years 
he served faithfully and rose through several intermediate grades be- 
fore he became battalion chief under Swenie in 1893. For another 
ten years he fought fires and took an important part in the adminis- 
tration of the department under his superiors, and in .Vugust, 1903. 
was advanced to the position of third assistant marshal. In October, 


1904, he was promoted to be second assistant marshal and in March, 

1905, reached the next grade of first assistant. On July 10, 1906,. 
he was appointed by Mayor Dunne chief of the department, succeed- 
ing John Campion, and Fred A. Busse, who became mayor in A.pril, 
1907, had the wisdom to retain Mr. Horan in office. 

The chief of the Chicago fire department is forty-eight years of 
age, a vigorous, wide-awake, experienced man, and promises to main- 
tain the service of which he is the head at its past standard of supe- 
riority, and incorporate into the system the methods and improve- 
ments indicated by. the advancement of mechanics and science. 

Daniel Alexander Campbell was appointed postmaster of Chicago 
April 15, 1907, by President Roosevelt on the joint recommendation 

of the two senators from Illinois, and his confirma- 
" ■ tion was so prompt as to excite general comment. 
Postmaster Campbell is an Illinoisan, born in 
Elgin, on the 23rd of June, 1863, moving when a boy to Win- 
nebago county, this state, where he attended the public schools. In 
1892 he was elected to the state house of representatives and in 1894 
to the senate. He was re-elected in 1898, 1902 and 1906. 

Since 1893 Mr. Campbell has served as a member of the Repub- 
lican county committee, and in his profession is identified with the 
Chicago Bar Association. He is married, lives at No. 1209 Wash- 
ington Boulevard. 

Colonel James E. Stuart has been in the employ of the federal 
government almost continuously for forty-six years. In this long 

period of years is contained a service that for vari- 
-^„ "" ety and usefulness is rarely, if ever, surpassed. A 

soldier and officer in the Civil war, also in the Span- 
ish-American war, and long a beloved officer in the National Guard, 
a postal clerk, a postoffice inspector for a third of a century, the or- 
ganizer of the postoffice system in Porto Rico — this is but a brief 
outline of a career of notable vigilance in safeguarding public office, 
of praiseworthy enthusiasm in official service, and of splendid loyalty 
to a country of which he is an adopted son. 

July 8, 1907, his sixty-fifth birthday, he was retired under the 
army regulations from active connection with the National Guard, 
with the high rank of brigadier general. This is an unusual honor, 
he being the first officer of the Illinois division of the National Guard 


^,c;^Y ^-/^^ 

PUBLIC n^^^^-^ 



to be retired with this rank, and in order to make this promotion pos- 
sible a vacancy was created in the three eh'gible posts of brigade 
commanders of the state mihtia. He has been active in the Second 
Regiment, the "Fighting Second," IlHnois National Guard, since 
1885, and during the last eight years before his retirement was its 
colonel, having been successively re-elected. He entered the regi- 
ment as captain of Company C, and was the choice of the company 
for that office until he was unanimously elected major in 1891. He 
held the latter rank when the regiment was mustered into the active 
service of the United States, May 16, 1898, for the war with Spain. 
During part of the time he was engaged in secret service work, and 
after the war, the Second having returned to Florida, he was assigned 
to a special service that will always stand as among the most impor- 
tant work of his life. He was appointed chairman of the military 
postal commission sent to Porto Rico to establish postal service on 
that island. He made a thorough study of the cumbersome methods 
used under the Spanish regime, and directed the organization of an 
efficient system to take its place. The work of the commission, which 
was concluded early in 1899, has been regarded as of exceptional 
value, and a type of the beneficent work done for our insular people 
under American rule. After he had rejoined the regiment and the 
regiment had returned to Chicago, a reorganization was effected and 
on July 6, 1899, Major Stuart was made colonel of the regiment. 
As "Colonel Jim" during the last eight years, his popularity with his 
men has made him one of the most valuable officers in the militia 
service, and the Second Regiment, under his command, has made a 
record for discipline, drill and endurance and efficiency not surpassed 
by many regiments of regulars. The portrait accompanying this 
sketch represents Mr. Stuart at the time of his retirement from mili- 
tary service in 1907. 

In the Chicago postoffice. Colonel Stuart has been a familiar 
figure for years, and his work as inspector has identified him with 
so many cases of interest to .the public that he has become one of 
the best known public officials in the city. References by the news- 
paper men to "Inspector Stuart" have a certain tone and manner that 
betoken their esteem and admiration for him such as few men in 
the public eye are favored with. He entered the government service 
as railway postal clerk, on the route between Chicago and Green 


Bay, Wisconsin, in 1866, and during the following years followed 
the railway service as it was expanded into many new sections of 
the northwest. He was chief clerk of the Iowa mail service 1870 to 
1873, and in the latter year was promoted to postoffice inspector for 
the states of the middle west. He was sole inspector for a' territory 
over which he now directs the work of thirty-five inspectors, and the 
amount of irregularity and thieving was so great that his work was 
exceedingly arduous. Colonel Stuart's record in ferreting out and 
convicting large numbers of persons for fraudulent use of mails and 
other postal crimes is unique in the history of the department, and 
any number of instances might be cited, if need be, to establish his 
reputation for shrewdness in detecting such crimes and adroit meth- 
ods of securing conviction and putting an end to the depredations. 
That his services have long been considered invaluable is shown by 
his appointment in 1877 by President Hayes as chief inspector of the 
district, and his retention in the office continuing through the suc- 
cessive administrations of all the presidents since then, Democratic 
and Republican alike. 

No period of Colonel Stuart's life is lacking in those details that 
make interesting biography. He was born July 8, 1842, at Forfar, 
Scotland, a region that Barrie has celebrated in his stories. His 
parents, James and Helenor (Edwards) Stuart, brought him to Amer- 
ica when he was nine years old, and he grew up in Oshkosh, Wiscon- 
sin, continuing in its public schools the education he had begun in 
his home in Scotland. When the war came on he was studying law 
in the office of Gabriel Bouck, and but for the changes caused by that 
great event would probably have devoted his talents to law through- 
out his career. But when his preceptor made a dramatic appeal for 
volunteers after the firing on Fort Sumter, Stuart was one of the 
first to place his name on the enlistment roll. He was mustered in 
as a private of Company B, Twenty-first Wisconsin Volunteers, and 
when the regiment went south he was first sergeant. From the battle 
of Perryville, Kentucky, in October, 1862, until the close of the war, 
he made a brilliant record that entitled him to one promotion after 
another, until he left the service as captain. He participated in the 
western and southern states campaigns, including the well known en- 
gagements of Murfreesboro, Chattanooga, Hoover's Gap, Chicka- 
mauga, Missionary Ridge and Lookout Mountain, Resaca, Kenesaw 



Mountain, Peach Tree Creek and other battles on the Atlanta cam- 
paign ; the march to the sea and the battle of Bentonville and the sub- 
sequent march of Sherman's army through the Carolinas and Vir- 
ginia to Washington. After the war he returned home, and after 
a brief service as right-of-way agent for the Northwestern Railroad, 
entered the postal service, which turned out to be his life work. 
Colonel Stuart is a member oi the Union Veterans League, the 
United Spanish War Veterans, the L(jyal Legion, the Grand Army of 
the Republic. Lie married October 3, 1870, Miss Marie Roberts, 
daughter of one of the first settlers of Iowa City, Iowa. They reside 

at 1419 West Monroe street. 

John C. .Vmes, collector of customs for Chicago, ex-United States 

marshal for the northern district of Illinois, and an active and promi- 

' nent Republican leader of the state, is a native of 

•^ , ■ Freedom township, LaSalle countv, Illinois, born on 

Ames. ^ 

the 17th of July, 1852. His paternal ancestors were 

early New Englanders, and his father, who was a native of Maine, 

was for many years a leading business man of Streator. Illinois, where 

he also became prominent in public affairs and whence he was sent 

as a representative to the state legislature. 

When John C. was about two years of age the family moved to 
Livingston county. After working on the home farm and attending 
district school until he was fourteen years of age, John C. Ames 
commenced a broader life bv entering the State Universitv at Normal, 
where he remained for two years. In the meantime his father had 
removed from Livingston county to Streator, and ui)on leaving school 
the young man joined the famil}- there. Just before reaching his 
majority John C. entered the drug Ijusiness, but after two years 
joined his father in the hardware trade by purchasing the interest of 
the hitter's partner. Two years later, when their entire stock was 
destroyed by fire, he I)ecame the sole owner of the concern. Notwith- 
standing this temporary setback, Mr. Ames continued to profital)ly 
conduct the business for ten years. In 1880, while thus engaged, he 
organized the J. C. Ames Lumber Company, of which he is still 
president, and in 1891 founded the City National Bank of Streator, 
of which he also remained the head until in January, 1898, when he 
was appointed by President McKinley to the office of I'nited States 
marshal for the northern district of Illinois. 

In the meantime Mr. Ames had been attaining prominence by 


gradual and most creditable stages: From 1885 to 1889 (two terms) 
he served as mayor of Streator and declined a nomination for a 
third term. During four years, under Governor Fifer, he alsp held 
the office of president of the board of canal commissioners. His ap- 
pointment to the United States marshalship was therefore considered 
but a deserved advancement. Mr. Ames continued to discharge the 
duties of that office with zeal, honesty and ability, until he was hon- 
ored with the appointment of collector of the customs for the port 
of Chicago, on July 12, 1906. 

On March 2, 1876, Mr. Ames was united in marriage with Miss 
Minerva Ross, daughter of John and Elizabeth (Hunter) Ross, of 
Lacon, Illinois. Of their three children one only survives — Isaac 
Carlos Ames, born in 1880. In 1899 he enlisted for the war in the 
Philippines, as a private in Company C, Forty-third United States 
Volunteer, Infantry. He served as corporal with his regiment in that 
service, and resigned in 1901. He is now associated with his father 
in the lumber business at Streator, Illinois, being a director in the 
company. John C. Ames is popular socially, belonging to the Chi- 
cago, Union League and Hamilton clubs, of this city, and the Streator 
Club, of Streator, having served as the first president of the organiza- 
tion last named. 

There is no one man connected with the Chicago postoffice to 
which the service is more indebted for practical and permanent im- 

. provements than to John Maynard Hubbard, assist- 

JOHN M. \ , , r , / , \ r 

fj. ant postmaster lor nearly twenty years and for a 

decade previous identified with the department in 
minor capacities. His earnestness, honesty and unassuming ability 
have retained him in office through many changes of administration 
and party managements. The final result of his faithful and pro- 
gressive service is not only to firmly establish him in the confidence 
.of the local public, but to give him a national standing on all matters 
connected with the postal service of the United States. 

Mr. Hubbard is a great, hearty, big hearted and large brained 
son of the Granite state, born in Drewsville, on the 13th of March, 
1847, son of Leonard Clark and Caroline Partridge (Maynard) Hub- 
bard. His early years were passed at Saxton's River, Vermont, where 
he attended the district school and academy. In September, 1864," 
when in his eighteenth year, he came west to Chicago, where he has 


since resided, to the mutual advantage of himself and the city. His 
first employment was with the dry goods house of John V. Farwell 
& Co., and the five years spent therein gave him a valuable business 
training both in the mastering of details and an insight into the man- 
agement of a great commercial enterprise. He remained with the 
house until June i. 1870. and in April of the succeeding year was 
appointed a clerk in the mailing division of the Chicago postoffice. 
He continued in the local postal service until July, 1881, when he 
became deputy sheriff of Cook county, holding that office for eight 
years. On May i, 1889, he returned to the Chicago postoffice, his 
advancement in which includes the following steps : From a clerk- 
ship in the mailing and registry divisions he was promoted to be the 
postoffice correspondent in 1872, and afterward became superinten- 
dent of the city division, upon his shoulders falling the great burden 
of reorganizing the service after the fire of 1871. He then became 
superintendent of delivery, the postal business of Chicago being then 
transacted under one roof. Later, the postoffice had its six sub- 
divisions, or central distributing points, and to Mr. Hubbard was 
largely due the working out of the present system of mail distribu- 
tion, with its 250 stations and 45 sub-stations. As now organized, 
the system is of incalculable benefit to the public. He also suggested 
the original plan for establishing the collecting and delivery services 
on separate bases; specialized the methods of city distribution, and 
anticipated the Civil Service law by recommending to the postmaster 
the appointment of substitute carriers as regulars, according to senior- 
ity. Another important piece of executive work placed to the credit 
of Mr. Hubbard is the amalgamation of fifty-four independent post- 
otfices with the Chicago office in the summer of 1894. 

Mr. Hubbard has been called before national governmental bodies 
as an exponent of the views of the Chicago postoffice, one of his latest 
appearances being in October, 1907, in response to a summons from 
the postal commission appointed by Congress to revise the law re- 
garding second class matter. In a clear and practical paper, which 
created earnest discussion among the members of the commission. 
he recommended, according, to his own words, "an amendment to 
the law limiting the pound rate of postage to single copies of regularly 
entered publications addressed and mailed for delivery to bona fide 
subscribers, exchanges, and advertisers by publishers or their author- 


izecl news agents. It needs no elaboration to see what the effect would 
be of such a sweeping change in our system. It would oblige pub- 
lishers and news agents to make arrangements with the railroad and 
express companies for the transportation of bulk packages of their 
publications. It would relieve the postoffice department of thelSe^^s- 
sity of providing for the distribution and transportation of a-^iass 
of matter which at present is handled at an absolute loss," 

Since attaining his majority Mr. Hubbard has been an ardent 
Republican, and in early years joined a famous campaign quartette, 
which traveled throughout Illinois four times, covered other portions 
of the middle west, and even did fine service for the party in the Em- 
pire state. As an old-time Republican and a public official of promi- 
nence, he has come into intimate relations with such of the great lead- 
ers of national affairs as James G. Blaine, James A. Garfield, John A. 
Logan, Roscoe Conklin, Oliver P. Morton, Benjamin Harrison, Henry 
Wilson, Richard J. Oglesby and Colonel Robert G. Ingersoll. 

On the 23rd of December, 1868, Mr. Hubbard was united in mar- 
riage with Miss Helen M. Childs, of Boston, Massachusetts, and their 
two children are John M. Hubbard, Jr., assistant superintendent of 
the money order division of the postoffice, and Mary Maynard, who is 
now the wife of Fred A. Paddleford, a board of trade operator of 
Chicago. The family residence has long been at No. 7145 Euclid 
avenue. Mrs. Hubbard affiliates with All Souls church, of which 
Jenkin Lloyd Jones is pastor. 

For thirty-nine years Mr. Hubbard was a prominent figure in 
choral circles — twenty-six years with the Second Presbyterian church, 
ten years with the First Presbyterian and two years with the Church 
of the Messiah. For many years he has also been a leading Mason, 
being a member of Thomas J. Turner Lodge No. 409, A. F. & A. M., 
and Apollo Commandery No. i (life member), K. T. He is also 
identified with the Chicago Press Club. 

Thomas N. Jamieson, naval officer of the port of Chicago since 

February 11, 1904, was born in the county of Grey, Ontario, Canada, 

on the 29th of February, 1848, being the son of 

T ' Tames and Agnes (Robertson) Jamieson. At the 

Jamieson. •' . . ^ .,,/., 

age of fourteen, after he had received a common 

school education, the boy entered a drug store as an apprentice. He 

continued thus employed for some four years, when he removed to 


Chicago as a full-fledged drug clerk, and in 1869 established a busi- 
ness of his own. Although Mr. Janiieson has since become a widely- 
known manager within the Republican party, he first acquired prom- 
inence in his chosen profession. He served as president of the 
Chicago Retail Drug Association for three years; was president of 
the Illinois Board of Pharmacy for five years, and was one of those 
who materially assisted in the passage of the Pharmacy law now in 
force, which protects the public from poisonous drugs and incompe- 
tent druggists. He was also the founder of the Chicago V^eteran 
Druggists' Association. It may be added, as an illustration of his 
readiness and competency to do a good citizen's part in the meeting 
of public emergencies, that for two weeks after the great Chicago 
fire he worked night and day as a member of the committee which 
distributed the fund and provisions for the immediate relief of the 

In 1890 Mr. Jamieson came into more than local political prom- 
inence as chairman of the Cook County Central Committee, being 
appointed secretary of the Republican State Central Committee in 
1892, chairman of the same body in 1894, and a member of the Illi- 
nois Republican National Committee in 1896. In the last named 
capacity he ser\'ed for four years, showing that in his advancement 
from the management of local to national politics he had ever retained 
a firm and sound grasp of the details entrusted to him, and that his 
adroitness and common sense made him one of the most successful 
managers who had ever been attached to the interests of the great 

Mr. Jamieson has also served the city of Chicago and Cook 
county in a number of offices, having been inspector of weights and 
measures in 1892-zi, superintendent of the public service of the county 
in 1894-6, and clerk of the appellate court in 1896- 1902. The last 
named office preceded that of naval officer of the port. 

In 1874 Mr. Jamieson married Miss Anna M. Bingham, and their 
residence is at No. 4508 Woodlawn avenue. He is a Knight Templar 
Mason, being a member of Landmark Lodge, Fairview Chapter and 
Alontjoie Commandery. He also enjoys membership in the South 
Shore Country, New Illinois Athletic, Chicago Athletic and Press 
clubs (life membership in the last two clubs) ; but, although most 


popular in such circles, Mr. Jamieson is more given to the sociability 
which is in the household than that which centers in the club. ^ 

Hon. William Henry Ruger, a leading Republican and also long 
and actively identified with the postal service of Chicago, isr-a-jiative 

of Plattsburg, New York, born on the 15th of 
P ' August, 1841. When he was six years of age his 

parents, Harmon B. and Caroline Ruger, brought 
him to Chicago, where he received his education in various public 
schools and at the West Division High School. He enlisted for 
service in the Civil war in September, 1861, joining the Union navy 
and being assigned to the United States steamer "Essex," com- 
manded by Commodore W. D. Porter. He served as surgeon's stew- 
ard until the conclusion of hostilities, being honorably discharged in 
October, 1865. ^^ ^^is capacity he participated in all the engage- 
ments from Fort Henry to New Orleans, including the running of 
the blockade at Island No. 10, Vicksburg, and the engagements at 
Port Hudson, being aboard the "Essex" when it captured the Confed- 
erate ram "Arkansas." 

Soon after his discharge from naval service, Mr. Ruger was 
appointed to a position in the Chicago postoffice, under Postmaster 
J. D. Scripps, and was gradually promoted until he became assistant 
superintendent of mails under Captain M. J. McGrath. In this 
capacity he served until his election to the Illinois state senate in 
1882, being a representative from the Fifth district. As he had been 
elected to the upper legislative house on an Independent ticket, his 
vote was much sought in the famous contest for the United States 
senatorship in 1885. But he remained faithful to his old comrade, 
John A. Logan, and to him is given the credit of sending the latter 
to Washington. It is a noteworthy political fact that the district 
which elected Mr. Ruger to the state senate had a normal Democratic 
majority of about three thousand, which he not only overcame, but 
passed by 931. While a member of the senate and of the Republican 
State convention of 1884, he was also chosen a delegate to the 
National convention which nominated James G. Blaine for president 
and John A. Logan for vice-president. 

Mr. Ruger's father was a well known Chicago pioneer, and as 
early as 1849 was chosen Captain of the Watch, or the first chief of 
police, being placed in command of a force of fourteen men. This 




circumstance gave him the title of "Captain" H. B. Ruger, and later- 
day citizens and lawyers remember him as a popular justice of the 
peace, on the west side, for sixteen years, and as bailiff of the United 
States court, in which latter position he served for forty-six years, 
or until his death in February, 1896. He was also for some time 
president of the Veteran Relief Association, incorporated in July, 
1889. Mr. Ruger's wife was formerly Miss Elizabeth Boden, to 
whom he was married at Chicago in 1867, ''.nd their family consisted 
of five children, of whom two, Harmon and Earl, are living. The 
latter is a well known athlete, a pitcher for the White Sox. 

George M. Shippy, general superintendent of police of the city of 
Chicago, has won promotion to the head of his department, both 

because of his fearlessness as an officer and his 

c. * executive talents, and his courteous and pleasing 

Shippy. ,. ^^ , . , . . , f 

personality. He was born m this city, on the 24th 

of June, 1854, and after attending the Jones, Foster and Douglas 

public schools took a business course at Allen's Academy. 

In August, 1876, Mr. Shippy joined the fire department, being 
promoted to a lieutenancy in February, 1879. He became a captain 
in December, 1884, but resigned in 1886. After engaging in business 
for a time, he was appointed police patrolman by Chief Ebersold, 
first serving under Captain Buckley at the Harrison Street station and 
later as desk sergeant at the Stanton Avenue and Twenty-second 
Street stations. After holding this latter position for a year and a 
half he became minute clerk for Judge Driggs and later deputy circuit 
clerk under Henry Best. Subsequently he acted as record clerk in 
the condemnation proceedings brought by the South Side Alley L 
Railroad Company. 

As Mr. Shippy had so thoroughly demonstrated his unusual 
capacity for all kinds of police work, he was not allowed long to 
occupy such purely clerical positions, and in June, 1891, Mayor 
Washburne appointed him lieutenant at the Harrison Street station. 
He was promoted to captain October 5, 189 1, and was transferred to 
Woodlawn station in April, 1892. He was captain of police at the 
opening of the World's Columbian Exposition, and had charge of 
the escort of Mayor Harrison (the elder) on the occasion of the 
visit of the Princess Eulalia, of Spain. In July, 1893, he resigned 
his captaincy and again entered business, but wa? ^-eturned to the 


Woodlawn station by Mayor Swift and transferred to the Stock 
Yards station by Mayor Harrison, the younger. The latter action 
was a decided tribute to his character as a brave, active and;efficient 
officer, as that' section of the city was considered pecuharly turbulent 
and troublesome. In November, 1898, he passed the civil--service 
examination, was transferred to the South Chicago station and in 
1904 was promoted to be police inspector of the great west side 
district, with headquarters at the Desplaines Street station. 

While thus serving as police inspector Mr. Shippy continually 
strengthened his reputation as a fine disciplinarian, and upon the 
occasion of unusual disturbance of the public peace and in the unrav- 
eling of manv notorious crimes, his coolness and bravery as an officer 
and his skill as a detective were in high demand. During the labor 
riots of April 29, 1900, while still captain of the South Chicago 
station, he was sent to the Desplaines Street station by the mayor, to 
assist the veteran John D. Shea. Of the prominent cases of which 
he has been placed in charge within recent years perhaps the most 
notorious Avas that of Johann Hoch, who expiated his many crimes 
at the gallows. In April, 1907, he reached the height of his deserved, 
promotions at the hands of Mayor Fred A. Busse, who appointed him 
to the superintendency. He has there demonstrated a marked admin- 
istrative ability, and has instilled a new spirit of earnestness and 
reform into the service. On March 2, 1908, less than a year after 
he had assumed the duties of the superintendency, occurred the most 
tragic event of his life, which also stirred the city and the police 
department as it has not been agitated since the memorable casualty 
on Haymarket Square. Shortly before nine o'clock, on the morning 
of that day, a Russian youth, named Lazarus Averbuch, and a late 
arrival in this country, called at the chief's house on the north side 
and asked to see him. Mr. Shippy was about to start for headquar- 
ters, his horse and driver waited for him in front of the house, and 
he himself answered the youth's summons. Averbuch handed him 
an envelope purporting to contain a note to be read, but the chief 
became instinctively suspicious, and, seizing the Russian's hands, 
called to his wife who was beside him to search the stranger for 
concealed weapons. There was an instant and fierce struggle, during 
which, however, a revolver was discovered in Averbuch's pocket; 
the Russian stabbed the chief under the arm, and, although thrown 


to the floor, shot the driver through the wrist and Harry, Mr. 
Shippy's son, through the chest. Both had come bravely to the 
rescue, the latter rushing from a sick bed to his father's assistance. 
When Harry Shippy fell, with blood gushing from his wound, both 
his father and the driver (Foley) directed a fusillade of bullets at 
the would-be assassin, who himself fell to the floor and almost 
instantly expired. Mr. Shippy's son was at once taken to Augustana 
Hospital, and by skilful and tender nursing, aided by a naturally 
robust constitution, recovered from what at first was feared to be a 
fatal injury. The result of the attempted assassination was to stir 
not only the department to activity against all anarchists and their 
organizations, but to start a movement among the national authorities 
which bids fair to result in the passage of deportation and exclusion 
laws directed against known _and notorious enemies of constituted 

Chief Shippy comes of good police stock, for his father, Richard 
Shippy, was a member "of the police department from 1857 to 1877, 
and was the first member of the Lake Street squad, now known as 
the Central Detail. The elder Shippy came from Utica, New York, 
to Chicago, in 1846, and was married at the Matteson House to Miss 
Mary E. Smith, of Syracuse, New York. Chief Shippy married Miss 
Sadie Randall in Lee county, Illinois, on the 27th of October, 1879, 
and of the four children born to them tv^^o are still living. In his 
private relations he presents an admirable example of upright and able 
citizenship. His fraternal connections are with Masonry, in which 
he has reached the degree of a Knight Templar and Shriner, being 
a member of Medinah Temple and the Eastern Star. Professionally, 
he belongs to the International Association of Chiefs of Police, and 
is also a member of the Chicago Association of Commerce, South 
Shore Country Club and the Illinois Athletic Association. 

Herman F. Schuettler, assistant general superintendent of the 

Chicago police department, is a marked proof of the value and 

necessity of long practical training for the higher 

o ' officials of the city government, as well as of the 

Schuettler. . . . , , .** 

justice of the workmgs of civil service. He is a 

native of Chicago, born on the 14th of July, 1861, being a son of 

Frank and Minna Schuettler, his father being an old and well known 

mason contractor of Chicago. Captain Schuettler was educated at 

Vol. 11—23 


the old Newberry school, on the north side, and at a German Lutheran 
institution, but at the age of thirteen went to work at the machinist's 
trade. He served several years of apprenticeship at this trade and 
was conductor for the North Chicago City Railway thirty-seven~3^ars. 
He became interested in police, becoming convinced that he could-B^t- 
ter his condition, joined the force on June 13, 1883, a month befoTe he 
reached his twenty-second birthday. 

llie police department of Chicago has therefore enjoyed the best 
years of Captain Schuettler's life, and it is not too much to add that 
the betterment in condition has been mutual. On March i, 1888, 
he was promoted to be patrol sergeant; lieutenant, April 18, 1888, 
and captain, January i, 1890. His position as captain was re-con- 
firmed under civil service rules on the ist of February,- 1898. From 
November 11, 1903, to November 11, 1904, he served as temporary 
assistant superintendent and was appointed permanently to the office, 
by civil service examination, on the 21st of November, 1904. Captain 
Schuettler is not only one of the finest disciplinarians on the force, 
but he has also accomplished some of its most difficult detective work. 
He is the kind of an officer who has always been depended upon to 
take hold of any especially knotty business with determination, vim 
and bravery; and one of the principal reasons of his continuous 
advancement and present standing is the physical care which he has 
taken of himself, his temperance even extending to the disuse of 
tobacco in all its forms. He is an active member of the Policemen's 
Benevolent Association and is identified with the Knights of Pythias 
and the A. F. & A. M. 

On December 9, 1884, Captain Schuettler was married to Miss 
Katherin J. Flint, his wife being a native of Watertown, Wisconsin. 
Their children are as follows: Harriette, born September 24, 1885; 
Ella, September 15, 1887, and Arthur, March 9, 1889. 

Patrick D. O'Brien, captain commanding the detective bureau of 

the Chicago police department, is a native of Peterboro, Ontario, 

Canada, born on the 27th of August, 1857, being 

^,-n ' a son of Patrick and Margaret O'Brien. When 

O Brien. , ^ ^ , . ^ , 

he was seven years 01 age his parents brought 

him to Chicago, the date of their arrival here being October 9, 1864. 

What education he enjoyed was obtained in the city schools, and in 

his early youth he engaged in the coal business with his father and 


Ta.DRN' FOi;Nt)ATi.v<NS 



his bruther, Michael, under the firm name of P. O'Brien & Sons. He 
afterward learned the butcher's trade, and for many years worked for 
George W. Squire, Harrison and Desplaines streets. 

Captain O'Brien joined the police department July 31, 1882, more 
than a quarter of a century ago, being first assigned to the Harrison 
Street station. On July 8, 1886, he was promoted to the position of 
desk sergeant, and in 1888 transferred to detective headquarters. He 
became a lieutenant of police July i, 1893, being assigned to the 
Cottage Grove Avenue station, and was afterward appointed bailiff 
of police courts, with headquarters at Thirty-fifth and Halsted streets. 
On June 19, 1897, he was promoted to lieutenant in command of the 
Cottage Grove Avenue station, and on June 26, 1901, to a captaincy, 
in command at the Twenty-second street district, and later transferred 
to the command of the South Chicago district, comprising some of 
the most difficult criminal territory to handle in the city. His fine 
record as an incumbent of that position legitimately advanced him to 
the active head of the detective bureau, to which he was appointed 
August II, 1906, and retained by Chief Shippy. 

JVIany years before he was formally assigned to the detective 
bureau, Captain O'Brien figured prominently in the unraveling of 
many murder mysteries, showing his unusual ability for such work. 
Notable among the cases in which he thus participated was the 
Andrew McGee murder, the dead body of the victim being found in 
a vacant house at No. 2028 Indiana avenue, on the ist of March, 
1896. Mr. McGee was an agent for the Charles Creamery Company, 
and no clue was found upon his person other than an order book. 
But this simple clue was followed, chiefly through the persistency 
and under the direction of Lieutenant O'Brien, until the crime was 
firmly fixed upon George H. Jacks and William Willows, who were 
found to have met at 43 Eldridge court to arrange the murder. Jacks 
was hanged and Willows was given fourteen years at Joliet and died 
in prison. In his police bulletin of March 7th, Superintendent of 
Police Ivipley issued a long article offering the work on this case as 
an example to be followed, and the press in general praised it as well 
worthy of note. The Margaret Leslie murder case, which occurred 
in the Palace Hotel, on North Clark street, was also very baffling. 
Several arrests were made, and Captain O'Brien finally succeeded in 
securing a confession from Howard Nicholas, implicating with him 


one Leonard Lippold. The conclusive evidence procured resulted in 
sentencing Nicholas to life imprisonment and sending Lippold to the 
state penitentiary for fourteen years. ■ , -^, 

Chief of Police Shippy publicly praised the mariner Viik which 
Captain O'Brien has handled the detective bureau, and—says it is 
second to none in the United States. The records show more fugi- 
tives handled here than in any other city in the country. The Captain 
is a member of the Policemen's Benevolent Association, United Police 
of Chicago, Irish Historical Society, Knights of Columbus, Wood- 
lawn Improvement Club and Chicago Association of Commerce. 

On vSeptember 14, 1891, Captain O'Brien was united in marriage 
with Miss Mary Barron, daughter of James and Julia Barron, both 
early settlers of Chicago. Four children have been born to Mr. and 
Mrs. O'Brien, James F., Alfred J., Austin J. and Bertrand O'Brien, 
and the family residence is at No. 6223 Lexington avenue. 

The present city clerk of Chicago, John Robert McCabe, elected 
on the Republican ticket in April, 1907, is a lawyer by profession and 

in reality.^ He is a typical Irish- American, energetic, 

irr^' social, quick, able, and thoroughly educated both in 

literature and the knowledge of human nature. Mr. 

McCabe is a product of Chicago, where he has always lived, and his 

advancement is therefore a special matter of pride to its citizens. 

City Clerk McCabe is the son of Michael S. and Julia (White) 
McCabe, his father being one of the oldest and bravest members of 
the Chicago police force. The elder McCabe, still hale and hearty, 
has seen his thirty-six years of service in the department, and is one 
of the few survivors of the Haymarket riot, in the ranks of the blue- 
coats, who escaped without a scratch, although his comrades fell all 
around him, dead and maimed. 

John R. McCabe was the second in a family of seven, all of 
whom are living. His older brother, Joseph M., is connected with 
the West Park system, while another brother, Peter, is in San Fran- 
cisco. One of his sisters, Julia R. McCabe, teaches in St. Charles 
School; another, Frances, is a stenographer; while Sarah and Verina, 
the younger members of the household, live at home, as does the 
City Clerk himself. John R. received his early education at the paro- 
chial school of the Holy Family parish, being graduated therefrom 


when eleven years of age, the possessor of a fine soprano voice which 
brought him quite a reputation. He then entered St. Ignatius Col- 
lege, completing his course in 1896 and winning the Prendergast 
medal for superiority in oratory, Judge Edward F. Dunne being one 
of the judges of contest. While pursuing his collegiate course he 
was a leader in the Chrysostomian Debating Society, as well as in 
baseball, football and athletics generally — a leadership in two fields 
which comes as natural to a good Irish-American as swimming to the 
average duck. He also made quite a reputation as a student actor, 
appearing at one time at the Chicago Grand Opera House in "The 
Black Knight." In fact, whatever Mr. McCabe attempted to accom- 
plish he carried before him, and he emerged well at the top. It was 
so even at the municipal election of 1907, when his plurality was 
15,414. He was the first Irish-American elected on the Republican 
ticket to the ofiice of city clerk of Chicago. 

Mr. McCabe's education was completed with a three years' course 
in the Chicago College of Law, his graduation taking place in 1900. 
On October 3d of that year he passed successfully the rigid examina- 
tion of the State Bar Association, at Springfield, and became a quali- 
fied practitioner. He was first associated with Gilbert and Fell, the 
senior partner being Judge Hiram T. Gilbert, the father of the Muni- 
cipal Court Act. When that firm passed out of existence he moved with 
Mr. Fell to the Chamber of Commerce building, where he remained 
for about three years, when he went with William C. Hartray, pres- 
ent county commissioner, and John T. Fleming, former assistant city 
attorney, to their new location on Randolph street, being there en- 
gaged in practice at the time of his election to the city clerkship. As 
the past is generally considered quite a criterion for the future, it 
may safely be predicted that Mr. McCabe will make one of the best 
city clerks which Chicago has ever had. He is a member of the law 
firm of Johnson, Belasco and McCabe. 

Peter Michael Hoffman, whom the Republicans nominated for 

coroner of Cook county in 1908, without opposition, has been in 

office since 1904, and during that period has intro- 

TT ' duced into his department many practical reforms of 

Hoffman. , , . , , / -^ . 

both a preventative and a beneficent nature. None of 

his predecessors have done as much as he- to devise means of eliminat- 
ing the causes of accidental deaths, and he has been especially active 


in his endeavors to throw every possible safeguard around employes 
who are obliged to labor amid dangerous surroundings. For instance, 
through his initiative, the chief city inspector of steam boilers and 
plants of Chicago is recjuired to inspect the packing Jrouses, cold stor- 
age plants and other quarters which use ammonia in theip refrigerat- 
ing processes, the explosion of which has been the friiitful source of 
accident and death. Through his efforts, also, the Illinois legislature 
has passed an act providing for a report which shall furnish informa- 
tion regarding accidents and deaths in the ranks of employes through- 
out Cook county, which will serve as a firm basis for further work 
along this line. Another measure of which he is the author has 
brought him the widely extended gratitude of a large fraction of the 
community, people in moderate circumstances, considering that they 
are largely indebted to his forethought and practical wisdom. Here- 
tofore victims of railway and other accidents whose relatives attempt- 
ed to collect damages, often found that no evidence taken before the 
coroner's jury could be produced which would be legally accepted. 
Coroner Hoffman therefore induced the legislature to pass a bill au- 
thorizing him to take all evidence before coroner's juries in short- 
hand, so that the verbatim evidence may be obtained by the relatives 
or dependents of the victims. Still another measure of protection 
and prevention which owes its existence to him is the ordinance re- 
cjuiring an examination and proof of fitness of passenger elevator 
conductors in Chicago, who carry more citizens daily than street 
car conductors who are held to such rigid account. Thus it is all along 
the line of his duties — Coroner Hoffman is alert, practical and con- 
stantly active in his endeavors not only to promptly and impartially 
try the actual cases which necessarily come before him, but to devise 
all possible means of safeguarding and prevention. 

Coroner Hoffman, who for years before he assumed his present 
office was one of the most influential Republicans in the southern part 
of the county, was born in the town of Maine, March 23, 1863, son 
of Michael and Annette (Nimsgarn) Hoffman, both of whom were 
natives of Alsace-Lorraine, Germany. When he was twelve years of 
age Peter emigrated to this country with his parents, the family locat- 
ing in the town of Northfield, Cook county, in 1842. At this time 
they settled on a farm in what was a sparsely settled frontier region, 


and in the latter portion of 1848 started across the plains with the 
pioneer migration of California gold seekers. Reaching his destination 
late in 1849, ^^^^ elder Mr. Hoffman spent eight years on the coast, 
and when he returned to Cook county in 1857 located in the town of 
Maine. In 1861 he married Miss Annette Nimsgarn, and three sons 
were born to them — Peter, Urban and George. In 1890 the two last 
named died of typhoid fever. In 1880 the father had located with 
his family in the village of Des Plaincs, where he died August 26, 
1896. During the period of his residence there he was prominent in 
public affairs, serving for twenty-eight consecutive years as township 
assessor. His widow still survives. 

Peter M. Hoffman really commenced his regular schooling after 
the family removed to Des Plaines, attending the grammar school at 
that place and later pursuing a two years' course at Bryant and Strat- 
ton's Business College, Chicago. He then became a clerk in a local 
grocery, and still later was connected with the money order depart- 
ment of the Chicago postoffice. In 1884 he became shipping clerk 
in the freight department of the Chicago & Northwestern Railway 
Company, subsequently being receiving clerk, cashier and chief clerk. 
His railroad record covered a period of seventeen years. 

Prior to his official entrance into country politics, Mr. Hoffman 
served as chairman of the Des Plaines board of trustees and also as 
chairman of district No. 64. In 1898 he was elected by his warm per- 
sonal supporters in the Republican ranks to the office of county com- 
missioner of Cook county, and was returned in 1900 and 1902. serv- 
ing altogether three terms of two years each. While a member of 
this board he was chairman of the Cook County hospital committee 
and of the committee on the Dunning institutions, and for the entire 
six years served on the finance committee. At the November election 
of 1904 he was chosen coroner of Cook county by a plurality of 60.000 
votes over his Democratic opponent, and a signal endorsement of his 
administration since is the fact that in August. 1908. he was re-nom- 
inated, without opposition, as stated. 

On August 17, 1888, Coroner Hoffman was married to Miss 
Emma May Peet, of Wheeling, Cook county, and their children are 
as follows: Edith May, Nettie J.. Lela Rae, Marguerite, Evelyn and 
Gordon Culver Hoffman. The familv residence is still in Des Plaines. 


Although he actively entered the political field but sixteen years 
ago, Christopher Strassheim, sheriff of Cook county, is already ac- 
counted one of the most influential factors in the 

public and official affairs of this section of the /^tate. 
Strassheim. ^., , , . ^^ ^ , ^ ' 

1 hough born m Hesse-Darmstadt, Germany; he is 

by long residence and training a thorough Chicagoan, withr'^ii/ the 
energy and practical ability which that name implies. In i85j4,-when 
but four years of age, his parents brought him to the United States, 
coming almost direct to Chicago, of which city he has been a resi- 
dent for fifty-two years. His life has been virtually passed on the 
North Side, in whose public schools he received his education until 
he was sixteen years of age. At that time (1866), in conformity 
with good old German ideas, the boy laid the groundwork of his inde- 
pendence by apprenticing himself to a tinsmith ; with the common 
sense thoroughness, which he also inherited, he did not consider him- 
self master of his trade until he had served for a period of five years. 

Having thus become thoroughly grounded in a good trade, Mr. 
Strassheim. felt safe in venturing upon another line of business, and 
thereupon established the commission house of Strassheim and Bro- 
ther. In 1876 he sold his interest in the business to his brother and 
organized the firm of Jacobs and Strassheim, wholesale dealers in 
wooden and willow ware. In 1887 the firm added wholesale groceries 
to its line, and transacted an extensive business. Two years later Mr. 
Strassheim purchased his partner's interest, and a short time after- 
ward sold a half interest in the business to Philip Jaeger, the firm there- 
by becoming Strassheim and Jaeger, which conducted a large whole- 
sale grocery trade at the corner of LaSalle and South Water streets 
for about eight years. In 1897 he sold his interest in the business to 
Jaeger and Son. Mr. Strassheim's next commercial enterprise was 
organized in 1899. when he founded a wholesale house for dealing in 
flour and bakers' supplies; and he was engaged in the active conduct 
of this business until his election to the shrievalty in November, 1906. 

Mr. Strassheim's official entrance into politics dates from 1891, 
when he was chpsen one of a committee of seven to report on Repub- 
lican municipal candidates, and his organization had the satisfaction 
of naming a successful ticket. In January, 1892, Governor Fifer 
appointed him a member of the Lincoln Park board, in which posi- 
tion he served one year, and in 1904 he was elected a member of the 



board of commissioners of Cook county. His work as a county legis- 
lator, coupled with his splendid standing as a business man. brought 
him into the public faxor which resulted in giving him the shrievalty. 
Mr. Strassheim was married in 1876 to Aliss Eva Markel, a na- 
tive of Germany, who came to Chicago with her parents at two years 
of age. 

George D. Langeloh in June, 1907, was appointed chief jailer of 
Cook county, succeeding in that position John L. Whitman, who had 

been jailer fifteen years. Perhaps only few persons 
realize the size of the institution devoted to guard- 
ing the prisoners of this county, and yet with fifty- 
six male employes and four matrons engaged in the conduct of the 
jail it is evident that this is one of the most important of Cook 
county's institutions. 

George D. 


Mr. Langeloh is a native Chicagoan, born February 4, 1873. His 
father, George H. Langeloh, a native of Germany, came to Chicago 
many years ago, and for a long period was a carpet cutter and fitter 


in the siore of Marshall Field & Company. He was a member of the 
Lutheran church. His wife, Elizabeth (Lehman) Langeloh, was 
also born in Germany, and still resides in Chicago. The present chief 
jailer of Cook county is a self-made man, and has gained a position 
of responsibility because he is worthy of it. After a few years passed 
in the public schools of this city he found employment with Marshall 
Field & Company, and at the end of his eleven years' service was in 
charge of a department. For some years after that he was engaged 
in the life insurance business. A Republican, and for the past twelve 
years active in the political affairs of his ward and precinct, he 
received an appointment in January, 1907, as assistant jailer, and in 
the following June was promoted to the place made vacant by the 
retirement of Jailer Whitman. Mr. Langeloh married, August 5, 
1895. and has two children. Their home is at loio N. Halsted street. 



Hrcbitccts and Contractors 

Chicago has developed an architecture worthy of the name only 

within the last two decades. As a result of many influences, di- 

_ rccted by an increased appreciation and demand for 

Daniel H. , .' . . , ^ . . r .1 v 

-r, the artistic in the exterior aspects of the city, a 

BURNHAM. , , , , , , • , • 1 ..1 

new order has been brought about withm the loop 
district," where commercialism reigns supreme, as well as in those por- 
tions of the city where individual taste has greater latitude. Sym- 
metry and attractiveness have been joined with utility in buildings 
devoted to business. It is generally admitted that one of the principal 
results of the Columbian Exposition was the impetus given by its 
staff models of architecture to the improvement of the city's build- 
ings of every class, so that thereafter the ideal of beauty became a 
constant and more effective influence in Chicago's growth and up- 

As the landscape plan and the beauty of the buildings were the 
chief charm of Chicago's World's Fair, it is admissible to begin this 
sketch of Mr. Daniel Hudson Burnham with the statement that he was 
chief architect and director of works for the C()lunil)ian Exposition 
during 1890-93, at which time he achieved a reputation in his profes- 
sion which he has retained and increased during the subsequent years. 
This success and his eminent al)ility as an architect and planner of 
landscapes brought him an additional honor in being appointed chair- 
man of the national commission for beautifying Washington. He and 
his associates have drawn plans and in part carried them out, by 
which the national capital is being made the most attractive city in 
the country. Mr. Burnham was chosen to a similar position on a 
commission for beautifying the city of Cleveland, and he is also 
author of numerous plans for beautifying Chicago, including those 
for the park and boulevard system, the extensixe lake front improve- 
ments, which in\()l\es the 1)uilding" of a narrow park strip (M1 the 
mainland, and a broad one out in Lake Michigan, leaving an open 
lagoon between the two to be diversified with islands and the shores 
to be planted with trees, shrubs and flowers, affording a needed touch 
of color. This strip of parkway will Ije connected with the park system 


and boulevards so that the city will be completely girdled by parks 
and artistic roadways. 

Among well known and typical buildings in Chicago's business 
district, not to mention those in other cities, Mr. Burnham was archi- 
tect of the Rookery, the Woman's Temple, the Masonic Temple, 
Illinois Trust Bank, First National Bank, Commercial National Bank, 
Railway Exchange, and Field Museum. He has followed his profes- 
sion in Chicago since 1872, and was formerly head of the firm of 
Burnham & Root, and now of D. H. Burnham & Company. 

Mr. Burnham was born in Henderson, New York, September 
4, 1846, a son of Edwin and Elizabeth (Weeks) Burnham. His an- 
cestry is purely English, and he is the eighth generation of American 
residence. He has lived in Chicago since he was eight years old, 
and was educated in the public schools, including the high school, 
after which he spent three years with private tutors in Massachusetts. 
From Harvard and Yale universities he received the degree of 
A. M. ; D. S. in Architecture from Northwestern University, and 
LL. D. from the University of Illinois. He was president of the 
Western Association of Architects, and of the American Institute of 
Architecture. He has membership with numerous clubs and socie- 
ties, some in foreign lands, including the Century and Lawyers clubs, 
New York; Chicago University, Union League, Literary, Country, 
Glen View clubs, in Chicago. He is a director in the Bankers' 
National Bank, and the Standard Office Company. His office is in 
the Railway Exchange, and his home in Evanston. He married, Jan- 
uary 20, 1876, Margaret Sebring Sherman. Their children are: 
Ethel, John, Hubert, Margaret and Daniel. 

John Meiggs Ewen, president of the John M. Ewen Company, 
among the leading engineers and builders of the country, is a native 

of Newtown, New York, born on the -^rd of Septem- 

JOHN M. , o Tj- / ixr ^ c u 

P ber, 1859. His parents were Warren and Sarah 

(Faulkner) Ewen, and were of stanch Scotch an- 
cestry. Although his father had no technical education in schools, 
he became an engineer in the United States navy, and his mechanical 
genius and common sense were so superb that he was for many 
years chief engineer of construction for the railroads in Chili and 
Peru. Among his accomplishments was the famous railroad in the 
clouds at Oroya, and he also executed many difficult harbor works 



on the Pacific coast of the countries named. Young Ewen spent his 
• boyhood days in South America with his father, and thus early im- 
bibed what the profession term the "engineering atmosphere." At 
the age of twelve, however, he returned to the United States to com- 
plete his education, being first sent to the Russell Military Academy 
at New Haven, Connecticut, and then to Stevens Institute of Tech- 
nology, at Hoboken, New Jersey, where he studied engineering, class 
of 1880. He afterward pursued his studies abroad, attending for a 
time the famous Ecole des Beaux Arts, Paris. 

His first employment was in the position of engineer in charge 
of the construction work for the J. B. & J. M. Cornell Iron Works, 
of New York, in which capacity he had charge of the construction 
of the Second Avenue Elevated Railroad in New York, from Forty- 
second street to Chatham square, and was particularly interested 
in the work of designing the connections from Chatham square to 
the postoffice, which involved the crossing of the Third avenue line 
and making the switching connections at the station. He also laid 
out the Twenty-third street double curve of this road. Both these 
undertakings were then comparatively novel in elevated road con- 
struction. While with the Cornell firm he also designed the Barge 
office and superintended its construction at the Battery, New York, 
as well as the mansard roof of the State, War and Navy Depart- 
ment building, Washington, and the Harrisburg (Pa.) postoffice. 

Mr. Ewen's introduction to Chicago, in his professional capacity, 
was as chief engineer for W. L. B. Jenny, the father of the steel 
sky-scraper, and one of the most original of American architects. 
Next he became engineer and general manager for Burnham & Root, 
then leading" the younger class of architects, and also pioneers in the 
designing and construction of steel structures. In 1889 he resigned 
that position to associate himself with George A. Fuller in the or- 
ganization of the Fuller Company, of which he was vice president 
and general manager for many years. While he was w itli this con- 
cern Mr. Ewen gave particular attention to the work of devising 
new forms of steel construction, as w^ell as new methods and proc- 
esses, and among his innovations are the cantilever foundation, used 
for the first time in the Rand-McNally building, and the unitVtrm 
steel column, first placed in the Marquette building, but he did not 
patent either of these devices. Under his active management and 


under the stimulus of his personaHty as consulting engineer the 
business of George A. Fuller Construction Company grew to im- 
mense proportions. Mr. Ewen remained with the Fuller Company 
until 1903, when he became vice president and western representa- 
tive of the Thompson-Starrett Company, one of the largest builders 
in America. He retained his connection with that company until 
1906, when he organized the John M. Ewen Company, engineers 
and builders, with himself as president. 

During his career of twenty-seven years as a construction en- 
gineer, Mr. Ewen has figured in the erection of some of the largest 
office buildings in the country, many of them in Chicago, and as 
head of the company which bears his name his eminence is constantly 
increasing. The representative buildings in this city upon which 
he has been engaged as contracting engineer, consulting engineer or 
builder include the following : Atwood building, Ashland block, 
Association building, Chicago Opera House block ; the County, Cax- 
ton, Columbus Memorial and Champlain buildings ; Continental Na- 
tional Bank, Carson, Pirie, Scott, and Chicago Athletic Association 
buildings: First Infantry (Illinois National Guard) Armory; the 
Fair, Great Northern, Home Insurance, Herald, Heyworth, Lee's, 
Monadnock, Mentor and Marquette buildings, Marshall Field Annex, 
Northern Trust Company, New York Life Insurance Company, 
New Illinois Athletic Club and Old Colony buildings. Orchestra 
building and hall, Pontiac building, Presbyterian Hospital, Rothschild 
department store, Rookery, Rand-McNally, Reliance and Rothschild 
warehouse buildings, Steinway Hall, Sears, Roebuck's new west side 
plant, Stewart, Tacoma, and Tribune buildings. The Temple and the 
Trude, Venetian and Western Bank Note buildings. At the World's 
Fair he had charge of the construction of the New York State and 
French and British Government buildings, and was also identified 
in his professional capacity with the private residences of \^ictor F. 
Lawson, George A. Fuller, R. W. Patterson, James Ellsworth and 
Henry Dibblee. Among the out-of-town buildings of note placed to 
Mr. Ewen's credit are the following: Chronicle and Mills buildings, 
San Francisco; Garrick Theater, St. Louis; Midland Hotel, Walnut 
Street Arcade, and the American Bank, Board of Trade and Scarritt 
buildings, Kansas City; Society for Savings and Rockefeller build- 
ings, Cleveland ; Equitable building, Atlanta ; Morgan building, Buf- 


falo ; Fidelity Bank and Pacific Bank buildings, Tacoma; Union Bank 
building, Winnipeg, and Royal Alexandria Theater, Toronto. Alto- 
gether he has supervised the erection of $100,000,000 worth of 

Mr. Ewen has I)een \ ariously honored by appointment to public 
positions of an expert and adxisory nature. He served on the com- 
mittee of experts named by the county commissioners to select plans 
for the new Cook countv court house, and ser\ed as Consultinsf En- 
gineer during the erection of that buil(h'ng, and is at ])resent Con- 
sulting Engineer for the new City Hall, lie was chairman of the 
commission of engineers appointed by Mayor Dunne to investigate 
and report upon the construction of the Illinois Telephone Com- 
pany's subway in Chicago. He was one of the organizers and an 
active member of the Iroquois Fire Commission, which revised the 
ordinances and regulations for the building and operating of Chicago 
theaters. He is now public appraiser of Chicago, charged with the 
duty of passing upon damage suits for injury to property. He is 
also consulting engineer for Cook county to supervise the erection 
of the new Infirmary l)uildings, and ha.s been appointed the Engineer 
for disposing of the stone still lying along the banks of the Drainage 
Canal. One of the latest public honors which has come to him was 
as a delegate upon behalf of the city of Chicago to the Gulf-to-Lakes 
Deep Waterway Convention held in Memphis in 1907. and later 
chairman of the Chicago Harbor Commission appointed bv the mayor 
to make a comprehensive study of, and report on. the question of 
whether some portion of Chicago's lake front should be reserved 
and utilized for harbor purposes. Aside from being the originator 
of the cantile\-er foundations for buildings and a unique method 
of constructing sub-basements under buildings, Mr. Ewen is the 
in\entor of the so-called Luxfer i)risms, which are so constructed 
as to reflect light into buildings naturally cut off from it. Structures 
along the lines of the elevated roads were especially benefited by 
this inventign. Mr. Ewen is a forcible and interesting writer and 
lecturer on professional topics. Typical specimens of his work in 
this field are his paper on "Foundations," read before the W^estern 
Society of Engineers in 1905, and the article on "High Steel Build- 
ings," published in the .hiirrican Architect, November 7. 1907. 

Mr. Ewen is identified with the American Societv of Civil En- 


gineers, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Western Society 
of Engineers, Chicago Architectural Club and Builders' and En- 
gineers clubs of Chicago. Aside from these professional organiza- 
tions he enjoys membership in the following: Chicago Association 
of Commerce, Geographical Society of Chicago, Loyal Legion, Art 
Institute, and the Union League, University, Chicago Athletic, Press, 
Hamilton, City, Palette and Chisel, and Mid-Day clubs, and South 
Shore Country, Exmoor Country and Onwentsia clubs. 

On March 29, 1888, Mr. Ewen married Miss Grace Patterson, 
of Chicago, daughter of the late Rev. Dr. Robert W. Patterson, and 
the two children born to them have been John Meiggs, Jr., and Mar- 
jorie Patterson Ewen. He resides at No. 59 Bellevue place. Mr. 
Ewen is a member of the Presbyterian church, and has long been 
identified with the work of the Young Men's Christian Association 
of Chicago, having for five years served as Chairman of its Central 
Department. He is also a member of the board of directors of the 
Passavant Hospital, and president of the board of trustees of the 
new Tribune Hospital. 

Edward Beach Ellicott, a prominent electrician and especially well 
known by Chicagoans for his fine work in connection with the devel- 

opment of the city's street lighting plant, is a- na- 

„ ■ tive of Lockport, New York, born on the 28th of 


March, 1866. His parents are George M. and Ma- 
ria (Sears) Ellicott, and he numbers among his ancestors some emi- 
nent professional men, his great-grandfather, Andrew Ellicott, being 
the first surveyor general of the United States, and instructor in 
mathematics at West Point. 

Mr. Ellicott obtained his early education in the public schools of 
Batavia, New York, and, although he has received no technical train- 
ing in electricity, except through self-instruction, has been practically 
identified with it since he was nineteen years of age. Since 1885 he' 
has been continuously progressing in his chosen field, his first position 
of real responsibility being as electrician for the Salina (Kan.) Gas 
and Electric Company. Later he served as superintendent for the 
Concordia (Kan.) Electric Light Company, and was afterward con- 
nected as an expert and superintendent in the construction depart- 
ment of the Western Electric Company, of Chicago. 

In 1897 Mr. Ellicott was appointed by Mayor Harrison superin-. 


cendent of llie city telegraph, and when the department of electricity 
was organized, became city electrician, serving in this capacity nntil 
1905, when he was appointed electrical engineer in charge of the 
water power development for the drainage board. As city electrician 
Mr. Ellicott made his greatest record in his able development of the 
municipal street lighting plant, which, under his administration. UKjre 
than quadrupled. 

Mr. Ellicott has had a leading connection with various American 
expositions. When the great Ferris wheel was erected at the W^orld's 
Columbian Exposition he furnished the only feasible plan for its 
practical lighting. In November, 1903, Mr. Ellicott was appointed 
chief mechanical and electrical engineer of the Louisiana Purchase 
Exposition at St. Louis, the city of Chicago having given him leave 
of absence from Chicago. In that position he designed and superin- 
tended the entire electrical and mechanical work of the exposition. 

At the present time Mr. Ellicott is engaged in an active and ex- 
tensive business as a general electrician. He is a leading member of 
the Western Society of Engineers, American Society of Mechanical 
Engineers, National Association of Stationary Engineers. In poli- 
tics he is a Democrat ; is a K. T. Mason, and a member of the Union 
League. Exmoor and Athletic clubs. 

Mr. Ellicott's wife, to whom he was married April 26, 1898, was 
formerly Miss Minerva Ellsworth, of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and 
two sons. Chester C. and Ernest E., were born to their union. The 
family residence is at No. 1206 Winthrop avenue. 

Ralph Modjeski, son of Gustav and Helena Modjeski, is one of 
the most famous bridge engineers in the United States, his mother 

_ being- the trao:edienne of world-wide fame. Like 

Ralph . 

,, his wonderful mother, he is a native of Poland, 

Modjeski. , ^ o^ 1 r m 1 • , 

l)orn January o.'j, 1861, the family name, which was 

Modrzejewski, being changed to its present form for purposes of 

American naturalization. It is quite remarkable that mother and 

son should have become eminent in such diverse professions. 

Mr. Modjeski received his professional education in Paris, at the 

Ecole des Fonts et Chausees, where he spent four years of lianl 

study, graduating in 1885 with the degree of C. E. and at the head 

of his class. He first came to the United States with his mother 

when fifteen years of age, but after the completion of his studies in 

Vol. 11— L>4 


Paris returned to Poland to marry his countrywoman, Felicie Benda. 
He was soon busy at his specialty and commenced to acquire a repu- 
tation as assistant engineer of the Union Pacific bridge over the Mis- 
souri, at Omaha. He was thus employed in 1885-87, and later was 
stationed as shop inspector at Athens, Pennsylvania, in the examina- 
tion of the superstructures for various bridges, being in the employ 
of the firm of Morison & Corthell. Until August, 1888, he was 
chief draughtsman in the New York office of the same firm, and later 
with Mr. Morison at Chicago until November, 1890, when he was as- 
sistant engineer and chief inspector of the_bridges at Memphis, Ten- 
nessee, and Winona, Minnesota. Since 1892 he has been consulting 
civil engineer, with headquarters in Chicago. He had designed and 
built the new government bridge at Rock Island, Illinois ; the super- 
structure of the Bismarck (N. D.) bridge, and structures for vari- 
ous railroads, such as the Northern Pacific, Monon, Illinois Trac- 
tion system, and the C. & M. E. At present he is engaged in the 
construction of two large bridges at Portland, Oregon, a bridge over 
the Mississippi river at St. Louis, besides various other smaller struc- 
tures. Mr. Modjeski has been consulting engineer for the city of 
Chicago and for the Chicago Sanitary District in the building of 
bascule bridges, and was emplo3^ed by the United States government 
to design and construct the large fireproof warehouse in the Rock 
Island arsenal. 

Mr. Modjeski' has been prominent in the associations of his fel- 
low engineers, having served as president of the Western Society 
of Engineers in 1903-04, and being, at one time, president of the 
Chicago Engineers' Club, which he assisted in organizing. He is 
also a member of the American Society of Engineers, Assn. Amicale 
des Ingenieurs Civils des Ponts et Chausees de France, and the Amer- 
ican Railway Engineering and Maintenance of Way Association ; 
also of the Art Institute of Chicago and of the Union League, Quad- 
rangle, Homewood Country and South Shore Country clubs and Au- 
tomobile Club, of Chicago, and the Arlington Club, of Portland, Ore- 
gon. Although professional^ one of the busiest of men, he is essen- 
tially domestic in his tastes, and is the father of two sons and a daugh- 
ter — Felix, Charles and Marylka. 


Arthur F. MacArthur, vice president and general manager of the 
MacArthur Brothers Company, among the most extensive raih-oad 

and general contractors in the west, is a native of 
, , . ' the Empire state, born in Oramel, on the 24th of 

October, i860. He is a son of Archibald and Ke- 
turah (Pratt) MacArthur, and was brought by his parents to Chi- 
cago when he was fourteen years of age. His grandfather, Jolm 1\. 
MacArthur, -established the business in the east in 1826, upon the 
death of whom the business was carried on by his sons, William, 
Archibald and James MacArthur, Mr. Archibald MacArthur. the 
father of Arthur MacArthur, being the active head and president of 
the company until his death on June ist, 1907. The headquarters 
of the firm were removed to Chicago in 1873. The business com- 
prises the construction of thousands of miles of railroads and much 
important government work. Of late years the management of the 
great concern, whose contracts now amount to some $14,000,000 
annually, has been in the able hands of Arthur F. MacArthur. 

Mr. MacArthur enjoyed a liberal education before entering the. 
business field. His collegiate preparation was prosecuted at the Chi- 
cago Academy in 1874-78, and in 1882 he was graduated from Har- 
vard University with the degree of A. B. He at once returned to 
this city and for two years was connected with the lumbering busi- 
ness of his uncle and father, known as the W. and A. MacArthur 
Company, Limited, of Cheboygan, Michigan, the headquarters of the 
concern. In 1884 he removed to St. Paul, Minnesota, as manager of 
the northwestern office of MacArthur Brothers, many of their exten- 
sive contracts, especially in the railroad line, being pushed from that 
point. Returning to Chicago in 1890, Mr. MacArthur had the en- 
tire charge of the vast work of preparing the World's Fair grounds 
for building sites, having become a partner of the firm of MacArthur 
Brothers in 1887. 

On June 24, 1889, Mr. MacArthur married Miss Mary S. Bar- 
num, daughter of David Barnum, of New York City. He is a resi- 
dent of Chicago, but dixides his time between Chicago and New 
York, at which latter place the firm has conducted an extensive east- 
ern business for years. Mr. MacArthur is a Republican and belongs 
to the Union League, University and Harvard clubs, all of Chicago. 


John Henry Spengler, a railroad and hydraulic engineer of sub- 
stantial reputation, has successfully practiced his profession in Chi- 

cago for nearly twenty years. He is a native of 

(^ ■ Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, born on the 23rd of Jan- 

uary, 1866, son of Joel and Helena (Leh) Speng- 
ler. Mr. Spengler comes of good German ancestors, and received 
his preparatory education in the public and parochial schools of the 
Keystone state, finally entering Lehigh University for his profession- 
al course, graduating therefrom in 1886 with the degree of C. E. 

Immediately after leaving college Mn. Spengler obtained a posi- 
tion with the Lehigh Valley Railroad as assistant engineer, holding 
it from July, 1886, to March, 1887, when he removed to Chicago and 
entered the service of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway 
Company in the same capacity, continuing thus until December of 
the following year. At that time (December, 1888) he became iden- 
tified with the Artesian Water Company, of Memphis, Tennessee, 
and resided in that city until May, 1890, employed in the furtherance 
of its engineering development. He then returned to Chicago, but 
after serving as assistant engineer of the Sanitary District for a year, 
was called to his former duties in connection with the Memphis com- 
pany. Mr. Spengler remained in the southern city, thus engaged, 
from May, 1891, until August, 1892, when he was again appointed 
to his old position with the Sanitary District of Chicago, discharging 
its duties so creditably for three years that in August, 1895, he was 
promoted to be assistant city engineer of the city of Chicago. The 
fact alone that he has retained the position since the year named is 
a strong endorsement of his high professional standing. He is a 
leading member of the Western Society of Engineers and of the 
Theta Delta Chi and Tau Beta Pi fraternities. 

On January 26, 1895, Mr. Spengler married Miss Rose Cunning- 
ham, and their two children are John Henry, Jr., and Helen Marie 
Spengler. The family residence is at No. 6346 Woodlawn avenue. 

Peter Junkersfeld, head of the engineering department of the 

Commonwealth Edison Company, has risen to this position of great 

responsibility within the fourteen years which meas- 

-r ure his connection with that corporation. Not yet 

Junkersfeld. , . . , , . , . , . , , , 

thn-ty-nme years of age, his duties have included 

the designing and development of the second largest electric distri- 


i^oa, LENl'X AND 


bution system in the world, which supplies electricity for lighting, 
power, tunnels, and surface and elevated railways. He also designed 
and developed the electrical features of the largest exclusively steam 
turbine electric power generating station in the world. The physical 
properties of the allied Chicago Edison and Commonwealth Electric 
companies already include some thirty-five fireproof buildings in dif- 
ferent parts of the city, practically all of which have been erected or 
remodeled under Mr. Junkersfeld's direction. It would be fatal to 
the local progress of such a great concern as the Edison Company to 
honor him with such responsibilities were he not eminently qualified 
to assume them by education, training and natural endowments and 
only a cursory view of his life record shows such to be the fact. 

Mr. Junkersfeld is a native of Colfax township, Champaign coun- 
ty, Illinois, born October 17, 1869. Peter J. and Josephine (Schmitz) 
Junkersfeld, his parents, were born and spent their childhood in Ger- 
many, near the city of Cologne. After laying a substantial ground- 
work for advanced courses in the district school of his native locality, 
he mastered higher studies in the city high school, at Champaign, 
Illinois, and subsequently obtained a business training in a college 
located there. A course at the Northern Indiana Normal School, 
Valparaiso, was followed by entrance to the University of Illinois, 
where he completed a thorough four-years' course in electrical engi- 
neering, graduating in June, 1895, with the degree of B. S. It will 
be seen that Mr. Junkersfeld's education was remarkably complete, 
embracing a literary, business and technical training, and was partic- 
ularly well adapted to fit him for the superintendence of large enter- which required practical and professional abilities and the sus- 
tained and confident bearing which comes with broad education and 
continuous contact with cultured people. 

Soon after graduating from the State University, Mr. Junkers- 
feld came to Chicago and in September, 1895, entered the employ of 
the then Chicago Edison Company. Eor the first three years and a 
half his experience consisted in operating and construction, and in 
June, 1899, was placed in charge of the electrical engineering work, 
a few years later being advanced to the superintendency of the en- 
tire engineering department. 

Mr. Junkersfeld is a loyal son of the University of Illinois, now 
serving as president of the Chicago Alumni .Association. He is a 


member of the Tau Beta Pi Association, the American Institute of 
Electrical Engineers and the Western Society of Engineers, Chicago 
Engineers' Club and the Chicago Athletic Association. He was mar- 
ried June 19, 1901, to Miss Anna C. Boyle, and lives in Austin, being 
identified with the Oaks Club, of that place, and the Westward Ho 
Golf Club. 

Samuel Insull, president of the Commonwealth Edison Company, 
of Chicago, since the commencement of his business and professional 

career has been identified with some of the manifold 

-r interests which have been established by the ereat 

Insull. . , . , ■ / , , 

mventor and promoter m the amazmgly expanded 

field of electricity. He is a native of the world's metropolis, born 
on the nth of November, 1859, being the son of Samuel and Emma 
(Short) Insull. After receiving a thorough education in various 
private schools of London, Reading and Oxford, England, Mr. In- 
sull begun his connection with the electric business as private secre- 
tary to Colonel George E. Gouraud, who, as the representative of 
Thomas A. Edison, was then engaged in forming the Edison Tele- 
phone Company, of London. This company was subsequently merged 
into the Bell Telephone Company, which, in turn, became part of the 
National Telephone Company. 

Mr. Insull's labors in London brought him to the favorable notice 
of Mr. Edison, and in February, 1881, he came to the United States 
to assume the position of private secretary to the American inventor, 
in that capacity having, for many years, full charge of his broad and 
complicated business affairs. He represented Mr. Edison in the or- 
ganization and management of the Electric Tube Company, who 
were the first manufacturers of underground conductors for electric 
lights in the world; also built and operated (as general manager for 
Mr. Edison) the Edison Machine Works at Schenectady, New York, 
as well as being his personal representative in the affairs of the Edi- 
son Lamp Company. In 1889 the various Edison manufactories and 
the Edison Electric Light Company were consolidated under the 
name of the Edison General Electric Company, of which he became 
second vice president, in charge of the manufacturing and selling 
departments, and when that company was combined with the Thom- 
son-Houston Company as the General Electric Company he was 
elected second vice president of the consolidation. In June, 1892, 





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he resigned to accept the presidency of the Chicago Edison Company ; 
in 1897 the Commonwealth Electric Company was formed, and after 
the two were consolidated under the name of the Commonwealth Edi- 
son Company, he assumed the presidency of the new concern. 

Mr. Insull is also president of the North Shore Electric Company, 
operating electric light and power plants in territory around Chi- 
cago; also, of the United Gas and Electric Company and the Louis- 
ville and Southern Indiana Traction Company. He is president of 
the Economy Light and Power Company, and director of the Union 
Gas and Electric Company. Professionally, he enjoys membership 
in the American Institute of Electrical Engineers and the British In- 
stitute of Electrical Engineers. 

On May 24, 1899, Mr. Insull was married to Miss Margaret A. 
Bird, and they reside at 23 Lake Shore drive, Chicago. In politics 
Mr. Insull is a Republican, and his remarkably broad social connec- 
tions are evidenced by his membership in the following clubs : Chi- 
cago, Chicago Athletic, Chicago Automobile, Onwentsia, Saddle and 
Cycle, Exmoor Country, South Shore Country and Mid-Day clubs, 
all of Chicago; Metropolitan, Union League, Engineers, Mid-Day, 
Lawyers and Seawauhaka Yacht clubs, of New York; Pendennis 
Club, of Louisville, and the Devonshire, Whitehall and Royal Auto- 
mobile clubs, of London, England. 

The veteran engineer, Gustavus Adolphus Mathias Liljencrantz. 
who, for thirty-seven years, has been identified with the river and 

harbor improvements of the national government 

Gustavus A. M. ^ ^1 . . ^ . , ^ .. r c ^ 

-r at Chicago, is a tvpical representative 01 Sweden — 

Liljencrantz. ..,,,., . ^ "^ , 1 , ^ rr ■ ^ 

faithful, industrious, scholarly and erhcient. Born 

at Upland, Sweden, April 11, 1842, he is a son of Baron Johan Carl 
and Anna Eleonora Henriette (von Schoultz) Liljencrantz. He is 
not only of noble but of very ancient family, his oldest known an- 
cestor being Bishop Laurentius Petrie, a pupil of Martin Luther, 
while the first to bear the family name, so far as can be traced, was 
Count Johan Westerman Liljencrantz, councilor of state and minis- 
ter of finance. 

Until he was thirteen years of age Gustavus was carefully edu- 
cated under private tutors, for five years thereafter attending the pub- 
lic schools of Stockholm. In pursuance with the obvious bent of his 
mind, in 1862 he entered the Royal Technological Institute of the 


capital city, and in 1866 graduated from the civil engineering course 
of that institution with the regular professional degree. He at once 
engaged in engineering work on the construction of Dahlsland's 
Canal, Sweden, being thus employed from 1866 to 1868, and in the 
spring of the following year came to America. He first located at 
Milwaukee, Wisconsin. From May, 1869, until May, 1870, he w^as 
connected with the United States engineer office at that city as 
draughtsman, and for about a year thereafter held a similar position 
with the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway Company. On 
the 1 2th of April, 1871, Mr. Liljencrantz came to Chicago to accept 
a position as draughtsman in the United States engineer office, on 
river and harbor improvements, and in the following year was pro- 
moted to be assistant engineer, which position he has ably filled to 
the present time. The fall of his first year's residence in Chicago 
was marked by the great fire, which finally swept over a great part 
of the north side, incidentally taking Mr. Liljencrantz's entire belong- 
ings at Illinois street. 

Mr. Liljencrantz has enjoyed a long and prominent identification 
with professional fraternities. He has been a member of the Swed- 
ish Engineering Society, Stockholm, since 1865, and is an honorary 
member of the Scandinavian Engineering Society, Chicago, while 
his connection with the Western Society of Engineers includes par- 
ticipation in its proceedings since 1878 and his election to the first 
vice presidency in 1905. As a Mason, he is a member of Blaney 
Lodge No. 271, of which he has served as secretary, and was W. M. 
in 1898, having also been a member of the Masonic Veteran Associa- 
tion since 1890. In accord with his firmly settled belief and in ac- 
cord with the historic traditions of his family, Mr. Liljencrantz is 
of the Evangelical Lutheran belief. In politics he is independent. 

The married life of Mr. Liljencrantz commenced April 27, 1875, 
when he married, at Albany, New York, Miss Adaline Charlotte 
Hall, a native of North Pownal, Vermont. Their daughter, Ottilie 
Adaline, is an authoress of expanding reputation. 

When, on May 6, 1907, Mayor Busse appointed Charles Valen- 
tine Weston as the city's representative on the board of supervising 

engineers Chicago traction, the general expression 

,„ 'of press and public was that no better selection 

Weston. . 

could have been made, owing to the appointee's em- 


incut al)ilities as an eni^inccr and h\> iIkm'ou^Ii inle^rily as a man and 
official. The rehabilitation of Chicago's traction system, which is 
the municipal improvement uppermost in tlie minds of the citizens 
at this time, is largel)- entrusted to this Ix^ard of supervising- engi- 
neers, and Mr. Weston's presence as a member of the bcjard gave 
assurance that this work will be well done, and to the best interests 
of all concerned. I\lr. Weston was the cit}"s representative during 
the important }ear 1907, when notable advancement was made in the 
city's traction interests. On January 3, 1908, he resigned from the 
board of supervising engineers to accept the ])resi(lency and general 
managership of the South Side Ele\ated Railroad Company in 

Mr. W^eston, who was l)orn in Kalamazoo, Michigan. February 
14, 1857, and educated in the puljlic schools of that city, gained his 
first practical experience in his profession as rodman in the employ 
of the Sabine Pass & Xorthwestern Railway (Texas). He began 
that work in 1879, when twenty-two years old. He was afterward 
transitman on surveys for the Texas Trunk Railway ; was assistant 
eno-ineer of the Missouri, Kansas & Texas Railroad in Texas, in 
1880-81 ; assistant engineer of the Kansas City, Springfield & Mem- 
phis Railroad, 1881-82; assistant engineer Chicago & Northwestern 
Railroad, 1882-84; assistant engineer of the Kansas City. Clinton & 
Springfield Railroad, 1884-86, and division engineer in charge of the 
construction of the Gulf, Colorado & Santa Fe in Texas, 1886-88. 
These ha\'e since becoiue some- of the most important railway lines 
in the southwest country. After locating in Chicago in 1888, Mr. 
W^eston-took charge of th.e construction of the Lake View in-take 
crib and water tunnel under Lake Michigan for the w'ater supply 
of the city of Lake View, and after the annexation of that mu- 
nicipality to Chicago in 1889, he continued the work for the 
greater city. In 1890 he took charge of the construction work 
of the West Chicago Street Railroad tunnel under the Chicago river 
near Van Buren street; the tunnel was completed in 1894. He was 
chief engineer of the Northwestern Elevated, the Union Elevated and 
the Lake Street Elevated railroads from 1894 to 1901. During 
1901-03 he was associated with iiis brother, George Weston (now 
assistant engineer to Chief h^ngineer U. I. Arnold) in the hrm oi 


Weston Brothers, consulting and constructing engineers. Since 
1903 he has been chief engineer of the South Side Elevated Railroad. 
This career of rapid advancement in his profession and the character 
of his work in connection with large transportation enterprises proves 
the wisdom of his choice for a position that directly concerns the 
welfare of Chicago. 

Mr. Weston is a member of the American Society of Civil Engi- 
neers, the Western Society of Engineers, and the American Railway 
Engineering and Maintenance of Way Association. He married, 
November 12, 1889, Miss Catherine Dyer; they have a daughter, 
Florence. Their home is in Kenwood. Mr. Weston's parents were 
John Weston and Catherine Clark. His father was born of English 
parentage in the city of Lincoln, England, and came to America after 
reaching manhood. Catherine Clark, whose father was English and 
mother Irish, was born at Owensboro, county Cavan, Ireland, and 
was brought to America during childhood. 

George Washington Maher is the acknowledged originator oi a 
distinctive style of architecture. While pursuing his studies abroad, 

he became convinced that in this country there 
, ' should rightly be an art expression akin to the 

national ideals, founded upon the spirit of past 
architectural achievement; but that it should, in no wise, be an exact 
copy of the productions of a foreign people. With this general idea 
in mind, Mr. Maher has developed a style which is distinctively his 
own, and so original that it may almost be claimed to be indigenous 
to the United States. He has introduced a new theory of design into 
all his work, which he calls the motif rhythm. This theory takes its 
inspiration from surrounding life and environment, at the same time 
following closely ethical laws which govern good architectural design. 
Thus, in James A. Patten's house at Evanston the thistle is combined 
with certain pronounced geometrical figures, forming the motif of the 
design. Throughout the exterior and interior of Harry Rubens' 
unique country residence at Glencoe the motif flower is the holly- 
hock, combined with certain structural thernes, while the American 
honeysuckle, with strong horizontal lines, furnishes Mr. Maher 
with his Mower and rhythm motif in the construction and embellish- 
ment of John Parson's beautiful and original place at Oak Park. His 
suggestive and original style is also aptly illustrated by the residences 





of A. B. Leach, at South Orange, and F. T. Gates, at Montclair, New 
Jersey ; the Edgewater Presbyterian church ; the Assembly hall at 
Kenihvorth, and the Swift Engineering Hall, on the Northwestern 
University campus grounds, at Evanston. At the present time he 
is engaged in formulating a comprehensive plan of bringing the 
grounds and buildings of the university into harmony with the char- 
acteristic landscape of the locality, as well as providing for the ex- 
pansion of the future, both in new buildings to be erected and addi- 
tions of ground. Mr. Maher has already made a pronounced departure 
in shaping sucli suburbs as North Edgewater and Kenilworth, es- 
pecially in the innovation of beautifying the grounds around railroad 
stations and village entrances. The entrance which he designed to 
the village of Kenihvorth is particularly attractive and unique, his 
interest in that place being especially personal, as it is his place of 

As Mr. Maher is still in the prime of early middle life, his 
originality and enthusiasm in his chosen profession will bring him 
greater eminence than he now enjoys. Although a southerner by 
birth, in education, training and spirit he is truly of the west, as 
witness the following extract from one of his papers, read before the 
Chicago Architectural Club: "Our democracy exalts the individual, 
and, if I understand the spirit of the West, it proposes that the indi- 
vidual shall express his ideals and will encourage him so to do, irre- 
spective of any dictum, irrespective of any fault or failure on his 
part, so long as it is an honest effort. I repeat that here in the west 
the tide of any false conservatism will be turned ; that here will 
originate a new school of architecture which will grow stronger each 
succeeding generation until all the life assimilated in this new country 
will ;find full expression in marble and stone. Already the men who 
are fostering this new architecture and this new movement are 
gaining recruits, and broader range in their influence is being felt 
daily. It can no longer be said that the architect who follows the 
new does so at the peril of losing patronage. The young architect 
in our city who will grow in favor is he who embraces this new art. 
Recognition comes to him alike from the people, from the press and 
in publication. |f an exhibition were held in these rooms tonight 
of the work done by these young men and placed against the work 
executed by the so-called conservative men, you would find that most 


interest and enthusiasm would be centered in the work favoring the 
most progress. We do not stop to consider how virile is this new 
art and to what extent it is attracting attention, not only in our 
country, but in Europe. Viewing the situation from abroad, they 
understand full well that a new expression of art must come from 
this country — an expression born of a democracy where the effort 
is not hindered to any extent by precedent or tradition. Here ought 
to be unfettered opportunity for an expression of the new. Further, 
you will find that the opinion abroad is pronounced that this new art 
will evolve and gather headway in the Central West, end even at the 
present time they are publishing such examples of this art from 
the West. 

"Much could be said in this connection, explaining theories of 
design, that would be of interest to the student. Some are working 
on the motif and rhythm theme, understanding that nature and music 
are phases of inspiration to be formed into the concrete; and with 
the real living motive, that of surrounding life, the production of 
great works of art should be forthcoming. It is no longer necessary 
for any school or student to rely only on precedent for the teaching of 
architecture, since all around us is motive power, nature, music, life. 
It is unfortunate that there is no text book as yet compiled that 
would give the technical schools foundation for the instruction of 
this new theory. However, certain buildings are already in evidence, 
and more of them will soon be erected; and eventually will come the 
professor and the book." 

The main facts in the life of George -W. Maher, this typical 
western architect, are that he was born at Mill Creek, West Virginia, 
on the 25th of December, 1864, snd is the son of Theophilus Daniel 
and Sarah (Landis) Maher. His father is of French and Irish 
extraction, and his mother of German ancestry, the American branch 
of the maternal family being Pennsylvania Dutch, members of which 
settled in the Keystone state in ante-Revolutionary times. In his 
early boyhood days his parents removed to New Albany, Indiana, 
and he received his primary education in its public schools. He began 
the study of architecture in Chicago and completed it while abroad, 
thus laying the basis of his present architectural style and standing. 
Mr. Maher is a member of the American Institute of Architects, and 


is also identified willi the Union League, Chicago Athletic Associa- 
tion and the Indiana Society (of Chicago). 

Mr. Maher was married, October 24, 1893, to Miss Elizabeth 
Brooks, an artist, the daughter of the well known portrait painter, 
Alden F. Brooks. They have one child, Philip Brooks Maher. The 
family is prominent in the social affairs of Kenilworth. Mr. Maher 
himself has taken a leading part in shaping and developing the muni- 
cipal growth of the village, having served both as trustee and park 

Charles Sumner Frost, for twenty-five years a Chicago architect, 
with an ever expanding reputation, is now the senior member of 

the firm of Frost & Granger. He is the son of 

Charles S. _\||j^.,.^ Ephraim and Eunice (Tones) Frost, his 
Frost \-> ^ 

father being a native of Tewksbury, Massachusetts, 

and his mother of Newport, Vermont. The family is prominent and 
old in the annals of New England, Charles S. being the eighth gen- 
eration from Edmund Frost, of Ipswich, England, who settled in 
Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1635. The boy obtained the elements 
of his education in the public schools of New England, and received 
his professional training in the offices of leading Boston architects, 
as well as by special studies in the Massachusetts Institute of Archi- 

Mr. Frost's independent practice as an architect commenced in 
January, 1882, when he formed a partnership in Chicago with Henry 
Ives Cobb under the firm name of Cobb & Frost. In 1889 the con- 
nection was se\'ered and Mr. Frost was alone for several years, on 
January i, 1898, associating himself with Alfred H. Granger under 
the name of Frost & Granger, the present firm. Among the more 
important buildings erected under his supervision are : George Smith 
Memorial Hospital, Michigan avenue; Terminal Railway station, Chi- 
cago and Northwestern Railway Company; General Office l)uilding for 
Chicago and Northwestern Railway Company; La Salle Street Termi- 
nal Railway station; Hyde Park Y. M. C. A. 1)uil(ling: St. James 
Methodist Episcopal church: ^lome for the Friendless; Commercial 
building for Hibljard, Spencer, Bartlett & Co., wholesale hardware, 
State street ; the Union and Calumet clubs ; Terminal Railway station, 
Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Raihvay Company. Minneapolis, 
Minnesota; important railway stations at Milwaukee, Sioux City and 


Omaha, besides innumerable minor station buildings throughout the 
central west ; memorial chapel and library, dormitories and science 
hall for Lake Forest College, Lake Forest, Illinois, and a great many 
dwellings, both urban and suburban, ranging from small cost to those 
considerably exceeding $100,000. Mr. Frost is a fellow of the 
American Institute of Architects and stands high both with his pro- 
fessional fraternity and the public from which he draws his patronage. 
On January 7. 1885, Mr. Frost wedded Miss Mary Hughitt, 
daughter of Marvin Hughitt, president of the Chicago and Northwest- 
ern Railway Company, and their three children are Margaret, Marvin 
and Virginia. The family residence is known as Eastover, Lake 
Forest, Illinois. Mr. Frost is popular among the clubs, having mem-' 
bership with the Union League, Mid-Day, Onwentsia and Winter. 

The firm of architects. Hill & Woltersdorf, successors to Bauer 
& Hill, has, during the past thirteen years, designed many struc- 
tures that now form a creditable part of Chicago's 
architecture. Conspicuous changes have taken 
place in the general building style of Chicago dur- 
ing this time, and it is possible to discriminate readily between struc- 
tures erected before and after the World's Fair. To what extent 
the general increase of taste and demands of commercial utility, or 
how far the ideals of architects have influenced these changes, it 
is impossible to say. But in one class of building, at least, Hill & 
Woltersdorf have gone a step in advance of general custom and set 
a standard of architectural taste where it would be least looked for. 
In their designs of warehouses, embracing the largest part of their 
recent work, they have succeeded, according to some eastern critics, 
in achieving an aesthetic rendering of an intensely practical problem, 
and which has hitherto been treated with homely utility as the only 
end in view. Among examples of their work in this field may be 
mentioned the new Peter Schuttler Company's plant at Twenty- 
second and Rockwell streets, buildings for Devoe & Raynolds, paint 
manufacturers; the Richard Raynolds building, Green and Congress 
streets; Eastman Kodak Company's at Eighteenth street and Indiana 
avenue; Parke, Davis & Co. building, 50 Franklin street; the Gould 
Company's building, at Ohio and Franklin streets; the designing and 
engraving plant of the Meyer-Both Company, 2316-18 Indiana ave- 
nue, and many others. The firm has a general practice, covering 


schools, churches, hospitals, residences, warehouses, etc. Their work 
is found in residences in this city, in Burlington, Iowa, and Lake 
Delavan; St. Elizabeth's Hospital in Chicago, and the Holy Family 
Hospital, now in course of construction at La Po